Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Yura:Hi everyone, I’m Yura.
Natsuko:And I’m Natsuko!
Yura:And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Japanese Vocabulary, Lesson 10! In this lesson you'll learn 5 essential words related to Geography &Nature. These are five common plants in Japan. Hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at JapanesePod101.com
FIVE KEY VOCABULARY ITEMS
Yura:Natsuko, what’s our first word?
Natsuko:桜
Yura:cherry blossoms
Natsuko:(slow) 桜 (regular) 桜
Yura:Listeners, please repeat:
Natsuko:桜
[pause - 5 sec.]
Yura:
Japanese people enjoy cherry blossoms in spring. In spring weather forecasts, the so-called "cherry blossom front" is also mentioned; this is like a sign of spring coming for Japanese people. -
Yura:Now, let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Natsuko:(normal) 日本人は、夜桜も楽しみます。
Yura:Japanese people enjoy cherry blossom viewing at night as well.
Natsuko:(slow) 日本人は、夜桜も楽しみます。
Yura:Okay, what’s the next word?
Natsuko:松
Yura:pine
Natsuko:(slow) 松 (regular) 松
Yura:Listeners, please repeat:
Natsuko:松
[pause - 5 sec.]
Yura:
The pine is considered an auspicious tree which represents youth and long life. Pines are often used as garden trees and/or miniature potted trees. -
Yura:Now, let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Natsuko:(normal) 正月の間、門松を家の前に飾ります。
Yura:During the New Year period, traditional decorations made from pine and bamboo are placed in front of houses.
Natsuko:(slow) 正月の間、門松を家の前に飾ります。
Yura:Okay, what’s the next word?
Natsuko:菊
Yura:chrysanthemum
Natsuko:(slow) 菊 (regular) 菊
Yura:Listeners, please repeat:
Natsuko:菊
[pause - 5 sec.]
Yura:
Chrysanthemums have long been used in Japan as the family emblem of the aristocracy. It's known as the Imperial Seal of Japan. -
Yura:Now, let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Natsuko:(normal) 菊は、仏花の代表的な花です。
Yura:Chrysanthemums are a typical flower to offer at the Buddhist family altar and tomb.
Natsuko:(slow) 菊は、仏花の代表的な花です。
Yura:Okay, what’s the next word?
Natsuko:あじさい
Yura:hydrangea
Natsuko:(slow) あじさい (regular) あじさい
Yura:Listeners, please repeat:
Natsuko:あじさい
[pause - 5 sec.]
Yura:
The hydrangea is a flower representative of the rainy season in Japan. Japanese people enjoy the beauty of hydrangeas in the wet, humid and hot rainy season. -
Yura:Now, let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Natsuko:(normal) あじさいの花の色は、土壌の酸性度によって決まります。
Yura:The colour of a hydrangea depends on the pH level in the soil.
Natsuko:(slow) あじさいの花の色は、土壌の酸性度によって決まります。
Yura:Okay, what’s the last word?
Natsuko:イチョウ
Yura:ginkgo
Natsuko:(slow) イチョウ (regular) イチョウ
Yura:Listeners, please repeat:
Natsuko:イチョウ
[pause - 5 sec.]
Yura:
Ginkgo trees are mostly found lining streets. In autumn, their leaves' colour changes to a beautiful yellow. -
Yura:Now, let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Natsuko:(normal) 多くの日本人が、イチョウの種である銀杏を好んで食べます。
Yura:Many Japanese people enjoy grilled or cooked ginkgo seeds.
Natsuko:(slow) 多くの日本人が、イチョウの種である銀杏を好んで食べます。
QUIZ
Yura:Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? A will give you the Japanese – please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Natsuko:桜
[pause]Yura:cherry blossom
Natsuko:松
[pause]Yura:pine
Natsuko:菊
[pause]Yura:chrysanthemum
Natsuko:あじさい
[pause]Yura:hydrangea
Natsuko:イチョウ
[pause]Yura:ginkgo

Outro

Yura:There you have it – five common plants in Japan! We have more vocab lists available at JapanesePod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Natsuko:またね!

5 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 20th, 2013 at 06:30 PM
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In your country, do you use specific flowers in ceremonies or special events that have a special meaning? Tell us about it below!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 18th, 2019 at 06:41 AM
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Hey جان‌داده‌ی‌حسین,


Thank you for sharing these cultural insights! 😄 Very nice way of decorating your mosque and celebrating the birthday of Prophet Muhammad's daughter (peace be upon her)!


Kind regards,

Levente

Team JapanesePod101.com

جان‌داده‌ی‌حسین
October 4th, 2019 at 09:05 PM
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Usually in some of our religious occasions we would have roses from different colors , like the birthday of Prophet Muhammad's daughter Lady Fatima Al-Zahraa (peace be up on her) where roses are distributed to girls named Zahraa or Fatima , also we decorate our mosque with them and flowers like Jasmin , it's also to be known that a bouquet of flowers is the best way to gift newlyweds ; but for us the Jasmin and Chomomile blossoms are the sign of spring arrival and not Sakura blosslms .

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 3rd, 2013 at 06:50 PM
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マイケルさん、

Yes, you're right; we use katakana for foreign words.

We also use katakana for some other reasons and names of trees and plants

are one of the typical cases. Kanji for 銀杏 is fairly well known, but

it might not be considered as "standard" use. :smile:


Natsuko(奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

Michael M Mason
June 2nd, 2013 at 04:23 PM
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Why is イチョウ written in katakana? Katakana suggests that it is a foreign, imported word but surely that isn't the case with 銀杏?


マイケル