Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Tomoyuki: こんにちはトモユキです。
Jessi: Jessi here. Upper Beginner Season 1, Lesson 21, A Japanese Train Accident.
Tomoyuki: 皆さん、ようこそJapanesePod101.comへ。
Jessi: With us, you’ll learn to speak Japanese with fun and effective lessons.
Tomoyuki: We also provide you with cultural insights.
Jessi: And tips you won't find in a textbook. 今回のアナウンスはどんなアナウンスですか。What kind of announcement are we listening to this time?
Tomoyuki: 電車の事故のアナウンスです。
Jessi: So it's an announcement regarding a train accident.
Tomoyuki: 駅でアナウンスを聞いたお客さんと駅員さんが話しています。
Jessi: This lesson's conversation is between some passengers who heard the announcement and a station attendant.
The conversation takes place at a train station. And what are we learning in this lesson?
Tomoyuki: 「次第(しだい)」の使い方を勉強します。You'll learn the usage of 次第(Jessi: which means "as soon as something happens".)
Tomoyuki: では、聞いてみましょう
Jessi: Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Announce: お客様にご案内いたします。
午前7時18分頃、渋谷駅にて人身事故が起きました。
そのため、ただ今、山手線は運転を見合わせております。
ご迷惑をおかけして、申し訳ございません。
詳しいことが分かり次第、お知らせいたします。
Woman: ええー、運転見合わせ?
Man: いつ動くの?
Woman: すみません。原宿に行きたいんですけど……。
Station attendant: 振り替え輸送を行(おこな)っております。地下鉄をご利用ください。
Jessi: Now listen to the dialogue once without sound effects.
Announce: お客様にご案内いたします。
午前7時18分頃、渋谷駅にて人身事故が起きました。
そのため、ただ今、山手線は運転を見合わせております。
ご迷惑をおかけして、申し訳ございません。
詳しいことが分かり次第、お知らせいたします。
Woman: ええー、運転見合わせ?。
Man: いつ動くの?
Woman: すみません。原宿に行きたいんですけど……。
Station attendant: 振り替え輸送を行っております。地下鉄をご利用ください。
Jessi: Now listen to the dialogue with the English translation.
Announce: お客様にご案内いたします。
Jessi: This is an announcement for our passengers.
Announce: 午前7時18分頃、渋谷駅にて人身事故が起きました。
Jessi: At around eight minutes past seven this morning, there was an accident involving a person at Shibuya station.
Announce: そのため、ただ今、山手線は運転を見合わせております。
Jessi: Due to this, at the present time, the Yamanote line has ceased operation.
Announce: ご迷惑をおかけして、申し訳ございません。
Jessi: We sincerely apologize for the inconvenience caused.
Announce: 詳しいことが分かり次第、お知らせいたします。
Jessi: As soon as we have detailed information, we will let you know.
Woman: ええー、運転見合わせ?。
Jessi: Huh, ceasing operation?
Man: いつ動くの?
Jessi: When will it start moving?
Woman: すみません。原宿に行きたいんですけど……。
Jessi: Excuse me. I want to go to Harajuku, but...
Station attendant: 振り替え輸送を行っております。地下鉄をご利用ください。
Jessi: We are providing alternative transportation. Please use the subway.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Jessi: 人身事故のアナウンスですね。So this announcement is about a ”人身事故”.
Tomoyuki: はい。ちなみに、人身事故は英語だと何ですか? うーん、physical accident?
Jessi: ちょっと難しいですね。It refers to an "accident resulting in injury or death", there's really no short phrases for it.
Tomoyuki: そうですか。
Jessi: はい。
Tomoyuki: こういうアナウンスも、英語には訳されませんね。
Jessi: That's right. This kind of announcement is not translated into English.
Tomoyuki: 日本語のアナウンスが分かれば、何が起きているのかとか、どうすればいいのかとかが分かるので安心だと思います。でも、分からないと心配ですし、イライラしますよね。
Jessi: そうですね。If you're able to understand these kinds of announcements letting you know about some kind of trouble, then you know what's happening and what you can do. But if you don't know what's going on, it can be pretty stressful.
Tomoyuki: 例えば「振り替え輸送」というサービスがあります。
Jessi: For example, there's a service called “振り替え輸送”, which literally means "transfer of passengers or freight". It's a service provided by railway, bus or aircraft companies as compensation for when service is canceled or reduced.
Tomoyuki: これは便利なサービスですよね。
Jessi: はい。
Tomoyuki: 「振り替え輸送券」というのを配っているときがありますので、それをぜひ使ってみてください。
Jessi: To give an example, when a train accident occurs, station attendants give out tickets called ”振り替え輸送券” or "tickets for alternate transportation" and with that ticket, you can get to your destination using the train service of another company without paying extra.
Tomoyuki: 全部分からなくても、単語だけでも分かれば大丈夫なので、まずは、単語から勉強しましょう。
Jessi: So, even if you didn't understand everything in the dialogue perfectly, knowing the vocab will go a long way. So let's take a look at some of the vocab used.
VOCAB LIST
Jessi: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word is
Tomoyuki: 人身事故 [natural native speed]
Jessi: accident resulting in personal injury or death
