Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Risa: And I'm Risa.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Japanese Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 3. Asking for Information About Something.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for asking for information about something.
PATTERN
Eric: For example,
Eric: "What is this?"
Risa: これは何ですか。 (Kore wa nan desu ka.)
Risa: [slow] これは何ですか。 (Kore wa nan desu ka.)
Eric: The pattern for asking for information about something has 4 elements. First, the pronoun meaning "this".
Risa: これ (Kore).
Eric: Second, a topic marking particle, literally meaning "as for".
Risa: は (wa).
Eric: Third, an interrogative word meaning "what".
Risa: 何 (nan).
Eric: And last, the linking verb + question marker, in this case, "Is~?" .
Risa: ですか (desu ka).
Eric: Altogether, we have.. "What is this?"
Risa: これは何ですか。 (Kore wa nan desu ka.) [slow] これは何ですか。 (Kore wa nan desu ka.) [normal] これは何ですか。 (Kore wa nan desu ka.)
Eric: To ask “What is Noun A?” in Japanese, the subject
Risa: これ (kore)
Eric: comes first; then use
Risa: は (wa)
Eric: to connect it to the interrogative pronoun
Risa: 何 (nan),
Eric: then the linking verb
Risa: です (desu).
Eric: Finally, add the question marker
Risa: か (ka)
Eric: to complete the question.
Risa: これは何ですか。 (Kore wa nan desu ka.)
Eric: So remember that to turn a statement into a question, you can simply add
Risa: か (ka)
Eric: to the end of a sentence. To ask what something is in particular, first say the thing you want to know about, then use
Risa: は (wa)
Eric: to connect it to the question word
Risa: 何 (nan)
Eric: and
Risa: です (desu)
Eric: Finally, add
Risa: か (ka)
Eric: to turn the sentence into a question. Here is another example meaning, "What is that? " First, a pronoun meaning "that".
Risa: それ (Sore).
Eric: Second, a topic marking particle, literally meaning "as for".
Risa: は (wa).
Eric: Third, an interrogative word meaning "what".
Risa: 何 (nan).
Eric: And last, a linking verb + question marker, in this case, "Is~?" .
Risa: ですか (desu ka).
Eric: Altogether we have..
Risa: それは何ですか。 (Sore wa nan desu ka.) [slow] それは何ですか。 (Sore wa nan desu ka.) [normal] それは何ですか。 (Sore wa nan desu ka.)
Eric: "What is that? "
[pause]
Risa: それは何ですか。 (Sore wa nan desu ka.)
Eric: How do you say - "What is that (over there)?" To give you a hint, "that (over there)" is..
Risa: あれ (are). [slow] あれ (are). [normal] あれ (are).
Eric: “What is that (over there)?”
[pause]
Risa: あれは何ですか。 (Are wa nan desu ka.) [slow] あれは何ですか。 (Are wa nan desu ka.) [normal] あれは何ですか。 (Are wa nan desu ka.)
[pause]
Risa: あれは何ですか。 (Are wa nan desu ka.)
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Japanese. Here we go.
Eric: "What is this?"
[pause]
Risa: これは何ですか。 (Kore wa nan desu ka.)
[pause]
Risa: これは何ですか。 (Kore wa nan desu ka.)
Eric: "What is that? "
[pause]
Risa: それは何ですか。 (Sore wa nan desu ka.)
[pause]
Risa: それは何ですか。 (Sore wa nan desu ka.)
Eric: "What is that (over there)?"
[pause]
Risa: あれは何ですか。 (Are wa nan desu ka.)
[pause]
Risa: あれは何ですか。 (Are wa nan desu ka.)

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for asking for information about something, as in..
Risa: これは何ですか。 (Kore wa nan desu ka.)
Eric: meaning "What is this?"
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on JapanesePod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Risa: じゃ、また。(Ja, mata.).

11 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 1st, 2016 at 06:30 PM
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Try translating this question, "What is that?"

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 29th, 2020 at 05:40 AM
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シンシャ古マンさん

コメントありがとうございます。


はい、ようかんは食べ物です。

甘くておいしいですよ😄


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

シンシャ古マン
March 2nd, 2020 at 12:59 AM
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ようかんは食べ物ですか。Is youkan a food?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 12th, 2019 at 02:28 AM
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Angelさん


質問ありがとうございます😄

「健康と集中力を保つには、しゅみをもつことが必要です。」

には is used to mark the objective of the sentence as "in order to" (it's the same as ために(は)). 「健康と集中力を保つ」is the objective, so to say "in order to keep ~," it will be 「保つには」.

「しゅみをもつ」is "have a hobby" and 「こと」is "to," so here becomes 「しゅみをもつこと」(to have a hobby). You need the particle が for 「必要」to mark the object of necessity.


Please let us know if you have a further question :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Angel
October 17th, 2019 at 06:15 PM
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すみません、先生。*健康と集中力を保つには、しゅみをもつことが必要で*。How to get this sentence's construction?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 1st, 2018 at 02:29 AM
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Hi Klaudia,

Thank you for your comment.

Sure I send you example below by using sentences in the Dialogue.As you can see, You can simply remove ですか from sentences. Then it will be casual way.


これは何?

それは何?

あれは何?

ようかんは何?

歌舞伎は何?

お仕事は何?


Cheers,


Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

Klaudia
November 14th, 2017 at 10:49 PM
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皆さんこんにちは

I have a question, what if I want to ask it in a more casual way, without です at the end. How would it be?

I'd be thankful :)


Greetings,

クラウディア

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 30th, 2017 at 01:52 PM
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Konnichiwa, Leo-san

Komento arigatō gozaimasu!


Yoku dekimashita? Well done!

Kantan desu ka?


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Leo
September 20th, 2017 at 08:49 PM
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Sore wa nan desu ka


Kantan deshyo ?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 4th, 2016 at 05:52 PM
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ZETHorse さん、

こんにちは。:smile:

それは、ほんですよ。That is a book.

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

ZETHorse
July 2nd, 2016 at 06:26 PM
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それは何ですか。

Sore wa nan desuka? :sunglasses: