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Lesson Transcript

Natsuko: なつこです。
Megumi: めぐみです。
Fujimoto: 藤本です。
Peter: Peter here. Newbie lesson #8. Now we are back with again Natsuko-san, the Math class.
Natsuko: Again…
Peter: You guessed it. Now Megumi-san, we are teaching language through math and today we are continuing on with multiplication and today we have Fujimoto-sensei in the studio.
Megumi: 先生ようこそ!
Natsuko: こんにちは。
Peter: 宜しくお願いします。
Natsuko: 宜しくお願いします。
Fujimoto: 宜しくお願いします。
Peter: Sensei, how are you today?
Fujimoto: 元気ですよ!ピーターさんは?
Peter: あ、おかげさまで元気ですよ。
Fujimoto: めぐみさんは?
Megumi: あ、すごく元気です。ありがとうございます。
Fujimoto: 良かった。
Peter: Now Natsuko-san, how do you say multiplication in Japanese?
Natsuko: 掛け算。
Peter: So we are working on multiplication today. With that said, let’s get into today’s lesson. Here we go.
Teacher:Today's topic is multiplication.
Kiyoshi, read the problem.
Kiyoshi:Okay. What is 7 times 6?
Teacher:Yes, that's right.
Next is Tomoko. Read the problem.
Tomoko:What is 12 times 6?
It's 60.
Kiyoshi:What?! You're wrong!
Teacher:Huh? Wow. That's right. Pardon me. 72.
Kiyoshi and Tomoko: Teacher, do your best!
Peter: Now in Japan, elementary school kids have a very interesting way of remembering the multiplication table. Sensei, can you tell us about that?
Fujimoto: 9×9=81 これを、九九八十一と覚えます。
Peter: Sensei, もう一度お願いします。ゆっくりお願いします。 One more time, slowly please.
Fujimoto: 9×9=81
Natsuko: 9 x 9 is 81.
Fujimoto: 九九八十一、と覚えます。
And they memorize it as 9,9, 81. You omit the multiplication sign as well as the equal sign.
Peter: Yeah and it also plays on the fact that 9 in Japanese can be pronounced く or きゅう both ways. So くく 9, 9 はちじゅういち、 81. Now this method has a lot to do with the rhythm of the sentence. The teacher provides the kids with these special sentences to help them memorize the multiplication table. For example, we had
Fujimoto: くくはちじゅういち
Natsuko: 9 x 9 = 81.
Peter: Sensei, can we have another one?
Fujimoto: ししじゅうろく
Natsuko: 4 x 4 = 16.
Peter: Sensei, もう一度お願いします。ゆっくりお願いします。 One more time, slowly please.
Natsuko: 4 x 4 = 16.
Peter: It’s the rhythm inside of these sentences that makes that connection from memorization for the Japanese students.
Natsuko: Right it’s almost like a song that allows for ease of memorization.
Peter: Yeah, so, with that said, let's take a look at today's vocabulary.
Natsuko: The first word.
Megumi: 今日
Natsuko: Today. Break it down.
Megumi: きょ・う 今日
Natsuko: Next word.
Megumi: 掛け算
Natsuko: Multiplication. And break it down.
Megumi: か・け・ざ・ん、掛け算
Peter: Next, we have.
Natsuko: 問題
Megumi: Problem, question.
Natsuko: Next we actually have a phrase.
Megumi: 問題を言ってください。
Natsuko: Please read the problem.
Megumi: も・ん・だ・い・を・い・って・く・だ・さ・い。問題を言ってください。
Peter: Now there are two points of interest in this phrase. First, we have the word for problem. Sensei?
Fujimoto: 問題
Peter: Then this is marked by the object marking particle.
Fujimoto: を
Peter: Followed by
Fujimoto: 言って下さい
Peter: Now 言って is actually what verb Sensei?
Fujimoto: いう
Peter: Which is the verb to say. Here it’s in its te form which is Sensei.
Fujimoto: 言って
Peter: And it’s followed by
Fujimoto: 下さい
Peter: Now again Japanese, the verb comes at the end. So literally this phrase is problem, say, please. The exact opposite of English, please say the problem. So we just had to start from the back and work our way and we wind up with the translation, please say the problem. Okay we are going to get you very, very familiar with this. Start from the back. Okay next.
Natsuko: 掛ける
Megumi: Times to multiply by.
Natsuko: か・け・る、掛ける
Megumi: The next word you’ve just learned.
Natsuko: 言う
Megumi: To speak, to say
Natsuko: い・う、言う
Megumi: Next word.
Natsuko: 先生
Megumi: Teacher.
Natsuko: せ・ん・せ・い、先生
Peter: Now the name of the teacher comes before the word for teacher in Japanese. So in English, we would have Ms. Fujimoto but in Japanese, we have
Natsuko: Fujimoto Sensei.
Megumi: Next we have another phrase 失礼しました。 Excuse me, pardon me し・つ・れ・い・し・ま・し・た.
Megumi: Now let’s move on to the focal point of the lesson which is the numbers from 20 to 100.

