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Eric: Welcome to japanesepod101.com, newbie series, Lori’s Story 17. What you need to know about the seasons in Japan. My name is Eric and I am joined by Naomi Sensei.
Naomi: こんにちは。
Eric: こんにちは。
Naomi: よろしくお願いします。
Eric: よろしくお願いします。 Okay Naomi Sensei, what month is it right now?
Naomi: Right now? 十月。
Eric: Oh the pumpkins are out.
Naomi: Yeah 秋ですね。Autumn.
Eric: It’s autumn, it’s beautiful but hey you might be listening to this in the summer, you might be listening to this in the year 2028, who knows but the fact is we are going to learn the months and the seasons in this episode.
Naomi: はい。
Eric: So what’s going on today?
Naomi: 今日は Again today’s conversation is between Mizuki-san and 留学生, the falling exchange student.
Eric: Wait, wait, is Lori still on summer vacation or something?
Naomi: She is still at the shoe department store.
Eric: Well she is the most indecisive person I have ever heard about.
Naomi: はい。
Eric: So is Lori still on vacation, unbelievable. Let’s take a listen.
留学生: あのぉ、日本の夏は何月から何月までですか。
水木: えっと、たぶん...七月から九月までです。
留学生: 七月と八月と九月ですか・・・。
受付: ええ?ちがいますよ。九月は秋ですよ。夏は、六月から八月までです。
水木: ええ?そうですか。
留学生: あのぉ、日本の夏は何月から何月までですか。
水木: えっと、たぶん...七月から九月までです。
留学生: 七月と八月と九月ですか・・・。
受付: ええ?ちがいますよ。九月は秋ですよ。夏は、六月から八月までです。
水木: ええ?そうですか。
留学生: あのぉ、日本の夏は何月から何月までですか。
EXCHANGE STUDENT: Umm, from what month to what month is summer in Japan?
水木: えっと、たぶん...七月から九月までです。
MIZUKI: Um, Probably from July to September.
留学生: 七月と八月と九月ですか・・・。
EXCHANGE STUDENT: July, August and September?
受付: ええ?ちがいますよ。九月は秋ですよ。夏は、六月から八月までです。
RECEPTIONIST: Huh? No that's not right. September is in autumn. Summer is from June to August.
水木: ええ?そうですか。
MIZUKI: Really?
Naomi: So Eric, you are from Florida?
Eric: Yeah that’s right.
Naomi: Summer is from when?
Eric: Summer is from January through December.
Naomi: 一月から十二月…え?本当?
Eric: No I am just kidding but its hot most of the year. It’s warm.
Naomi: So you don’t have four seasons in Florida.
Eric: Well it’s either very, very hot or pretty cool. I don’t think I’ve ever worn a real coat in Florida yeah. Well I mean we are saying Florida but hey I am from Miami and that’s where it’s really hot. Up in Northern Florida, actually it does – it does snow.
Naomi: あ、本当? Really?
Eric: Yeah I once went to the Florida’s capital Tallahassee and it was snowing there and I did have to wear a big jacket but I never had like an actual really thick coat when I was living there. It’s completely different you know. Within the same state, the climate could be so different but yeah when I first came to Japan is really when I first saw all four seasons.
Naomi: あ~そうね。 So when you came to Japan, you had to buy older outfit.
Eric: Oh yeah absolutely gloves.
Naomi: Gloves.
Eric: Scarf.
Naomi: Scarves 本当?Scarves.
Eric: Wool coat.
Naomi: あ~そうね。Right. では、次は単語です。
Eric: On to the vocabulary.
Naomi: 日本
Eric: Japan.
Naomi: (slow)にほん (natural speed) 日本
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: 夏
Eric: Summer.
Naomi: (slow)なつ (natural speed) 夏
