Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Natsuko: おはよう、メキシコシティ。ナツコです。(Ohayō, Mekishiko Shiti. Natsuko desu.)
Takase: おはよう、メキシコシティ。タカセです。(Ohayō, Mekishiko Shiti. Takase desu.)
Peter: Peter here and we are back with another lesson. Okay, back in the studio with us is
Takase: タカセです。(Takase desu.)
Peter: Yes.
Natsuko: She is back.
Peter: She is back. Now we’d like to point out something interesting about タカセ (Takase). Now タカセ (Takase), what is your first name?
Takase: ヒロコです。(Hiroko desu.)
Peter: Natsuko, what’s your last name?
Natsuko: カワモトです。(Kawamoto desu.)
Peter: Yeah, so we do tend to mix and match a bit because actually when we met タカセ (Takase) and she introduced herself, she went by her last name.
Natsuko: Oh, I see.
Peter: But when we met Natsuko, she went by her first name.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: So again, this is what we want to point out. Case by case, the name calling. Okay, but in formal situations, you always use the last name plus さん (san) but this is quite an informal group we have here. So again, it’s by choice of name and タカセ (Takase) prefers タカセ (Takase).
Takase: Yes.
Peter: Ho ho…. You heard that. So yes…
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: It will be タカセ (Takase). タカセ、今日元気ですか。(Takase, kyō genki desu ka.)
Takase: 元気です。ナツコ、元気ですか。(Genki desu. Natsuko, genki desu ka.)
Natsuko: 私もすごく元気です。ピーターは?(Watashi mo sugoku genki desu. Pītā wa?)
Peter: 相変わらず絶好調です。(Aikawarazu zekkōchō desu.) Okay, we have another great conversation for you today. So without further adieu, let’s jump right in. Here we go.
DIALOGUE
高瀬 (Takase) : 川本さん、お久しぶりです。(Kawamoto-san, o-hisashiburi desu.)
川本 (Kawamoto) : お久しぶりですね。(O-hisashiburi desu ne.)
高瀬 (Takase) : この方はお知り合いですか。(Kono kata wa o-shiriai desu ka.)
川本 (Kawamoto) : はい、そうです。こちらは海外からのお客様です。(Hai, sō desu. Kochira wa kaigai kara no o-kyaku-sama desu.)
ギャランテ (Gyarante) : 初めまして。コダックのギャランテ・ピーターと申します。どうぞよろしくお願いします。(Hajimemashite. Kodakku no Gyarante Pītā to mōshimasu. Dōzo yoroshiku onegai shimasu.)
高瀬 (Takase) : こちらこそ。初めまして。フジフィルムの高瀬と申します。よろしくお願いします。ご出身はどちらでしょうか。(Kochira koso. Hajimemashite. Fuji Firumu no Takase to mōshimasu. Yoroshiku onegai shimasu. Go-shusshin wa dochira deshō ka.)
ギャランテ (Gyarante) : アメリカのニューヨークです。今あちらはとても寒いです。(Amerika no Nyū Yōku desu. Ima achira wa totemo samui desu.)
高瀬 (Takase) : 日本の冬も寒いでしょう?(Nihon no fuyu mo samui deshō?)
ギャランテ (Gyarante) : はい。寒いです。(Hai. Samui desu.)
高瀬 (Takase) : ところで、今日は何をしますか。(Tokorode, kyō wa nani o shimasu ka.)
川本 (Kawamoto) : 今日は富士山までドライブします。あっ、富士ですけどよろしいですか。(Kyō wa Fuji-san made doraibu shimasu. A, Fuji desu kedo yoroshii desu ka.)
ギャランテ (Gyarante) : 富士… (Fuji…)
高瀬 (Takase) : いいですね!(Ii desu ne!)
高瀬 (Takase) : 川本さん、お久しぶりです。(Kawamoto-san, o-hisashiburi desu.)
川本 (Kawamoto) : お久しぶりですね。(O-hisashiburi desu ne.)
高瀬 (Takase) : この方はお知り合いですか。(Kono kata wa o-shiriai desu ka.)
川本 (Kawamoto) : はい、そうです。こちらは海外からのお客様です。(Hai, sō desu. Kochira wa kaigai kara no o-kyaku-sama desu.)
