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Lesson Transcript

Eric: Welcome to japanesepod101.com. Newbie lesson Lori’s story 8. How to talk about the weather. My name is Eric and I am with Naomi Sensei.
Naomi: こんにちは。
Eric: こんにちは。 Naomi Sensei Lori went through customs without a scratch.
Naomi: はい。
Eric: And she met Mr. Mizuki at the airport and she already went to her apartment. She likes it, it’s all right and what’s going on today.
Naomi: 今日は It seems like she is meeting a new person.
Eric: That’s good. It’s always good to meet some new people.
Naomi: はい。
Eric: Okay so let’s see what she has to say. Let’s listen in.
静: おはようございます。
ロリー: あ...おはようございます。
静: 蒸し暑いですね。
ロリー: むし...あ...つい?むし?虫?!
静: ...あ、と て も 暑いですね。
ロリー: あ、はいはい。分かります。分かります。とても 暑いですね。
静: おはようございます。
ロリー: あ...おはようございます。
静: 蒸し暑いですね。
ロリー: むし...あ...つい?むし?虫?!
静: ...あ、と て も 暑いですね。
ロリー: あ、はいはい。分かります。分かります。とても 暑いですね。
静: おはようございます。
SHIZUKA: Good morning.
ロリー: あ...おはようございます。
LORI: Uh...Good morning.
静: 蒸し暑いですね。
SHIZUKA: It's humid, isn't it?
ロリー: むし...あ...つい?むし?虫?!
LORI: hu...mid? humid?
静: ...あ、と て も 暑いですね。
SHIZUKA: Oh...I mean..., very hot.
ロリー: あ、はいはい。分かります。分かります。とても 暑いですね。
LORI: Oh...I see. I see. Yeah, it is very hot.
Eric: Wow! It’s actually really 蒸し暑い today. Isn’t it?
Naomi: Yeah it is, it’s very 蒸し暑い。
Eric: It’s out of control and 蒸し暑い doesn’t mean the bugs are hot around here right?
Naomi: Steaming hot.
Eric: Steaming hot, steaming hot meaning it’s super humid. I swear, I have been walking around with the scuba tank these days. I don’t think that Lori handles it well.
Naomi: そうですね。 She could have said 蒸し暑いは何ですか?
Eric: Yeah like she totally – she got stuck on the word むし and she got caught up in it and then the person was like oh man! This girl causing me too much trouble. So she skipped it and she just said, oh it’s hot and then Lori missed out on learning what 蒸し暑い meant. She probably thinks now that むし means very.
Naomi: あ~そうね。
Eric: She is probably going to come in one day and say, hey it’s むし寒い。
Naomi: I actually had that kind of student.
Eric: Really?
Naomi: But I taught 蒸し暑い in the lesson and the very next day, he came out to me and said, 蒸し寒いですね。
Eric: What?
Naomi: Like okay 蒸し doesn’t mean very. 蒸し means steaming.
Eric: Right, right. Its steam, it’s literally like steaming hot. So watch out and if you don’t know words that are basically combinations of other words, just stick to the whole word and don’t flip out like Lori did. So any way, on to the vocab.
Eric: Okay what’s the first word today? Is it a word or phrase?
Naomi: Phrase.
Eric: Okay our first word is a phrase. What is it?
Naomi: おはようございます。
Eric: Good morning.
Naomi: (slow)おはようございます (natural speed) おはようございます
Eric: Rise and shine. Okay what’s our next word?
Naomi: 蒸し暑い
Eric: Humid, steaming hot.
Naomi: (slow)むしあつい (natural speed) 蒸し暑い
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: とても
Eric: Very
Naomi: (slow)とても (natural speed) とても
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: わかります
Eric: To understand in the ます form.
Naomi: (slow)わかります (natural speed) わかります
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: 暑い
Eric: Hot
Naomi: (slow)あつい (natural speed) 暑い
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: エレベーター
Eric: Elevator, lift.
Naomi: (slow)エレベーター (natural speed) エレベーター
Eric: The next word is
Naomi: 虫
Eric: Insect
Naomi: (slow)むし (natural speed) 虫
Eric: All right. That’s a short set of words. Remember when you are learning these words, learn the intonation as well. Learn how to pronounce these words. Sometimes it will really save you. Let’s learn how to use some of these words. Take a closer look. What’s the first phrase that’s very applicable to today’s weather Naomi Sensei?
Naomi: とても暑いですね。
Eric: Yeah it is really hot, isn’t it? Let’s break it down word by word.
Naomi: とても
Eric: Very.
Naomi: 暑い
Eric: Hot, warm.
Naomi: です
Eric: Copula.
Naomi: ね
Eric: Is indeed.
Naomi: とても暑いですね。
Eric: That’s right and you know, it doesn’t just have to be hot. You can use this phrase and stick whatever adjective you want in there. For example, if it was super cold today, what would you say?
Naomi: Cold is 寒い。とても寒いですね。
Eric: What if today wasn’t that hot and it was just a little warm and it’s like the perfect spring warm.
Naomi: 暖かい
Eric: That’s warm.
Naomi: とても暖かいですね。
Eric: What if the leaves are already turning purple and yellow and brown and all of that. You know a little chilly, a little cool and you are thinking, you might want to put on another layer.
Naomi: 涼しい
Eric: Cool or chilly.
Naomi: とても涼しいですね。
Eric: You know, this is not a one-sided conversation. Someone says oh. It’s very hot or it’s very cold, it’s very warm and you have to respond right? You can’t just nod your head or you could, you could but then people might think you are freak. So how would you respond Naomi Sensei とても暑いですね。
Naomi: そうですね。
Eric: Yes it is, isn’t it?
Naomi: そうですね。
Eric: That’s right. That’s probably one of the most often used phrases in Japanese. そうですね。
Naomi: そうですね。
Eric: That’s right.