Lesson focus

Natsuko: 先生お願いします。
Megumi: にじゅう
Natsuko: 20
Megumi: さんじゅう
Natsuko: 30
Megumi: よんじゅう
Natsuko: 40
Megumi: ごじゅう
Natsuko: 50
Megumi: ろくじゅう
Natsuko: 60
Megumi: ななじゅう
Natsuko: 70
Megumi: はちじゅう
Natsuko: 80
Megumi: きゅうじゅう
Natsuko: 90
Megumi: ひゃく
Natsuko: 100
Peter: In the previous lesson, we covered the numbers 11 through 19 and we formed those numbers by taking 10 and following it with 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. So for example, in the case for 11, we actually had the number 10 followed by the #1.
Natsuko: じゅういち
Peter: There it is. Now for these numbers, you take the numbers 2 through 9 and we simply put them in front of the 10. In the case of 20, we have
Natsuko: にじゅう
Peter: In the case of 30, we have
Natsuko: さんじゅう
Peter: Yeah just taking that number and putting it in front. It’s that easy. Now a couple of key points. The number 40, as there is two numbers for the number 4, し andよん, can we have しじゅう for 40?
Natsuko: No, no.
Peter: No, no only one which is
Natsuko: よんじゅう
Peter: And how about 70?
Natsuko: ななじゅう
Peter: Can we have しちじゅう?
Natsuko: If you want to sound weird.
Peter: Yeah so that’s a no and how about for 90?
Natsuko: きゅうじゅう
Peter: Can we have くじゅう?
Natsuko: Nope.
Peter: Yeah so those three, 40, 70 and 90, those are the only kind of pitfalls you kind of have to watch out for. Can we just get those one more time Megumi-san?
Megumi: よんじゅう
Peter: 40
Megumi: ななじゅう
Peter: 70
Megumi: きゅうじゅう
Peter: 90.


Peter: All right now be sure to stop by japanesepod101.com and pick up the PDF. Inside the PDF, we have a detailed explanation about forming numbers. All right that’s going to do for today. じゃあ藤本先生、今日どうもありがとうございます。
Fujimoto: どういたしまして。
Megumi: 色々習えました。
Fujimoto: 皆さんも頑張って下さい。
Megumi: じゃあまた明日ー!


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Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 5th, 2007 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Mina-san, Does anybody have their calculator out yet? :wink: Yoroshiku onegai shimasu!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 28th, 2020 at 12:49 PM
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Module higishikataさん



いっしょに がんばりましょう!

Please let us know if you have any question :)



Team JapanesePod101.com

Module higishikata
January 18th, 2020 at 01:39 AM
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2:50 is terrifying

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 7th, 2019 at 03:04 AM
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Filip Hudcovicさん


In the dialogue, it's explained how you add single digit to tens.

89 will be はちじゅうきゅう and 112 will be ひゃくじゅうに.

Zero is listed here:


Please let us know if you have any question :)



Team JapanesePod101.com

Filip Hudcovic
November 7th, 2019 at 04:27 PM
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おはよう guys,

just wanted to let you know this one and the previous lesson on numbers is better than the first one because you actually touch the numbers! However, I think we're still missing two things:

a) how do you create complex numbers like 89 or 112? An explanation on this would be great!

b) also, I have to say you forgot about the most important number and that's 0! :D

Have a good one,


JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 21st, 2019 at 03:17 AM
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こんにちは ヴィンセント

Thank you for the comment. Glad to know you are enjoy learning with us!

You can see explanations and also able to find some lessons which covers te-form from following link. https://www.japanesepod101.com/learningcenter/reference/grammar/134

Hope you will enjoy learning about this part of Japanese! 😉 Feel free to ask us any questions!


Team JapanesePod101.com

January 30th, 2019 at 01:46 AM
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I've really enjoyed the lessons so far and learned a lot of new things!

I don't really understand the "te" form and why/how/when it should be used. Will there be a more indept lesson later on, or have I not been listening too well?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 27th, 2019 at 11:37 AM
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Hi Robin,

Thanks for leaving a comment!


If you have questions, please let us know in the comment.


Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

January 9th, 2019 at 01:37 AM
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JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 27th, 2018 at 10:48 AM
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Hi Juliana,

Thank you for the comment!

色々習えました。 could be translated as "I learned many kinds of things."

Please note that 色々(な) is one of na-adj and it means "many kinds". Hope this helps you👍

Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com



Team JapanesePod101.com

December 6th, 2018 at 12:59 AM
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I was wondering about what Megumi said in the end... "色々習えました". What does it mean?