ギャランテ (Gyarante) : 初めまして。コダックのギャランテ・ピーターと申します。どうぞよろしくお願いします。(Hajimemashite. Kodakku no Gyarante Pītā to mōshimasu. Dōzo yoroshiku onegai shimasu.)
高瀬 (Takase) : こちらこそ。初めまして。フジフィルムの高瀬と申します。よろしくお願いします。ご出身はどちらでしょうか。(Kochira koso. Hajimemashite. Fuji Firumu no Takase to mōshimasu. Yoroshiku onegai shimasu. Go-shusshin wa dochira deshō ka.)
ギャランテ (Gyarante) : アメリカのニューヨークです。今あちらはとても寒いです。(Amerika no Nyū Yōku desu. Ima achira wa totemo samui desu.)
高瀬 (Takase) : 日本の冬も寒いでしょう?(Nihon no fuyu mo samui deshō?)
ギャランテ (Gyarante) : はい。とても寒いです。(Hai. Totemo samui desu.)
高瀬 (Takase) : ところで、今日は何をしますか。(Tokorode, kyō wa nani o shimasu ka.)
川本 (Kawamoto) : 今日は富士山までドライブします。あっ、富士ですけどよろしいですか。(Kyō wa Fuji-san made doraibu shimasu. A, Fuji desu kedo yoroshii desu ka.)
ギャランテ (Gyarante) : 富士… (Fuji…)
高瀬 (Takase) : いいですね!(Ii desu ne!)
Peter: Okay, you know the drill. Natsuko and Takase will give you the Japanese and I will give you the English, okay? Here we go.
高瀬 (Takase) : 川本さん、お久しぶりです。(Kawamoto-san, o-hisashiburi desu.)
TAKASE: Ms. Kawamoto, it’s been a long time.
川本 (Kawamoto) : お久しぶりですね。(O-hisashiburi desu ne.)
KAWAMOTO: Yes, it’s been a long time.
高瀬 (Takase) : この方はお知り合いですか。(Kono kata wa o-shiriai desu ka.)
TAKASE: Is this person someone you know?
川本 (Kawamoto) : はい、そうです。(Hai, sō desu.)
KAWAMOTO: Yes, that’s right.
川本 (Kawamoto) : こちらは海外からのお客様です。(Kochira wa kaigai kara no o-kyaku-sama desu.)
KAWAMOTO: This is a customer from overseas.
ギャランテ (Gyarante) : 初めまして。(Hajimemashite.)
GALANTE: Nice to meet you.
ギャランテ (Gyarante) : コダックのギャランテピーターと申します。(Kodakku no Gyarante Pītā to mōshimasu.)
GALANTE: I’m Peter Galante from Kodak.
ギャランテ (Gyarante) : どうぞよろしくお願いします。(Dōzo yoroshiku onegai shimasu.)
GALANTE: Please be kind to me as I will to you.
高瀬 (Takase) : こちらこそ。(Kochira koso.)
TAKASE: Same here.
高瀬 (Takase) : 初めまして。(Hajimemashite.)
TAKASE: Nice to meet you.
高瀬 (Takase) : フジフィルムの高瀬と申します。(Fuji Firumu no Takase to mōshimasu.)
TAKASE: I am Takase from FujiFilm.
高瀬 (Takase) : よろしくお願いします。(Yoroshiku onegai shimasu.)
TAKASE: Please be kind to me as I will to you.
高瀬 (Takase) : ご出身はどちらでしょうか。(Go-shusshin wa dochira deshō ka.)
TAKASE: Where are you from?
ギャランテ (Gyarante) : アメリカのニューヨークです。(Amerika no Nyū Yōku desu.)
GALANTE: New York, USA.
ギャランテ (Gyarante) : 今あちらはとても寒いです。(Ima achira wa totemo samui desu.)
GALANTE: Now it’s very cold over there.
高瀬 (Takase) : 日本の冬も寒いでしょう?(Nihon no fuyu mo samui deshō?)
TAKASE: Japanese winter is also very cold, right?
ギャランテ (Gyarante) : はい。とても寒いです。(Hai. Totemo samui desu.)
GALANTE: Yes, it’s very cold.
高瀬 (Takase) : ところで、今日は何をしますか。(Tokorode, kyō wa nani o shimasu ka.)
TAKASE: By the way, what will we do today?
川本 (Kawamoto) : 今日は富士山までドライブします。(Kyō wa Fuji-san made doraibu shimasu.)
KAWAMOTO: Today, we’ll take a drive to Mt. Fuji.
川本 (Kawamoto) : あっ、富士ですけどよろしいですか。(A, Fuji desu kedo yoroshii desu ka.)
KAWAMOTO: Mt. Fuji, is it all right?
ギャランテ (Gyarante) : 富士… (Fuji…)
GALANTE: Fuji…
