Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Rebecca: Making connections in Japanese.
Naomi: Naomiです (desu).
Rebecca: Rebecca here.こんにちは。 (Kon'nichiwa.)
Naomi: こんにちは、レベッカさん。お元気ですか。 (Kon'nichiwa, Rebekka-san. O-genki desu ka.)
Rebecca: はい、元気ですよ。風邪は。 (Hai, genki desu yo. Kaze wa.) How is your cold?
Naomi: I think it’s getting better. I think.
Rebecca: I hope so. What are we going to do in today’s lesson?
Naomi: We are going to learn about adjective conjunction such as 安くて美味しい (yasukute oishii) cheap and tasty?
Rebecca: So joining adjectives.
Naomi: Right.
Rebecca: Right okay and we will be describing people’s personalities with these adjectives I think as well.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.)
Rebecca: So who is in today’s conversation?
Naomi: 今日は、有名な歌手、コルダクルミさんとファブリツィオさんと冬果さん、3人が話ています。 (Kyō wa, yūmei na kashu, Koruda Kurumi-san to Faburitsio-san to Fuyuka-san, san-nin ga hanashite imasu.)
Rebecca: And where are they?
Naomi: I think they are still at Dogo Onsen in Matsuyama.
Rebecca: Right and we will be hearing polite Japanese.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.)
DIALOGUE
ハハハハー
(Hahahahā)
クルミ: あー、面白い。ファブリツィオさんは、本当に 明るくて 楽しい
人ですね。
Kurumi: Ā, omoshiroi. Faburitsio-san wa, hontō ni akarukute tanoshii hito desu ne.
ファブリツィオ: クルミさんも、頭がよくて 面白いです。
Fabrizio: Kurumi-san mo, atama ga yokute omoshiroi desu.
クルミ: 今夜、松山に 泊まりますか。
Kurumi: Konya, Matsuyama ni tomarimasu ka.
ファブリツィオ: いえ、高松です。冬果さんの うちに 泊まります。小さくて 古
いうちですが、クルミさんも 来ますか?
Fabrizio: Ie, Takamatsu desu. Fuyuka-san no uchi ni tomarimasu. chiisakute furui uchi desu ga, Kurumi-san mo kimasu ka?
冬果: ちょっと!
Fuyuka: Chotto!
クルミ: (笑)いえいえ、明日、私は 仕事が あります。でも、高松のうどん
は 安くて 美味しいですよね。大好きです。
Kurumi: (Warai) ieie, ashita, watashi wa shigoto ga arimasu. Demo, Takamatsu no udon wa yasukute oishii desu yo ne. Daisuki desu.
Naomi: もう一度おねがいします。今度はゆっくりお願いします。 (Mōichido onegai shimasu. Kondo wa yukkuri onegaishimasu.)
ハハハハー
(Hahahahā)
クルミ: あー、面白い。ファブリツィオさんは、本当に 明るくて 楽しい人ですね。
Kurumi: Ā, omoshiroi. Faburitsio-san wa, hontō ni akarukute tanoshii hito desu ne.
ファブリツィオ: クルミさんも、頭がよくて 面白いです。
Fabrizio: Kurumi-san mo, atama ga yokute omoshiroi desu.
クルミ: 今夜、松山に 泊まりますか。
Kurumi: Konya, Matsuyama ni tomarimasu ka.
ファブリツィオ: いえ、高松です。冬果さんの うちに 泊まります。小さくて 古いうちですが、クルミさんも 来ますか?
Fabrizio: Ie, Takamatsu desu. Fuyuka-san no uchi ni tomarimasu. chiisakute furui uchi desu ga, Kurumi-san mo kimasu ka?
冬果: ちょっと!
Fuyuka: Chotto!
クルミ: (笑)いえいえ、明日、私は 仕事が あります。でも、高松のうどんは 安くて 美味しいですよね。大好きです。
Kurumi: (Warai) ieie, ashita, watashi wa shigoto ga arimasu. Demo, Takamatsu no udon wa yasukute oishii desu yo ne. Daisuki desu.
Naomi: 今度は英語が入ります。 (Kondo wa eigo ga hairimasu.)
ハハハハー
(Hahahahā)
Hahahahahahaha
クルミ: あー、面白い。ファブリツィオさんは、本当に 明るくて 楽しい人ですね。
Kurumi: Ā, omoshiroi. Faburitsio-san wa, hontō ni akarukute tanoshii hito desu ne.
KURUMI: You're interesting! Fabrizio, you're a really bright and fun person.
ファブリツィオ: クルミさんも、頭がよくて 面白いです。
Fabrizio: Kurumi-san mo, atama ga yokute omoshiroi desu.
FABRIZIO: You're also smart and funny.
クルミ: 今夜、松山に 泊まりますか。
Kurumi: Konya, Matsuyama ni tomarimasu ka.
KURUMI: Tonight, are you staying in Matsuyama?
ファブリツィオ: いえ、高松です。冬果さんの うちに 泊まります。小さくて 古いうちですが、クルミさんも 来ますか?
Fabrizio: Ie, Takamatsu desu. Fuyuka-san no uchi ni tomarimasu. Chiisakute furui uchi desu ga, Kurumi-san mo kimasu ka?
FABRIZIO: No, I'm staying in Takamatsu. I'm staying at Fuyuka-san's house. It's a small and old house but are you coming over too?
冬果: ちょっと!
Fuyuka: Chotto!
FUYUKA: Wait a minute!
クルミ: (笑)いえいえ、明日、私は 仕事が あります。でも、高松のうどん
は 安くて 美味しいですよね。大好きです。
Kurumi: (Warai) ieie, ashita, watashi wa shigoto ga arimasu. Demo, Takamatsu no udon wa yasukute oishii desu yo ne. Daisuki desu.
KURUMI: No. No. Tomorrow I have work, but the udon in Takamatsu is cheap and delicious, isn't it? I love it.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Rebecca: So what did you think of today’s conversation?
