Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Jessi: A Long, Hot Japanese Summer. ジェシーです。(Jeshii desu.) Jessi here!
Naomi: こんにちは!なおみです。(Kon'nichi wa! Naomi desu.) Hello, everyone, Naomi here.
Jessi: Thanks again for joining us for our Absolute Beginner series! In the last lesson, we reviewed a lot of phrases that we learned throughout this series. For example?
Naomi: ありがとうございます!(Arigatō gozaimasu!)
Jessi: Thank you.
Naomi: すみません (Sumimasen)
Jessi: Excuse me, or I'm sorry
Naomi: 大丈夫ですか?(Daijōbu desu ka?)
Jessi: Are you okay? Among others, I think it was a good review!
Naomi: Yes, definitely!
Jessi: In this lesson, we're going to learn how to describe what something is like. So that means what kind of things will we be able to say by the end of this lesson?
Naomi: You'll be able to say things like "this is tasty" and "summer is hot."
Jessi: That's right. You'll be able to describe what something is like.
Naomi: So what's happening in this conversation?
Jessi: Well, Taylor, Masato, and Kaori are talking a walk outside, and Masato makes a comment about the weather. Okay, so let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

A: あー、あつい。(Ā, atsui.)
カリフォルニアのなつはあついですね。(Kariforunia no natsu wa atsui desu ne.)
テイラー:日本のなつもあついですか。(Nihon no natsu mo atsui desu ka.)
まさと:はい。(Hai.)
かおり:日本のなつは、むしあついです。(Nihon no natsu wa, mushiatsui desu.)
テイラー:む・し・あ・つ・い? (Mu-shi-a-tsu-i?)
English Host: Let’s listen to the conversation again slowly.
A: あー、あつい。(Ā, atsui.)
カリフォルニアのなつはあついですね。(Kariforunia no natsu wa atsui desu ne.)
テイラー:日本のなつもあついですか。(Nihon no natsu mo atsui desu ka.)
まさと:はい。(Hai.)
かおり:日本のなつは、むしあついです。(Nihon no natsu wa, mushiatsui desu.)
テイラー:む・し・あ・つ・い? (Mu-shi-a-tsu-i?)
English Host: Now let’s listen to it with the English translation.
まさと:あー、あつい。(Ā, atsui.)
Jessi: Ah~ it's so hot!
カリフォルニアのなつはあついですね。(Kariforunia no natsu wa atsui desu ne.)
Jessi: Summer in California is really hot, isn't it?
テイラー:日本のなつもあついですか。(Nihon no natsu mo atsui desu ka.)
Jessi: Is summer in Japan hot too?
まさと:はい。(Hai.)
Jessi: Yeah.
かおり:日本のなつは、むしあついです。(Nihon no natsu wa, mushiatsui desu.)
Jessi: Summers in Japan are humid ("mushiatsui").
テイラー:む・し・あ・つ・い? (Mu-shi-a-tsu-i?)
Jessi: Humid ("mushiatsui")...?
Post conversation banter
Jessi: So, Naomi, I don't know if it's been mentioned before in this series, but this story takes place in California in the US!
Naomi: Right, Taylor lives in the US, and Masato and Kaori are visiting him there.
Jessi: And as anyone who has been there knows, it gets hot in California!
Naomi: I'm sure...!
Jessi: And so that's what they're talking about in this conversation. So first off, what is the word they were using, the word that means hot in Japanese?
Naomi: あつい (atsui)
Jessi: あつい (atsui)
Naomi: Yes, for example... カリフォルニアはあついです。(Kariforunia wa atsui desu.)
Jessi: "California is hot." We're going to focus on this type of sentence later on in the lesson, so just focus on the vocab for now. This word あつい (atsui) can be used to talk about weather as well as something hot to the touch.
Naomi: Like if you touch something hot... あつい! (atsui!) And if it's super hot, they say it multiple times, very quickly. あついあついあつい。 (atsui atsui atsui.)
Jessi: Very true! So あつい (atsui) when talking about the weather just means hot, we also saw a word that meant humid!
Naomi: Yes, むしあつい。 (mushiatsui)
Jessi: むしあつい。The word むし plus the word for hot, あつい。 (atsui) むしあつい。 (mushiatsui) This describes weather that is muggy or humid, high humidity levels.
Naomi: Some parts of Japan get very humid in the summer.
Jessi: Yes! So you will hear this a lot if you visit during that time.
Naomi: むしあつい。(mushiatsui)
Jessi: むしあつい。(mushiatsui)
Now, Naomi, this むし (mushi) that comes before あつい (atsui) means "steaming" right?
Naomi: Right. So むしあつい (mushiatsui) means "Steaming hot" or "humid".
Jessi: How about a sample sentence?
Naomi: Sure. 東京はむし暑いです。(Tokyō wa mushiatsui desu.)
Jessi: Tokyo is humid. Okay and the last word?
Naomi: 夏 (natsu)
Jessi: 夏 (natsu), which is summer! You can see we have a theme going here. Now we can make a sentence that uses two of our vocab words.
Naomi: 夏は暑いです。(Natsu wa atsui desu.)
Jessi: 夏は暑いです。(Natsu wa atsui desu.) Summer is hot. Well, of course depending on the area you live in. So can we hear our new words one more time?