高瀬 (Takase) : いいですね!(Ii desu ne!)
TAKASE: Yes, that’s nice!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Peter: Big business getting along, how nice!
Natsuko: Umm.
Peter: Now this conversation although we put a couple of twists in there is very, very useful for introducing people in business situations.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: This is very formal Japanese, right Natsuko?
Natsuko: Right, yes.
Peter: And again, very useful when you have to introduce a business partner or when a new person is joining the situation.
Natsuko: Yes.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Peter: So we are going to get into this. First we are going to start off with some vocabulary. Okay, here we go. Okay Natsuko, what’s the first one?
Natsuko: お久しぶり (o-hisashiburi)
Peter: And what does this mean?
Natsuko: It’s been a long time.
Peter: Yep, break it down.
Natsuko: (slow)おひさしぶり (o-hisashiburi)
Peter: And one time fast.
Natsuko: お久しぶり (o-hisashiburi)
Peter: Now, notice the お (o) prefix. Now this makes it much more polite. Right, Natsuko?
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: Now we can also – if it’s a little more casual, we can say 久しぶりです (hisashiburi desu).
Natsuko: Yes, you don’t need the お (o) at the front.
Peter: Yep, and then we can even make it 久しぶり (hisashiburi) for even more informal situations.
Natsuko: Oh yes. 久々。(Hisabisa.)
Peter: Oh, there it is, Natsuko, for the most informal of them all.
Natsuko: Yeah.
Peter: So can you give us the order one more time from most polite to most informal?
Natsuko: Sure. お久しぶり。久しぶり。久々。(O-hisashiburi. Hisashiburi. Hisabisa.)
Peter: Next we have
Natsuko: 方 (kata)
Peter: And this is
Natsuko: A polite way to refer to a person.
Peter: Break it down.
Natsuko: (slow)かた (kata)
Peter: And one time fast.
Natsuko: 方 (kata)
Peter: What is the regular word for person?
Natsuko: 人 (hito)
Peter: Now, when we say regular, this is kind of the usual in the informal situation and we use
Natsuko: この人 (kono hito)
Peter: Yes. Or for someone over there
Natsuko: その人 (sono hito)
Peter: Or for someone all the way over there?
Natsuko: あの人 (ano hito)
Peter: Okay. Now let’s make it polite.
Natsuko: この方 (kono kata)
Peter: Somebody over there.
Natsuko: その方 (sono kata)
Peter: And someone way over there?
Natsuko: あの方 (ano kata)
Peter: Okay, next we have
Natsuko: 海外 (kaigai)
Peter: And this is
Natsuko: Overseas.
Peter: Break it down.
Natsuko: (slow)かいがい (kaigai)
Peter: And one time fast
Natsuko: 海外 (kaigai)
Peter: Next up
Natsuko: と申します (to mōshimasu)
Peter: And what is this, Natsuko?
Natsuko: Oh this is the most polite way to introduce yourself.
Peter: Oh yes. Now before we get into this, let’s just break this down, okay. Natsuko, break it down, please.
Natsuko: (slow)ともうします (to mōshimasu)
Peter: And one time fast.
Natsuko: と申します (to mōshimasu)
Peter: And how do we use this?
Natsuko: 川本夏子と申します。(Kawamoto Natsuko to mōshimasu.)
