Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Over the last 10 lessons, we learned 46 Hiragana characters to make 46 different sounds. That was the hard part. Now we are going to learn 23 new sounds just by adding small things to the characters you’ve already learned. Here are all the new things to remember for this lesson.
The first one is called てんてん(tenten) and it looks like quotation marks. The other one is called まる(maru) which is Japanese for circle. By adding these marks to Hiragana, you can create new sounds. There are 20 characters that you can attach てんてん(tenten) to, and only 5 characters that you can attach まる(maru) to. Here are the 20 characters you can attach てんてん(tenten) to. Listen to what happens to the sound.
When you add it かきくけこ(kakikukeko) becomes がぎぐげご(gagigugego) Did you hear it? The K sound becomes the G sound. We call this voicing. Put your hand on your throat as you make both the “K” and “G” sounds. You will notice that when you make the “G” sound, you can feel your vocal chords vibrating. That’s what voicing is. All consonants that have てんてん(tenten) are made with this vibration.
さしすせそ(sashisuseso) becomes ざじずぜぞ(zajizuzezo). Here the S sound becomes a Z. The exception is し(shi) which becomes “ji”.
たちつてと(tachitsuteto) becomes だぢづでど(dajizudedo). The T sound becomes a D. Here there are two exceptions. ち(chi) becomes ぢ(ji), and つ(tsu) becomes づ(zu). These characters have the exact same sound as じ(ji) and ず(zu). As a result, these two characters are very uncommon but they still appear in a few words.
That’s all for the exceptions but there are five more characters that you can add てんてん(tenten) to.
はひふへほ(hahifuheho) becomes ばびぶべぼ(babibubebo). So the H becomes a B. Once again てんてん(tenten) makes the sound voiced but when you add a まる(maru) to the H sound, you get a very different sound. ぱぴぷぺぽ(papipupepo). The H sound becomes a P sound. These are the only five characters you can add まる(maru) to. This means you’ve learned 23 new sounds and there are a lot of new words you can write.
かぎ(kagi), “key”
えいご(eigo), “English”
だいがく(daigaku), “University”
えんぴつ(enpitsu) ,”Pencil”
Now it’s time for Chihiro’s tip. Do you have a minute? Try to write all the Hiragana in one sitting. At the beginning, it might be hard but it will help you find out which characters are still difficult to remember. Use the 五十音(go-jū on) ordering that you learned in lesson 3. Can you write all 46 from memory?
In the next lesson, we will wrap up Hiragana with the few more rules. Do you know how to write Tokyo? You will learn that and more in the next lesson.

91 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 17th, 2010 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Using ten-ten (゛) and maru (゜), you can create 23 new sounds! :hachimaki:

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 15th, 2021 at 01:23 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Gabriel Cuesta,


Thank you for posting!

I'm so sorry for the late reply.


I tried and checked the video some times but I didn't notice it corrupted.

Could you please check if it happens anytime?

And if so, please kindly let us know.


Thank you for learning Japanese with us:)


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Gabriel Cuesta
February 24th, 2021 at 11:59 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

To whom it may concern:


It seem that the video for 'Kantan Kana #11: Hiragana まる and てんてん' stops running, at about the half way point. I don't know if the video file has been corrupted? Any chance, this could be corrected?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 17th, 2021 at 03:37 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Onegaishimasuさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

Could you tell us which assignment it is exactly? for example, practice test 3 so that we can check😇

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Onegaishimasu
February 16th, 2021 at 10:41 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

please correct me if I`m wrong check the multiple-choice assessment MAGAZINE or Magazhine?? Thankyou

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 31st, 2021 at 10:42 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

こんにちは Kofi,


Thank you so much for your positive message! 😇❤️️

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

レヴェンテ (Levente)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Kofi
January 29th, 2021 at 12:07 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

These lessons are really easy and I feel like I learned so much already with the really basic Japanese lesson, a little of the level one lesson, and this lesson.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 11th, 2020 at 12:24 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Konnichiwa Anneli,


Thank you for asking us here!


だくてん is used as a formal name of てんてん.

So てんてん(Or ちょんちょん)are casual and informal way to say だくてん. 😉


Feel free to ask us any questions!

Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

Anneli
April 25th, 2020 at 01:15 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

こんにちわ! Thank you for this lesson.


I've heard てんてん described as だくてん。Is there a difference?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 26th, 2020 at 07:08 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

こんにちは Detloof,


Thank you for contacting us. Do you mean these: てんてん(tenten) and まる(maru)? These romanizations are included in the Lesson Transcript that you can see under the video. Alternatively, you can also download it in PDF format by clicking on the Download as PDF button.


Wishing you good luck with your Japanese,

レヴェンテ (Levente)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Defloof
January 7th, 2020 at 08:47 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Is there a chart or something that I could use that shows the sounds of the hiragana? It seems like a dumb question but it would make the sound pronunciation very helpful

Thanks