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: 何月
Eric: What month.
Naomi: (slow)なんがつ (natural speed) 何月
Eric: The next word is
Eric: Perhaps, maybe, probably.
Naomi: (slow)たぶん (natural speed) 多分
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: 七月
Eric: July
Naomi: (slow)しちがつ (natural speed) 七月
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: 八月
Eric: August
Naomi: (slow)はちがつ (natural speed) 八月
Eric: And the last word is
Naomi: 秋
Eric: Fall, autumn.
Naomi: (slow)あき (natural speed) 秋
Eric: All right. Let’s take a closer look at some of these words.
Naomi: The first word is 夏
Eric: Summer. Hey Naomi Sensei.
Naomi: はい。
Eric: Is this a coincidence, all of the seasons have two syllables.
Naomi: あ~そうですね。 I didn’t realize that.
Eric: Is that like on purpose? Now maybe it’s just a coincidence right?
Naomi: Uhh..
Eric: And although they have two syllables each, each one has a different pronunciation right?
Naomi: あ~そうですね。
Eric: So let’s talk about their pitch accent.
Naomi: はい。
Eric: We just said summer.
Naomi: 夏。なつ。 Going up.
Eric: That’s right. It starts low and goes high. But how about spring?
Naomi: 春。はる。
Eric: And it goes from high to low. What about autumn?
Naomi: 秋。あき。 Goes down.
Eric: And winter?
Naomi: 冬。ふゆ。
Eric: It goes up. So it’s about half and half, two of them go down, two of them go up.
Naomi: はい、そうです。
Eric: Is there any way to remember easily. I mean I know you are Japanese and you never even think about it but what would you say? What’s your opinion?
Naomi: They alternate.
Eric: So each season alternates its pitch, accent if you are counting them in order.
Naomi: そう。
Eric: I see. So spring, it goes down.
Naomi: はい。
Eric: Summer it goes up. Autumn it goes down, winter it goes up.
Naomi: 春、夏、秋、冬。
Eric: That’s pretty easy to remember if you think about it like that. So what’s our next phrase?
Naomi: 何月
Eric: What month. And we already know なん. It comes from なに
Naomi: はい。
Eric: Which is what but how about 月. What does that mean?
Naomi: がつ is a counter for months.
Eric: So that means, to say a month, you could just put the number and then 月 after it.
Naomi: はい。
Eric: So for example, January, the first month
Naomi: いち、がつ。一月
Eric: And the pitch accent for 月 itself, what is it?
Naomi: がつ or がつ. It really depends on what kind of word it comes before 月.
Eric: I see. So if the word that comes before がつ goes up, がつ will stay up.
Naomi: Right.
Eric: If it goes low, it will stay low.
Naomi: Right.
Eric: Okay.
Naomi: 一月
Eric: January.
Naomi: 四月
Eric: April. So since we are here, we might as well talk about all the months, all 12 months.
Naomi: Okay.
Eric: All right. So we just went over January but let’s say it again.
Naomi: 一月
Eric: February.
Naomi: 二月
Eric: March.
Naomi: 三月
Eric: April.
Naomi: 四月
Eric: May.
Naomi: 五月
Eric: June.
Naomi: 六月
Eric: July.
Naomi: 七月
Eric: August.
Naomi: 八月
Eric: September.
Naomi: 九月
Eric: October
Naomi: 十月
Eric: November
Naomi: 十一月
Eric: December.
Naomi: 十二月
Eric: What month.
Naomi: 何月。今、何月ですか?
Eric: 今、十月ですね。 It’s October.
Naomi: はい。