Peter: Yes, you put your name in front and then you say
Natsuko: と申します (to mōshimasu)
Peter: Okay, and in the conversation also, you can put your company plus
Natsuko: の (no)
Peter: Plus
Natsuko: Name
Peter: Plus
Natsuko: と申します (to mōshimasu)
Peter: That’s it. Okay, now about this と申します (to mōshimasu), this is an extremely polite way to introduce yourself and it roughly translates to I am or this is. This is Peter calling. This is 敬語 (keigo). Now this is the most polite form of Japanese there is. That’s the honorific level.
Natsuko: Right.
Peter: Okay, so you are supposed to use this when you speak to people who are much higher in social status than yourself.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: Basically remember we talked about the Tuxedo always taking off the tuxedo.
Natsuko: Uhoo.
Peter: Well, sometimes you gotta put the tuxedo on.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: And this is one of the cases. Now think of how we used to introduce ourselves, ピーターです。(Pītā desu.) That’s a polite way to do it but to really, really make an impression, I would say ピーターと申します。(Pītā to mōshimasu.)
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: And then wow, now I am being very polite.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: So for business situations, meeting the in-laws, when you want to make a good impression, you definitely want to use this.
Natsuko: Yes, usually when you introduce yourself to someone you meet first, I think it’s preferable to use this expression.
Peter: Yeah, you are going to really impress some people.
Natsuko: Yeah.
Peter: Next time in your Japanese class, you do an introduction. Try this one out. I think you will see the answer in the teacher’s eyes. Okay, next up we have.
Natsuko: お客様 (o-kyaku-sama)
Peter: And this is.
Natsuko: Guest.
Peter: Break it down.
Natsuko: (slow)おきゃくさま (o-kyaku-sama)
Peter: And one time fast.
Natsuko: お客様 (o-kyaku-sama)
Peter: We covered this in survival phrases previously.
Natsuko: Oh yes.
Peter: When you go to the hotel, when you go to the restaurant, you will be called this a lot.
Natsuko: Yes, whenever you are a customer, お客様 (o-kyaku-sama).
Peter: Ah one more time, Natsuko.
Natsuko: お客様 (o-kyaku-sama)
Peter: I like that, uh…
Natsuko: So it’s a very polite way to refer to a guest.
Peter: Natsuko is feeling it today, all right, Natsuko. Okay, what do we have next?
Natsuko: 出身 (shusshin)
Peter: Now this is origin but it’s quite unnatural to say origin in English. So it usually gets translated into hometown.
Natsuko: Right.
Peter: Or the place you are from or come from. Okay, break it down.
Natsuko: (slow)しゅっしん (shusshin)
Peter: And one time fast.
Natsuko: 出身 (shusshin)
Peter: Now there is a hard ‘s’ in there. It’s not a long しゅう (shū), it’s a hard ‘s’, 出身 (shusshin), right?
Natsuko: Yes, yes.
Peter: Did I get it, right?
Natsuko: Yes, right.
Peter: Because this pronunciation gives me a lot of trouble.
Natsuko: Oh really?
