Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Yoshi and Chigusa: おはよう東京。
Yoshi: よしです。
Chigusa: ちぐさです。
Peter: Peter here. Newbie lesson number 2.
Peter: Now, it completely slipped my mind that last time we introduced the lesson, actually we began the lesson with a greeting, and we didn’t even cover that in the lesson.
Chigusa: How terrible of you, Peter.
Peter: Can we have that greeting?
Chigusa: おはよう、東京
Peter: “Good morning, Tokyo.” Now, the informal greeting for “good morning” in Japanese is…
Chigusa: おはよう
Peter: So, today is going to be a conversation on Skype. Yoshi-san, can you give us the Japanese for Skype?
Yoshi: スカイプ.
Peter: Break it down.
Yoshi: スカイプ, スカイプ
Peter: Okay. Now, Professor Watanabe will receive a Skype call from his former student who is now living in New York. Let’s start today’s conversation.
DIALOGUE
山口:渡辺先生おはようございます。
渡辺:おはよう、山口さん。
山口:渡辺先生、ニューヨークは夜です。
渡辺:あっ、失礼しました。こんばんは。
もう一度お願いします、ゆっくりお願いします。
山口:渡辺先生おはようございます。
渡辺:おはよう、山口さん。
山口:渡辺先生、ニューヨークは夜です。
渡辺:あっ、失礼しました。こんばんは。
次は英語が入ります。
山口:渡辺先生おはようございます。
Yamaguchi:Good morning Professor Watanabe.
渡辺:おはよう、山口さん。
Watanabe:Good morning Miss Yamaguchi.
山口:渡辺先生、ニューヨークは夜です。
Yamaguchi:Professor Watanabe, it's night time in New York.
渡辺:あっ、失礼しました。こんばんは。
Watanabe:Oh, excuse me. Good evening.
VOCAB LIST
Peter: So, what we’re going to do now is take a look at the vocabulary. Yoshi-san, can you start us off?
Yoshi: せんせい
Peter: “Teacher.” Break it down.
Yoshi: せんせい
Peter: Now, this can be used either as a noun or a suffix. For example, せんせい stand alone means “teacher,” a regular noun. But as in the dialogue, you can take the name of a professor or a teacher and attach…
Yoshi: せんせい
Peter: …to mean “professor” or “teacher.” For example, in the dialogue we had…
Yoshi: わたなべせんせい
Peter: Professor Watanabe. It can also be Teacher Watanabe, depending on the level. Then we have… next, Chigusa-san.
Chigusa: わたなべ
Peter: Family name. Yoshi-san’s family name. Can we break that down?
Chigusa: わ た な べ わたなべ
Peter: Then we have…
Yoshi: おはようございます。
Peter: “Good morning,” a formal good morning greeting. It means good morning but quite formal, made up of two words. Can we get those two words?
Yoshi: おはよう
Peter: Break it down.
Yoshi: おはよう おはよう
Peter: Second word.
Yoshi: ございます。
Peter: Break it down.
Yoshi: ございます。 ございます。
Peter: Next, we have the informal greeting for good morning.
Chigusa: おはよう
Peter: “Good morning.” Break it down.
Chigusa: おはよう おはよう
Peter: Now Chigusa-san, in the conversation you said to Professor Watanabe, おはようございます. But Watanabe せんせい said to you just おはよう, why is that?
Chigusa: It’s because I’m his student, and I have to show more respect towards the teacher.
Peter: So, you attached ございます to make this polite.
Chigusa: Yes.
Peter: To make the greeting polite. Now Yoshi-san, you answered with…
Yoshi: おはよう
Peter: … which is quite informal. Now, could you also say おはようございます。
Yoshi: Yes.
Peter: How come?
Yoshi: In this case, you can be polite or casual because you’re talking to your student.
Peter: So, as the person with the higher social status you have the choice to be polite or be informal. While Chigusa-san, Yamaguchi-san in the story, has no choice. She has to be formal because she is addressing her teacher, correct?
Chigusa: Correct.
Peter: Okay. But speaking of polite and nice students, I noticed in the next line, you correct your professor.
Chigusa: Yes.
Peter: But before we do that, let’s just finish off the vocab. Here we go.
Yoshi: ニューヨーク.
