Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
Naomi: 食べて (tabete)
Peter: In this lesson, we will show you how to make the te-form from the dictionary form.
Naomi: Let’s start with class 2 verbs.
Peter: For class 2 verbs, all you need to do is change the final る (ru) to て (te). Let’s illustrate with some examples. Naomi-sensei, can we have a class 2 verb?
Naomi: Sure 食べる (taberu). To eat.
Peter: Drop the final る (ru) syllable.
Naomi: 食べ (tabe)
Peter: Attach て(te) to it.
Naomi: 食べて(tabete)
Peter: And that’s it.
Naomi: Right.
Peter: Can we have another example?
Naomi: Sure. To get up is 起きる (okiru)
Peter: Drop the final る (ru) , replace it with て (te) and we get
Naomi: 起きて (okite)
Peter: Fortunately class 2 verbs are really simple to conjugate. Just replace the final る (ru) with て (te).
Naomi: Right
食べる (taberu)
Peter: To eat.
Naomi: Becomes 食べて(tabete)
起きる (okiru)
Peter: To get up
Naomi: Becomes 起きて (okite)
見る (miru)
Peter: To see
Naomi: Becomes 見て (mite)
寝る (neru)
Peter: To sleep
Naomi: Becomes 寝て (nete)
Peter: Okay on to class 3 verbs, class 3 verbs are irregular. So the te-forms must be memorized. Remember though that there are only two class 3 verbs. They are,
Naomi: する (suru)
Peter: To do, and
Naomi: くる (kuru)
Peter: To come.
Naomi: する (suru) becomes して (shite), and くる (kuru) becomes きて (kite).
Peter: Can we hear them again? What’s the te form of the verb する (suru)?
Naomi: して (shite)
Peter: How about くる (kuru) to come?
Naomi: きて (kite)
Peter: Okay let’s recap with the quiz. The quiz will be multiple choice. We will give you question and three possible answers. Your job is to guess the answer. First question. Which of the following is the te-form of the verb くる (kuru), to come? Listen closely.
Peter: A
Naomi: きいて (kiite)
Peter: B
Naomi: きて (kite)
Peter: C
Naomi: きって (kitte)
Peter: The answer is
Naomi: B, きて (kite)
Peter: The verb kuru, to come becomes きて (kite) in the te-form. Two syllables きて (kite) . How about choice A?
Naomi: きいて (kiite). きいて (kiite) is the te-form of 聞く (kiku) , to listen.
Peter: And it’s actually three syllables.
Naomi: Right.
Peter: 聞、い、て (ki, i, te) So it’s long. 聞いて (kiite) How about choice C?
Naomi: きって (kitte). きって (kitte) is the te-form of 切る (kiru), to cut.
Peter: And it has a short pause in there. 切って (kitte)
Naomi: Right. 切って (kitte)
Peter: That concludes this lesson.
Naomi: 食べて (tabete)
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42 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 1st, 2012 at 06:30 PM
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

 

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 3rd, 2021 at 09:49 AM
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こんにちは Vu Tran,


Thank you so much for your positive message! 😇❤️️

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

レヴェンテ (Levente)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Vu Tran
February 27th, 2021 at 04:03 AM
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A perfect lesson! Very useful!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 2nd, 2020 at 05:09 PM
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Cindyさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

You can watch this video to learn about the verb groups👍

https://youtu.be/xm3Ee9jBT1M

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Cindy
August 27th, 2020 at 02:00 AM
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I'm not clear on what the different classes of verbs are/mean. Is this explained anywhere?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 10th, 2020 at 04:37 PM
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Rachelさん

コメントありがとうございます😄

*氷の鏡の下で目を閉じて下さい


sandeepさん

Thank you so much for your comment😇

Te-form has several functions, but the main one is that te-form connects 2 or more verbs.

For example, when you want to say "I woke up and had breakfast," you use the te-form. It will be おきて、あさごはん を たべました。(Okite, asagohan o tabemashita).


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

sandeep
August 9th, 2020 at 03:55 AM
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why we use te form i want to know about it

Rachel
August 3rd, 2020 at 12:36 PM
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お金を見せて下さい。

氷の鏡の下に、目を閉めて下さい。水は汚い。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 14th, 2020 at 06:10 AM
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K さん

コメントありがとうございます!

Your sentence is correct👍

Please let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

K
June 22nd, 2020 at 12:15 AM
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これを たべて!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 12th, 2019 at 09:03 AM
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Hi pamela Maio,


Thank you very much for the nice comment!

I'm glad to hear you like Japanese language a lot!😄

Keep studying with us and if you have questions, please let us know in the comment.


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com