Tomoyuki: 人身事故 [slowly - broken down by syllable]、人身事故 [natural native speed]
Jessi: Next word is
Tomoyuki:迷惑をかける [natural native speed]
Jessi: to cause trouble, to inconvenience; V2
Tomoyuki: 迷惑をかける [slowly - broken down by syllable]、迷惑をかける [natural native speed]
Jessi: Next word is
Tomoyuki: 起きる [natural native speed]
Jessi: to occur, to take place, to happen; V2
Tomoyuki: 起きる [slowly - broken down by syllable]、起きる [natural native speed]
Jessi: Next word is
Tomoyuki: 詳しい [natural native speed]
Jessi: knowing very well, detailed, accurate; Adj(i)
Tomoyuki: 詳しい [slowly - broken down by syllable]、詳しい [natural native speed]
Jessi: The last word is
Tomoyuki: 次第 [natural native speed]
Jessi: as soon as, immediately upon
Tomoyuki: 次第 [slowly - broken down by syllable]、次第 [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Jessi: Let's take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. 最初の単語は? What are we looking at first?
Tomoyuki: 起きる
Jessi: "to occur" "to happen" "to take place"
This word has the same kanji and pronunciation as "起きる" meaning "to get up" or "to wake up." You have to decide which meaning it is from context.
Tomoyuki: じゃあ皆さん、この「起きる」は、 "to get up" ですか。それとも "to happen" ですか?「私は8時に起きる」
Jessi: This “起きる” means "to get up", right? 私は8時に起きる “I get up at 8." or "I will get up at 8".
Tomoyuki: How about this sentence? 「事故がよく起きる」
Jessi: This “起きる” means "to occur" or "to happen". 事故がよく起きる "Accidents often occur."
Tomoyuki: 文章から意味を予想してください。You have to guess the meaning from context.
Jessi: Right. OK. What are we looking at next? 次は?
Tomoyuki: 迷惑をかける
Jessi: 迷惑をかける "to cause trouble for someone"
Tomoyuki: Here's a sample sentence.「迷惑をかけてすみません」
Jessi: "I am, or we are, sorry for causing trouble." OK, listeners, listen and repeat after Tomoyuki. "I am, or we are, sorry for causing trouble."
Tomoyuki: 迷惑をかけてすみません。
Jessi: (wait for 5 sec) In the dialogue, a more formal version was used, right?
Tomoyuki: Right. That was…”ご迷惑をおかけして、申し訳ございません”.
Jessi: "We sincerely apologize for the inconvenience caused."
OK. On to the grammar section.
LESSON FOCUS
Jessi: The focus of this lesson is listening to an announcement on a train.
In this grammar section, you'll learn the usage of "次第", which means "as soon as."
Tomoyuki: In this lesson's dialogue, the announcement said...”詳しいことが分かり次第、お知らせいたします".
Jessi: "As soon as we have detailed information, we will let you know."
When 次第 follows the ます stem of a verb, it's translated as "as soon as something happens."
Tomoyuki: The formation is [ます stem of a verb ] + 次第.
Jessi: Let's show you with some examples. Tomoyuki, how do you say "to find"?
Tomoyuki: 見つける
Jessi: The ます form is?
Tomoyuki: 見つけます
Jessi: Drop ます to get the ます stem.
Tomoyuki: 見つけ
Jessi: Attach 次第
Tomoyuki: 見つけ次第
Jessi: This means "as soon as I find it"
Tomoyuki: Here's a sample sentence. 見つけ次第、知らせます。
Jessi: "I'll let you know as soon as I find it."
OK. Listeners, listen and repeat. "I'll let you know as soon as I find it."
Tomoyuki: 見つけ次第、知らせます。
Jessi: (wait for 5 sec) Great! Let's do one more. Tomoyuki, how do you say "to understand" or "to find out"?
Tomoyuki: 分かる
Jessi: The ます stem is?
Tomoyuki: 分かり
Jessi: Add 次第
Tomoyuki: 分かり次第
Jessi: This means "as soon as I find out".
Tomoyuki: Here's a sample sentence.
分かり次第、お知らせいたします。
Jessi: “お知らせいたします” is an extra formal way to say 知らせる "to inform."
So, 分かり次第、お知らせいたします means "I'll let you know as soon as I find out." OK, listeners, listen and repeat after Tomoyuki. "I'll let you know as soon as I find out."
Tomoyuki: 分かり次第、お知らせいたします。
Jessi: (wait for 5 sec.) Ok, sounding good! So Tomoyuki, can we hear the sentence from the dialogue again?
Tomoyuki: 詳しいことが分かり次第、お知らせいたします。
Jessi: “詳しいこと” means "detailed things", or "detailed information". So this becomes "As soon as we have detailed information, we will let you know."
Tomoyuki: では、もう一度アナウンスを聞いてみましょう。
Jessi: Sounds good, let's listen to the announcement part one more time.
お客様にご案内いたします。
午前7時18分頃、渋谷駅にて人身事故が起きました。
そのため、ただ今、山手線は運転を見合わせております。
ご迷惑をおかけして、申し訳ございません。
詳しいことが分かり次第、お知らせいたします。
Tomoyuki: 皆さん、レッスンノートで「いたします」も復習しておいてくださいね。
Jessi: Yes! Please review the usage of ”いたします” in the lesson notes.
OUTRO
Tomoyuki: じゃ、また。
Jessi: See you all next time.