Peter: Oh yes, and this is not just for foreigners. A lot of Japanese will ask each other this. Right, Natsuko?
Natsuko: Oh yes. ご出身はどちらですか。(Go-shusshin wa dochira desu ka.)
Peter: Yes, and that’s the key. Polite way to refer to we’re in there.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: Now remember when we first introduced this word 出身 (shusshin), we used どこですか (doko desu ka).
Natsuko: Oh yes.
Peter: But now we are dressing the どこ (doko) up in the tuxedo because we got to look nice sometimes.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: And to do this, we use
Natsuko: どちら (dochira)
Peter: Yes, but we are going to get into that in a minute. So Natsuko,
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: ご出身はどちらでしょうか。(Go-shusshin wa dochira deshō ka.)
Natsuko: 東京です。(Tōkyō desu.)
Peter: 近いですね。(Chikai desu ne.)
Natsuko: そうですね。ピーターさんのご出身はどちらですか。(Sō desu ne. Pītā-san no go-shusshin wa dochira desu ka.)
Peter: アメリカのニューヨークです。(Amerika no Nyū Yōku desu.)
Natsuko: 遠いですね。(Tōi desu ne.)
Peter: 遠いです。飛行機代お願いします。(Tōi desu. Hikōkidai onegai shimasu.) Okay, next up we have
Natsuko: 富士山 (Fuji-san)
Peter: And this is
Natsuko: Mt. Fuji.
Peter: Mt. Fuji. Okay, break it down.
Natsuko: (slow)ふじさん (Fuji-san)
Peter: And one time fast.
Natsuko: 富士山 (Fuji-san)
Peter: Okay, now Natsuko, yesterday we were talking about the post office and I forgot to mention that on top of Mt. Fuji, there is
Natsuko: A post office.
Peter: Yeah.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: 郵便局 (yūbinkyoku) on top of Mt. Fuji.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: Now there is a funny story behind this. I went up to the top and I left my wallet in the car.
Natsuko: Haha.
Peter: Natsuko, okay. Enjoy it, get a little more in there.
Natsuko: Oh, I got it.
Peter: So I left my wallet in the car and I got to the top and there was the post office.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: I couldn’t believe that you could send a letter from the top of Mt. Fuji.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: So if you are going, bring money for a postcard and if you have a letter, be sure to get an envelope before you get out there.
Natsuko: Right.
Peter: Okay, next up we have.
Natsuko: ドライブ (doraibu)
Peter: And this is
Natsuko: Drive.
Peter: Yes, break it down.
Natsuko: (slow)どらいぶ (doraibu)
Peter: And one time fast.
Natsuko: ドライブ (doraibu)
Peter: And how do we make this into a verb?
Natsuko: ドライブする (doraibu suru)
Peter: Again this is a noun plus
Natsuko: する (suru)
Peter: To get the verb. So a lot of guys, I think they ask a lot of girls. ドライブしませんか。(Doraibu shimasen ka.) Natsuko…
Natsuko: Right. Try it, try it.
Peter: Only if you have a car. Okay, next we have.
Natsuko: ところで (tokorode)
Peter: And this is
Natsuko: By the way.
Peter: Okay, break it down.
Natsuko: (slow)ところで (tokorode)
Peter: And one time fast.
Natsuko: ところで (tokorode)
Peter: Great phrase to change topic.

