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Lesson Transcript

Eric: Welcome to japanesepod101.com. Newbie series, Lori’s story 22. Make time for this lesson. My name is Eric and I am with Naomi Sensei.
Naomi: こんにちは。
Eric: こんにちは。
Naomi: よろしくお願いします。
Eric: よろしくお願いします。 So Naomi Sensei, what’s the story for Lori today?
Naomi: I think they are going to have some free time now.
Eric: You mean on the train?
Naomi: No they are at the destination already.
Eric: Wait wait! The destination that we made a bet on?
Naomi: そうですね。
Eric: I am dying to listen to it. Let’s find out where it is.
(長野県 松本城)
水木: 皆さん、ここは、松本城です。では、今から、ニ時半まで自由時間です。午後、りんご園に行きます。
みんな: はーい。
ロリー: 今、十二時半...。じゃ、自由時間はニ時間ですね。静さん、何を食べますか。
静: おそばを食べます。
ロリー: そば・・・ですか。
水木: 皆さん、ここは、松本城です。では、今から、ニ時半まで自由時間です。午後、りんご園に行きます。
みんな: はーい。
ロリー: 今、十二時半...。じゃ、自由時間はニ時間ですね。静さん、何を食べますか。
静: おそばを食べます。
ロリー: そば・・・ですか。
(長野県 松本城)
(Nagano prefecture, Matsumoto castle)
水木: 皆さん、ここは、松本城です。では、今から、ニ時半まで自由時間です。午後、りんご園に行きます。
MIZUKI: Everyone, this is Matsumoto castle. You'll be free from now until two thirty. In the afternoon, we'll go to the apple orchard.
みんな: はーい。
ALL: Okay.
ロリー: 今、十二時半...。じゃ、自由時間はニ時間ですね。静さん、何を食べますか。
LORI: It's...twelve thirty now. We are free for two hours. Shizuka-san, what are you going to eat?
静: おそばを食べます。
SHIZUKA: I'm going to eat soba noodles.
ロリー: そば・・・ですか。
LORI: Soba...?
Eric: Naomi Sensei.
Naomi: You failed.
Eric: Me, so did you. You guessed it was some kind of Lake right?
Naomi: Lake and mountains.
Eric: They ended up going to
Naomi: Matsumoto castle. I think I have mentioned it in previous lesson.
Eric: Oh is that in Nagano?
Naomi: Yeah one of the most famous castles in Japan.
Eric: I could have sworn it was the Olympic stadium. It seems like they are going to eat right?
Naomi: そうですね。 And it seems like they are going to Apple orchard in the afternoon. Nagano is famous for their apples.
Eric: And it’s also famous for their soba noodles right?
Naomi: あ~そうですね。静 wants to eat some soba noodles.
Eric: He knows what Matsumoto is famous for. Alright, so let’s go into the vocabulary.
Naomi: 次は、単語です。
Eric: All right. The first word is.
Naomi: 皆さん
Eric: Everyone.
Naomi: (slow)みなさん (natural speed) 皆さん
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: 松本城
Eric: Matsumoto castle.
Naomi: (slow)まつもとじょう (natural speed) 松本城
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: 半
Eric: Half.
Naomi: (slow)はん (natural speed) 半
Eric: And the next word is
Naomi: 自由時間
Eric: Free time, leisure time.
Naomi: (slow)じゆうじかん (natural speed) 自由時間
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: 午後
Eric: Afternoon, P.M.
Naomi: (slow)ごご (natural speed) 午後
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: リンゴ園
Eric: Apple orchard.
Naomi: (slow)りんごえん (natural speed) リンゴ園
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: 二時間
Eric: Two hours.
Naomi: (slow)にじかん (natural speed) 二時間
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: 食べます
Eric: To eat.
Naomi: (slow)たべます (natural speed) 食べます
Eric: And the last word is
Naomi: おそば
Eric: Buckwheat noodles
Naomi: (slow)おそば (natural speed) おそば
Eric: All right. Let’s take a closer look at some of these words. First we have.
Naomi: 半
Eric: Which means half or in the case of time, half past an hour right?
Naomi: そうですね。 30 minutes.
Eric: Right and in the previous lesson, we learned how to tell time. At least how to tell the hour but now we are going to talk about half past.
Naomi: Half past.
Eric: That hour.
Naomi: 1 o'clock is 一時
Eric: So then what would 1:30 be?
Naomi: 一時半
Eric: Right so basically you put 半 at the end of any hour that you want to talk about right?
Naomi: はい。
Eric: To make it 30 minutes past that hour.
Naomi: Uhoo…
Eric: So how about 2:30?
Naomi: 二時半
Eric: 3:30?
Naomi: 三時半
Eric: And so on and so forth. All right and since we are already talking about time, let’s talk about AM, PM, not the Japanese convenient store, AM, PM but you know, afternoon, morning, that whole spiel. We learned it in a previous lesson right?
Naomi: はい。
Eric: PM
Naomi: 午後
Eric: And AM.
Naomi: 午前
Eric: And how would you say for example, 3 PM.
Naomi: 午後三時
Eric: How about 7 AM.
Naomi: 午前七時
Eric: So in English, I would say the time and then PM or AM, but in Japanese you would what put it at the beginning?
Naomi: That’s right そうです。
Eric: So you put 午後 or 午前 before the time. And Naomi Sensei, not too long ago, we learned how to count right? We learned how to count things.
Naomi: Count things uh…
Eric: Right some things and we happened to mention that there is counters for everything. There is something. There is like a way, a special way in Japanese to count almost everything and as it turns out, there is something. There is a word that you can use to count time, to count hours. How would I say two hours?
Naomi: 二時間
Eric: Three hours.
Naomi: 三時間
Eric: So how do you explain its construction Naomi Sensei?
Naomi: 時間 is a counter for hours. The numbers before 時間 conjugate same as 時 for hour.
Eric: So for example, the number four changes from よん to
Naomi: よ
Eric: In time right. So 4:00 hours would be?
Naomi: 四時間
Eric: And 4 o'clock would be?
Naomi: 四時
Eric: And 9 also changes right from きゅう to
Naomi: く as in 九時, 9 o’ clock. For hours, 九時間。
Eric: And we just learned 半 like 12:30, 2:30?
Naomi: Oh yeah.
Eric: Can you use 半 with this new 時間 counter?
Naomi: You mean like an hour and a half?
Eric: Right.
Naomi: 一時間半
Eric: So you just put 半 at the end of 時間. It’s pretty useful.
Naomi: So 二時間半 will be
Eric: 2.5 hours. How about 7.5 hours?
Naomi: 七時間半
Eric: It’s pretty straightforward right Naomi Sensei?
Naomi: はい。
Eric: All right. So let’s go into the grammar.
Naomi: 次は文法です。

