Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Rebecca: Making connections in Japanese.
Naomi: Naomiです。
Rebecca: Rebecca here.こんにちは。
Naomi: こんにちは、レベッカさん。お元気ですか。
Rebecca: はい、元気ですよ。風邪は。 How is your cold.
Naomi: I think it’s getting better. I think.
Rebecca: I hope so. What are we going to do in today’s lesson?
Naomi: We are going to learn about adjective conjunction such as 安くて美味しい cheap and tasty?
Rebecca: So joining adjectives.
Naomi: Right.
Rebecca: Right okay and we will be describing people’s personalities with these adjectives I think as well.
Naomi: そうですね。
Rebecca: So who is in today’s conversation?
Naomi: 今日は、有名な歌手、コルダクルミさんとファブリツィオさんと冬果さん、3人が話ています。
Rebecca: And where are they?
Naomi: I think they are still at Dogo Onsen in Matsuyama.
Rebecca: Right and we will be hearing polite Japanese.
Naomi: そうですね。
DIALOGUE
ハハハハー
クルミ: あー、面白い。ファブリツィオさんは、本当に 明るくて 楽しい
人ですね。
ファブリツィオ: クルミさんも、頭がよくて 面白いです。
クルミ: 今夜、松山に 泊まりますか。
ファブリツィオ: いえ、高松です。冬果さんの うちに 泊まります。小さくて 古
いうちですが、クルミさんも 来ますか?
冬果: ちょっと!
クルミ: (笑)いえいえ、明日、私は 仕事が あります。でも、高松のうどん
は 安くて 美味しいですよね。大好きです。
Naomi: もう一度おねがいします。今度はゆっくりお願いします。
ハハハハー
クルミ: あー、面白い。ファブリツィオさんは、本当に 明るくて 楽しい
人ですね。
ファブリツィオ: クルミさんも、頭がよくて 面白いです。
クルミ: 今夜、松山に 泊まりますか。
ファブリツィオ: いえ、高松です。冬果さんの うちに 泊まります。小さくて 古
いうちですが、クルミさんも 来ますか?
冬果: ちょっと!
クルミ: (笑)いえいえ、明日、私は 仕事が あります。でも、高松のうどん
は 安くて 美味しいですよね。大好きです。
Naomi: 今度は英語が入ります。
ハハハハー
Hahahahahahaha
クルミ: あー、面白い。ファブリツィオさんは、本当に 明るくて 楽しい
人ですね。
KURUMI: You're interesting! Fabrizio, you're a really bright and fun person.
ファブリツィオ: クルミさんも、頭がよくて 面白いです。
FABRIZIO: You're also smart and funny.
クルミ: 今夜、松山に 泊まりますか。
KURUMI: Tonight, are you staying in Matsuyama?
ファブリツィオ: いえ、高松です。冬果さんの うちに 泊まります。小さくて 古
いうちですが、クルミさんも 来ますか?
FABRIZIO: No, I'm staying in Takamatsu. I'm staying at Fuyuka-san's house. It's
a small and old house but are you coming over too?
冬果: ちょっと!
FUYUKA: Wait a minute!
クルミ: (笑)いえいえ、明日、私は 仕事が あります。でも、高松のうどん
は 安くて 美味しいですよね。大好きです。
KURUMI: No. No. Tomorrow I have work, but the udon in Takamatsu is cheap
and delicious, isn't it? I love it.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Rebecca: So what did you think of today’s conversation?
Naomi: ファブリツィオさんは、ユニークで面白い人ですよね。とてもストレートな人だと思います。
Rebecca: Yeah so you think Fabrizio is a unique and interesting person and ストレート you mean, he is very direct.
Naomi: そうです。
Rebecca: He says what he is thinking.
Naomi: そうですね。 Because he said 小さくて古いうちですが for Fuyuka’s house.
Rebecca: Not his house. He is being rude about his friend’s house yeah, yeah and he just went ahead and invited クルミさん to stay there and it’s not even his house.
Naomi: そうですね。 That’s very unusual.
Rebecca: Yeah, yeah very direct.
Naomi: クルミさんも来ますか。」
Rebecca: Are you not coming with us? ちょっと失礼ですよね。 to be rude.
Naomi: ちょっとね。 I like him though.
Rebecca: Let’s look at today’s vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Rebecca: The first item is.
Naomi: 面白い
Rebecca: Funny, interesting or amusing. It’s an I- adjective.
Naomi: (slow)おもしろい (natural speed) 面白い
Rebecca: Next.
Naomi: 本当に
Rebecca: Really, truly. This is an adverb.
Naomi: (slow)ほんとうに (natural speed) 本当に
Rebecca: Next item.
Naomi: 明るい
Rebecca: Cheerful, bright. It’s an I- adjective.
Naomi: (slow) あかるい (natural speed) 明るい
Rebecca: Next.
Naomi: 泊まります
Rebecca: To stay, to stay overnight or to stay somewhere. Mas- form.
Naomi: (slow) とまります (natural speed) 泊まります
Rebecca: Next.
Naomi: 古い
Rebecca: Old, not a person but a thing being old. This is an I- adjective.
Naomi: (slow)ふるい (natural speed) 古い
Rebecca: Next.
Naomi: 仕事
Rebecca: Job, work, occupation.
Naomi: (slow)しごと (natural speed) 仕事
Rebecca: Last item.
Naomi: 家
Rebecca: House, home.
Naomi: (slow) うち (natural speed) 家
Rebecca: The first items of vocab that we are going to focus on today are..
Naomi:うち or いえ
Rebecca: Meaning home or house. Naomi Sensei, can you explain a bit about the difference betweeen うち and いえ or is there a difference?
Naomi: Some people say that うち is similar to English home and いえ is similar to house but to me, they are same.
Rebecca: 新しい家を建てます。新しいうちを建てます You can say either I am building a new いえ or a new うち. So okay so they are interchangeable.
Naomi: As far as I am aware.
Rebecca: Okay so you can say either うちに帰りますor いえに帰ります
Naomi: そうですね。 I am going home うちへ帰ります、うちに帰ります. A new house will be 新しいうち、新しい家. Both are fine to me.
Rebecca: Okay. Well the next item of vocab is the word 泊まります meaning to stay somewhere like you stay at a hotel or something.
Naomi: そうですね。ホテルに泊まります
Rebecca: And this word 泊まります is always preceded by the particle Ne.
Naomi: そうですね。 If you are talking about the place yes.
Rebecca: So the sentence from today’s dialogue was..
Naomi: 冬果さんのうちに泊まります
Rebecca: I am going to stay at Fuyuka さん place. So Naomi Sensei, can you teach us how to say where would you stay, how to turn this into a question.
Naomi: どこに泊まりますか
Rebecca: So どこ meaning where with the particle Ni and then 泊まります the verb and か which is a question marker.
Naomi: そうです。

