Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Welcome to japanesepod101.com. Newbie series, season 4, Lori’s Story, lesson 47. Often or not at all. My name is Eric and I am here with Naomi Sensei.
Naomi: こんにちは、皆さん。 Hello everyone. I am Naomi.
Eric: With us, you will learn to speak Japanese with fun and effective lessons.
Naomi: よろしくお願いします。
Eric: よろしくお願いします。 Naomi Sensei.
Naomi: はい。
Eric: Let’s talk about life.
Naomi: Life.
Eric: Well yeah I mean daily life right. So you know, like how often you do something or don’t do something.
Naomi: I see. 例えば for example よく食べます。
Eric: I eat a lot.
Naomi: あまり食べません。
Eric: Yeah I don’t eat that much.
Naomi: 全然食べません。
Eric: I don’t eat at all. We are back at the coffee shop right?
Naomi: そうですね。コーヒー屋さんです。
Eric: At a café, café innovative that is. And who is talking?
Naomi: リュウさんと静さん。
Eric: All right and they will be speaking in
Naomi: Formal Japanese.
Eric: Now before we listen to the conversation
Naomi: We want to ask
Eric: Do you read the lesson notes while you listen
Naomi: We received an email about the study tip.
Eric: So we were just wondering if you tried and if so
Naomi: What do you think of it?
Eric: Just leave us some feedback in the comments section of this lesson. All right, let’s listen.
DIALOGUE
店員: コーヒーのお客様。
リュウ: あ、僕です。どうも。・・・静さんは、よく映画をみますか。
静: ・・・いえ、あまり。
リュウ: ・・・よく本を読みますか。
静: いえ、全然読みません。
リュウ: ・・・じゃ、お酒はどうですか。よく飲みますか。
静: あのぉ・・・リュウさんは、ロリーさんとよく会いますか。
リュウ: ロリー?あまり会いませんよ。
静: 嘘つき。私はロリーさんの友達です。
もう一度、お願いします。今度は、ゆっくりお願いします。
店員: コーヒーのお客様。
リュウ: あ、僕です。どうも。・・・静さんは、よく映画をみますか。
静: ・・・いえ、あまり。
リュウ: ・・・よく本を読みますか。
静: いえ、全然読みません。
リュウ: ・・・じゃ、お酒はどうですか。よく飲みますか。
静: あのぉ・・・リュウさんは、ロリーさんとよく会いますか。
リュウ: ロリー?あまり会いませんよ。
静: 嘘つき。私はロリーさんの友達です。
今度は、英語が入ります。
店員: コーヒーのお客様。
STAFF : One coffee.
リュウ: あ、僕です。どうも。
RYU : Oh, that’s me. Thank you.
・・・静さんは、よく映画をみますか。
So Shizuka... do you watch a lot of movies?
静: ・・・いえ、あまり。
SHIZUKA : ... No, not really.
リュウ: ・・・よく本を読みますか。
RYU : ... Read a lot of books?
静: いえ、全然読みません。
SHIZUKA : No, I never read.
リュウ: ・・・じゃ、お酒はどうですか。よく飲みますか。
RYU : ... Well, do you like alcohol? Do you drink much?
静: あのぉ・・・リュウさんは、ロリーさんとよく会いますか。
SHIZUKA : Uh... Ryu, do you see Lori much?
リュウ: ロリー?あまり会いませんよ。
RYU : Lori? No, I don’t see her much at all.
静: 嘘つき。
SHIZUKA : You liar.
私はロリーさんの友達です。
I’m friends with Lori.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Oh that’s it, that’s it. It’s coming. Ryu is going to get an earful and perhaps a faceful right. You know, if he is going to do something like this, you’d think he would do his research first. Not chooses girlfriends best friend.
Naomi: そうね。
Eric: Maybe go online. You know, find somebody else.
Naomi: I have a question. Does liar have really negative meaning in English?
Eric: Well I don’t think anyone is really proud of being a liar.
Naomi: Because in Japanese, it really depends on how you say it. I don’t personally use it a lot but there are people who use this word often 嘘つき。
Eric: Yeah I hear it all the time especially director and me.
Naomi: 嘘つき。
Eric: No but you know I don’t think of it as liar or like liar. It’s more like no way or get out of here right?
Naomi: そうそうそう、 get out of here. Yeah, yeah.
