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なつこ: なつこです。
Peter: Peter here. Newbie lesson #24. Natsuko-san.
なつこ: はい。
Peter: We are back.
なつこ: We are back, yes.
Peter: With our patient and the story is about to get interesting.
なつこ: About to.
Peter: About to.
なつこ: Okay.
Peter: Well why don’t we start with today’s topic. Again another interesting word for many reasons and I will get into them right after we give you that word. Natsuko-san, what do we have first?
なつこ: 記憶喪失
Peter: Amnesia. Now this is basic. Everyone needs to know this word.
なつこ: I know, I know basic.
Peter: And I am being serious because Natsuko-san if you were Japanese teacher right and you ask the student a question and they didn’t know, instead of saying わかりませんor I don’t know or looking around the room as one of my old teachers would say waiting for the answer to appear out of the heavens.
なつこ: Yeah.
Peter: You know if you say to the teacher, oh I have amnesia, that should be worth some credit you know?
なつこ: It depends on the teacher. Maybe he or she will like it but it depends.
Peter: Excellent point. So why don’t we just – you just give us a word one more time and just break it down.
なつこ: 記憶喪失 き・お・く・そ・う・し・つ 記憶喪失
Peter: Now like many words in Japanese, it seems quite intimidating the first time you hear it but when you take a look at the components, it doesn’t bite. It’s not there at all.
なつこ: Exactly.
Peter: What’s the first word we have?
なつこ: 記憶
Peter: Which is memory.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: This is followed by
なつこ: 喪失
Peter: To lose.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: So literally memory loss, amnesia.
なつこ: Yeah. It’s easier to understand than the English word.
Peter: Much easier because it’s very logical. In English we have, Umm… I am going to stay away from that but yeah I think it’s much more logical, the Japanese way.
なつこ: You know, explanation is included in the word.
Peter: Yeah. Now how would you say I have amnesia?
なつこ: 私は記憶喪失です。
Peter: So very, very straightforward. I memory loss. I have lost my memory or memories in this case.
なつこ: All the memories.
Peter: Well probably I could still talk like our patient. Well let’s not try to give too much more away.
なつこ: Okay.
Peter: With that said, are you ready for today’s conversation Natsuko-san?
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: All right, here we go.
病院長: 鈴木さん、お疲れ様でした。ここまででいいです。
鈴木: わかりました。
患者: 鈴木さん、ちょっと待ってください。どこへ行くのですか。教えて
鈴木: 失礼します。
患者: あなたはだれですか。
病院長: 初めまして。病院長の田中です。
患者: 初めまして。私は、私は、私は誰ですか。
病院長: 鈴木さん、お疲れ様でした。ここまででいいです。
鈴木: わかりました。
患者: 鈴木さん、ちょっと待ってください。どこへ行くのですか。教えて
鈴木: 失礼します。
患者: あなたはだれですか。
病院長: 初めまして。病院長の田中です。
患者: 初めまして。私は、私は、私は誰ですか。
病院長: 鈴木さん、お疲れ様でした。ここまででいいです。
DIRECTOR: Ms. Suzuki, thank you. That’ll be all.
鈴木: わかりました。
SUZUKI: Yes, understood.
患者: 鈴木さん、ちょっと待ってください。どこへ行くのですか。教えて
SATOSHI: Ms. Suzuki, wait a minute. Where are you going? Please tell me!
鈴木: 失礼します。
SUZUKI: Excuse me.
患者: あなたはだれですか。
SATOSHI: Who are you?
病院長: 初めまして。病院長の田中です。
DIRECTOR: How do you do? I'm Mr. Tanaka, the hospital director.
患者: 初めまして。私は、私は、私は誰ですか。
SATOSHI: Nice to meet you. I'm, I'm, who am I?
Peter: Natsuko-san, what did you think?
なつこ: This phrase kills me. 私は誰ですか
Peter: Who am I?
なつこ: Who am I? You always hear that on drama.
Peter: Yes I think so and right around the climax or in these kind of dramas with all these twisting, turning plots. So while you think, it wouldn’t be that useful. It is something you hear.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: 私は誰ですかor I guess like when someone does some self reflecting, Natsuko-san 私は誰ですか。教えてください。and see, you can use them in combination. Oh boy! But nevertheless, very fun.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: And that’s what it’s all about. Having fun with this amazing language. Now Natsuko-san, you are ready for some vocabulary?
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: All right, what do we have first?
なつこ: 病院長
Peter: Director of hospital, head of the hospital.
なつこ: (slow) びょういんちょう (natural speed)病院長
Peter: Now last week we introduced the word for hospital which is
なつこ: 病院
Peter: And today the word is
なつこ: 病院長
Peter: So hospital plus head.
なつこ: Yes 長
Peter: So hospital head, head of the hospital and this 長is used in many other instances.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: To indicate the head of some kind of organization.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: For example, we have.
なつこ: 社長
Peter: Head of the company.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: しゃbeing company and ちょう being head. Company head, head of the company. So in this case, director of the hospital and again, you have to kind of equate it to the English term when you are translating. Next we have
なつこ: お疲れ様
Peter: You worked hard. Thank you for your efforts.
なつこ: (slow) おつかれさま (natural speed) お疲れ様
Peter: Now this is a phrase used at the workplace.
なつこ: Usually yes.
Peter: Excellent point. How about a phrase used when a group of people are doing something together?
なつこ: That’s nice.
Peter: That’s nice because yeah sporting events and other things like this. So after you’ve given a tremendous effort or in some cases not, this phrase is used.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: お疲れ様でした。 お疲れ様And it means thank you for your efforts.
なつこ: Yeah.
Peter: If we are going to give a rough translation. On we go.
なつこ: ちょっと
Peter: A little.
なつこ: (slow) ちょっと (natural speed) ちょっと
Peter: Followed by
なつこ: 教える
Peter: To teach, to inform.
なつこ: (slow)おしえる (natural speed)教える
Peter: Now in the conversation we have