Lesson focus

Rebecca: And today’s grammar point is how to join I- adjectives together.
Naomi: はい、そうです。
Rebecca: And our target grammar sentence is
Naomi: ファブリツィオさんは、明るくて楽しい人ですね。
Rebecca: Fabrizio is a cheerful and fun person.
Naomi: Or if you are talking to Fabrizio, that will be.
Rebecca: Fabrizio, you are a cheerful and fun person.
Naomi: そうですね。
Rebecca: Okay so in this sentence, we can see that two adjectives are being combined here 明るい and 楽しい.
Naomi: そうですね。
Rebecca: And 明るい comes first and it’s changed from 明るい to 明るく手. You take off the last I and you add a くて.
Naomi: If you want to say fun and cheerful.
Rebecca: So if you want to switch the order.
Naomi: 楽しくて、明かる人です。 There is one thing you have to be careful of which is you can’t connect adjectives with と
Rebecca: That’s right. You can use と for linking nouns like an Apple and a Banana would be りんごとBanana but you can’t join two adjectives with と. You have to use the て conjunction.
Naomi: For example. うどんは、安くて美味しいです。 but you can’t say うどんは、安いと美味しいです That sounds very, very strange.
Rebecca: Yeah, yeah okay. So if you’d like to practice some more of these て forms of I adjectives, there is a list of them in the PDF and we will be doing some more on them in the coming weeks. Aren’t we? I think we are also going to look at how to make Na Adjectives into their conjunctive form as well. It’s fairly similar but today we are just looking at the I adjectives. So we are going to look at one final sentence to practice this conjunction of I adjectives. From today’s conversation, what was the sentence where Fabrizio was really rude about Fuyuka さん house.
Naomi:古くて小さいうちです。
Rebecca: It’s a small old house. Sorry, it’s an old small house. 古くて小さいですね。
Naomi: Sorry, when you speak English, you have a certain rule for adjective order, but we don’t care which adjective comes first.
Rebecca: You said 古くて小さい
Naomi: Or 小さくて古い
Rebecca: Right, okay. So practice linking i-adjectives before next week and we will go over it again.
Naomi: はい。