Naomi: Sure. あつい (atsui)
Jessi: Hot.
Naomi: むしあつい (mushiatsui)
Jessi: Humid and…
Naomi: なつ (natsu)
Jessi: Summer. Now, let's move on to the lesson focus. In this lesson, you'll learn how to describe what something is like. Naomi... this is actually going to be pretty easy, isn't it?
Naomi: Yes, because we are using our A is B - AはBです (A wa B desu) structure again.
Jessi: I know we keep bringing this up, but that's because it's so useful! So, as I'm sure you remember by now, in our A is B structure, we put what we're talking about in place of A. In place of B, we put words to identify what A is. So for example...
Naomi: わたしはなおみです (Watashi wa Naomi desu).
Jessi: I'm Naomi.
Naomi: これはみずです (Kore wa mizu desu).
Jessi: This is water, that kind of thing. Now this time, for B, instead of putting a noun, we can put an adjective.
Naomi: A word that describes a noun.
Jessi: Right, words like big, small, hot, cold, light, heavy, those go in place of B. So our pattern is...?
Naomi: A は (wa) adjective です (desu)
Jessi: A is an adjective. Okay, let's do an easy example.
Naomi: Let's use the words we just learned. 夏は暑いです。(natsu wa atsui desu)
Jessi: Summer is hot. Let's break it down.
Naomi: なつ (natsu)
Jessi: Summer.
Naomi: は (wa)
Jessi: This is part of our pattern.
Naomi: あつい (atsui)
Jessi: Hot.
Naomi: です (desu)
Jessi: And this is the ending of our pattern. So, one more time?
Naomi: なつはあついです。(natsu wa atsui desu.)
Jessi: So あつい, hot, is describing なつ, summer. Listeners, repeat after Naomi. Summer is hot.
Naomi: なつはあついです。(natsu wa atsui desu.)
[pause]
Jessi: Okay, how about another example?
Naomi: Sure. 東京はむし暑いです。(Tokyō wa mushiatsui desu.)
Jessi: Tokyo is humid. One more time slowly?
Naomi: 東京は むし暑いです。(Tokyō wa mushiatsui desu.)
Jessi: And again at regular speed.
Naomi: 東京はむし暑いです。(Tokyō wa mushiatsui desu.)
Jessi: Great! Listeners, repeat after Naomi. Tokyo is humid.
Naomi: 東京はむし暑いです。(Tokyō wa mushiatsui desu.)
[pause]
Jessi: Okay. Now let's see how this pattern was used in the dialogue. In the dialogue, Masato said...
Naomi: カリフォルニアの夏は暑いです。 (Kariforunia no natsu wa atsui desu.)
Jessi: Summer in California is hot. Let's break it down
Naomi: カリフォルニアの夏 (Kariforunia no natsu)
Jessi: Literally, California's summer, in the translation we say summer in California.
Naomi: は (wa)
Jessi: This is part of our pattern.
Naomi: あつい (atsui)
Jessi: Hot.
Naomi: です (desu)
Jessi: And this is the ending of our pattern. So all together one more time?
Naomi: カリフォルニアの夏は暑いです (Kariforunia no natsu wa atsui desu.)
Jessi: "Summer in California is hot." Going through this example, I realized, the word カリフォルニア in Japanese might be the hardest one to say (笑). So don't worry, listeners, if you can't quite wrap your tongue around it just yet! Okay, Naomi, let's have the listeners practice now!
Naomi: Sounds good. So we introduced the adjectives あつい (atsui) and むしあつい (mushiatsui) in this lesson, right?
Jessi: Right.
Naomi: Do you remember some other adjectives we learned in earlier lessons?
Jessi: Ah! Now that you mention it, we had すごい (sugoi), amazing, and おいしい (oishi), delicious, didn't we?
Naomi: Yes! Let's make a sentence using おいしい (oishi), meaning "delicious".
Jessi: Okay sounds good. So, listeners, how would you say, sushi is delicious?
Naomi: Sushi is of course, すし (sushi), and delicious is おいしい (oishi).
Jessi: So those two just need to go into the pattern, and you get...?
[pause]
Jessi: Naomi, what's the answer?
Naomi: すしはおいしいです (Sushi wa oishi desu).
Jessi: Sushi is good, or sushi is delicious! Mmm. I could go for some sushi right about now (笑)
Naomi: 寿司はおいしいですね。 (Sushi wa oishi desu ne.)
Jessi: Uh-oh, you just used a new particle at the end of the sentence! Listeners, did you catch that? We have ね at the end of this sentence, and it adds the meaning of "right?" or "isn't it?" to the sentence. So when you want someone to agree with you, you can use this ね。
Naomi: 寿司はおいしいですね。 (Sushi wa oishi desu ne.)
Jessi: So this would mean something like sushi is delicious, don't you think? Do you agree?
Naomi: Yes. I agree.
Naomi: Well, that's going to do it for this lesson.
Jessi: Yup, that's all for now. We hope you enjoyed this lesson! Let us know what you thought, and if you have any questions! Until next time.
Naomi: See you next time~ じゃまた。(Ja mata.)