Eric: Get out of the town. And not just 嘘つき but people often use うそ~ in the same way right just like うそ~ no way.
Naomi: そうですね。うそ~! It can’t be true.
Eric: But you just said that you don’t use 嘘つき. What do you use instead or you believe everything and you don’t think anything is unbelievable right, Naomi Sensei?
Naomi: Yeah I am innocent, so.
Eric: But just for our sake Naomi Sensei, let’s hear both ways of using 嘘つき right. So first, it’s totally serious and I am really a huge liar.
Naomi: 嘘つき。
Eric: My god. You just gave me the shivers. Okay we are just joking around and you just couldn’t believe what it is because it was so unbelievable.
Naomi: 嘘つき~。
Eric: It’s a huge difference. You are like basically laughing while you are saying the second one. So I think you’d be able to tell if someone is really…
Naomi: Yeah, yeah, yeah you can tell from the speaker’s facial expression.
Eric: Yeah it is common sense right. That’s how people tell jokes, the deadpan jokes, look at their face! But this is not a comedy show. So on to the vocabulary.
Naomi: 次は、単語です。
VOCAB LIST
Eric: The first word is
Naomi: 見ます
Eric: To see, to look.
Naomi: (slow)みます (natural speed) 見ます
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: 本
Eric: Book.
Naomi: (slow)ほん (natural speed) 本
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: お酒
Eric: Alcohol.
Naomi: (slow)おさけ (natural speed) お酒
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: 会います
Eric: To meet.
Naomi: (slow)あいます (natural speed) 会います
Eric: And the last word is
Naomi: 嘘つき
Eric: Liar
Naomi: (slow)うそつき (natural speed) 嘘つき
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Eric: Okay first let’s take a look at a phrase.
Naomi: コーヒーのお客様。
Eric: The customer who ordered coffee. So clerks or waiters usually say this when they bring the food to the table and ask, what belongs to whom right?
Naomi: そうですね。 Product plus のお客様。
Eric: So what if you ordered a cappuccino?
Naomi: カプチーノのお客様。
Eric: If you ordered a curry?
Naomi: カレーのお客様。
Eric: And if the cappuccino or curry is mine, what do I say?
Naomi: Just say はい。
Eric: Here
Naomi: Or 私です。
Eric: It’s me.
Naomi: Or 僕です。
Eric: It’s me for men right?
Naomi: はい。
Eric: Or I guess you just raise your hand.
Naomi: あ~そうですね。 Right.
Eric: What’s the next word?
Naomi: 見る
Eric: To see, to look, to watch.
Naomi: テレビを見ます。
Eric: To watch TV.
Naomi: 映画を見ます。
Eric: To see a movie.
Naomi: 絵を見ます。
Eric: To look at a painting or a picture.
Naomi: So you use different verbs in English but in Japanese, it’s all 見ます。
Eric: Talk about convenience. What’s the next word?
Naomi: 酒
Eric: Alcohol.
Naomi: We often put お the Honorific prefix in front of it and say お酒。
Eric: I think men tend to just say 酒。
Naomi: あ~そうですね。 right.
Eric: Right especially when it’s just guys you know. 酒、好き? You like alcohol? 酒 means Alcohol in general. Wine, beer, whisky, it’s all 酒. It doesn’t usually mean 酒 or what some of my friends may call Saki. You know what I mean?
Naomi: Ah Japanese rice wine?
Eric: Right. So what’s that called in Japanese?
Naomi: 日本酒 Japanese Alcohol.
Eric: Literally right?
Naomi: はい。
Eric: On to the grammar.
Naomi: 次は、文法です。

