Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
ケントはテレビを見ない。 (Kento wa terebi o minai.)
Kat: In this lesson, you will learn how to create the negative form of class 2 verbs.
Naomi: Class 2 verbs are even easier to conjugate than class 1 verbs.
Kat: Right, with class 1 verbs if you remember, we had to take away the last -u sound and then add -anai on the end of it.
Naomi: Yeah and there are many kinds of endings for class 1 verbs like く (ku), つ (tsu), す (su), む (mu), and so on.
Kat: The easy thing about class 2 verbs though, is that they all end in る (ru)
Naomi: Right.
Kat: Now not every verb that ends in る (ru) is class 2 but every class 2 verb does end in る (ru)
Naomi: That’s right. And to change it to the negative form, all you have to do is change る to ない (nai).
Kat: That’s it, just one step. Let’s try it with some verb, shall we?
Naomi: Sure. Let’s take the verb, 見る (miru),
Kat: to watch.
Naomi: Change る (ru) to ない (nai) , so 見る (miru) becomes 見ない (minai)
Kat: To not watch.
Naomi: Here is another one. The verb 起きる (okiru),
Kat: To wake up.
Naomi: Change る (ru) to ない (nai). So 起きる (okiru) becomes 起きない (okinai)
Kat: To not wake up.
Naomi: And one more, the verb 食べる (taberu)
Kat: To eat.
Naomi: Change る (ru) to ない (nai). So 食べる (taberu) becomes 食べない (tabenai)
Kat: To not eat. I think it’s pretty straightforward, don’t you?
Naomi: I think so. So now let’s jump into some sample sentences.
Kat: Sounds good. How about when using 見ない (minai) to not watch.
Naomi: ケントはテレビを見ない。 (Kento wa terebi o minai.)
Kat: Kent doesn’t watch TV. Let’s break this down.
Naomi: ケントは (Kento wa)
Kat: Kent plus topic particle は (wa).
Naomi: テレビを (terebi o)
Kat: TV plus object particle を (o)
Naomi: 見ない。 (minai.)
Kat: Doesn’t watch. Can we hear another sample sentence?
Naomi: Sure 私は甘いものを食べない。 (Watashi wa amai mono o tabenai.)
Kat: I don’t eat sweets. Let’s break down this one too.
Naomi: 私は (watashi wa)
Kat: I plus topic particle は (wa)
Naomi: 甘いものを (amai mono o)
Kat: Sweets or sweet things plus object particle を (o)
Naomi: 食べない。 (tabenai.)
Kat: Don’t eat. Altogether I don’t eat sweets or I don’t eat sweet things.
Naomiケントはテレビを見ない。 (Kento wa terebi o minai.)
Naomi:1時に食べる。 (Ichi-ji ni taberu.)
Kat: In this lesson, you will learn how to say what time you do something. You learned how to say what time it is. Do you remember? Here is the quick review to refresh your memory. To tell the time, you add 時 (ji) to the number of the hour. For example?
Naomi: いち (ichi) is one. So when you add 時 (ji), it becomes 1時 (ichi-ji)
Kat: 1 o’ clock
Naomi: And so on.
Kat: Right. So now that we remember how to say 1 o’clock.
Naomi: 1時に食べる。 (Ichi-ji ni taberu.)
Kat: Can we break it down?
Naomi: 1時 (ichi-ji)
Kat: 1 o’ clock.
Naomi: に (ni)
Kat: Particle に (ni) used for time.
Naomi: 食べる (taberu)
Kat: To eat.
Naomi: 1時に食べる。 (Ichi-ji ni taberu.)
Kat: I eat at 1 o’clock.
Naomi: Right. You need the particle に (ni) after the time.
Kat: How about some real life examples now, Naomi-sensei? What time do you go to sleep?
Naomi: 1時に寝る。 (Ichi-ji ni neru.)
Kat: So you go to sleep at 1, I would say, 1 AM?
Naomi: そう (sō), Right. And for you, Kat. So what time do you usually get up on a weekend?
Kat: On the weekend, Umm I don’t really want to answer it but 週末は10時に起きます。 (Shūmatsu wa jū-ji ni okimasu.) I get up at 10 AM on the weekend or later.
Naomi:1時に食べる。 (Ichi-ji ni taberu.)
Want more Japanese lessons like this one? Visit us at JapanesePod101.com to get your free lifetime account today. Join now at JapanesePod101.com

28 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 11th, 2012 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 30th, 2020 at 06:44 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Musaabさん

Thank you for helping other learners😄

Yes, your sentence is correct👍


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Musaab
November 10th, 2020 at 10:03 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

お酒を飲まない。

Is my sentence correct? Please let me know.

I intend for it to mean "I don't drink alcohol".

Musaab
November 10th, 2020 at 05:01 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Josefineさん, 起きます is classified as a class 1 verb because an ”え” sound doesn't proceed "ます”. It is " 起きます" not "起けます. That is why it is classified as a class 1 verb and not class 2 verb.

Here, you can study it here:-

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xm3Ee9jBT1M&feature=youtu.be

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 31st, 2020 at 09:32 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Josefineさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

The dictionary form of 起きます (okimasu) is 起きる (okiru) - to wake up.

置く (oku) is 置きます (okimasu) - to put👍

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Josefine
August 30th, 2020 at 02:53 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi, why is okimasu a class 2 verb since it ends in imasu?? Shouldn't it the informal version then be oku and not okiru? Does the rule not always hold?

JapanesePod101.com
April 3rd, 2019 at 04:47 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Joseph/じょせふ さん、こんにちは!


コメントありがとうございます。


Absolutely!

僕は映画を見ない。

僕は映画を見ません。

These two sentences have the same meaning.


This lesson covers only dictionary form and nai-form, which are also called informal form.

But your second sentence is formal form (or negative masu-form).

Japanese always has formal and informal ways of speaking.


Hope this helps!


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Joseph/じょせふ
March 3rd, 2019 at 12:58 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

こんにちは!ジョセフです。


質問がありますよ。


The grammar introduced in this lesson was similar to this:

僕は映画を見ない。

Is it okay to phrase it like this instead?

僕は映画を見ません。


どもありがとうございます!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 21st, 2016 at 05:04 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Aidanさん、

Konnichiwa.:smile:

わかりました。よくできました。Well done.

Yuki  由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Aidan
November 9th, 2016 at 10:37 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

1時に食べる。:smile::

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 4th, 2015 at 04:17 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

SJさん

こんにちは。:smile:

The wa at the end must be は because it’s a particle.

Regarding to the first question, the answer is ‘yes.’

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com