なつこ: 教えてください
Peter: Now in the conversation, we have what form of 教える
なつこ: Te form.
Peter: Which is?
なつこ: 教えて
Peter: Now 教えるis the class II verb. So when we conjugate, we drop the るand we add
なつこ: Te
Peter: So we start with 教える but we get
なつこ: 教えて
Peter: Then to this in the dialogue we attach
なつこ: ください
Peter: Please. 教える is to teach, teach please and when we translate this, tell me please. Next we have
なつこ: 初めまして
Peter: Nice to meet you.
なつこ: (slow)はじめまして (natural speed) 初めまして
Peter: And finally?
なつこ: 失礼
Peter: Discourtesy, rudeness.
なつこ: (slow) しつれい (natural speed) 失礼
Peter: Okay Natsuko-san, let’s take a look at this conversation.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: So last week we left off. The nurse was about to tell the patient.
なつこ: Oh yeah.
Peter: Why he was here. それは…And to be continued. Now this time she is right about to say it. In walks, the director of the hospital. So we start off with.
なつこ: 鈴木さん、お疲れ様でした。
Peter: Ms. Suzuki, thank you for your efforts.
なつこ: ここまででいいです。
Peter: Here is good enough. That will be all. So he doesn’t want her to disclose any information. Walks in, addresses her by her last name and the suffix san.
なつこ: Suzukisan.
Peter: Followed by
なつこ: お疲れ様でした。
Peter: Thank you for your efforts. Again she is working. So she is doing a good job. She is doing her job well or maybe not but again it’s again workplace. So thank you for your efforts. And here the nuance is, please leave like you’ve done enough here. Out you go. This is followed by
なつこ: ここまでで良いです。
Peter: That will be all but let’s take a look at this phrase. First we have
なつこ: ここ
Peter: Here
なつこ: まで
Peter: To. So here to up to the point. To as in up to the point to. So literally here up to.
なつこ: で
Peter: Particle marking the point as in up to here followed by
なつこ: 良いです
Peter: It’s good. So literally up to here, it’s good. Translate it, that will be all. You’ve done enough. Then we have
なつこ: はい、わかりました
Peter: Yes understood and now for all you students out there, this is what you should be saying over and over to your Sensei, はい、わかりました。はい、わかりました. Try and make your professor tell you to stop on saying that word. Then we go on to.
なつこ: 鈴木さん、ちょっと待ってください
Peter: So he calls the Suzukisan, Ms. Suzuki, please wait. The ちょっと is a little, a little followed by
なつこ: 待って
Peter: Wait.
なつこ: ください
Peter: Please. A little wait please. Now the verb for wait is
なつこ: 待つ
Peter: And this is a class I verb. So the conjugation is a bit different than the class 2 verb we introduced previously. To conjugate 待つ into its te form, 待つbecomes
なつこ: 待って
Peter: And we attach the ください. So ちょっと待ってください. Please wait a little, please wait a second followed by
なつこ: どこへ行くのですか
Peter: Where will you go? Now here there is no subject but again it’s inferred. He already addressed Suzukisan in the previous sentence. So it’s already inferred that he is addressing, he is talking to Suzukisan. So where are you going Suzukisan, Ms. Suzuki. Okay let’s just run through this. First we have.
なつこ: どこ
Peter: Where.
なつこ: へ
Peter: Particle marking direction followed by
なつこ: 行く
Peter: The dictionary form of the verb to go. So literally where to go.
なつこ: のですか
Peter: And here this is a pattern used to ask questions. Now in textbooks, you usually see どこへ行きますか
なつこ: Oh yes.
Peter: Where will you go but in Spoken Japanese, it is quite common to use the dictionary form of a verb plus
なつこ: の
Peter: Followed by
なつこ: ですか
Peter: Here this sentence has a bit more emphasis to it.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: But the politeness level is the same. So you can actually try this in your classroom. You can switch instead of 行きますかyou can use 行くのですかand politeness level is the same.
なつこ: Yeah. This form gives the impression that you know, you are more interested in you know where about someone is going.
Peter: Yeah.
なつこ: You know, どこへ行きますかsounds like where are we going or where do you want to go.
Peter: Just as Natsuko-san said, just not the same kind of enthusiasm or interest is conveyed when using 行きますか
なつこ: Right.
Peter: All right. So give that a try in your classroom and the best part is you can use this のですかwith other verbs and it’s easier because you could take them in a dictionary form rather than conjugate them.
なつこ: You are right.
Peter: Then we have.
なつこ: 教えてください
Peter: Please tell me. And then, Suzukisan leaves the room and when she leaves, she says
なつこ: 失礼します
Peter: This is followed by
なつこ: あなたは誰ですか
Peter: So then the patient turns to the director of the hospital and says,
なつこ: あなたは誰ですか
Peter: Who are you again really twisting the conversation to really get you introduced and familiar with pronouns and things like this. So bear with us. Who are you followed by
なつこ: 初めまして
Peter: Nice to meet you.
なつこ: 病院長の田中です。
Peter: I am the Director of the hospital Tanaka. Again notice the order here. Position first, name second.
なつこ: 病院長の
Peter: Head of the hospital and head of the hospital 病院長 followed by の, then the name.
なつこ: 田中です
Peter: Then he goes to respond and we get.
なつこ: 初めまして
Peter: Nice to meet you.
なつこ: 私は、私は、私は誰ですか
Peter: That was – Natsuko, have you done this before?
なつこ: Ah?
Peter: Do you ask this question often because that was really nice intonation.
なつこ: Thank you. I never tried.
Peter: So yes I – Who am I and so on but again we are getting you familiar with these pronouns. How to set the sentences up. Again the content is there to be interesting but inside, we are teaching you some really good sentence structure. So literally I who am 私は誰ですか. I who am, who am I? Getting you familiar with this. Natsuko-san, what do you think?


