Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Naomi: 直美です。
Peter: Peter here. Have You Started This Yet? In this lesson, you will learn how to say something hasn’t happened yet and something has already happened in informal speech.
Naomi: Such as もう決めた。
Peter: I have already decided.
Naomi: まだ決めてない。
Peter: I haven’t decided yet. This conversation takes place at
Naomi: 歌舞伎座 in 東銀座
Peter: At a kabuki theater in Higashi-ginza. The conversation is between
Naomi: おばあさんと若い男の人。
Peter: An older woman and a young man. The speakers are strangers. Therefore the speakers will be using
Naomi: Formal Japanese.
DIALOGUE
係員: チケット、お願いします。
大空晴夜: ねぇ、もう、始まった?
係員: まだ、始まっていませんよ。でも、もうすぐ始まります。
大空晴夜: まだ、始まっていない?よかった。チケットはまだある?
係員: ええ、まだあります。
大空晴夜: ありがとう。おーい。おばさん。早く!まだ始まってないよ。チケットもまだ売り切れていないよ。
(携帯の音)
大空晴夜: 美雨、もうお店に着いた?ごめん。まだ浅草に着いてない。ごめ。。。あ、お父さん。すみません・・・。ええ。まだ、着いていません。申し訳ありません。今すぐ行きま(プツッ)
もう一度、お願いします。今度は、ゆっくりお願いします。
係員: チケット、お願いします。
大空晴夜: ねぇ、もう、始まった?
係員: まだ、始まっていませんよ。でも、もうすぐ始まります。
大空晴夜: まだ、始まっていない?よかった。チケットはまだある?
係員: ええ、まだあります。
大空晴夜: ありがとう。おーい。おばさん。早く!まだ始まってないよ。チケットもまだ売り切れていないよ。
(携帯の音)
大空晴夜: 美雨、もうお店に着いた?ごめん。まだ浅草に着いてない。ごめ。。。あ、お父さん。すみません・・・。ええ。まだ、着いていません。申し訳ありません。今すぐ行きま(プツッ)
今度は、英語が入ります。
係員: チケット、お願いします。
CLERK: Ticket please.
大空晴夜: ねぇ、もう、始まった?
HARUYA OZORA: Hey, has the show already started?
係員: まだ、始まっていませんよ。でも、もうすぐ始まります。
CLERK: No it hasn't. But it'll begin soon.
大空晴夜: まだ、始まっていない?よかった。チケットはまだある?
HARUYA OZORA: It hasn't started yet? Great! Are there still tickets left?
係員: ええ、まだあります。
CLERK: Yes, there are.
大空晴夜: ありがとう。
HARUYA OZORA: Thanks!
おーい。おばさん。早く!まだ始まってないよ。
Hey! Hurry up, ma'am! It hasn't started yet!
チケットもまだ売り切れていないよ。
And the tickets haven't sold out yet.
(携帯の音)
(phone rings)
大空晴夜: 美雨、もうお店に着いた?
HARUYA OZORA: Miu, have you arrived at the restaurant?
ごめん。まだ浅草に着いてない。ごめ。。。
Sorry, I'm not in Asakusa yet. Sorr-
あ、お父さん。すみません・・・。
oh, Mr. Tendo! I'm sorry... yes, I'm not there yet.
ええ。まだ、着いていません。申し訳ありません。今すぐ行きま(プツッ)
I'm terribly sorry. I'm on my wa--*click*
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Peter: Okay let’s clear up what’s happening. Haruya took the lost old woman to the kabuki theater and he got a phone call from Miyu.
Naomi: そうですね。美雨さんは晴夜さんの奥さんだと思いますね。 I think Miyu is Haruya’s wife now. He is going to meet Miyu and her father for dinner or something.
Peter: They are married hah! But since he came to Ginza with the old woman, he is running late.
Naomi: そう。ちょっと遅れていますね。で、多分晴夜さんは連絡しませんでしたね。 I don’t think Haruya called or emailed Miyu.
Peter: Yeah he may not have and that’s probably why her father is angry.
Naomi: そうですね。お父さん怒ってますね。
Peter: 怒ってますね。Yeah he is quite upset.
Naomi: 電話を切っちゃいましたからね。
Peter: So he hangs up the phone before Haruya finishes. Maybe that’s just a relationship まあそういう関係。
Naomi: ああ、そうかもね。多分ね。
Peter: Okay let’s take a look at the vocabulary.
VOCAB LIST
Peter: First word
Naomi: 売り切れる
Peter: To be sold out.
Naomi: (slow)うりきれる (natural speed) 売り切れる
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 始まる
Peter: To start.
Naomi: (slow)はじまる (natural speed) 始まる
Peter: Next word.
Naomi: お店
Peter: Shop, store.
Naomi: (slow)おみせ (natural speed) お店
Peter: Next.
Naomi: すぐ
Peter: Immediately.
Naomi: (slow)すぐ (natural speed) すぐ
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 早く
Peter: Quickly.
Naomi: (slow)はやく (natural speed) 早く
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Peter: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. What’s the first word we are going to look at?
Naomi: 売り切れる
Peter: To be sold out. Now this phrase contains two verbs right?
Naomi: Right.
Peter: This is a compound verb made up of
Naomi: 売る
Peter: To sell
Naomi: 切れる
Peter: To cut or to run out.
Naomi: そうですね。 To run out かな。
Peter: So run out, to be sold out and what is the sign you see on a menu or popular restaurant when I guess something runs out?
Naomi: 売り切れ
Peter: Sold out.
Naomi: It’s the noun form of the verb 売り切れる but it’s a good phrase to know. あの、ある有名な和菓子屋の前にいつも大福売り切れって書いてあるんですね。
Peter: So there is one famous sweetshop that always has a sign that says
Naomi: 大福、売り切れ
Peter: 大福 is sold out and 大福 is a popular Japanese sweet.
Naomi: そう。で、すごいまあいつも食べたいなぁって思ってるんですけど、どんなに朝早くいってもいつも売り切れって書いてあるんですね。
Peter: So it doesn’t matter how early you go to the shop, there is always a sign saying 売り切れ。
Naomi: そう。絶対売り切れてない。ただ作ってないだけだと思うんですけど。
Peter: So Naomi sensei thinks that they don’t even make it.
Naomi: Umm…
Peter: なるほど。 Okay what’s the next word?
Naomi: おーい。
Peter: おーい。
Naomi: It’s not even a word.
Peter: And it’s used when you want to get someone’s attention.
Naomi: そう。 kind of from a distance おーい。
Peter: おーい.Naomi sensei. Yeah probably you don’t want to use this one with your teachers or
Naomi: ああ。
Peter: Kind of on a formal level.
Naomi: That’s very informal.
Peter: Okay let’s take a look at the grammar point for this lesson.