Naomi: ファブリツィオさんは、ユニークで面白い人ですよね。とてもストレートな人だと思います。 (Faburitsio-san wa, yunīku de omoshiroi hito desu yo ne. Totemo sutorēto na hito da to omoimasu.)
Rebecca: Yeah so you think Fabrizio is a unique and interesting person and ストレート (Sutorēto) you mean, he is very direct.
Naomi: そうです。 (Sō desu.)
Rebecca: He says what he is thinking.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.) Because he said 小さくて古いうちですが (chiisakute furui uchi desu ga) for Fuyuka’s house.
Rebecca: Not his house. He is being rude about his friend’s house yeah, yeah and he just went ahead and invited クルミさん (Kurumi-san) to stay there and it’s not even his house.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.) That’s very unusual.
Rebecca: Yeah, yeah very direct.
Naomi: クルミさんも来ますか。」 (Kurumi-san mo kimasu ka.')
Rebecca: Are you not coming with us? ちょっと失礼ですよね。 (Chotto shitsurei desu yo ne.) to be rude.
Naomi: ちょっとね。 (Chotto ne.) I like him though.
Rebecca: Let’s look at today’s vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Rebecca: The first item is.
Naomi: 面白い (omoshiroi)
Rebecca: Funny, interesting or amusing. It’s an I- adjective.
Naomi: (slow) おもしろい (omoshiroi) (natural speed) 面白い (omoshiroi)
Rebecca: Next.
Naomi: 本当に (hontō ni)
Rebecca: Really, truly. This is an adverb.
Naomi: (slow)ほんとうに (hontō ni) (natural speed) 本当に (hontō ni)
Rebecca: Next item.
Naomi: 明るい (karui)
Rebecca: Cheerful, bright. It’s an I- adjective.
Naomi: (slow) あかるい (akarui) (natural speed) 明るい (akarui)
Rebecca: Next.
Naomi: 泊まります (tomarimasu)
Rebecca: To stay, to stay overnight or to stay somewhere. Mas- form.
Naomi: (slow) とまります (tomarimasu) (natural speed) 泊まります (tomarimasu)
Rebecca: Next.
Naomi: 古い (furui)
Rebecca: Old, not a person but a thing being old. This is an I- adjective.
Naomi: (slow) ふるい (furui) (natural speed) 古い (furui)
Rebecca: Next.
Naomi: 仕事 (shigoto)
Rebecca: Job, work, occupation.
Naomi: (slow) しごと (shi-goto) (natural speed) 仕事 (shigoto)
Rebecca: Last item.
Naomi: 家 (le)
Rebecca: House, home.
Naomi: (slow) うち (uchi) (natural speed) 家 (uchi)
Rebecca: The first items of vocab that we are going to focus on today are..
Naomi:うち (Uchi) or いえ (ie)
Rebecca: Meaning home or house. Naomi Sensei, can you explain a bit about the difference betweeen うち (uchi) and いえ (ie) or is there a difference?
Naomi: Some people say that うち (uchi) is similar to English home and いえ (ie) is similar to house but to me, they are same.
Rebecca: 新しい家を建てます。新しいうちを建てます ( Atarashī ie o tatemasu. Atarashī uchi o tatemasu) You can say either I am building a new いえ (ie) or a new うち (uchi). So okay so they are interchangeable.
Naomi: As far as I am aware.
Rebecca: Okay so you can say either うちに帰ります (uchi ni kaerimasu) or いえに帰ります (ie ni kaerimasu).
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.) I am going home うちへ帰ります、うちに帰ります (uchi e kaerimasu, uchi ni kaerimasu). A new house will be 新しいうち、新しい家 (tarashī uchi, atarashī ie.). Both are fine to me.
Rebecca: Okay. Well the next item of vocab is the word 泊まります (tomarimasu) meaning to stay somewhere like you stay at a hotel or something.
Naomi: そうですね。ホテルに泊まります (Sō desu ne. Hoteru ni tomarimasu)
Rebecca: And this word 泊まります (tomarimasu) is always preceded by the particle Ni.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.) If you are talking about the place, yes.
Rebecca: So the sentence from today’s dialogue was..
Naomi: 冬果さんのうちに泊まります (Fuyuka-san no uchi ni tomarimasu)
Rebecca: I am going to stay at Fuyuka さん (san) place. So Naomi Sensei, can you teach us how to say where would you stay, how to turn this into a question?
Naomi: どこに泊まりますか (Doko ni tomarimasu ka)
Rebecca: So どこ (doko) meaning where with the particle Ni and then 泊まります (tomarimasu) the verb and か (ka) which is a question marker.
Naomi: そうです。 (Sō desu.)

