Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

In the last lesson, we learned the Hiragana characters や(ya), ゆ(yu), よ(yo) and the long vowels. If you are not feeling confident about those, review the last lesson before continuing on here. Less than 10 hiragana characters left, you almost know them all.
Let’s get started with ら(ra). For starters, pay attention to the pronunciation. Your tone slightly touches the roof of your mouth when you say it. 1 and 2. The top piece when written is bent at an angle, but sometimes you see it as a straight line. The bottom part should curve and get close to a circle but not touch.
Here is ほら(hora) which is said to get your attention.
And here is さくら(sakura) “Cherry blossoms”.
Next is り(ri). Again be careful to pronounce it as “li”. When printed, り(ri) is sometimes just one stroke, not two but when you write it, usually it becomes two separate lines with the はね(hane), pointing to the second line but some people connect the lines when they write it too.
Have you ever seen a りす(risu) in the wild? りす(risu) is Squirrel and you might have seen it in the もり(mori) which is forest.
Now let’s move on to る(ru). る(ru) is all one stroke with three parts. 1, 2, around and
あかるい(akarui) means bright.
And する(suru) is a verb meaning to do. Many verbs end in る(ru).
Now let’s try れ(re). First we do one short stroke almost straight down. Then like this, then up and the curve. This looks a lot like ね(ne) but there is no loop on the end and the part here curves in a little, not out. Remember how we said ね(ne) looked like a fish in a net. Well then, the fish got away.
たれ(tare) is a word that means a thick sauce
And ゆうれい(yūrei) is ghost. Notice that this word has two long vowels ゆ(yu) and れ(re).
The final character today is ろ(ro). All one stroke and almost the same as る(ru) but without the last loop. An easy way to remember the difference between る and ろ is, in ろ(ro), the loop at the end __ the way.
The word ろく(roku) means “six”
And ひろい(hiroi) means “spacious” or “wide”.
Now let’s have a short quiz. I will show you the Hiragana and you read it. Bonus points if you remember what it means.
りす(risu), “Squirrel”
ゆうれい(yūrei), “Ghost”
ろく(roku), “Six”
Now it’s time for Chihiro’s tip. If you pick up a kid’s book in Japan, you will notice a lot of little Hiragana near the kanji. Those are called 振り仮名(furigana). Japanese kids haven’t learned many kanji yet. So the 振り仮名(furigana) helped them know how to pronounce the more difficult kanji. You can find them in comics, novels and a lot of JapanesePod101 videos too. Have you ever seen 振り仮名(furigana) written around you? We are almost there. After just one more lesson, you will be able to read and write all of the standard Hiragana. So I will see you next time.

162 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 3rd, 2010 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

みなさん、

おまたせしました!To those who have been following the series on Youtube - sorry to keep you waiting!

Here is Lesson #9 of the Kantan Kana series. Make sure to check back every Friday for the later installments!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 10th, 2021 at 03:35 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Lataniya Robinsonさん


質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

Yes, they both mean "bright," but まぶしい is more like "too bright" and you can't see😉


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Lataniya Robinson
September 10th, 2021 at 03:04 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Humm...あかるいmeans bright does まぶしい means bright has well?。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 31st, 2021 at 02:43 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

キャメロンさん


質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

Yes, you can, but it's uncommon like you said. We usually write them separate👍

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

キャメロン
August 13th, 2021 at 06:47 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I have a question!

is it okay To write さ,き, and り with the lines connected?

is it just uncommon in Nihon?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 16th, 2021 at 10:06 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Jackson Bybeeさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

That's great😇 Please keep up the great work!

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Jackson Bybee
April 15th, 2021 at 01:25 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I remember ru and ro easily (including which is which) by imagining the loop on ru as a (ru)by in a hand and ro as a hand that has been (ro)bbed.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 7th, 2021 at 01:04 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Sad boさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

It's working fine on my end. It might be because of your subscription type. With the free lifetime account, you have access to the first 3 lessons of each pathway. Please have a look at this page for more information😉

https://www.japanesepod101.com/helpcenter/billingsubscription/pricing/


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Sad bo
April 5th, 2021 at 04:49 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

The videos doesn't work !!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 2nd, 2020 at 01:51 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

haniさん


Thank you so much for your kind comment😄

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

hani
May 28th, 2020 at 08:52 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

you are the best JapanesePod101.com