Lesson focus

Eric: What’s our target phrase today?
Naomi: 私はおそばを食べます。
Eric: I am going to eat Buckwheat noodles. Let’s break it down.
Naomi: 私
Eric: I
Naomi: は
Eric: Topic marking particle.
Naomi: おそば
Eric: Buckwheat noodles.
Naomi: を
Eric: Object marking particle.
Naomi: 食べます
Eric: To eat. All right, the main point here is this object marking particle…
Naomi: を
Eric: Uhh that’s mysterious. What does that mean object marking particle?
Naomi: It marks object.
Eric: Well very – I am enlightened. So let’s get down into the nitty-gritty of this を. All right, first of all, this を is not the same お that we put in front of the soba to make it more honorific and polite though. おそば
Naomi: そうですね That’s right. That’s a good point.
Eric: What is this を then? It’s a separate character in Hiragana right when you are writing it down and it only has the function of marking objects.
Naomi: Right.
Eric: Which in plain regular English means
Naomi: The particle を connects noun and action.
Eric: That makes sense. So in this case, we have
Naomi: おそばを食べます。
Eric: So we have Soba – the noodles Soba connected with 食べます to eat. Hah! I have a feeling we just learned a really, really powerful type of sentence now that we can just make any type of sentence with a new phrase that’s really useful.
Naomi: Right.
Eric: I am sure this is really powerful. We can say now nearly everything in noun and verb.
Naomi: そうですね。
Eric: So how would I say I eat breakfast.
Naomi: 朝ごはん is the breakfast. 私は朝ごはんを食べます。
Eric: I eat breakfast. That’s good. How about Sushi. I eat Sushi.
Naomi: 私はお寿司を食べます。 and a ます form of a verb. For example, 食べます could be will eat or eat.
Eric: Ah that’s true. So it’s not very clear if you are talking about the present or the future.
Naomi: Future. We don’t have future tense. Well, we do but we don’t usually use the future tense.
Eric: And if you were to be talking about the future, you would modify it with some sort of time modifier like you know, I will eat breakfast tomorrow right which it’s the future.
Naomi: 明日?So 明日朝ごはんを食べます。 So sometimes not clear if the speaker is talking about his habit or his future.
Eric: I see because if you say just 私は朝ごはんを食べます, it means either I eat breakfast every day.
Naomi: Or.
Eric: Or just I will eat breakfast now or I will eat tomorrow or I will eat breakfast next week. It could be any of those right?
Naomi: はい。
Eric: Depending on the context and what’s going on. It’s mysterious. Okay so in the previous lesson, we learned the negative masu form of the verb to eat.
Naomi: 食べます becomes 食べません in a negative sentence.
Eric: To not eat.
Naomi: はい。
Eric: All right. So then how do we use this を with 食べません. I will not eat breakfast.
Naomi: 私は朝ごはんを食べません。
Eric: Which can also mean you know, I am not going to eat breakfast now. I won’t eat breakfast now or I never eat breakfast or I won’t eat breakfast next week.
Naomi: そうですね。
Eric: Anything, anything right?
Naomi: Right. So do you eat breakfast エリックさんは朝ごはんを食べますか?
Eric: はい。朝ごはんを食べます。
Naomi: Yeah to make a question, you can just add か at the end of the sentence.
Eric: And what if you don’t know what we are going to eat. You have to ask what are you going to eat.
Naomi: It’s simple. You can just put 何 at the opposite part. For example, 何を食べますか?
Eric: What will you eat or what are you going to eat or what do you usually eat.
Naomi: そうですね。
Eric: Habitually.
Naomi: はい。 So for breakfast, 何を食べますか?
Eric: パンを食べます。
Naomi: Bread?
Eric: Yes.
Naomi: 私は朝ごはんを食べません。
Eric: What? You don’t eat breakfast.
Naomi: No.
Eric: How are you still alive?
Naomi: ねぇ。
Eric: You don’t get lightheaded and you don’t feel like you want to die?
Naomi: I get hungry but…
Eric: Well of course, of course. You haven’t eaten anything right?
Naomi: そうですね。
Eric: Yeah you are going to eat when you are hungry.
Naomi: I don’t have time.
Eric: You don’t have time to stop by the コンビニ?
Naomi: No maybe after I go to the office.
Eric: Well Naomi Sensei, it’s not the thing of preference. It’s not like you are an anti 朝ごはん person.
Naomi: I love to have big breakfast if I have time.
Eric: Like pancakes.
Naomi: そうですね。
Eric: So if you were to have breakfast, パンケーキを食べますか?
Naomi: パンケーキ…を食べません。
Eric: Okay so how about Bekon?
Naomi: ああ、ベーコンね。
Eric: ベーコンを食べますか?
Naomi: ベーコンを食べます。ベーコンと多分、卵。
Eric: And と is a particle which means and.
Naomi: はい。ベーコンと卵を食べます。
Eric: Hah! That’s a pretty good breakfast. I wonder what our listeners eat for breakfast.
Naomi: あ~!皆さんは朝ごはんを食べますか?何を食べますか?
Eric: Yeah you can go ahead and answer that in the comments section of the page for this episode and if you want to see more sample sentences, just go to the PDF and there is tons of different types of food that you could possibly eat.
Naomi: And other verbs too.
Eric: So start connecting your nouns with your verbs.
Naomi: Using を.