Lesson focus

Rebecca: And today’s grammar point is how to join I- adjectives together.
Naomi: はい、そうです。 (Hai,-sō desu.)
Rebecca: And our target grammar sentence is
Naomi: ファブリツィオさんは、明るくて楽しい人ですね。 (Faburitsio-san wa, akarukute tanoshii hito desu ne.)
Rebecca: Fabrizio is a cheerful and fun person.
Naomi: Or if you are talking to Fabrizio, that will be.
Rebecca: Fabrizio, you are a cheerful and fun person.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.)
Rebecca: Okay so in this sentence, we can see that two adjectives are being combined here 明るい (akarui) and 楽しい (tanoshii).
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.)
Rebecca: And 明るい (akarui) comes first and it’s changed from 明るい (karui) to 明るく手 (akaruku te). You take off the last I and you add a くて (kute).
Naomi: If you want to say fun and cheerful.
Rebecca: So if you want to switch the order.
Naomi: 楽しくて、明かる人です。 (Tanoshikute, akaru hito desu.) There is one thing you have to be careful of which is you can’t connect adjectives with と (to).
Rebecca: That’s right. You can use と (to) for linking nouns like an Apple and a Banana would be りんごと (ringo to) Banana but you can’t join two adjectives with と (to). You have to use the て (te) conjunction.
Naomi: For example. うどんは、安くて美味しいです。 (Udon wa, yasukute oishii desu.) but you can’t say うどんは、安いと美味しいです (udon wa, yasui to oishii desu). That sounds very, very strange.
Rebecca: Yeah, yeah okay. So if you’d like to practice some more of these て (te) forms of I adjectives, there is a list of them in the PDF and we will be doing some more on them in the coming weeks. Aren’t we? I think we are also going to look at how to make Na Adjectives into their conjunctive form as well. It’s fairly similar but today we are just looking at the I adjectives. So we are going to look at one final sentence to practice this conjunction of I adjectives. From today’s conversation, what was the sentence where Fabrizio was really rude about Fuyuka さん (san) house.
Naomi:古くて小さいうちです。 (Furukute chiisai uchi desu.)
Rebecca: It’s a small old house. Sorry, it’s an old small house. 古くて小さいですね。 (Furukute chiisai desu ne.)
Naomi: Sorry, when you speak English, you have a certain rule for adjective order, but we don’t care which adjective comes first.
Rebecca: You said 古くて小さい (furukute chiisai)
Naomi: Or 小さくて古い (chiisakute furui)
Rebecca: Right, okay. So practice linking i-adjectives before next week and we will go over it again.
Naomi: はい。 (Hai.)