Peter: Yes. This will come up again and again as it’s my home town. So, New York. Can we break it down?
Yoshi: ニューヨーク ニューヨーク
Peter: Next we have…
Chigusa: よる
Peter: “Night.”
Chigusa: よる
Peter: Now, what’s the opposite of night?
Chigusa: あさ
Peter: Break that down.
Chigusa: あさ  あさ
Peter: Next we have…
Yoshi: しつれいしました。
Peter: “Excuse me.” Literally “I was rude.” We have the past tense of the verb “to do” coupled with rude, rudeness. Now, this is a set phrase. And the grammar behind it is beyond the scope of this lesson, but this is quite common. And we’ll get into it in later lessons. But for now, please just remember that this set phrase means, “Excuse me.” Break it down.
Yoshi: しつれいしました。しつれいしました。
Peter: Finally, we have…
Chigusa: こんばんは
Peter: “Good evening.”
Chigusa: こんばんは
Peter: Okay. Let’s go over these greetings again because you’ll be using them over and over. This is what you have the chance you’ll probably use the most. When you see classmates or you see your professor. If you see your classmate in your Japanese class, don’t use English. Use Japanese. Practice as much as possible. When you listen to this podcast, try and repeat it over and over. Now, Chigusa-san, what is the word for ”morning?”
Chigusa: あさ
Peter: “Morning,” okay? Now, what are the morning greetings? First, the formal one.
Chigusa: おはようございます。
Peter: Now, the informal one.
Chigusa: おはよう
Peter: Okay. What’s the word for “night?”
Chigusa: よる
Peter: And what’s the nighttime greeting?
Chigusa: こんばんは
Peter: Okay. Now we have a nighttime greeting and a morning greeting. What about the afternoon? Chigusa-san, can you give us the greeting for “Good afternoon.”
Chigusa: こんにちは
Peter: Break it down.
Chigusa: こんにちは こんにちは
Peter: Really try to hit that “n” in there. Lots of foreigners say, こんにちは. They skip the “n,” but you really want to hit it, you want to say, こんにちは. Really hit that “n.” Okay? It’s kind of like the “n” in Honda. ほんだ. You really want to hit that “n.” Honda. Okay? こんにちは Also same for the evening greeting. こんばんは Really hit that “n.” Okay? Now, Yoshi-san, how do we say “afternoon?”
Yoshi: ひる
Peter: Break it down.
Yoshi: ひる ひる
Peter: So now, we have three times a day. Yoshi-san, just give us those one more time.
Yoshi: あさ
Peter: “Morning.”
Yoshi: ひる
Peter: “Afternoon.”
Yoshi: よる
Peter: “Night.”
Then we have two different types of greetings for the morning and one each for the afternoon and night. Chigusa-san, can you give us those?
Chigusa: おはようございます。おはよう。こんにちは。こんばんは
Peter: Now, what we’re going to do is we’ll take turns. First, Yoshi-san will give you a time of the day and the person to greet. For example, Yoshi-san, from the three, morning, あさ, afternoon,ひる, or nighttime よる, from those three, pick one.
Yoshi: よる
Peter: Then pick either yourself, Watanabe せんせい or Yamaguchi-san.
Yoshi: Yamaguchi-san.
Peter: So, say them both consecutively.
Yoshi: よる、 Yamaguchi-san.
Peter: Your job is to greet that person, which in this case would be, Chigusa-san?
Chigusa: こんばんは、やまぐちさん。
Peter: Okay? So, we’ll take turns. First, Yoshi-san will give you the time plus the person. And your job is to speak back to the podcast and properly greet that person. Then, Chigusa will give you one. Okay? So, we’re going to take turns here. Now, we’ll give you three seconds to answer back, then we’ll give you the right answer, okay? Here we go.
Yoshi: ひる、 わたなべ せんせい
Chigusa: こんにちは、わたなべ せんせい
あさ、やまぐち さん
Yoshi: おはようございます、やまぐち さん
おはよう、やまぐち さん
Chigusa: よる、やまぐち さん。こんばんは、やまぐち さん
ひる、ピーターさん
Yoshi: こんにちは、ピーターさん
あさ、すずき せんせい
Chigusa: おはようございます、すずき せんせい

