Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Janet: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Japanese learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native speaker. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Janet: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question “What's wrong?” In Japanese this is
Kaori: どうしたんですか。
(Doushita n desu ka.)
Janet: The first word in the question is
Kaori: どう
(dou)
Janet: meaning “how” in English.
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) どう
(dou)
Janet: Listen again and repeat.
Kaori: どう
(dou)
{Pause}
Janet: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Kaori: した
(shita)
Janet: meaning “did”.
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) した
(shita)
Janet: Now repeat.
Kaori: した
(shita)
{Pause}
Janet: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Kaori: どう した
(dou shita)
{pause}
Janet: And next
Kaori: んですか
(n desu ka)
Janet: this is a phrase used when a speaker is asking for explanation.
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) んですか
(n desu ka)
Janet: Now repeat.
Kaori: んですか
(n desu ka)
{Pause}
Janet: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Kaori: どう した んですか
(Dou shita n desu ka.)
{pause}
Janet: You will hear this common question again and again throughout your studies. Listen to the first answer. ‘I’m tired.’
Kaori: 疲れました。
(つかれました。 Tsukaremashita.)
Janet: "I'm tired.” Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Kaori: (Slow) 疲れました。
(つかれました。 Tsukaremashita.)
Janet: meaning “I’m tired.”
{pause}
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) 疲れました
(つかれました tsukaremashita)
Janet: Now repeat
Kaori: 疲れました
(つかれました tsukaremashita)
{Pause}
Janet: Listen to the next answer. This time, “I’m sleepy.”
Kaori: 眠いです
(ねむいです nemui desu)
Janet: ‘I’m sleepy.’
Kaori: (slow) 眠いです
(ねむいです nemui desu) (regular) 眠いです
(ねむいです nemui desu)
Janet: Listen to the next answer. This time, ‘I’m feeling sick.’
Kaori: 気分が悪いです
(きぶんがわるいです kibun ga warui desu)
Janet: ‘I’m feeling sick.’
Kaori: (slow) 気分が悪いです
(きぶんがわるいです kibun ga warui desu)
(regular) 気分が悪いです
(きぶんがわるいです kibun ga warui desu)
Janet: Listen to the next answer. This time, ‘I have a headache.’
Kaori: 頭が痛いです
(あたまがいたいです atama ga itai desu)
Janet: ‘I have a headache.’
Kaori: (slow) 頭が痛いです
(あたまがいたいです atama ga itai desu)
(regular) 頭が痛いです
(あたまがいたいです atama ga itai desu)
QUIZ
Janet: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting Japan and someone asks you what's wrong. You want to answer “I'm tired.” Respond to the question.
Kaori: どうしたんですか。(Dou shita n desu ka.)
(five seconds) 疲れました。
(つかれました。 Tsukaremashita.)
Janet: Now you want to say “I'm sleepy.” Respond to the question.
Kaori: どうしたんですか。(Dou shita n desu ka.)
(five seconds) 眠いです。
(ねむいです。 Nemui desu.)
Janet: You want to say I'm feeling sick.. . Answer the speaker's question.
Kaori: どうしたんですか。(Dou shita n desu ka.)
(five seconds) 気分が悪いです。
(きぶんがわるいです。 Kibun ga warui desu.)
Janet: Imagine you have a headache. Respond to the question.
Kaori: どうしたんですか。(Dou shita n desu ka.)
(five seconds) 頭が痛いです。
(あたまがいたいです。 Atama ga itai desu.)
Janet: Now you want to ask someone what's wrong. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Kaori: どうしたんですか。
(Dou shita n desu ka.)
{pause}

Outro

Janet: This is the end of Lesson 19

14 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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What's wrong? in Japanese. You can share it here in the comments!

JapanesePod101.com
October 13th, 2017 at 5:40 pm
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Hi Christina,

Thank you for your comment!


疲れる means "to be/get tired" while "眠い" means "sleepy".


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Christina
October 6th, 2017 at 12:53 pm
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What is the difference between 疲れ and

眠い? Don't they both mean 'tired'?

JapanesePod101.com
June 26th, 2017 at 9:16 am
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Christie さん、

こんにちは。

そうですか。

たいへんでしたね。

Yes, your sentence is perfect! But please don’t forget to add a period, “。“.?

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Christie
June 4th, 2017 at 1:00 pm
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残業てすから、つかれました  (Is the sentence correct? I fell very tired because work overtime)

アイザイア
December 31st, 2016 at 2:57 am
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たくさんを食べたしまいましたから、お腹がいっぱいふです。

JapanesePod101.com
May 10th, 2015 at 8:56 pm
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Matt san,

Konnichiwa.

Thank you for the question.

As you said mashita is past tense however, ‘I am tired’ or ‘I am feeling tired’ are translated into ‘tsukaremashita.’

‘I was tired’ should be translated ‘tsukareteimashita.’

We sometimes can’t use direct translation...:disappointed:


Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

matt
May 5th, 2015 at 4:10 am
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why "Tsukaremashita" to feeling tired? I thought "shita" was in the past conjugation

JapanesePod101.com
April 19th, 2015 at 4:21 pm
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Melissa san,

こんにちは。

どうしたの ? is more casual than どうしたんですか.

:smile:

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Melissa
April 15th, 2015 at 9:01 am
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こんにちは、


Would the casual/informal way of saying どうしたんですか be どうしたの ? I hear the latter very often....


ありがとうございます!

JapanesePod101.com
October 25th, 2014 at 12:40 pm
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Theo san,

こんにちは。どういたしまして。 :smile:

If you have questions again, please feel free to ask us.


Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com