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Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners

Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners

12 Entries • 10 Comments
Japanese: 初級者のための文型トップ10
Kana: しょきゅうしゃのためのぶんけいトップテン
Romanization: Shokyūsha no tame no bunkei toppu ten
English: Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners

In this lesson, you will learn the Top 10 Japanese Sentence Patterns for Beginners. Even though you may already know some Japanese vocabulary, perhaps you’re finding it difficult to string together coherent sentences. This lesson will break down the key components of 10 basic Japanese sentence patterns, while also giving you an example of each one. Take your Japanese to the next level by formulating clear, well-organized Japanese sentences!

P.S. Be sure to click on the links below to take relevant lessons to learn even more about each sentence pattern!

■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]は[B(noun)]です。
- Kana: [A(noun)]は[B(noun)]です。
- Romanization: [A] wa [B] desu.
- English: [A] is [B].

■ Example

- Entry: わたしは、トーマスエジソンです。
- Kana: わたしは、トーマスエジソンです。
- Romanization: Watashi wa Tōmasu Ejison desu.
- English: I'm Thomas Edison.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A](noun)は[B(noun)]ですか?
- Kana: [A](noun)は[B(noun)]ですか?
- Romanization: [A] wa [B] desu ka?
- English: Is [A] [B]?

■ Example

- Entry: これはみずですか?
- Kana: これはみずですか?
- Romanization: Kore wa mizu desu ka?
- English: Is this water?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]はいくらですか?
- Kana: [A(noun)]はいくらですか?
- Romanization: [A] wa ikura desu ka?
- English: How much is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: これはいくらですか?
- Kana: これはいくらですか?
- Romanization: Kore wa ikura desu ka?
- English: How much is this?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(adjective)][B(noun)]です。
- Kana: [A(adjective)][B(noun)]です。
- Romanization: [A] [B] desu.
- English: It is [A(adjective)][B(noun)].

■ Example

- Entry: とても素敵な財布です。
- Kana: とてもすてきなさいふです。
- Romanization: Totemo suteki na saifu desu.
- English: It's an extremely gorgeous wallet.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(number)]時です。
- Kana: [A(number)]じです。
- Romanization: Ima nan-ji desu ka. [A]-ji desu.
- English: What time is it now? It's [A] o'clock.

■ Example

- Entry: いま何時ですか。6時です。
- Kana: いまなんじですか。6じです。
- Romanization: Ima nan-ji desu ka. Roku-ji desu.
- English: What time is it now? It's 6 o'clock.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(place)]で[B(verb)]します。
- Kana: [A(place)]で[B(verb)]します。
- Romanization: [A] de [B] shimasu.
- English: I will do [A] at [B].

■ Example

- Entry: 銀座で映画を見ます。
- Kana: ぎんざでえいがをみます。
- Romanization: Ginza de eiga o mimasu.
- English: I'm going to see a movie in Ginza.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]が欲しいです。
- Kana: [A(noun)]がほしいです。
- Romanization: [A] ga hoshii desu.
- English: I want [A].

■ Example

- Entry: これが、欲しいです。
- Kana: これが、ほしいです。
- Romanization: Kore ga hoshii desu.
- English: I want this.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A]たいです。
- Kana: [A]たいです。
- Romanization: [A] tai desu.
- English: I want to do [A].

■ Example

- Entry: 私は、日本に行きたいです。
- Kana: わたしは、にほんにいきたいです。
- Romanization: Watashi wa Nihon ni ikitai desu.
- English: I want to go to Japan.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A]てください。
- Kana: [A]てください。
- Romanization: [A] te kudasai.
- English: Can you do [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: もう一回、ゆっくり言ってください。
- Kana: もういっかい、ゆっくりいってください。
- Romanization: Mō i-kkai, yukkuri itte kudasai..
- English: Can you say that one more time slowly?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A]するのが好きです。
- Kana: [A]するのがすきです。
- Romanization: [A] suru no ga suki desu.
- English: I like to do [A].

■ Example

- Entry: 歩くのが好きです。
- Kana: あるくのがすきです。
- Romanization: Aruku no ga suki desu.
- English: I like walking.
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avatar JapanesePod101.com Wednesday at 12:23 pm

Can you make sample sentences using these patterns?

avatar JapanesePod101.com Tuesday at 6:06 pm

ShizenHikari さん
Thank you for your posting.
We can use both あるくのがすきです& あるくことがすきです。
の is used for the colloquial, or also used when coming along with “perception verbs” which are like “to like” “to hear” “to see”….etc
we covered this grammar point in this lesson.
https://www.japanesepod101.com/2016/08/02/intermediate-questions-answered-by-hiroko-5-difference-between-koto-and-no/ 
Please check this out.

Cheers!

Sono
Team JapanesePod101.com 

avatar ShizenHikari Wednesday at 12:52 pm

Hi! i have a question, i was taught, that when a verb was next to が好き, こと must be used, for example:
私は本を読むことが好きです。
わたしはほんをよむことがすきです。watashi wa hon wo yomu koto ga suki desu. i love reading books

and in these case you used あるくのがすきです。why?

avatar JapanesePod101.com Sunday at 2:19 pm

Piyush Goel さん、
こんにちは。
どういたしまして。
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

avatar Piyush Goel Sunday at 1:44 am

素晴らしい補習です。
どうもありがとうございました

avatar JapanesePod101.com Monday at 7:22 am

lgcebsan, Susan Ballynsan, Susan Spencer san,
Konnichiwa.
Thank you for your positive feedback.
If you have any questions, please feel free to ask us.

Jason san,
Konnichiwa.
Your sentences are grammatically correct.
However, we hardly say ‘猫を持ちたい.’
We use ‘猫を飼(か)いたい’ instead.😄
Yuki  由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

avatar Susan Spencer Monday at 9:27 am

This is just what I needed. I think it will help me tremendously. I know plenty of vocab but having difficulty putting sentences together. Thank you.

avatar Susan Ballyn Sunday at 1:33 am

This is so useful and I agree it would be very useful to have a lesson start with a sentence pattern.😄

avatar Jason Saturday at 11:52 pm

These will all come in handy! But just for clarification, isn’t the たい suffix more of a conjugation?

For instance:

Ichidan verbs get たい added to the base
-私は食べる watashi wa taberu “I eat”
-私は食べたい watashi wa tabetai “I want to eat”

Godan and irregular verbs get いたい
-私は猫を持つ watashi wa neko o motsu “I have a cat”
-私は猫を持ちたい watashi wa neko o mochitai “I want to have a cat”

-私は日本語を勉強する watashi wa nihongo o benkyou suru “I study Japanese”
-私は日本語を勉強したい watashi wa nihongo o benkyou shitai “I want to study Japanese”

Thanks for these phrases though, they will help with some of the fundamental conversations as we learn.

avatar lgceb Saturday at 11:25 pm

This is useful - thank you! Maybe future lessons could start with a sentence pattern and then list some vocabulary which can be substituted into the model sentence. This would be great for practising sentence building.