Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
F: ケント、学食行く? (Kento, gakushoku iku?)
M: 行かない。 (Ikanai.)
Kat: In this lesson, you will learn how to create the negative form of class 1 verbs. You will be able to say things like I am not going to verb or I don’t verb in informal Japanese.
Naomi: Now let’s introduce some common class 1 verbs and show you how to make them negative.
Kat: Sounds good.
Naomi: The first one is
行く (iku)
Kat: To go. Here are the two steps for making the negative. Take away the final -u and add -anai to the end.
Naomi: So the final く (ku) sound becomes かない (kanai) So 行く (iku) becomes 行かない (ikanai)
Kat: 行かない (ikanai) doesn’t go, don’t go. How about an example sentence for that word?
Naomi: 今日は学校に行かない。 (Kyō wa gakkō ni Ikanai.)
Kat: I am not going to school today. How about another verb?
Naomi: Sure the next one is 飲む (nomu)
Kat: To drink.
So take away the final -u and add -anai to the end.
Naomi: So the final む (mu) sound becomes まない (manai). Therefore 飲む (nomu) becomes 飲まない (nomanai).
Kat: 飲まない (nomanai) Doesn’t drink, don’t drink. How about an example sentence for that one?
Naomi: ビールを飲まない (Bīru o nomanai.)
Kat: I don’t drink beer.
Naomi: Okay. So let’s do one more. 使う (tsukau), to use. This verb ends in う (u) . So it is little special.
Kat: You take away the final う (u) and add わない (wanai) to the end. There is a わ (wa) in there. わない (wanai)
Naomi: Right, the final う (u) syllable becomes わない (wanai), 使う (tsukau) becomes 使わない (tsukawanai)
Kat: Got it. Can we hear an example sentence for this one?
Naomi: コンピューターを使わない。 (Konpyūtā o tsukawanai.)
Kat: I don’t use computers.
Naomi: Have you got the hang of it? Remember to take away the final う (u) and add あない (anai) to the end.
F: ケント、学食行く? (Kento, gakushoku iku?)
M: 行かない。 (Ikanai.)
Want more Japanese lessons like this one? Visit us at JapanesePod101.com to get your free lifetime account today. Join now at JapanesePod101.com

28 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 4th, 2012 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 25th, 2020 at 04:05 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Musaabさん


Thank you so much for your reply👍

I'm afraid we can't answer that question since they're not our contents.

Please ask the video owner directly😉

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Musaab
November 24th, 2020 at 05:53 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I discovered about the "connecting form" from these videos from "Langfocus":-

1-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x9-e_3GHrzw&t=256s timestamp: 17:28 to 17:52

2-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aHC3i6N9Wvk&t=464s timestamp: 3:10

Musaab
November 24th, 2020 at 05:40 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

By "the connecting form" I meant this form:-

怒られたく...

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 24th, 2020 at 02:28 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Musaabさん


質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

1) By the connecting form of verb, I assume you mean "te-form." Te-form is used when you'd like to connect two or more verbs in one sentence. You can study it here.

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/beginner-lesson-82-the-amazing-robot/

2) It's used to connect two or more sentences together in the pattern as mentioned in the lesson above.

3) For te-form conjugation, please take a look at this lesson😉

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/beginner-lesson-s4-10-bonding-a-break-time/


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Musaab
November 22nd, 2020 at 08:04 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I have 3 questions

1- What exactly is the "connecting form" of a verb?

2- When is the "connecting form" of a verb used?

3- How do you make the "connecting form" of a verb?

Please answer like this:-

1- (Answer to question 1)

2- (Answer to question 2)

3- (Answer to question 3)

so that we can know which answer is for which question.

ありがとうございます in advance!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 11th, 2020 at 09:27 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Musaabさん


質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

You have to think about the hiragana chart in this case. つ is from the た row (たちつてと), so it becomes た😉

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Musaab
November 9th, 2020 at 10:21 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Maryさん, you can in some cases use へ and に interchangeably.

You can study it here:-

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/particles-5-need-directions-japanese-particles-e-ni-kara-and-made-will-show-you-the-way/?lp=43

Musaab
November 9th, 2020 at 10:17 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

What do you do when turning class 1 verbs that end in tsu in to the negative casually? Because there is no tsa sound in Japanese, right?

ありがとうございます in advance!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 4th, 2017 at 02:41 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi SARAH,

Thank you for the comment!


"ikimasen" is a polite form of "ikanai".

"-masen" makes sentences having "-nai" polite:smile:


Hope this helps you.


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

SARAH
February 1st, 2017 at 06:30 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Konnichiwa!



how is "ikinai" different from "ikimasen"?

can both be used interchangeably?


when is the right time to use the "nai" form and "masen" form?



thank you very much!!!!


God bless!