Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Naomi: こんにちは!なおみです!(Kon’nichiwa! Naomi desu!)
Kat: Hi everyone, Kat here! You are going to be late for the flight in Japan.
Naomi: では (dewa) Kat-san, please tell us what we're going to learn in this lesson.
Kat: In this lesson, you will learn how to create the negative form of Class 3 verbs.
Naomi: Where does this conversation take place and who is it between?
Kat: The conversation takes place at home, and it is between Kent and Madoka. OK, so now let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
(アラーム)(arāmu)
ケント (Kento):あと、10分・・・。(Ato, juppun…)
白山 (Shiroyama):ケント・・・来ないなぁ・・・。(Kento... konai nā…)
まどか (Madoka):ケント!ケント!遅刻するよ。(Kento! Kento! Chikoku suru yo.)
ケント (Kento):大丈夫・・・遅刻しないよ。(ムニャムニャ)(Daijōbu... chikoku shinai yo. (munyamunya))
ケント (Kento):・・・え?今、何時?(.. E? Ima, nan-ji?)
まどか (Madoka):七時半。(Shichi-ji han.)
ケント (Kento):ええ?!まじで?!(Ee?! Maji de?!)
もう一度、お願いします。今度はゆっくりお願いします。(Mō ichi-do, onegai shimasu. Kondo wa yukkuri onegai shimasu.)
ケント (Kento):あと、10分・・・。(Ato, juppun…)
白山 (Shiroyama):ケント・・・来ないなぁ・・・。(Kento... konai nā…)
まどか (Madoka):ケント!ケント!遅刻するよ。(Kento! Kento! Chikoku suru yo.)
ケント (Kento):大丈夫・・・遅刻しないよ。(Daijōbu... chikoku shinai yo.)
ケント (Kento):・・・え?今、何時?(.. E? Ima, nan-ji?)
まどか (Madoka):七時半。(Shichi-ji han.)
ケント (Kento):ええ?!まじで?!(Ee?! Maji de?!)
今度は英語が入ります。(Kondo wa Eigo ga hairimasu.)
(アラーム)(arāmu)
(Alarm)
ケント (Kento):あと、10分・・・。(Ato, juppun…)
Kat: Another ten minutes...
白山 (Shiroyama):ケント・・・来ないなぁ・・・。(Kento... konai nā…)
Kat: Kent's not here yet...
まどか (Madoka):ケント!ケント!遅刻するよ。(Kento! Kento! Chikoku suru yo.)
Kat: Kent! Kent! You're going to be late!
ケント (Kento):大丈夫・・・遅刻しないよ。(ムニャムニャ)(Daijōbu... chikoku shinai yo. (munyamunya))
Kat: (talking in his sleep) It's fine... I won't be late...
ケント (Kento):・・・え?今、何時?(.. E? Ima, nan-ji?)
Kat: ... Huh? What time is it?
まどか (Madoka):七時半。(Shichi-ji han.)
Kat: Half past seven.
ケント (Kento):ええ?!まじで?!(Ee?! Maji de?!)
Kat: Huh?! You're kidding!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Kat: So... Madoka was right, wasn’t she? Remember what she said? "You definitely won't get up."
Naomi: 絶対起きないよ!(Zettai okinai yo!) And yup, she was right.
Kat: He didn’t get up. I know how Kent feels, though! You know, it's like... just 10 more minutes… I can’t get up, it's too cold!!
Naomi: Especially at 5.
Kat: I really couldn't do that now... I used to have to get up that early when I worked for a company in Tokyo though.
Naomi: あ、そうなんだ。(A, sō nan da.)
Kat: Yes, it was horrible.
Naomi: We heard the word 遅刻 (chikoku).
Kat: “Late.”
Naomi: In the dialogue. キャットさんは、朝遅刻をしますか。(Kyatto-san wa, asa chikoku o shimasu ka.)
Kat: The reason why we are laughing is that… 今日、遅刻しましたね。(Kyō, chikoku shimashita ne.) Today, I was late. 寝坊しました。(Nebō shimashita.) I overslept! すみませんでした。(Sumimasen deshita.) I am sorry.
Naomi: 大丈夫です、大丈夫です。(Daijōbu desu, daijōbu desu.) I'm not a morning person, either, so… 私はよく遅刻をします。(Watashi wa yoku chikoku o shimasu.) You're not the only one. So, don't worry.
Kat: Oh, thank you. OK, so now, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we are going to see is
Naomi: あと (ato) [natural native speed]
Kat: more
Naomi: あと (ato) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: あと (ato) [natural native speed]
