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Sakura: さくらです。
Peter: Peter here. Newbie lesson #9. Sakura-San
Sakura: はい。
Peter: Back in the studio again. It is great to have you back.
Sakura: ありがとうございます。
Peter: Now today, it is just two of us.
Sakura: そうですね。
Peter: Yeah and we are back with a newbie lesson and this is geared for people new to the language. Getting their feet wet. Now if this lesson is a little too easy for you, stop by JapanesePod101.com. There we have Sakura-San, I was counting the other day about 350 lessons. Stop by japanesepod101.com. There you will find explanations about that and much, much more. Now Sakura-San, today’s conversation is between two friends.
Sakura: はい。
Peter: And this will be informal Japanese.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Now in most of the textbooks, you will come into contact with formal Japanese, polite Japanese but Sakura-San, when we talk with your friends, when we speak but we are not that on good terms. We are really not that close. So but if we were, we would speak what kind of Japanese.
Sakura: Informal ね。
Peter: This is another thing that we want to slowly introduce you to. Well, not slowly because you are getting the crash course here. The point is two close friends having a conversation. So the Japanese is going to be informal. If this sounds a little bit new to you, don’t worry about it. After you hear the dialogue, we are going to walk you through everything.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Here we go.
Michiko: Hello Kenji! This is Michiko. Long time no see. How are you?
Kenji: ..ah...Michiko...what?....It's 3:00AM now.
Michiko: Huh, in Japan it's 3:00PM now.
Kenji: But in Washington D.C., it's 3:00AM now.
Michiko: Washington D.C.! Since when??
Peter: So Sakura-San, what did you think?
Sakura: Poor Kenji-san
Peter: Yeah woken up in the middle of the night. Let’s just point out a few things about this conversation. Now this was on the cell phone.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Which in Japanese is
Sakura: 携帯電話
Peter: Just break that down.
Sakura: け、い、た、い、で、ん、わ、携帯電話
Peter: And we have a short version which is
Sakura: 携帯
Peter: Now Michiko, the girl called Kenzie the guy.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: But he was in DC. Now how do we know this was a cell phone call?
Sakura: Because Michiko-san didn’t know he was in DC.
Peter: Exactly and there are these types of phones now where you call the local number, puts you through.
Sakura: So you can take your mobile phone to United States and then you can just use it as if you are in Japan.
Peter: Yeah. Well the local calls like if someone calls you and they call your regular number, it will put the call through. So it works that way.
Sakura: Ah…そうなんだ。
Peter: So the reason I know is because I have this type of phone.
Sakura: I see.
Peter: It’s really great. When I go back to the states or I go to China, I just take the phone with me, turn it on. If someone calls my Japanese number, it puts it right through.
Sakura: ふーん、すごいね。便利。
Peter: Yeah. Okay Sakura-san, let’s take a look at some vocab.
Sakura: お久しぶり
Peter: After a long time.
Sakura: お、ひ、さ、し、ぶ、り、お久しぶり
Peter: Now we had this in the previous lesson. You haven’t seen someone for a while, you meet them and you say?
Sakura: お久しぶり。 A very informal situation. You can say – you can drop O in the beginning and say ひさしぶり and in a more formal situation, you can say お久しぶりですね
Peter: And the sentence ending particle ne is optional too right?
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Next we have
Sakura: 今
Peter: Now.
Sakura: い、ま、今
Peter: And Sakura-san, how can I say in Japanese what time is it now?
Sakura: 今、何時ですか。
Peter: Now notice that the now 今 comes in the beginning of the sentence. One more time.
Sakura: 今、何時ですか。
Peter: Next we have
Sakura: 午前
Peter: A.M.
Sakura: ご、ぜ、ん、午前
Peter: Next
Sakura: 午後
Peter: Afternoon, PM.
Sakura: ご、ご、午後
Peter: So Sakura-San, how can I say 3 AM in Japanese?
Sakura: 午前三時
Peter: Now the point here is in English, it’s 3, the number followed by AM or PM. In Japanese, it’s the opposite. AM or PM equivalent. 午後 for PM 午前 for AM comes before the number.