Outro

Rebecca: See you next time.
Naomi: じゃあまた。 (Jā mata.)
DIALOGUE
クルミ: あー、面白い。ファブリツィオさんは、本当に 明るくて 楽しい
人ですね。
Kurumi: Ā, omoshiroi. Faburitsio-san wa, hontō ni akarukute tanoshii hito desu ne.
ファブリツィオ: クルミさんも、頭がよくて 面白いです。
Fabrizio: Kurumi-san mo, atama ga yokute omoshiroi desu.
クルミ: 今夜、松山に 泊まりますか。
Kurumi: Konya, Matsuyama ni tomarimasu ka.
ファブリツィオ: いえ、高松です。冬果さんの うちに 泊まります。小さくて古いうちですが、クルミさんも 来ますか?
Fabrizio: Ie, Takamatsu desu. Fuyuka-san no uchi ni tomarimasu. chiisakute furui uchi desu ga, Kurumi-san mo kimasu ka?
冬果: ちょっと!
Fuyuka: Chotto!
クルミ: (笑)いえいえ、明日、私は 仕事が あります。でも、高松のうどん
は 安くて 美味しいですよね。大好きです。
Kurumi: (Warai) ieie, ashita, watashi wa shigoto ga arimasu. Demo, Takamatsu no udon wa yasukute oishii desu yo ne. Daisuki desu.

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Kanji

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83 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 14th, 2008 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Mina-san, have you ever ripped on someone's parents' home right in from them when trying to impress a celebrity?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 17th, 2021 at 03:15 PM
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Alejandra Pérezさん


質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

あかるい is cheerful and たのしい is fun😇


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

りょうま(Ryoma)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Alejandra Pérez
September 17th, 2021 at 04:21 AM
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Hi, i have a question... Whats the difference between あかるい and たのしいい_ 😞😞😞

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 13th, 2021 at 04:53 PM
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Hi Otis,


Thank you for your comment!

When you combine adjectives, you change the first adjective into its te-form.

If i-adjective comes first, the final "-i" becomes "-kute."

For example, "akarui" changes to "akarukute."

So the answers are

Minami-san wa ki ga tsuyokute koe ga ōkii desu.

Kurumi wa kao ga chiisakute sutairu ga ii desu.


Please note that "to" can be used only when connecting nouns😊


Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us:)


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Otis
June 3rd, 2021 at 02:41 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

3)[南さん Minami-san] +[気が強い ki ga tsuyoi]+[声が大きい koe ga ōkii]

-> Minami-san no ki ga tsuyoi to koe ga ōkii desu ?


4)[クルミ Kurumi] +[顔が小さい kao ga chiisai]+[スタイルがいい sutairu ga ii]

-> Kurumi no kao ga chiisai to sutairu ga ii desu ?


Can't find the answers... here, the adjectives are not together so I guess we have to use "to", is that right?


thanks in advance!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 28th, 2021 at 03:46 PM
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Mohannadさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

First, I recommend you start learning katakana with this lesson😉

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson-library/learn-katakana-with-worksheets/

After you're done with katakana, you can start learning kanji with these below😇

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson-library/introduction-to-japanese-kanji/

https://www.japanesepod101.com/jlpt


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Mohannad
April 27th, 2021 at 09:18 AM
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How can i learn kanji and katakana i didn't even start in them 🥺

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 19th, 2021 at 01:32 PM
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Artoriusさん


質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

It is both, so you can use either one😉

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Artorius
March 16th, 2021 at 02:10 PM
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Hi. How do you read "家"? Is it really uchi or ie or both?

Thanks!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 7th, 2021 at 09:20 AM
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Dylan Lacey さん

Thank you for your comment😄


泊まる in the vocabulary section is a dictionary form, so it's correct👍


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Dylan Lacey
January 21st, 2021 at 11:55 AM
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Hi! Just saying that the vocab in this lesson has a mistake. 泊まり is spelt here as 泊まる which is not the same spelling as you state in the audio!!