なつこ: Of course this will continue right?
Peter: Of course and I have seen the next scripts. You don’t want to miss the next one.
なつこ: Okay sure.
Peter: Further out into space. Hello もしもしThat’s going to do for today.
なつこ: じゃあ、また今度


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Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 5th, 2007 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san, the mystery is getting bigger and bigger. Where did Satoshi come from? Why's he in the hospital? And even more importantly, how do WE know his name is Satoshi??? These and many more questions answered next week. Same time, Same place. Be there! (笑)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 6th, 2020 at 03:37 AM
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Monica (モニカ)さん


Yes, you can and otsukare sama desu is more common.

Please let us know if you have any question :)



Team JapanesePod101.com

Monica (モニカ)
February 29th, 2020 at 01:14 AM
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Konnichiwa JapanesePod101 team!

Can you use otsukare sama desu when leaving the office? Also, is it more common to use otsukare sama desu or otsukare sama deshita?

Arigato gozaimasu!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 19th, 2019 at 12:41 AM
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Hi Daniil,

Thank you for your message.

Please also check out the lesson materials, such as the Lesson Notes pdf and Transcript to help you in your study.

To know more about verbs, you can check out this series:

Visual Japanese Grammar Bank


It has many lessons about verbs to help you with that subject.👍

And in case of any questions, we're here to help!


Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Daniil Vasilev
August 12th, 2019 at 09:08 PM
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This lesson was intense.

Especially all the verbs.

Thank you.

June 16th, 2017 at 10:55 PM
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あなたたちはべつおもしろいレッスンをつくるしました。? (You have made another interesting lesson)

お疲れ様でした。? (Thank you for your hard work)

にほんごをもっとおしえてください。❤️️ (Please teach me more Japanese)

Can the phrase "ここまでで良いです" be used as "here is good enough" if say you are in a taxi and want to get out?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 15th, 2016 at 01:19 PM
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Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

September 8th, 2016 at 01:58 AM
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Wow, these lessons just keep getting better and better :smile:

たくさん面白いレッスンを作ってください。Please, prepare a lot of interesting lessons.

Hope Satoshi will get his memory back!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 15th, 2015 at 06:51 PM
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When it’s followed by 行きます, the answer is “yes.”

Yes, that sentence is correct.

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

September 15th, 2015 at 08:33 AM
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こんにちはJapaneseポッド。問題があります。Is it true that に and へ can be interchangeable?

So, is this sentence correct as well?


JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 5th, 2015 at 02:59 PM
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Khawla san,


If you leave comments for an unspecified large number of people, I recommend you to use high politeness level langauges.

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com