Kat: Next.
Naomi: 十分 (juppun) [natural native speed]
Kat: ten minutes
Naomi: 十分 (juppun) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 十分 (juppun) [natural native speed]
Kat: Next.
Naomi: 遅刻する (chikoku suru) [natural native speed]
Kat: to come late
Naomi: 遅刻する (chikoku suru) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 遅刻する (chikoku suru) [natural native speed]
Kat: And next.
Naomi: 今 (ima) [natural native speed]
Kat: now, the present time
Naomi: 今 (ima) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 今 (ima) [natural native speed]
Kat: And finally.
Naomi: まじ (maji) [natural native speed]
Kat: seriously, really (slang)
Naomi: まじ (maji) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: まじ (maji) [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Kat: OK, so now, let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Naomi: The first word we look at is あと (ato).
Kat: “More.” Now, we learned the phrase あとで (ato de), which means "later", in lesson 18.
Naomi: Right, as in あとで食べる (ato de taberu).
Kat: "I'll eat later". This あと (ato) is the same word, but when used by itself, it is used a little differently.
Naomi: そうですね。(Sō desu ne.) Right, this あと (ato) is often used with phrase that have numbers, such as time.
Kat: Right. In the dialogue, Kent said...
Naomi: あと10分。(Ato juppun.)
Kat: Ten more minutes. So you can use it before an amount of time to mean that amount of time more. Let's hear some more examples.
Naomi: Sure. 1時間 (ichi-ji-kan) is one hour, so あと1時間 (ato ichi-ji-kan) is one more hour.
Kat: Okay, and what's the next word?
Naomi: ちこく (chikoku)
Kat: “Lateness.” By itself, ちこく (chikoku) is a noun.
Naomi: If you add the verb する (suru)
Kat: "To do."
Naomi: To it, it becomes a verb, ちこくする (chikoku suru).
Kat: “To be late”, “to run late.” That's how we saw it used in the dialogue - as a verb.
Naomi: そうですね。(Sō desu ne.) Yes. Madoka said… ケント!遅刻するよ。(Kento! Chikoku suru yo.)
Kat: "Kent! You're gonna be late!"
Naomi: Kent replied… 大丈夫・・・遅刻しないよ。(Daijōbu… chikoku shinai yo.)
Kat: "It's fine... I won't be late." We'll cover how this する (suru) became しない (shinai) more in the grammar section.
Naomi: そうですね。(Sō desu ne.) Right.
Kat: And the last vocabulary word we'll look at is...
Naomi: まじ (maji)
Kat: “Seriously”, “really.”
Naomi: This is an example of slang.
Kat: Right, this word is really slangy. I can guarantee your teacher won't teach you this one in class.
Naomi: Nope. But you hear young people use it a lot.
Kat: It's basically an adverb that means "really", or "seriously." You can use it in front of adjectives.
Naomi: Right, like まじ寒い (maji samui).
Kat: "Super cold", or "seriously cold."
Naomi: Sometimes で (de) is added to it to create まじで (maji de).
Kat: まじで (maji de), this can be used as an exclamation, like no way! or really?! Or seriously?!
Naomi: Right.
Kat: But please don’t use it too much.
Naomi: Especially to the teachers.
Kat: Yes, exactly.
Naomi: When Madoka told Kent that it was already 7:30 in the morning, he said… ええ?まじで?!(Ee? Maji de?)
Kat: "Huh?! You're kidding!"
Naomi: Please only use this with friends though.
Kat: Yes, it is definitely too casual for using it with anyone other than your friends, I'd say.