Lesson focus

Eric: Okay Naomi Sensei, what’s today’s grammar point?
Naomi: Greetings.
Eric: Greetings. So…
Naomi: In the morning.
Eric: In the morning. What type of greetings do we have in the morning?
Naomi: おはようございます。
Eric: Good morning and that’s not the only way to say good morning, is it?
Naomi: You can say おはよう to your friends.
Eric: To your friends all right yeah and who would you say おはようございます to?
Naomi: To elder people or your boss.
Eric: For strangers?
Naomi: Strangers yes.
Eric: People you don’t know right. おはよう is that a word, just that means good morning because you know in English, good morning is like good and morning.
Naomi: It doesn’t mean good and morning. It means just early.
Eric: That’s right. It just means it’s a very classical old way of saying, it is early.
Naomi: Yes.
Eric: That’s right. I mean I know this is a newbie series and you know, you are just starting out, but if some of you guys are going to get into this really hardcore, one day you are going to learn about the construction of how to make these really old classical – yeah you are going to learn the conjugation for this. So hey! Stick around, stick around. You got many fun things to come but you know I have one beef with おはようございます Naomi Sensei
Naomi: はい。
Eric: You know what that is. Okay I am in some clubs at school all right. I play music and all the stuff and I get there and it’s you know, 5:30, 6:00 in the afternoon. It’s kind of late and everybody says おはようございます. What is it? Tell me please.
Naomi: I see you for the first time in the day.
Eric: Okay so that’s the first time we met that day. So you could say any time of the day.
Naomi: Even in the evening.
Eric: Does it have to be related to club activities? You know we have an event and it starts at a certain time and you know, we have to get together with people that are part of the club and all say おはようございます but like when I am walking down the street or I am going to class and I see somebody for the first time that they don’t say おはようございます. They just say hey or you know こんにちは、yo.
Naomi: When I start late at japanesepod101, I still use おはようございます to everybody.
Eric: Because that’s the first time you saw them. Okay so everyone keep that in mind. You don’t have to use it that way but you know if you happen to do something at even at night and you get there and everyone says おはようございます to you, don’t be there scratching your head standing there for 10 minutes. It just means that this is the first time that they saw you and hello, it’s early. Why don’t we give some examples all right between friends, between you and me Naomi Sensei.
Naomi: はい。
Eric: So it’s morning, it’s 6 in the morning.
Naomi: おはよう、エリック。
Eric: おはよう、なおみ。 All right, now we are coworkers. Coworkers at japanesepod101.com. Okay so we just got into the office. It’s 5 in the morning.
Naomi: おはようございます、エリックさん。
Eric: おはようございます、なおみさん。 All right, I am a student and you are my teacher. おはようございます、先生。
Naomi: あ、おはよう。
Eric: You can clearly see the class structure there. All the differences between the people. All right, so you guys are all newbies here and I am sure, there is a lot of things that you still don’t know. There is more things you don’t know than you do know but hey sometimes when you do know something, it’s good to tell people that you know. So how do you say yeah, yeah I know in Japanese?
Naomi: わかります。
Eric: わかります。 So that’s the verb わかる the ます form right?
Naomi: はい。
Eric: It’s polite. It literally means to understand. So when you understand something, when you know, when you are affirming. So Lori after she got all confused and she finally learned that 蒸し暑い actually meant hot. She said
Naomi: わかります、わかります。
Eric: I got it, I got it. I understand and what happens if she would have said わかる、わかる because that’s the base verb of this word right?
Naomi: Right. Since 静 is still a stranger to Lori, she used the polite form instead of casual form.
Eric: That’s right. So the more polite way is the ます form right?
Naomi: はい。
Eric: So you know for strangers or people you don’t know, it’s always better to use the ます form of any word.
Naomi: And the ます form is easy to learn.
Eric: Yeah it’s really easy. We are going to talk about that in the future lesson so you guys stick around okay but as I just said earlier, there is a lot of stuff that you don’t know and sometimes you just need to tell people hey, I don’t know.
Naomi: あ~そうね。
Eric: So how would you turn わかる which is I understand, the positive into a negative, I don’t know.
Naomi: Just put ません instead of ます。
Eric: So all you have to do is change that ます to ません.
Naomi: わかりません。
Eric: わかりません。 It means I don’t know. I don’t understand. So how would you ask you get it, do you understand?
Naomi: わかりますか? Just add か at the end.
Eric: You put the か in the sentence particle right?
Naomi: はい。
Eric: And then my usual reply, わかりません. So yeah and Japanese people use this word all the time. They like to tell you what they know and what they don’t know. So use this, use this a lot. If you don’t know something, just say わかりません. All right, just say it straight on and people will teach you. That’s the best way to learn by the way. So why don’t we practice some of these.
Naomi: はい。
Eric: I will tell you how much I don’t know. So Naomi Sensei, it’s morning. You met your Japanese boss on the street, you would say….
Naomi: おはようございます。
Eric: And then you will ask him where he is going. No I am just kidding.
Naomi: どこ行くんですか?
Eric: I want you to go to the office. What are you doing on the street? No but any way, that day it’s really hot, it’s very hot. So then you would say
Naomi: あ~蒸し暑いですね~。
Eric: And then your boss would say and he would probably say そうですね and then your boss speaks to you in Japanese but if he talks too fast Naomi Sensei, what would you do?
Naomi: すみません、わかりません。ゆっくり、お願いします。
Eric: I am sorry. I just don’t understand. Please speak slowly. Naomi Sensei, you should listen to japanesepod101.com.
Naomi: Oh yeah I will, I will.