Sakura: Right.
Peter: So in English, we have 3 AM, in Japanese
Sakura: 午前三時
Peter: 3 PM
Sakura: 午後三時
Peter: Okay. Now what we are going to do is take a quick look at the conversation. Sakura-San, what do we have first?
Sakura: もしもし健二さん、美智子です。
Peter: Now first we have the telephone greeting.
Sakura: もしもし
Peter: Exclusive for telephones.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: And then I always talk about this but you can – if someone is really out of it, you can say to them
Sakura: もしもし
Peter: Anybody home kind of like….
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Anybody there.
Sakura: もしもーし
Peter: I like that one. もしもし followed by
Sakura: 健二さん
Peter: The name of the person she is calling and the polite suffix
Sakura: さん
Peter: Then she says
Sakura: 美智子です
Peter: It’s Michiko. Here we have the name followed by the polite form of the copula. So she starts off very polite.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Followed by
Sakura: お久しぶり
Peter: It’s been a while and here a little bit, a little more polite than just 久しぶり
Sakura: Umm…
Peter: But still informal.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: The formal would be
Sakura: お久しぶりです
Peter: So if it’s a teacher or someone you have respect for you haven’t seen in a while, you would add the です.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Then we have
Sakura: 元気?
Peter: Now here the key is the intonation. Now up until now, we have introduced です form of asking how are you which is
Sakura: 元気ですか
Peter: 元気 followed by the polite form of the copula.
Sakura: です
Peter: And the question marking particle.
Sakura: か
Peter: So 元気ですか but here we just have 元気?. So it’s the intonation.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: That makes it into the question.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: And in polite Japanese, です and か dropped. Kenji, he replies with
Sakura: ああー、美智子.....何?
Peter: He has just been woken up Michiko’s name and
Sakura: 何?
Peter: Which is the interrogative meaning what but in polite Japanese, we had introduced this as
Sakura: 何ですか?
Peter: Again polite form of the copula です followed by the question marking particle か.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: But here it’s informal. So it is just
Sakura: なに
Peter: Then we have
Sakura: 今午前3時だよ。
Peter: It’s 3 AM now. Couple of points here. First, where does now come in the sentence?
Sakura: In the beginning.
Peter: Followed by
Sakura: 午前
Peter: AM.
Sakura: 三時
Peter: 3. Again when we do numbers, it’s the number followed by
Sakura: 時
Peter: This is followed by
Sakura: だよ
Peter: The informal, the plain form of the copula. Informal. です becomes
Sakura: だ
Peter: And then we have the sentence ending particle よ which adds emphasis to the fact that it’s 3 AM.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Next we have
Sakura: えっ、日本は午後三時よ
Peter: So she thinks Kenzie is a little mixed up. えっ is the Japanese interjection for surprise. えっ!
Sakura: Right. ]えっ!
Peter: Japan which is
Sakura: 日本
Peter: Followed by
Sakura: は
Peter: Topic marking particle and then she says almost the same thing as the previous sentence. Now it’s 3 PM and she also adds the sentence ending particle よ for emphasis saying to him, hey, what’s going on. It’s 3 PM here, 3 PM in Japan. Now notice she didn’t put in the だ, the plain form of the copula. Why is this Sakura-San.
Sakura: だ is more masculine sounding.
Peter: Exactly.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Female speakers tend not to use this.
Sakura: Hhmm…
Peter: Or at least maybe younger girls.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Will put it in but it is quite masculine. Then we have
Sakura: でも、ワシントンDCは今午前三時。
Peter: So we have the word for but でも but now Washington DC, it’s 3, 3 AM. Notice again here how the now comes first. In English, it comes at the end but here in the beginning of the sentence and then finally we have
Sakura: ワシントンDC?
Peter: Washington DC.
Sakura: いつから?
Peter: Since when? From when is the literal translation.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: So you have the interrogative for what which is?
Sakura: なに
Peter: And when
Sakura: いつ