Lesson conversation

カリフォルニアのなつはあついですね。(Kariforunia no natsu wa atsui desu ne.)
テイラー:日本のなつもあついですか。(Nihon no natsu mo atsui desu ka.)
まさと:はい。(Hai.)
かおり:日本のなつは、むしあついです。(Nihon no natsu wa, mushiatsui desu.)
テイラー:む・し・あ・つ・い? (Mu-shi-a-tsu-i?)

446 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 25th, 2011 at 06:30 PM
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Hi everyone~

After this lesson, you'll know how to describe things! Try and make a sentence describing something below ↓

Lukas
October 21st, 2021 at 02:29 PM
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Hi, I am very new to Japanese and I am wondering if it would be best for me to learn the scripts first before taking these lessons. Thanks

Soumya
October 16th, 2021 at 03:35 AM
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can you please explain the difference between samui and suzushii along with some examples if possible

Soumya
October 16th, 2021 at 02:09 AM
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Mushiatsui is humid but steaming hot is its actual meaning. But what about humid cold? Like the weather when it rains is humid but not necessarily hot always, it is mostly cold... so what I am trying to ask is what are the other forms used for different types of humid weather?

shari
October 14th, 2021 at 11:10 AM
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hontou ni arigatou gozaimasu

Japanesepod101

im only 13 and ive learnt so much from you guys!

and i think its only my 5th day (or less) i would recommend you guys to teach anyone you make it much easier to remember and learn have a great day

-shari❤️️👍😄

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 9th, 2021 at 07:34 PM
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Hi Akira Yano,


Thank you for your comment!

We are sorry for confusing you.

In Vocabulary, there are words/phrases used in Dialogue.

In Lesson Notes we have other vocabulary related to the lesson grammar.

This lesson is focused on adjective, so we have some adjectives other than the one in the vocabulary list😊


Please let us know if you have any further question:)


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Akira Yano
October 7th, 2021 at 09:34 AM
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Hi,


i'm feeling confused because when i look at the vocabulary for this lesson, it only lists four words, meanwhile when I scroll down to the lesson notes, it lists 8 different words/phrases, some of which aren't used in the audio yet are on the following assessment. is there a reason that some of the vocab is omitted from the official vocab section? Or that the assessment includes things not mentioned in the audio lesson?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 3rd, 2021 at 11:43 AM
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Hi Jaeren Pallasigui,


Thank you for your comment!

Yes, basically kanji is used to write most words of native Japanese, so なつ should be written as 夏, in kanji.

However, there's no strict rule which word should be written in kanji and we use only kana in some cases.

Here, I think it's written in hiragana so that the learners can read easily, because this is the very first lesson.


Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us:)


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 1st, 2021 at 05:00 PM
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Kalandaさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

No worries😉Glad you found it👍


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

りょうま(Ryoma)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Jaeren Pallasigui
October 1st, 2021 at 03:33 PM
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Hello,


This is a bit off topic but I'm trying to simultaneously learn the kanji for the vocabulary as I go through these lessons. I noticed in one of the examples in this lesson's pdf is written as follows:


⽇本のなつはむしあついです。

Nihon no natsu wa mushiatsui desu.


Is there a reason why the kanji for natsu isn't used in this sentence (and is there a corresponding lesson in japanesepod101 that exlplains this)?


Thanks for any feedback!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 30th, 2021 at 05:30 PM
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Haytamolさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

Excellent!! Let's do this😎


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

りょうま(Ryoma)

Team JapanesePod101.com