Eric: Check it out. Alright, so it’s almost time for me to get to my club activity or everyone is going to definitely tell me おはようございます but before I go, let me tell you about the word bank on japanesepod101.com. How it works is that you could pick words from lessons or the dictionary and place them into your custom made list that you can use to review over and over until you’ve mastered all of them. And I think it’s good time for you to start you know filling up your word bank. We’ve learned tons of words so far and go ahead and master them. All right, I will see you guys later.
Naomi: じゃ、また。


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Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 30th, 2008 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san, what's the weather like in your city?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 1st, 2020 at 05:04 PM
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Senali Malwaththaさん

Thank you so much for your comment😄

It's おやすみなさい😉

Please let us know if you have any questions :)



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Senali Malwaththa
November 28th, 2020 at 02:00 AM
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Kyoo wa samui desu

Senali Malwaththa
November 28th, 2020 at 01:59 AM
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How to say 'good night' in Japanese?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 26th, 2020 at 04:39 PM
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Hi Joe,

Thank you for your comment!

It's good your doubt is now cleared up☺️

This usage of おはようございます is very Japanese and interesting, isn't it?

Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us!



Team JapanesePod101.com

September 12th, 2020 at 12:41 PM
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Ok that ohayou gozaimasu makes so much sense. I will get a message from my friend whos in Japan. It will be like 3 oclock in the afternoon there and she messages me Good Morning all the time. Im like isnt it afternoon already 😜. Im sure if she uses a translator it comes up as that. My mind is blown!!!!!!!!!

May 8th, 2020 at 01:26 PM
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JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 28th, 2019 at 11:53 AM
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Hi Steve Taylor,

Thank you for posting!


It means "where are you going?" in English.

There's no sound difference between in hiragana and in kanji. However, it's easier to know that "行く" means "going" with kanji.

In this sentence, んです is added after 行く. This is used when requesting an explanation or reason. You can say it when you observe someone going to somewhere.

Hope this helps.



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JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 4th, 2019 at 10:35 PM
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Konnichiwa aadil

Thank you for the comment.



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Steve Taylor
July 25th, 2019 at 08:27 AM
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What is the significance of 行くん in どこ行くんです? I thought it was いくん...but when I looked it up on Google Translate...it shows こうくん。

It seems understanding is correct in that it related to going. But my confusion was the difference in the sound represented by the 漢字。Also why it ends in ん?


JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 22nd, 2019 at 01:01 AM
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Konnichiwa ミハウ

Thank you for the comment.

I made little correction for you:




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