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Lesson Transcript

Hi everyone! I’m Michelle Yamamoto.
Welcome back to The Ultimate Japanese Pronunciation Guide at JapanesePod101.com.
In this lesson, you'll master the second of 2 consonant groups.
Again, this group will be broken down into rows. The m-row is next.
The consonant m is the same as the English "m"-sound as in "map". Close the mouth, put the lips together and make the nasal sound, "m".
Repeat after me.
Did you notice that when you say み, the tongue position changed? The front of your tongue is raised to the roof of the mouth, because it's influenced by the following "i" sound.
Next is the y-row. There are only three sounds of this group in modern Japanese
y-sound is the same as "y" at the start of the English word "you". The position of the mouth and the tongue is the same as "い", but it moves to the next vowel.
Repeat after me.
The next group is the "r" row.
When you say "r" in Japanese, you lightly tap the teethridge that's just behind your top row of teeth with the tongue. It's very different from the English r-sound. It's actually similar to the "l" sound. Don't roll your tongue.
Ready? Repeat after me.
Now onto some words.
Repeat after me.
りす squirrel、り・す、りす
からい spicy、か・ら・い、 からい
Next is the w-row. There are only two sounds in this group in modern Japanese.
わ を
The "w" in わ is similar to the English w-sound, however, ease the pressure a little when you round the lips.
Repeat after me.
The を sound is grouped in this consonant w-group, but it's pronounced the same as お in Japanese.
Repeat after me.
The final consonant is "ん".
"ん" can stand alone, and is a syllable on its own.
ん, ん
Block the breath flow far back in the mouth so that the breath flows only to the nose. This is known as a nasal sound.
Repeat after me.
Practice this sound with words.
にほん, Japan、に・ほ・ん、 にほん
What about this word?
If you put the tip of your tongue on the roof of your mouth when you say ん, you would say...
ほんにゃく instead of ほんやく
Make sure you don't touch the tip of your tongue in any place in your mouth when you say ん. Instead, it should be suspended in the empty mouth space.
Be careful of this word too.
せんえん、one thousand yen, せ・ん・え・ん、せんえん
Don't say せんねん.
Make sure that you keep the tip of your tongue suspended in the empty space, and don't touch it to any particular part, and say せんえん.
Okay, the last pattern is when consonants such as "p", "b", "m", "t", "g" or "k" come after "ん" such as .
In some cases, the sound "ん" is influenced by a following consonant.
The first case is...
うんめい destiny, う・ん・め・い、うんめい
It sounds more like an "m" sound because it's influenced by the following consonant, "m" sound.
Can you tell the difference with the ん sound in this word?
さんか participation, さ・ん・か、さんか
The transition between the ん and か sounds like the nasal sound "ng".
Again, さんか
Okay, repeat after me.
えん, yen, え・ん、えん
うんめい destiny, う・ん・め・い、うんめい
さんか participation, さ・ん・か、さんか
Congratulations! You've now learned all 46 of the basic sounds in Japanese. You've learned many words already, so now you should practice saying words you know.
Have you ever seen kana characters with little marks on them? You'll learn how to pronounce them in the next lesson.
How confident are you about your pronunciation of "ra", "ri", "ru", "re", "ro"? Tell us about it in the comments!
See you in the next Ultimate Japanese Pronunciation Guide lesson!


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 14th, 2014 at 06:30 PM
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Do you know any word that contains one of these consonants?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 10th, 2021 at 03:14 AM
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Thank you for your message😄

We hope you will enjoy your time here in Japan😁


Thank you for your message👍

Pronouncing new language gives us some trouble😁

Please let us know if you have any questions!

Thank you for studying with us!



Team JapanesePod101.com

January 18th, 2021 at 03:33 PM
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Eh? The "ん" got me a little tongue tied. I didn't realize the "ん" has the mouth suspended in nothing.

Also found out I tend to stress my "u" sound when I shouldn't. Like the natural "U" from English. And the Spanish side of me extends it a little more than I need it too.

Or and the "r" it was fun to try and tell my brain to avoid rolling it. Since well in Spanish it rolls heavily.

January 7th, 2021 at 07:36 AM
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These lessons are well worth the えん. Getting really excited for my trip to にほん next year! 😎

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 13th, 2020 at 03:08 AM
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Hi Jonas,

Thank you for your comment!

We're really glad to hear that😄

Please let us know if you have any questions!

Thank you for studying with us!



Team JapanesePod101.com

Jonas Lindberg
August 31st, 2020 at 10:16 PM
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This tutorial was amazing! I always struggled with the 'ん' sound and was unsure of how to pronounce it, with this I understood immediately and now I am able to pronounce it. ありがとうございました !

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 19th, 2020 at 09:26 PM
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Sami Mandalawiさん


We're so happy to hear that!! Your hard work started to pay off 😉

Please let us know if you have any questions :)



Team JapanesePod101.com

Sami Mandalawi
May 14th, 2020 at 05:47 AM
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Pronunciation is improving slowly but surely! :-)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 22nd, 2019 at 05:48 AM
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Hi Mike,

Thank you for your like! We hope you enjoy learning with us! If you ever have any questions, please let us know. :)

Kind regards,


Team JapanesePod101.com

October 16th, 2019 at 12:20 PM
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JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 2nd, 2019 at 03:25 AM
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Hi Leo Emerson,

Thank you very much for the comment!

Please watch the video once again and pay attention at the picture at 3:11.

If you put your focus on the tip of your tongue touching right above back of your upper teeth, you should be able to pronounce ra, ri, ru, re, ro correctly.

Good luck!

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Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com