Grammar

Japanese Grammar Made Easy - Unlock This Lesson’s Grammar Guide

Easily master this lesson’s grammar points with in-depth explanations and examples. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Kanji

Review & Remember All Kanji from this Lesson

Get complete breakdowns, review with quizzes and download printable practice sheets! Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

22 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters.

user profile picture
JapanesePod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

みなさん、 if the trains stop running where you live, does the operating company provide alternative transportation (振り替え輸送, furikae yusō) like in Japan?

user profile picture
JapanesePod101.com
October 22nd, 2018 at 4:02 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

こんにちは、Emmaさん

コメントありがとうございます!


正確には、人身事故は人が亡くなっていなくても使いますよ。事故で人がけがをしたときにも使います。対して、物損事故(property damage accident)という言葉もあります。


Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com


user profile picture
Emma
August 19th, 2018 at 6:49 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

人身事故は英語で "fatal accident" だと思います。



user profile picture
JapanesePod101.com
January 14th, 2018 at 1:19 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

ケンさん、

こんにちは!

I'm very sorry for the late reply!!

人身事故は英語でinjury accidentというんですか?知りませんでした。

情報ありがとうございます!?

(Is the term in English for accident involving person 'injury accident'? I didn't know that.

Thank you for the input!)


Yes, we can use 起こる as well.

Although 起こる was the correct one originally, in contemporary Japanese, the use of 起きる

for natural disaster, accident, something new, unexpected events etc. is more common.


Hope this helps! ;)


Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

user profile picture
Ken
October 8th, 2017 at 1:40 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

こんにちは、


このダイアログに、どうして「起きる」を使いますか?「起こる」も使えますか? 


Why do you use 「起きる」in this dialogue? Can you also use 「起こる」?


ありがとうございます。


ケン

user profile picture
Ken
October 8th, 2017 at 1:23 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

こんにちは、


アメリカでは、人身事故の場合に「injury accident」がよく使われています。例えば、運転しながら、ラジオの通行レポートで"There's an injury accident on Highway 101"とかよく聞きます。


In the U.S., the term "injury accident" is often used to describe a traffic accident in which a person is injured. For example, we often hear something like "There's an injury accident on Highway 101" on the radio traffic report while driving.


ケン

user profile picture
JapanesePod101.com
May 25th, 2016 at 7:57 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Andyさん、

こんにちは。

どういたしまして。

Yuki  由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

user profile picture
Andy
May 7th, 2016 at 11:39 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

いつもありがとうございます!

user profile picture
JapanesePod101.com
May 6th, 2016 at 1:05 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Andy san,

こんにちは。:smile:

そうですか。わかりました。

Please note the corrections below.


僕の育った場所に公共交通機関がぜんぜんありません。

The place where I grew up has no public transportation.


そこの住民は車を使います。

Everyone who lives over there gets around with cars.


時に大きい道路が閉鎖されているので、回り道の表示が置いてあります。

Sometimes a main road will be closed, so detour signs will be put up.


Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

user profile picture
Andy
May 2nd, 2016 at 8:08 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

僕の育てた場所で公共交通機関がぜんぜんありません。

The place where I grew up has no public transportation.


みんなのあそこでの住民は車で行きます。

Everyone who lives over there gets around with cars.


時に大道路が閉まっているので、回り道の標識が置いましす。

Sometimes a main road will be closed, so detour signs will be put up.

user profile picture
JapanesePod101.com
August 25th, 2015 at 12:02 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

マイクさん、

こんにちは。:smile:

そうですか。わかりました。

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com