Lesson focus

Peter: The focus of this lesson is how to say something that has happened already or hasn’t happened yet in informal speech. In the previous lesson, we learned how to combine
Naomi: もう
Peter: Already and
Naomi: まだ
Peter: Yet. With formal expressions to convey the idea that something has already happened or hasn’t happened yet. In this lesson, we will learn how to combine
Naomi: もう
Peter: And
Naomi: まだ
Peter: With informal expressions to express the same ideas but a bit more casually. Now these expressions can be used with friends or people of equal status and of course on a social level. So Naomi Sensei, can we have the sample sentence from the dialogue?
Naomi: もう始まった?
Peter: Has it already begun and
Naomi: まだ始まっていない。
Peter: It hasn’t begun yet. Let’s first look at もう. To express the idea that something has already happened, attach
Naomi: もう
Peter: Already before the past tense form of the verb. So I think the best way to illustrate this is with an example. Naomi Sensei, what do we have first?
Naomi: To eat is 食べる
Peter: The corresponding past tense is
Naomi: 食べた
Peter: And of course this is informal, ate. So this is just ate. If you want to say already ate, we add.
Naomi: もう食べた。
Peter: I have already eaten.
Naomi: もうランチ食べた。
Peter: I have already eaten lunch. Next let’s look at the
Naomi: まだ
Peter: Construction. Now can you give us the example in the dialogue again?
Naomi: まだ始まっていない。
Peter: It hasn’t started yet or it hasn’t begun yet. The idea that something has not happened yet is expressed by using
Naomi: まだ
Peter: Plus.
Naomi: Te form of a verb.
Peter: And finally
Naomi: いない
Peter: And this is the negative continuous tense. Basically what it’s saying is that it’s in a state that something hasn’t happened. まだ is yet. Let’s illustrate with some examples. So first let’s look at
Naomi: 食べる
Peter: To eat. The te form is
Naomi: 食べて
Peter: Now put まだ in front of it and add いない after and we get
Naomi: まだ食べていない。
Peter: I haven’t eaten yet.
Naomi: まだランチを食べていない。
Peter: I haven’t eaten lunch yet. Let’s try to see if we can put it altogether. Imagine that we are talking about a new movie.
Naomi: 新しい映画
Peter: Okay.
Naomi: あの、新しい映画もう始まった?
Peter: Has the new movie already started playing at theaters and then depending, if it has, we would say
Naomi: もう始まった。
Peter: It already started. If it hasn’t
Naomi: まだ始まっていない。
Peter: It hasn’t started yet or it hasn’t come out yet.