Lesson focus

Peter: Right. So we are running way out of time but we want to introduce you – we just want to go over counting hours, 1 o'clock, 2 o'clock, 3 o'clock. Point of today’s lesson. So, Sakura-san, can you count from 1 to 12 o'clock for us.
Sakura: いちじ、にじ、さんじ、よじ、ごじ、ろくじ、しちじ、はちじ、くじ、じゅうじ、じゅういちじ、じゅうにじ
Peter: Couple of points here. 4 o'clock. What‘s 4 o'clock again?
Sakura: よじ
Peter: Now the word for 4, there is a few ways to say it in Japanese. There is
Sakura: よん
Peter: And
Sakura: し
Peter: But can we say しじ
Sakura: No.
Peter: So only
Sakura: よじ Four.
Peter: よじ
Sakura: よじ
Peter: Which is even more mindboggling because we drop the ん sound.
Sakura: Ah うんうん
Peter: So it’s just よじ
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: So one little pitfall there that you have to watch out for.
Sakura: Right.
Peter: Next is 7 o'clock.
Sakura: しちじ
Peter: Now again, there is two words for 7, しち and
Sakura: なな
Peter: Can we say ななじ?
Sakura: No it’s しちじ
Peter: Yeah and finally what about 9 o'clock because we have くand きゅう.
Sakura: くじ
Peter: And we can’t say it the other way right?
Sakura: Right.


Peter: Okay. And more about this inside the PDF. Stop by japanesepod101.com and make sure to pick that up. Sakura-san, thank you so much for joining us today. It was really, really fun. It’s always a pleasure to have you.
Sakura: はい、また宜しくお願いします。
Peter: See you tomorrow.
Sakura: またね!


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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 12th, 2007 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san, 時差ぼけって知っていますか。Jisa boke tte shitte imasu ka? Do you know what jisa boke means? Answer to come shortly....

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 28th, 2020 at 05:45 PM
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Konnichiwa Rachel,

Thank you for your comment.Your sentence is perfect.

Keep up the good work and Feel free to ask us any questions.


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August 15th, 2020 at 03:34 AM
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JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 27th, 2019 at 05:10 AM
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Konnichiwa fkfmfgkdfm,

Thank you for asking. What you face happens because your 7-day premium that we gave you for free has expired and now you have something called a Free Lifetime Account. Our students with a free account can only access the most recent lessons from the past 3 weeks and the first 3 lessons from each series. So it's not every lesson that is blurred out; you still receive countless hours of free audio and video from us, just follow our site regularly and enjoy all our new materials, as well as the first 3 from each series.

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November 21st, 2019 at 11:32 AM
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Every time i sign into japanesepod101.com it says that i have to upgrade it and the vocab is blurred out it wont even let me listen to the audio. Does anyone know what is going on?

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September 4th, 2019 at 09:54 PM
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Konnichiwa Mario

Thank you for your posting.

It's always しちじ not ななじ. But please let us know If you find this wrong part so that we can look into it and do some changes If necessary.

Thank you very much and apologize for the confusion.


Team JapanesePod101

April 27th, 2019 at 08:51 AM
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In another lesson i learned ななじ is use at the trainstation for example but in this lesson さくら先生 said we can't use ななじ

I'm confused 😳

April 26th, 2019 at 08:40 AM
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Hi Kristine,

Thank you very much for leaving comments!

Gozen or gogo, either way, your Japanese sentence is great!

Thanks for studying with us!


Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

March 27th, 2019 at 12:46 AM
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Oooops! I used gozen in my previous comment rather than gogo.


Ima Singapore wa gogo juichi-ji sanju ha-ppun.

March 27th, 2019 at 12:41 AM
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Ima Singapore wa gozen juichi-ji sanju ha-ppun.

March 24th, 2019 at 07:12 PM
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Hello Mike,

Thank you very much for your thumbs-up!

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Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

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