Lesson focus

Kat: In this lesson, you'll learn how to make the negative form of Class 3 verbs. Class 3 verbs are the irregular verbs in Japanese. And the good news is for those of you who studied European languages is that there are only two of them!
Naomi: はい。そうです。(Hai. Sō desu.) - する (suru)
Kat: To do.
Naomi: And 来る (kuru).
Kat: To come.
Naomi: Okay, first let's look at する (suru).
Kat: This means "to do". Now, usually this word comes after a noun and makes it a verb, right?
Naomi: That's right. Do you remember when we talked about sports a few lessons ago?
Kat: Yes! We talked about how adding する (suru) to the names of sports creates a verb meaning to play that sport. For example, サッカー (sakkā) is soccer.
Naomi: Right, and so サッカーする (sakkā suru) is to play soccer.
Kat: バスケットボール (basukettobōru) is basketball...
Naomi: And so バスケットボールする (basukettobōru suru) is to play basketball.
Kat: What are some other verbs we can create using vocabulary we've learned throughout this series?
Naomi: Well, in an earlier lesson we learned 電話 (denwa), which is phone or phone call.
Kat: Ah, so 電話する (denwa suru) would be "to make a call".
Naomi: はい。(Hai.) We also learned あいさつ (aisatsu), a greeting like こんにちは (kon’nichiwa) or おはよう (ohayō).
Kat: So... あいさつする (aisatsu suru) would be "to greet someone".
Naomi: So now that we know a lot of verbs, let's make the negative. In the negative, する (suru) becomes しない (shinai).
Kat: Class 3 verbs don't follow any rules - they just have irregular forms that you have to remember.
Naomi: そうです。(Sō desu.) So now let's make some sentences.
Kat: Let's talk about sports first.
Naomi: Okay. まどかはサッカーをしない。(Madoka wa sakkā o shinai.)
Kat: "Madoka doesn't play soccer."
Naomi: 今日、ケントはサッカーをしない。(Kyō, Kento wa sakkā o shinai.)
Kat: "Kent is not going to play soccer today."
Naomi: And in the dialogue, Kent said… 大丈夫・・・遅刻しないよ。(Daijōbu… chikoku shinai yo.)
Kat: "It's fine... I won't be late."
Naomi: So that's not so bad, is it? Just change する (suru) to しない (shinai).
Kat: Okay, and there's one more Class 3 verb.
Naomi: くる (kuru), to come.
Kat: What is the negative form of this one?
Naomi: こない (konai)
Kat: So again, just an irregular form that you have to memorize. Can we hear some sample sentences?
Naomi: Sure! 明日、学校に来ない。(Ashita, gakkō ni konai.)
Kat: "I'm not coming to school tomorrow."
Naomi: So くる (kuru) just becomes こない (konai).
Kat: Right, exactly! And, how was it used in the dialogue?
Naomi: In the dialogue, when Shiroyama-kun was waiting for Kent, he said… ケント・・・来ないなぁ・・・。(Kento… konai nā…)
Kat: "Kent's not here yet..." He was waiting for Kent, who never showed up.
Naomi: そうです。(Sō desu.) Also, I'd like to point out the use of なぁ (nā) here.
Kat: Ah, the particle な (na) at the end, right?
Naomi: Yes.
Kat: な (na) at the end of a sentence conserves many purposes. It can show emotion, soften what you're saying, ask for agreement, etc. It's similar to ね (ne) at the end of a sentence, but with ね (ne) you're kind of eliciting a response. With なぁ (nā) it's more like you're talking to yourself, right?
Naomi: そうね。(Sō ne.) Right. I think that describes it well! If you are talking to yourself or don't expect a response, you might use なぁ (nā).
Kat: Can we hear another example?
Naomi: Sure. Let's say I'm in a bookstore and I pick up a book and look at the price. Then I could say... この本、たかいなぁ…。(Kono hon, takai nā…)
Kat: So, it really sounds like either you are just expressing your opinion and you don’t expect the other person to agree or you are talking to yourself.
Naomi: Right. If I were talking to someone else, I might say… この本、高いね!(Kono hon, takai ne!)

