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Lesson Transcript

みなさんこんにちは。(Mina-san, konnichiwa.) Hi everyone, I am Chihiro and welcome back to JapanesePod101.com’s Kantan kana. In the last lesson, we learned the Hiragana characters ら(ra), り(ri), る(ru), れ(re) and ろ(ro). Be sure to review the last lesson if you are not feeling confident. We have just three more characters left, so come on, let’s get started.
Let’s take a look at わ(wa) is written like this. First, the line down, then like this here and finish with the curve but don’t close it. You may notice that わ(wa) looks a lot like ね(ne) and れ(re) but わ(wa) curves in and doesn’t loop.
An important Japanese word to know is わかる(wakaru) , “to understand”.
And かわ(kawa) which is “river”. While we are on the subject of わ(wa), do you remember when we talked about は(ha).Let’s try to read a sentence. わたしはえきへいきます。(Watashi wa eki e ikimasu.) This is not a mistake. When used as a particle は(ha) is pronounced as “wa”. In Japanese, particles are often one character that goes between words to show relationships. When you learn about sentence structure, this will make a lot more sense. But for now, just remember that this character can be pronounced as “wa”. The other character to look out for is へ(he). In the sentence, へ(he) is read “e”. Once again, this is because the pronunciation changes when it’s used as a particle.
While we are on the subject of particles を(o) is often used as a particle. When it’s a particle, the sound stays the same but the character changes. 1, 2, 3, it kind of looks like と(to) right? Think of を(o) as と(to) with を so much more.
For example, we have くすりをのむ(kusuri o nomu) which means “to take medicine”. This is a phrase made up of the words くすり(kusuri) meaning “medicine”. And のむ(nomu) literally meaning to drink and the を(o) sound between くすり(kusuri) and のむ(nomu) is the particle showing the relationship of these two words. So we use the particle を(o) instead of the お(o). We learned the first lesson.
Ready for the last Hiragana character? Here we go. The last one is easy to remember but a bit of a special one. It’s ん(n). Let’s write it. It’s all one continuous stroke, down at an angle, up a little and then back down. It’s really easy to remember because it kind of looks like a lower case “n”.
So let’s look at some words with ん(n).
Here we have にんにく(nin’niku) or garlic
And here is かんたん(kantan) which means “easy”. Hence the name of our series Kantan kana. Now the reason ん(n) is special is because ん(n) is the only Hiragana character that is just a consonant. It must be connected with another character in front of it. There are no words in Japanese that start with ん(n).
Now let’s have a short quiz. I will show you the Hiragana and you will read it. Bonus points if you remember what it means.
かわ(kawa), “River”
くすりをのむ(kusuri o nomu), “To take medicine”
にんにく(ninniku), “garlic”
Now it’s time for Chihiro’s tip. You may have noticed that there aren’t very, many characters with the “W” sound. Actually there used to be ゐ(wi) and ゑ(we). Here is what these Hiragana look like but don’t bother learning them. They aren’t used anymore in standard Japanese. You now know all the Hiragana but we haven’t covered all the sounds used in Japanese. In the next lesson, you are going to learn how to make 23 more sounds using the characters you already know. See you next time.

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 10th, 2010 at 06:30 PM
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みなさん、

Only 3 characters in this lesson! When you finish this lesson, you'll be able to read the word written just above! ↑

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 27th, 2022 at 01:32 AM
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Hi Damien L. Honey,


Thank you for your message.😄 There you go! Keep up the good work!!👍


Have a great day!


Cheers,

Yoshimi

Team JapanesePod101.com

Damien L. Honey
April 25th, 2022 at 08:53 PM
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And there I go! That's Hiragana complete! I already know about dakuten and handakuten, but I will take lessons on them anyway to jog my memory! Got to learn Katakana next.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 17th, 2021 at 01:56 PM
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Lilyさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

I'm sorry, but I'm not quite sure what you mean by translating the letters to the Japanese words. Do you mean writing in hiragana in general? or writing foreign words in katakana?

For hiragana practice, you can use this hiragana worksheet series😉

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson-library/learn-hiragana-with-worksheets/


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Lily
February 13th, 2021 at 09:16 PM
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I’m really struggling on translating the letters to the Japanese words. It takes me a long time to find out what it actually says. Any recommendations on what I should do?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 19th, 2021 at 03:04 PM
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Lexiさん


質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

Lexi = レクシー (re ku shī)

Angie = アンジー (a n jī)

April = エイプリル (e i pu ri ru)

Alex = アレックス (a re kku su)

Beth = ベス (be su)

Alexia = アレクシア (a re ku shi a)

Bryan = ブライアン (bu ra i a n)

Lucy = ルーシー (rū shī)

Luciana = ルシアナ (ru shi a na)

Lorenzo = ロレンソ (ro re n so)

Zo = ゾー (zō)


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Lexi
January 15th, 2021 at 03:30 PM
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How do I write Lexi, Angie, April, Alex, Beth, Alexia, Bryan, Lucy, Luciana, Lucy, Lorenzo, and Zo. Sorry for the long question I have a big family!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 24th, 2020 at 05:19 PM
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Korasonさん


Hi, thank you so much for your comment😄

Yes!! Let's do this together!!

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Korason
June 23rd, 2020 at 01:25 PM
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Hello im korason 15 y/o hopefully i can learn a lot of japanese

Korason
June 23rd, 2020 at 01:23 PM
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Hopefully i can learn a lot of japanese

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 31st, 2020 at 08:59 PM
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Tobyさん

質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

Partcles are called 助詞(じょし).


Parth Mehtaさん

コメントありがとうございます😄 Surely!

For example, there were ゐる(居る), ゐど(井戸), くれなゐ(紅), ゑ(絵), こゑ(声)or ゑむ(笑む).

Please let us know if you have any question :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com