Outro

Naomi: 皆さんは、もうレッスンノート読んだ?
Peter: So has everyone read the lesson notes?
Naomi: 読んでください。
Peter: Please read them.
Naomi: 待ってます。それじゃあ、また。

Grammar

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Kanji

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84 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 21st, 2009 at 06:30 PM
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みなさん、こんにちは! Is the difference between もう and まだ becoming clear now? Try to make some sentences with them!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 19th, 2020 at 11:24 PM
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こんにちは Nathanial


Thank you for your comment.

始める:Transitive verbs. To describe intentional actions, and they focus on activities

始まる:Intransitive verbs. To describe natural occurrences, and they focus on results and changes

Please check this grammar point to see more example: https://www.japanesepod101.com/learningcenter/reference/grammar/471?


Keep up the good work and Feel free to ask us any questions.

Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

Nathanial
November 3rd, 2020 at 08:55 AM
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Great lesson. Thank you.


I often make the mistake of confusing 始める and 始まる. Can you provide some example sentences using today's grammar point highlighting the differences between the two? Thank you!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 10th, 2020 at 04:46 AM
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Mel さん

Thank you for the question😄

It's ている.

The Japanese "-te iru" form is actually similar to both the English present progressive ("to be ~~ing"), past perfect ("to have ~~") and present perfect progressive ("to have been ~~ing") forms.

https://www.japanesepod101.com/learningcenter/reference/grammar/156?


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Mel
July 21st, 2020 at 04:50 PM
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Why is いる used in the sentence チケットもまだ売り切れていないよ when the subject is "ticket"? Shouldn't we use ある instead: チケットもまだ売り切れてないよ?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 21st, 2020 at 03:59 PM
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Hi Nazrius,


Thank you for posting!

I'm really sorry for the late reply.


"How to eat Ramen using chopstick" is 箸を使ってラーメンを食べる方法

or we could also say 箸を使ったラーメンの食べ方.

And "typing" is タイピング or 入力.

Then "I haven't decided to buy it yet" is 買うことをまだ決めていない, as you say!


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Nazrius
April 23rd, 2020 at 05:09 PM
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How to say, "I haven't decided to buy it yet"?


Is this right?

買うことをまだ決めていない

Nazrius
April 23rd, 2020 at 04:56 PM
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How to say "How to ...... using ....." ?


For example, "How to eat Ramen using chopstick"


Is this right?

箸でラーメンを食べ方


One more thing、

What's the Japanese for "Typing”?

Nazrius
April 23rd, 2020 at 04:45 PM
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ありがとう、今、日本語がもうわかりました

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 6th, 2020 at 02:30 AM
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Sofija さん

コメントありがとうございます!


ひとつずつ勉強していけば、どんどん上手になりますよ👍


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Sofija
March 20th, 2020 at 07:33 AM
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私はその文法勉強をしてもう分かったが、私の日本語はまだ下手ね😅