Outro

Kat: Okay so, that's all the time we have for this lesson.
Naomi: じゃまた!(Ja, mata!)
Kat: Thanks for listening! Until next time!
(アラーム)(arāmu)
ケント (Kento):あと、10分・・・。(Ato, juppun…)
白山 (Shiroyama):ケント・・・来ないなぁ・・・。(Kento... konai nā…)
まどか (Madoka):ケント!ケント!遅刻するよ。(Kento! Kento! Chikoku suru yo.)
ケント (Kento):大丈夫・・・遅刻しないよ。(ムニャムニャ)(Daijōbu... chikoku shinai yo. (munyamunya))
ケント (Kento):・・・え?今、何時?(.. E? Ima, nan-ji?)
まどか (Madoka):七時半。(Shichi-ji han.)
ケント (Kento):ええ?!まじで?!(Ee?! Maji de?!)

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34 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 4th, 2010 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hi みなさん!Jessi here.

I'm sure we've all had moments like this... right? :)

I once overslept on the morning of my very important Japanese midterm... Talk about a bad day to oversleep :oops:

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 2nd, 2016 at 01:22 PM
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KevinKa-san konnichiwa,


You can listen Jessi-san's voice anytime on our website!:wink:


Stay tuned,

Motoko

Team JapanesePod101.com

KevinKa
January 24th, 2016 at 03:28 PM
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Jessi-san! I thought you left JapanesePod101.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 21st, 2014 at 06:21 PM
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デシェヌさん、

1.

あと in あと10分 and もっと as in もっと食べる have completely different meanings, so

we can't use them interchangeably.

In English, those two becomes the same (i.e. "more"), but あと expresses "remaining" time

while もっと means "more to add".


2.

Basically, 遅刻する and 遅れる have almost the same meaning. 遅刻 has kanji for time (刻 in 時刻), so

it's used more time-wisely.


3.

Yes. まじ is a very casual and colloquial expression for 本気 (serious), but the word itself is considered

to have come from まじめ:sunglasses:


Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

デシェヌ
September 18th, 2014 at 11:49 PM
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こんにちは、

質問が三つあります。(I have three questions.)

1. About the word あと(後) meaning "more" in the sentence あと、10分, 10 more minutes. Instead of あと, can we use the word もっと that we have learned in lesson 16? (お母さん: もっと食べる?)

2. About 遅刻する(ちこくする), meaning "to be late". I have learned somewhere the verb 遅れる(おくれる), meaning also "to be late". What is the difference between the two verbs?

3. About まじ. Is this word coming from 真面目(まじめ)?

いつもありがとうございます、

デシェヌ

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 3rd, 2014 at 06:58 PM
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アシュリーさん


こんにちは。

彼女はかわいそうですね。 :sob:


Is it past tense?

彼女は本やでまったけれど彼は来なかった?


Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

アシュリー
July 3rd, 2014 at 12:09 PM
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こんにちは、


彼女は本やでまつけど彼はこない。

(She waited at the book store, but he never came).


スノボはしない。

(I do not snowboard)


じゃ

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 7th, 2013 at 11:36 AM
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イエんさん、

意味はとてもよくにています。「遅刻する」は、「(約束の)時間に遅れる」という意味です:smile:


Natsuko(奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

イエん
May 6th, 2013 at 04:19 AM
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すみません、僕はちょっと混乱をします。

「遅刻する」と 「遅れる」は同じの動詞ですか?

Tim
November 23rd, 2012 at 01:55 PM
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Can you tell me what the word that sounds like .. "Me Tie" I know I am spelling it wrong, but I hear it all the time. Thanks in advance...

Natsuko
July 1st, 2012 at 04:26 PM
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> トーマスさん

:cry:友達は、なぜ来なかったのですか。

友達が、トーマスさんに電話もしなかったのはよくないですね!


> Lars Erik さん

日本では、サッカーより、野球をする人が多いです。

でも、私はサッカーの方が好きです:mrgreen:

Erikさんは、時々、遅刻することがあるんですか?:lol: