Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Hi everyone! I’m Michelle Yamamoto.
Welcome back to The Ultimate Japanese Pronunciation Guide at JapanesePod101.com.
In this lesson, you'll combine sounds with the Y-group や ゆ and よ.
Do you remember the syllables ending in an "i" sound?
They are き、し、ち、に、ひ、み、り.
These syllables are combined with や、ゆ、よ.
For example, when き is combined with や、ゆ、よ, it will become きゃ、きゅ、きょ.
In pronunciation, the "y" sound is called a glide. Take a look at this chart.
When you write the y group, you write や、ゆ、よ smaller.
Okay, let's get started.
The first one is...
きゃ、きゅ、きょ
き is combined with や to get きゃ
You need to say き and や together very quickly to form them into one syllable.
Repeat after me.
きゃ
きゃ
き combined with ゆ to get きゅ
Say き and ゆ together very quickly in one syllable. Let's try it together!
Repeat after me.
きゅ
きゅ
き is combined with よ to make きょ.
Repeat after me.
きょ
きょ
Let's try some words.
きゃく customer, きゃ・く、きゃく
きゅう nine, きゅ・う、きゅう
きょか permission, きょ・か、きょか
Next is し. When し meets や、ゆ and よ, the sounds merge.
しゃ、しゅ、しょ
し combined with や, ゆ、よ to get しゃ、しゅ、しょ
Be sure to pronounce two sounds in one syllable.
Repeat after me.
しゃ
しゅ
しょ
For example
しゃしん photo, しゃ・し・ん、しゃしん
しゅみ hobby, しゅ・み、しゅみ
しょくじ meal, しょ・く・じ、しょくじ
The next sound combination is...
ちゃ、ちゅ、ちょ
ち combined with や, ゆ、よ to get ちゃ、ちゅ、ちょ
Be sure to say two sounds in one syllable.
Repeat after me.
ちゃ
ちゅ
ちょ
Ready for some examples?
ちゃいろ brown, ちゃ・い・ろ、ちゃいろ
ちゅうごく China, ちゅ・う・ご・く、ちゅうごく
チョーク chalk, チョ・ー・ク、チョーク
The next one is...
にゃ、にゅ、にょ
に can be combined with や, ゆ、よ to make にゃ、にゅ、にょ
Repeat after me.
にゃ
にゅ
にょ
Let's practice them in some words.
にゃーにゃー meow, meow, にゃー・にゃー、にゃーにゃー
ニューヨーク New York, ニュー・ヨー・ク、ニューヨーク
エルニーニョ El Nino, エ・ル・ニー・ニョ、エルニーニョ
The next one is...
ひゃ、ひゅ、ひょ
ひ can be combined with や, ゆ、よ to make ひゃ、ひゅ、ひょ.
Repeat after me.
ひゃ
ひゅ
ひょ
Here are some words.
ひゃく hundred, ひゃ・く、ひゃく
ヒューストン Houston、ヒュ・ー・ス・ト・ン、ヒューストン
ひょう leopard、ひょ・う、ひょう
The next one is...
みゃ、みゅ、みょ
み combined with や, ゆ、よ to get みゃ、みゅ、みょ
Repeat after me.
みゃ
みゅ
みょ
Let's try some words.
みゃく pulse, みゃ・く、みゃく
ミュージック music, ミュ・ー・ジッ・ク、ミュージック
みょうじ family name, みょ・う・じ、みょうじ
The next one is...
りゃ、りゅ、りょ
り combined with や, ゆ、よ make the merged sounds りゃ、りゅ、りょ
Repeat after me.
りゃ
りゅ
りょ
Now for some words.
りゃく abbreviation, りゃ・く、りゃく
りゅう dragon、りゅう、りゅ・う、りゅう
りょうり cook, りょ・う・り、りょうり
We have more syllables ending in an "i" sound, which are ぎ、じ、び、ぴ.
The next group is when ぎ combines with the y group.
ぎゃ、ぎゅ、ぎょ
Repeat after me.
ぎゃ
ぎゅ
ぎょ
Let's take some examples.
ぎゃく reverse、ぎゃ・く、ぎゃく
ぎゅうにゅう milk, ぎゅ・う・にゅ・う、ぎゅうにゅう
きんぎょ gold fish, き・ん・ぎょ、きんぎょ
Next up is the じ group
じゃ、じゅ、じょ
Repeat after me.
じゃ
じゅ
じょ
Let's get these words down.
ジャズ jazz, ジャ・ズ、ジャズ
ジュース juice ジュ・ー・ス、ジュース
じょうだん joke, じょ・う・だ・ん、じょうだん
Let's look at び。
びゃ、びゅ、びょ
Repeat after me.
びゃ
びゅ
びょ
Let's try some more words.
さんびゃく three hundred, さ・ん・びゃ・く、さんびゃく
デビュー debut, デ・ビュ・ー、デビュー
びょういん hospital, びょ・う・い・ん、びょういん
Don't confuse びょういん with びよういん. Remember you need to say び and よ sounds in one syllable, to say びょういん.
The last one is...
ぴゃ、ぴゅ、ぴょ
Repeat after me.
ぴゃ
ぴゅ
ぴょ
Here are some sample words...
ろっぴゃく six hundred, ろっ・ぴゃ・く、ろっぴゃく
ピュア pure ピュ・ア、ピュア
はっぴょう announcement, はっ・ぴょ・う、はっぴょう
These are combinations of sounds that you've already learnt, so you're reviewing and learning at the same time!
In the next lesson, you'll learn a secret to mastering the Japanese long vowel. Here is a sample. Can you hear the difference between おばさん, meaning "aunt" and おばあさん, meaning "grandma"? You'll learn how in the next lesson.
What's the worst pronunciation mistake you've made? Share in the comments.
See you in the next Ultimate Japanese Pronunciation Guide lesson!

53 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 11th, 2014 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Listeners! So far, do you feel more confident pronouncing in Japanese?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 8th, 2020 at 03:42 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Johnさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

Our pronunciation guide should help you👍

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson-library/ultimate-japanese-pronunciation-guide/

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

John
July 8th, 2020 at 12:19 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I'm not sure I'm ever going to get the difference between the 's' and 'z' sounds. I've listened and listened and listened, and they both sound identical to my ear. I'm not sure I'll ever get the Japanese 'r' sound right either!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 17th, 2020 at 01:21 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Billy,

Thank you for your comment!


Practice makes perfect!

Your pronunciation will improve😄


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Billy Escobar
April 3rd, 2020 at 10:59 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I think my pronouncing of りゃ、りゅ、りょ are kinda worst 😞

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 29th, 2020 at 12:02 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Louieさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

The Japanese "r" is similar to "d" right?

Though if you are pronouncing "r" without touching your teeth, I think you're pronouncing "r" well👍

Please let us know if you have any question :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Louie
January 19th, 2020 at 02:46 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I can't tell if I am saying my "R" correctly. I feel it sounds too much like "D".

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 25th, 2019 at 12:03 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi @Mike


Thank you for your like! We hope you enjoy learning with us! If you ever have any questions, please let us know. :)


Kind regards,

Levente

Team JapanesePod101.com

Mike
October 19th, 2019 at 10:44 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

👍

JapanesePod101.com
April 1st, 2019 at 11:49 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Nick,


Thank you very much for leaving a comment.

Yes, practice will make perfect! Good luck!


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com
February 7th, 2019 at 09:26 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Christine,


Thank you for your positive feedback on our lesson!


Keep up practicing and soon you’ll get great results! 👍


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com