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Lesson Transcript

ひろこです (Hiroko desu.)
Hiroko here.
Welcome to japanesepod101.com kanji corner brought to you by japanesepod101.com, start speaking Japanese in minutes. Get your free lifetime account at japanesepod101.com, it’s a grove.
Lesson 7.
Over the Moon Kanji.
You’ve learned the kanji that means sun.
Now it’s time to learn the kanji meaning Moon.
It’s easy because it’s shaped like a crescent moon.
Now let’s draw this kanji.
This kanji means moon and we’re going to have a trick for memorizing this kanji in just a minute but let’s first look at the reading.
Remember, there are two readings in kanji? The one is On reading and the other one is Kun reading. 音読み (on'yomi) the On readings come from Chinese and the Kun reading comes from Japanese.
The On reading for this kanji is ゲツ (getsu) and ガツ (gatsu) and the Kun reading for this kanji is つき (tsuki).
Now remember the trick that I was telling you about? Let’s look at that now. I need the green pen again.
You see how it looks like a crescent moon. Actually it kind of looks like a banana. So let me draw it again. It used to be like this and then it became straight but it still looks like a crescent moon.
Now let’s look at how to draw this kanji. Pay attention to the stroke order, it’s very important. Start from left top, 1, 2, 3, 4. Let’s try it again. 1, 2, 3, and 4. Got it?
Now let’s look at the sample sentences and sample words.
Ta-dah!
The On reading for this kanji is gatsu and getsu. First one we have gatsu いちがつ (ichi-gatsu) which means January. Next we have getsu げつようび (getsu-yōbi) which means Monday. The trick for memorizing this is つき (tsuki) moon and day. Remember we learned this last time? So moon and day, Monday.
Next we have Kun reading. The Kun reading for this kanji is tsuki. Here we have つきみ (tsukimi) which means moon viewing.
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Thank you for watching ありがとうございました (Arigatō gozaimashita.)

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54 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 13th, 2009 at 06:30 PM
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みなさん、こんにちは! How was this video lesson? Can you think of any other words that contain 月?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 9th, 2020 at 01:51 PM
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Anirudhさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Anirudh
December 6th, 2020 at 09:49 PM
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"Actually, it looks like a banana." the most iconic line from Hiroko Sensei.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 22nd, 2017 at 11:37 AM
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Andrew さん、

こんにちは。

Yes, the び comes from ひ.

Because of the pronunciation び is used here.

It should be easier to pronounce nichiyoubi rather than nichiyouhi

?

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Andrew
June 29th, 2017 at 08:47 AM
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Oh i see, its a sound change to make it easier to pronounce, but...


I have to write / pronounce it like げつよひ or げつようび? and if so, it applies to all sound changes in readings or is it optional?

Andrew
June 29th, 2017 at 08:36 AM
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Whoops, i forgot the question mark and misspelled 月 (げつ in this case)

Andrew
June 29th, 2017 at 08:33 AM
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こんにちは!

I have a question, in the video (minute 2:58) hiroko says 月よう日 (がつようび) she reads the kanji 日 as び, but according to lesson 5 of this series, 日 readings are ジツ, ニチ (On reading) and か, ひ (Kun reading).


Is び another On/Kun reading of 日

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 5th, 2017 at 02:10 PM
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Asa-san,

konnichiwa!

Sorry for the late reply!!


Sound changes occur to make it easy to pronounce. It's something like English word 'have' for instance.

You don't pronounce V as [v] when it's used as 'have to', right? It becomes [f].


Hope this helps!


Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

Asa
April 2nd, 2017 at 10:45 PM
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Hello there! I have this doubt. How does the sound change in the sun kanji from 'hi' to 'bi'?


I've also noticed this in a few words like "Senbonzakura" (which is a fairly popular song) but it's written as sen hon sakura


Thanks!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 4th, 2016 at 12:52 PM
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Israel-san


Thank you for your comment!

You have a good question! but sometimes even it's hard for native Japanese speakers to figure out kun/on-readnig.

However, basically when you have compounds of more than one kanji, the on-reading tends to be used.

In this lesson, 'tsukimi' is an exception. :)

This lesson will be helpful;

Absolute Beginner Questions Answered by Hiroko Lesson 23. ON or KUN reading?

https://www.japanesepod101.com/2016/04/19/absolute-beginner-questions-answered-by-hiroko-23-on-or-kun-reading/


Hope this helps,

Motoko

Team JapanesePod101.com

Israel
September 22nd, 2016 at 07:56 PM
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How do we know when is the right moment to use the ON reading or the Kun reading?? I'm a beginner so I don't know when I have to use the On and the Kun reading.