Outro

Peter: Okay. Now, what we’d like to do is we’d like to hear back from you. Did you like the drill? Was it useful? Do you want more? Again, your feedback will shape your curriculum. Let us know what you like. Let us know what you don’t like. So, that’s going to do for today. Again, stop by JapanesePod101.com. What would really help is in the Learning Center, we have to line by line. Come by, listen to the lesson over and over. Go into the Self-Study Center. Test yourself. If you’re weak at Hiragana or Katakana, inside the Learning Center we have a Hiragana chart with six voices- three girls and three guys. You can go in there, put the voice you want to hear on and repeat after them. Get the phonetics down. We have so much in the Learning Center. Really come down and explore it. Come down, sign up for a seven-day free trial. Get access to everything in the Premium Learning Center. Stop by, get the pdf. Again, any questions, leave a comment. That’s going to do for today.
Chigusa: またね
Yoshi: またね

Kanji

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250 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 18th, 2006 at 06:35 PM
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Let us know if you have any questions!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 23rd, 2020 at 10:49 AM
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キンミユーウーさん

Thank you for your comment😄

Please let us know if you have any questions!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

キンミユーウー
October 9th, 2020 at 01:21 PM
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ありがとうございました

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 5th, 2020 at 07:40 PM
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Konnichiwa Kelcey,


I'm sorry for the late response! Thank you very much for bringing this to our attention. We will fix the issue as soon as possible!


Konnichiwa Yi Cao,


Thank you for asking us.

失礼しました and すみません are almost same. But すみません can be used when you go through many people or call waiter or shop staff. Just like "excuse me".

This video might be interesting to you: https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/absolute-beginner-questions-answered-by-hiroko-10-sumimasen-or-gomen-nasai/?lp=173


Feel free to let us know any questions or concerns.

Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

Yi Cao
July 20th, 2020 at 08:23 PM
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what is the difference between 失礼しました and すみませ?

Kelcey
April 30th, 2019 at 11:18 AM
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It's very useful 😄 but some of the transcripts, mainly in the middle, are missing.

JapanesePod101.com
April 20th, 2019 at 07:26 PM
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Hi Nimahway,


Thank you for posting!


Feel free to let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Nimahway
April 17th, 2019 at 10:22 PM
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It is very useful👍👍👍👍👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 29th, 2018 at 04:38 PM
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Hi Kay,

Thank you for the comment!


That's a good question.

"sumimasen" sounds more like you apologize something while "shitsurei shimashita" is used when you admit your fault, mistake or discourtesy and that means "I'm sorry/ Excuse me" after all.


If you are also interested in the difference between "sumimasen" and "gomen nasai", the following video would help you.


Ask a Japanese Teacher! Should I say SUMIMASEN or GOMEN NASAI?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MH0Cely8PnE


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Kay
November 7th, 2018 at 02:13 AM
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What is the distinction between "shitsurei shimashita" and "sumimasen" if they both mean "I'm sorry, excuse me"? Thank you!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 11th, 2017 at 04:26 PM
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Hi Chloe,

Thank you for your comment!


That's a good question.

すみません is widely used to apologize, while 失礼しました is used to appologize lightly for your rude behavior or mistake.


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com