Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Remember in our previous lesson, we learned こんにちは。 (Konnichiwa) is a general greeting meaning hi or hello. In this lesson, we are going to learn more general greetings おはようございます。 (Ohayō gozaimasu.) こんばんは。 (Konbanwa..) and おやすみなさい。
(Oyasuminasai.) おはよう。 (ohayō.) means good morning and おはようございます。 (Ohayō gozaimasu.) is a more polite way to say it because ございます (gozaimasu) increases the politeness level of the phrase. As we learned, こんにちは。 (Konnichiwa.) is a general greeting that means hi or hello but it can also mean good afternoon. こんばんは、 (Konbanwa.) means good evening and usually people use it after sunset. おやすみなさい。 (Oyasuminasai.) is usually used before going to bed. This phrase comes from the verb やすむ。 (yasumu.) which means to take rest or to go to bed. お(o) is a prefix used to make a phrase polite. So this literally means please go to bed in a polite way.
So now, you learned all the basic greetings to use throughout the day. Let’s practice. おはようございます。 (Ohayō gozaimasu.) こんにちは。 (Konnichiwa.) こんばんは。 (Konbanwa.) おやすみなさい。 (Oyasuminasai.)
Now it’s time for Hiroko’s hint. When you want to say おはようございます。 (Ohayō gozaimasu.) or おやすみなさい。 (Oyasuminasai.) to your friends or family, you can say おはよう。 (Ohayō.) or おやすみ。 (Oyasumi.)

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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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みなさん, What greeting would you use where you are right now? It’s evening here in Tokyo, so こんばんは!😄

December 29th, 2017 at 5:15 pm
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Hi Jorge,
Thank you for your comment!

Yes, a particle は is read “wa” instead of “ha”.
こんばんは or konbanwa is a greeting phrase used at night, but originally it was a part of a sentence like “konban wa samui desu ne” (It is cold tonight.), “konban wa odekake desu ka?” (Are you going out tonight?), and so on. So は at the end was regarded as a particle. That’s why こんばんは is read “konbanwa”.
As the original reason has been fading, some Japanese write こんばんわ incorrectly…

Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com
Cheers,
Miki(美希)
Team JapanesePod101.com

Jorge
December 21st, 2017 at 9:08 pm
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dinner time in Tokyo so…

こんばんわ

could we use either ha or wa hiragana letters? こんばんは or こんばんわ

I thought that we should pronounce wa in は only when it was used as a particle

ありがとうごさいますせんせい

June 23rd, 2017 at 10:44 pm
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Bobさん

こんばんは!おやすみなさい😄

Miki(美希)
Team JapanesePod101.com

June 20th, 2017 at 1:33 am
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Hi クリスチャン

Thank you for leaving the comment.

Keep up practicing😉

If you have any questions, please let us know.

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)
Team Japanesepod101.com

クリスチャン
June 19th, 2017 at 8:31 pm
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みなさん。こんばんは。

Bob
June 15th, 2017 at 10:31 am
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先生、こんばんは!

August 13th, 2016 at 2:14 pm
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Ashleighさん、
わかりました。😄
おやすみなさい。
Yuki 由紀
JapanesePod101.com

Ashleigh
August 5th, 2016 at 10:20 am
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it is bed time for me, so I would say おやすみなさい

thank you for the lesson. あリがとうございます。

July 4th, 2016 at 11:39 am
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Konnichiwa.
You have us so please read dialogues and repeat after podcast.
Also you can write sentences about yourself and read and memorize them.😄
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

John
June 23rd, 2016 at 9:46 am
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I don’t know how to practice japanese in the US, please give me some advice,

Arigatou, John