Lesson focus

Eric: So the focus of this lesson is adverbs specifying degree. In plain English, we are going to learn the three words that we can use to talk about how often we do things.
Naomi: The three words we will look at are よく。
Eric: Often.
Naomi: あまり。
Eric: Not so often.
Naomi: And 全然。
Eric: Not at all. So first, let’s look at よく. よく is an adverb that means often or a lot and when paired with a verb, it means I often blah, blah, blah and the basic structure is subject plus よく plus verb or verb phrase.
Naomi: For example 私はよく勉強します。
Eric: I study a lot. I study often. Right and next we have.
Naomi: あまり
Eric: Which is an adverb that usually proceeds verbs and adjectives in their negative form all right. Don’t forget that, it’s important. It expresses the nuance of not so much and like its English counterpart, あまり might be used merely as a softening device. The basic sentence structure is subject plus あまり plus negative particle.
Naomi: For example, 私はあまり勉強しません。
Eric: I don’t study very often. I don’t study a lot and lastly we have 全然. 全然 is an adverb that usually precedes verbs and adjectives in a negative form and expresses a nuance of not at all or absolutely not. The basic sentence structure is subject plus 全然 plus negative particle.
Naomi: For example, 私は全然勉強しません。
Eric: I don’t study at all. Okay so let’s recap. How do you say I watch movies or I watch a movie?
Naomi: 私は映画を見ます。
Eric: And often is Yoku. So I watch movies often.
Naomi: 私はよく映画を見ます。
Eric: And not so often is あまり plus a negative verb. The negative form of 見ます is
Naomi: 見ません
Eric: So
Naomi: 私はあまり映画を見ません。
Eric: I don’t watch that many movies or I don’t watch movies that much and not at all is 全然 plus a negative verb. So
Naomi: 私は全然映画を見ません。
Eric: 直美先生はよくコーヒーを飲みますか?
Naomi: コーヒーですか。はい、よく飲みます。 I am addicted to it.
Eric: Wait, wait that’s much more than よく飲みます right?
Naomi: そうかな。
Eric: But that’s a topic for another episode. よくコーヒー屋にいきますか? Do you often go to cafes?
Naomi: うーん、あまり行きませんね。でも、よくオフィスでコーヒーを飲みます。
Eric: So you don’t really go to cafes that often but you often drink coffee at the office.
Naomi: そうですね。よく飲みます。

Outro

Eric: Now don’t forget to stop by japanesepod101.com and pick up the lesson notes.
Naomi: It has a conversation transcript.
Eric: Vocabulary, sample sentences, grammar explanations.
Naomi: And a culture insight section.
Eric: So check it out
Naomi: And let us know what you think.
Eric: Yeah that’s great. I will see you guys next time.
Naomi: じゃ、また。

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90 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 1st, 2009 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Mina-san, do you study Japanese often? What else do you do often (or not so often?)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 17th, 2020 at 06:30 PM
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Konnichiwa Rachel,


Thank you for your comment.

*毎日、フラッシュ・カ一ドをします。*

「今度は、正しくお願いします。」can be used when YOU ask someone to do thing FOR YOU correctly.


Keep up the good work and Feel free to ask us any questions.

Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

Rachel
September 8th, 2020 at 01:53 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

すみませんが、一番目のコメントは正しなかった。


もう一度お願いします。今度は、正しくお願いします。


私はよく昼飯を作ります。私もよく野菜を切ります。

Rachel
September 8th, 2020 at 01:43 AM
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私はよく昼飯を使います。私もよく野菜を切る。毎日、フラシ•カ一ドをします。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 9th, 2020 at 04:08 PM
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Justinさん

質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

ぜんぜん still has a few possibilities, but まったく is 0.

It is an original music created by our audio team. We are glad you like it.


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 31st, 2019 at 09:05 AM
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Tahaさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

*じゃない

そうなんですか。遅くても、頑張ってくださいね👍

Please let us know if you have any question :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Taha
December 28th, 2019 at 07:17 PM
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よく勉強しますけど、毎日じないです。

だから、私のの学習はちょっと遅いですね。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 12th, 2019 at 10:39 AM
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Abigailさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

すぐ日本に行けたら良いですね!


*日本に行ったことがありません。

*すぐ行きます。


Please let us know if you have any question :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Abigail
December 1st, 2019 at 11:18 AM
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よく日本語は勉強します

でも。。。私は決して日本にいきません

私はすぐ!

Justin
November 29th, 2019 at 11:17 PM
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Great lesson!


So what is the difference between...


ぜんぜん

and

まったく


also please share link for the music featured in the "video vocab" Its so nice! i would like that as a background music while studying/reading!!!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 1st, 2019 at 01:21 AM
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Konnichiwa Tyler and Luke,


Thank you for posting. If you ever have any questions, please let us know. 😉


Kind regards,

Levente

Team JapanesePod101.com