Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Risa: And I'm Risa.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Japanese Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 9. Talking About the Future.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for describing something in the future.
PATTERN
Eric: For example,
Eric: "I'll go to Kyoto tomorrow."
Risa: 私は、あした京都に行きます。 (Watashi wa, ashita Kyōto ni ikimasu.)
Risa: [slow] 私は、あした京都に行きます。 (Watashi wa, ashita Kyōto ni ikimasu.)
Eric: The pattern for describing something in the future has 3 elements. First, "I" + topic marking particle.
Risa: 私は (Watashi wa ).
Eric: Second, tomorrow.
Risa: あした (ashita).
Eric: Third, the verb phrase "to go to Kyōto".
Risa: 京都 (Kyōto)
Eric: followed by a direction marking particle,
Risa: に (ni)
Eric: and the masu form of a verb meaning “to go".
Risa: 行きます (ikimasu)
Risa: 京都に行きます (Kyōto ni ikimasu)
Eric: Altogether, we have.. "I'll go to Kyoto tomorrow."
Risa: 私は、あした京都に行きます。 (Watashi wa, ashita Kyōto ni ikimasu.) [slow] 私は、あした京都に行きます。 (Watashi wa, ashita Kyōto ni ikimasu.) [normal] 私は、あした京都に行きます。 (Watashi wa, ashita Kyōto ni ikimasu.)
Eric: To say “I'll [do something]. ” in Japanese, the topic
Risa: 私は (Watashi wa)
Eric: comes first, then a future time expression
Risa: あした (ashita)
Eric: and verb or verb phrase in masu form.
Risa: 京都に行きます (Kyōto ni ikimasu).
Risa: 私は、あした京都に行きます。 (Watashi wa, ashita Kyōto ni ikimasu.)
Eric: So remember that to describe something in the future, say ([Person] wa), [future time expression], and a verb or verb phrase in masu form at the end. Note that you can omit the person, if it is clear who you are referring to.
Eric: Here is another example meaning, "I'll eat sushi tomorrow." First, "I" + topic marking particle.
Risa: 私は (Watashi wa )
Eric: Second, tomorrow.
Risa: あした (ashita)
Eric: Third, the verb phrase "to eat sushi", broken down into these parts. First,
Risa: 寿司 (Sushi)
Eric: followed by an object marking particle,
Risa: を (o)
Eric: and the masu form of the verb meaning “to eat”.
Risa: 食べます (tabemasu)
Risa: 寿司を食べます (sushi o tabemasu).
Eric: Altogether we have..
Risa: 私は、あした寿司を食べます。 (Watashi wa, ashita sushi o tabemasu.) [slow] 私は、あした寿司を食べます。 (Watashi wa, ashita sushi o tabemasu.) [normal] 私は、あした寿司を食べます。 (Watashi wa, ashita sushi o tabemasu.)
Eric: "I'll eat sushi tomorrow."
[pause]
Risa: 私は、あした寿司を食べます。 (Watashi wa, ashita sushi o tabemasu.)
Eric: How do you say - "I'll call you tomorrow"? To give you a hint, "to call" is..
Risa: 電話します (denwa shimasu). [slow] 電話します (denwa shimasu). [normal] 電話します (denwa shimasu).
Eric: "I'll call you tomorrow."
[pause]
Risa: あした、電話します。 (Ashita, denwa shimasu.) [slow] あした、電話します。 (Ashita, denwa shimasu.) [normal] あした、電話します。 (Ashita, denwa shimasu.)
[pause]
Risa: あした、電話します。 (Ashita, denwa shimasu.)
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Japanese. Here we go.
Eric: "I'll go to Kyoto tomorrow."
[pause]
Risa: 私は、あした京都に行きます。 (Watashi wa, ashita Kyōto ni ikimasu.)
[pause]
Risa: 私は、あした京都に行きます。 (Watashi wa, ashita Kyōto ni ikimasu.)
Eric: "I'll eat sushi tomorrow."
[pause]
Risa: 私は、あした寿司を食べます。 (Watashi wa, ashita sushi o tabemasu.)
[pause]
Risa: 私は、あした寿司を食べます。 (Watashi wa, ashita sushi o tabemasu.)
Eric: "I'll call you tomorrow."
[pause]
Risa: あした、電話します。 (Ashita, denwa shimasu.)
[pause]
Risa: あした、電話します。 (Ashita, denwa shimasu.)

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for describing something in the future, as in..
Risa: 私は、あした京都に行きます。 (Watashi wa, ashita Kyōto ni ikimasu.)
Eric: meaning "I'll go to Kyoto tomorrow."
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on JapanesePod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Risa: じゃ、また。(Ja, mata.)

6 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.comVerified
August 29th, 2016 at 6:30 pm
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What will you do next weekend?

JapanesePod101.comVerified
August 10th, 2019 at 5:49 pm
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Tinaさん、こんにちは!


コメントありがとうございます。


家族でオーストラリアに行くんですね。いいですね!

もう八月ですから、今旅行していますか。

私は今月台湾に行きますよ!


I hope you will definitely come to Japan in the near future!!


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com


Tina
June 12th, 2019 at 7:27 am
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今年8月に家族とオーストラリアに行きます。

オーストラリアへ観光旅行に行きます。

来年台湾に行きます。

将来日本に行きます。

楽しみです。

JapanesePod101.comVerified
November 22nd, 2017 at 3:32 pm
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>こんにちは、アンジさん

コメントありがとうございます!

らいしゅうまつ が たのしみ です ね。


>Hi David,

Thank you for your comment!

歳 and 才 are correct and both mean "years old". 才 is a simplified character and often used in daily, sometimes in official situations as well.


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

David
November 8th, 2017 at 7:48 pm
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In the vocabulary list "才" is used as the kanji for 'sai', meaning 'years old'. Is this right? I always thought '歳' was the kanji for the counter of years of age.

アンジ  シンクレイア
October 16th, 2017 at 7:31 am
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私 は 友だち と らいしゅまつ ロンドンの旅行 を します。