Outro

Rebecca: See you next time.
Naomi: じゃあまた。
DIALOGUE
クルミ: あー、面白い。ファブリツィオさんは、本当に 明るくて 楽しい
人ですね。
ファブリツィオ: クルミさんも、頭がよくて 面白いです。
クルミ: 今夜、松山に 泊まりますか。
ファブリツィオ: いえ、高松です。冬果さんの うちに 泊まります。小さくて 古
いうちですが、クルミさんも 来ますか?
冬果: ちょっと!
クルミ: (笑)いえいえ、明日、私は 仕事が あります。でも、高松のうどん
は 安くて 美味しいですよね。大好きです。

Grammar

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Kanji

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79 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 14th, 2008 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Mina-san, have you ever ripped on someone's parents' home right in from them when trying to impress a celebrity?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 28th, 2021 at 03:46 PM
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Mohannadさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

First, I recommend you start learning katakana with this lesson😉

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson-library/learn-katakana-with-worksheets/

After you're done with katakana, you can start learning kanji with these below😇

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson-library/introduction-to-japanese-kanji/

https://www.japanesepod101.com/jlpt


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Mohannad
April 27th, 2021 at 09:18 AM
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How can i learn kanji and katakana i didn't even start in them 🥺

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 19th, 2021 at 01:32 PM
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Artoriusさん


質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

It is both, so you can use either one😉

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Artorius
March 16th, 2021 at 02:10 PM
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Hi. How do you read "家"? Is it really uchi or ie or both?

Thanks!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 7th, 2021 at 09:20 AM
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Dylan Lacey さん

Thank you for your comment😄


泊まる in the vocabulary section is a dictionary form, so it's correct👍


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Dylan Lacey
January 21st, 2021 at 11:55 AM
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Hi! Just saying that the vocab in this lesson has a mistake. 泊まり is spelt here as 泊まる which is not the same spelling as you state in the audio!!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 13th, 2021 at 05:14 PM
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Andyさん、コメントありがとうございます!

I'm really happy if it was helpful fo you😊


Let us know if you have any other questions:)


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Andy
December 8th, 2020 at 07:47 PM
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こんにちは、Mihoさん!


どもうありがとう!私は何かを勉強しましたね :).


素敵一日を過ごしてください :)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 7th, 2020 at 04:54 PM
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Hi Andy,


Thank you for your comment!

Your sentences are great👍

Only one thing, I think your idea of saying 背が細い is nice, but we don't say it.

背 means "hight", so we can just say 背が高い/低い.

The 2 sentence will be クルミは細くてかわいいです。


As you say, when combing more than two adjectives with te-form, they shouldn't be opposite meaning.

It's actually a very important rule!


良い夜を過ごしてください:)


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Andy
December 2nd, 2020 at 05:48 AM
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この課が便利で大事ですよね!


1)私の車は安くて古いです。

2)クルミは背が細くてかわいいです。

I think 背が細くて makes more sense.

3)南さんは気が強くて、声が大きいです。

4)クルミは顔が小さくて、スタイルがいいです。

5)クルミは頭が良くて楽しいです。


I found somewhere that one cannot (shouldn't?) combine 2 adjectives that have a clashing connotation ("negative" + "positive"):

この部屋は小さくて新しいです。(駄目!)

この部屋は大きくて新しいです。(いい!)

Probably worth adding it to the lesson? :)


And I've heard the 良い「よい」form used in some phrases on the radio:

良い一日を過ごして下さい。 (very polite "have a good day")

良い夜を。 (have a good day)