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Simplifying a question, please!

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muse2gaia_520629
New in Town
Posts: 3
Joined: March 22nd, 2018 5:43 am

Simplifying a question, please!

Postby muse2gaia_520629 » March 22nd, 2018 5:58 am

Hello!

Beginner question here!

In the hopes of obtaining answers in as easy a way as possible until I learn the proper sentence for this question, is it possible to ask what something is by adding the magical -ka question marker to the end of a noun?

For example, if I want to know if this is pork, could I say the something in Japanese like "pork/ぶた -ka?" Or "fish/さかな - ka?"

Just add the -ka and raised intonation to the end and receive a yes or no answer to this?

Thank you SO much for the clarification!

Hikaru_C
New in Town
Posts: 5
Joined: August 10th, 2018 2:27 am

Re: Simplifying a question, please!

Postby Hikaru_C » August 10th, 2018 2:43 am

I don't think that will work. "か" cannot be used standalone the same way the question mark "?" is used in English (i.e., "pork?" "fish?"). It needs to be added to the end of a verb (in conjugated form), for example:

- the verb to be/exist: desuka (romanji), です (kana)
- the verb to eat: tabemasuka (romanji), たべます (kana), 食べます (kanji)
- the verb to go: ikimasuka (romanji), いきます (kana), 行きます (kanji)

So in your example, the question needs to be: ぶたですか and さかなですか。 In other words, translated into English, it can't just be "pork?" "fish?" it needs to be "IS this pork?" "IS this fish?".

However, you inadvertently bring up another point, which is "short form" Japanese or "casual form." which you might not learn just yet if you are a beginner. In short form (which is how most conversational Japanese is spoken, for example, between friends), you can in fact drop the "desuka / ですか" altogether, so that the question really does become "pork?" "fish?". In Japanese it would be "ぶた?”、”さかな?”, with the rising intonation at the end, as you indicated.
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