Lesson focus

Peter: Okay, now today’s point is
Natsuko: こちら、そちら、あちら、どちら (kochira, sochira, achira, dochira)
Peter: This is very polite Japanese and こちら (kochira) can be used two ways. It can mean this here or it can mean this thing.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: So this is used all the time in business Japanese. The best example we can think of is when you go into a store. The person in the store will say to you こちらは (kochira wa), meaning this thing or she might say こちらへ (kochira e), this way.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: So again, this can mean two different things. An object here, this something as in これ (kore) or it can mean ここ (koko) as in here. Right, Natsuko?
Natsuko: Yes, right.
Peter: So こちら (kochira) has the meaning of
Natsuko: これ (kore)
Peter: This.
Natsuko: ここ (koko)
Peter: Here. Again depending on its usage. そちら (sochira)
Natsuko: それ (sore)
Peter: That
Natsuko: そこ (soko)
Peter: There, nearby. あちら (achira)
Natsuko: あれ (are)
Peter: That over there and
Natsuko: あそこ (asoko)
Peter: Over there.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: Okay, and last we have the question form which is
Natsuko: どちら (dochira)
Peter: Yes, which means the same thing as
Natsuko: どれ (dore)
Peter: Which and
Natsuko: どこ (doko)
Peter: Where. We are going to get further into this in another lesson but today the main goal was to introduce you to this polite way of speaking about this and here.
Natsuko: Yes, so when you want to be polite and especially to refer to a person, I think you should better use this version.
Peter: Always use this version.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: So when you introduce your friend, you wouldn’t say これは (kore wa).
Natsuko: Right.
Peter: It’s considered a big insult. You would say
Natsuko: こちらは (kochira wa)
Peter: Yes, and someone in the store would probably say if you are asking about an object rather than これは (kore wa) they would say
Natsuko: こちらは (kochira wa)
Peter: Yes. And rather than ここへ (koko e), this way, they would say
Natsuko: こちらへ (kochira e)

Outro

Peter: Okay. All right, Natsuko. That’s going to do it for today.
Natsuko: Okay. また明日ね。(Mata ashita ne.)
Peter: See you tomorrow.

Kanji

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75 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 7th, 2015 at 10:13 AM
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Hi Nick,


That's probably because, as a free member, you have already downloaded more than 10 PDFs.

If you have other questions, please let us know.


Thank you,

Ofelia

Team JapanesePod101.com

Nick
August 2nd, 2015 at 09:58 AM
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None of the PDFs seem to work. All I see are blank pages. Is this because I'm still on the free 7 day thing?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 22nd, 2015 at 05:15 PM
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エリックさん、

こんにちは。

どういたしまして。

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

エリック
April 20th, 2015 at 12:25 PM
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由紀さん、

こんにちは。

分かりました。

ありがとうございました。 :thumbsup:

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 19th, 2015 at 09:25 PM
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エリックさん、

こんにちは。

Basically they have the same meaning, ‘to drive’.

However, うんてんする can be used for not only cars but also other machines for example, cranes and industrial machines

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

エリック
April 17th, 2015 at 02:51 PM
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「ドライブする」と「うんてんする」のちがいは何ですか。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 19th, 2014 at 11:03 PM
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Becky san,

Thank you for the comment.

We will try to provide interesting and useful lessons.

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Becky
August 16th, 2014 at 10:39 PM
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I just wanted to leave a small message to say thank you for all the hard work you have done for us.

It's so nice to practice understanding while reading and listening. Your explainations are very good and I am really happy that I found your website.


Keep going : 3


Thank you!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 10th, 2014 at 03:09 PM
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アマレテン ムンテレさん、


こんにちは。

Long time no see (very informal): 久々、ひさびさ (which leads to another question: why are ひさ and びさ seen as the same kanji here, because 々 means “repetition of previous kanji”?


Yes, that’s right.

Other examples are様々:さまざま and 人々:ひとびと.


- Person (polite way): 方、かた

- Most polite way to introduce yourself: と申します

- Guest: お客様。おきゃくさま

- Drive: ドライブ

They are all correct! Well done.


And another question: is the “person you already know” mentioned by poster Pererm spelled as お知り合い、おしりあい?

Yes, it is.


Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

マアレテン ムンテレ
August 8th, 2014 at 09:07 PM
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Oh, and I saw I misspelled こんにちは again. The reason is, in order to get "n" to convert into ん I have to press "n" twice. And then I need to press "n" for a third time to start with に...


And another question: is the "person you already know" mentioned by poster Pererm spelled as お知り合い、おしりあい?