Lesson focus

Eric: So on today’s dialogue, the receptionist said.
Naomi: 夏は六月から八月までです。
Eric: Summer is from June to August.
Naomi: Yeah I don’t know if it’s June though because it seems like Mizuki-san and 受付 is having the argument.
Eric: Oh so what they are not sure about when summer vacation is?
Naomi: When is summer.
Eric: The actual season.
Naomi: Uhoo…
Eric: Well that’s pretty hard to pin down right?
Naomi: Yeah.
Eric: But it changes depending on where you are in the world right?
Naomi: Right.
Eric: Of course, you know, if you are down in Australia, summer will be in a completely different month.
Naomi: Yeah.
Eric: Than it was in New York right?
Naomi: Their summer will be like 十二月 or 一月
Eric: Right you know you will be surfing usually when it might be snowing in Boston.
Naomi: そうですよね。
Eric: Right or in Canada. So let’s break down that sentence.
Naomi: 夏
Eric: Summer.
Naomi: は
Eric: Topic marking particle.
Naomi: 六月
Eric: June.
Naomi: から
Eric: From.
Naomi: 八月
Eric: August.
Naomi: まで
Eric: Until.
Naomi: です
Eric: Copula. So right here, we have 六月から八月まで From June
Naomi: To.
Eric: August. In English, as I just said, From comes before June. And in Japanese, it says 六月から。
Naomi: はい。
Eric: But can I ever say から六月?
Naomi: No, never.
Eric: So From always comes after the word that you are trying to talk about. Hey keep that in mind everybody. Same thing with まで until. Alright, so here are some practice sentences.
Naomi: 冬は十二月から二月までです。
Eric: Winter is from December to February.
Naomi: 春は何月から何月までですか?
Eric: When is spring? Literally, spring is from what month to what month is spring. Okay Naomi Sensei, it’s time for practice.
Naomi: はい。
Eric: So you are college student. You are no longer Naomi Sensei, but you are Naomi student.
Naomi: You got that.
Eric: And your Japanese friends ask you when your summer vacation is. Your summer vacation is from July to September, so you say
Naomi: 七月から九月までです。
Eric: And I notice you didn’t say 夏。
Naomi: Because the topic is already understood.
Eric: Just like everything else in Japanese, you can omit the subject. So you want to ask your friend the same question to see if you can make plans together for the summer. So you say.
Naomi: 夏休みは何月から何月ですか?
Eric: Or
Naomi: 夏休みはいつですか?夏 is summer right. 休み is vacation, a break.
Eric: So by combining them, it becomes summer break, summer vacation.
Naomi: 夏休み
Eric: So your Japanese friend says, it’s August and September.
Naomi: 夏休みは八月と九月です。
Eric: So instead of saying から、まで, you say – you combine the month with と
Naomi: For And.
Eric: So your friend’s vacation is only two months.
Naomi: はい。
Eric: Only those two months but your Australian friend says, it’s in December and January.
Naomi: 夏休みは十二月と一月です。 How about you Eric? When is your summer vacation? 夏休みはいつですか?
Eric: うーん、そうですね。
Naomi: 一月から十二月まで?
Eric: 七月から九月までです。
Naomi: あ~そうですか。冬休みはいつですか?
Eric: あ~それはちょっとわかりませんね。
Naomi: 冬休み is winter vacation by the way.
Eric: Yeah and I actually don’t know when it is.
Naomi: あ~そうなんですか。


Eric: I have no idea but any way, I will tell you later. So it’s about time for me to find out when my winter vacation is but before I go, I want to tell you about the dialogue track at japanesepod101.com. Listen to natural dialogues without the English. This is perfect for your listening and for reviewing what you learned in the lesson. So listen to the lesson first and then really absorb it by listening to these dialogues. See you next week.
Naomi: じゃ、また。


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Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 1st, 2008 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san, What is your favorite season? And why?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 3rd, 2020 at 07:22 AM
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It should be しごとはくじからろくじまでです。

Also, *こんにちは

Please let us know if you have any question :)



Team JapanesePod101.com

January 2nd, 2020 at 06:53 AM
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I wonder if this sentence is correct or not 😳


JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 15th, 2019 at 11:14 PM
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Hi カストス,

Thanks for your comment!

No, it's not acceptable.

Because you can say 十月は秋ですよ since 十月 is included in 秋 but you cannot say 秋は十月ですよ since the period of 秋 is not included in (means equal or shorter than) 十月, 秋 can also be 九月 or 十一月.

Thank you for studying with us!


Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 8th, 2019 at 04:53 PM
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Hi Daria,

Thank you for the comment!

You could say


The particle に is used to indicate the time of the verb 終わる.

Hope this helps.



Team JapanesePod101.com

Castus カストス
August 2nd, 2019 at 04:37 AM
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Would it be acceptable to flip the “month and the season” in a sentence and still have it make sense? For example...




July 16th, 2019 at 08:27 PM
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Hello! Thanks for the lesson!

I have a question: if I want to say 'what month does your summer vacation end?' will it just be ' 夏休みは何月終わりますか。' or does it require some kind of particle before the verb?


JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 22nd, 2018 at 10:45 AM
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Yes, that's correct!

Do you live in the Southern Hemisphere?

Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com



Team JapanesePod101.com

October 15th, 2018 at 08:23 AM
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April 30th, 2018 at 10:27 AM
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April 28th, 2018 at 08:47 PM
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Is it correct?