Eric: All right. So it’s about time for me to go eat breakfast but before we go, I want to remind you about the bonus track that we have every once in a while on this feed. Bonus tracks offer you Japanese without training wheels. This is a real good chance to challenge your listening comprehension. There is no translation and no transcript. So it’s a solid source of discovery and discussion in the forums and just on the japanesepod101.com site in general. Check them out. I will see you next time.
Naomi: じゃ、また。


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Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 6th, 2008 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san, if you had two hours free time in Japan, where would you go and what would you do?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 6th, 2020 at 02:27 AM
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Your sentence is correct!

Please let us know if you have any questions!



Team JapanesePod101.com

August 24th, 2020 at 11:32 PM
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JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 17th, 2020 at 04:04 PM
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Hi Rachel,

Thank you for trying the questions!

All your answers are correct👍

At the 5th, it's also nice to say 仕事があります instead of saying 仕事をします.

Keep up the hard work:)



Team JapanesePod101.com

August 17th, 2020 at 03:21 AM
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JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 27th, 2020 at 05:53 AM
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James さん


Yes, you can say that!

Please note that we use は instead of わ for the particles.

*こんにちは 朝ご飯は


Thank you for studying with us!



Team JapanesePod101.com

July 11th, 2020 at 05:22 AM
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Is that the right way to say "Today I eat ramen for breakfast"?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 26th, 2020 at 09:19 AM
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Very close!

It should be Watashi wa yakiniku o tabemasu 😉


Yes, that's fine 😇👍

Please let us know if you have any questions :)



Team JapanesePod101.com

May 23rd, 2020 at 01:51 PM
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Can we answer use xxです to answer 何を食べますか?

e.g. 寿司です。

May 20th, 2020 at 09:07 AM
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Watashi wa yakiniku o tabemase is this the right way to say I am going toeat yakiniku?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 17th, 2020 at 02:01 PM
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Hi シェルビー,

Thank you for the question!

You can say ロンドンからとうきょうまで、だいたいなんじかんかかりますか?

(How many hours will it roughly take from London to Tokyo?), but you don't say


(How many hours will it take to the nearest convenience store?),

since it's quite unlikely to take hours.

When you want to ask "how long" in general, you can say どれくらい.

Thank you for studying with us!



Team JapanesePod101.com