Dialogue

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Risa: And I'm Risa.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Japanese Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 24. Politely Asking Someone to Do Something, Part 1.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern to politely ask someone to do something.
PATTERN
Eric: For example, "Please wait."
Risa: 待ってください。 (Matte kudasai.)
Risa: [slow] 待ってください。 (Matte kudasai.)
Eric: This pattern to politely ask someone to do something has 2 elements. First, the te-form of the verb meaning "to wait."
Risa: 待って (Matte-).
Eric: Second, a word literally meaning "please give me."
Risa: ください (kudasai)
Eric: When it's used after the te-form of a verb, it makes a polite request. "Please do something." Altogether, we have, "Please wait."
Risa: 待ってください。 (Matte kudasai.) [slow] 待ってください。 (Matte kudasai.) [normal] 待ってください。 (Matte kudasai.)
Eric: To politely tell someone to do something, first state the te-form of a verb or verb phrase, and then add
Risa: ください (kudasai)
Eric: All together,
Risa: 待ってください。 (Matte kudasai.)
Eric: So remember to politely ask someone to do something, just add
Risa: ください(kudasai)
Eric: to the te-form of a verb or verb phrase.
Eric: Here’s another example meaning, "Please speak slowly." First, the verb phrase meaning "to speak slowly" with the te-form of a verb.
Risa: ゆっくり話して (Yukkuri hanashite-).
Eric: Second, a word literally meaning "please give me."
Risa: ください (kudasai)
Eric: When it's used after the te-form of a verb, it makes a polite request. "Please do something." Altogether we have...
Risa: ゆっくり話してください。 (Yukkuri hanashite kudasai.) [slow] ゆっくり話してください。 (Yukkuri hanashite kudasai.) [normal] ゆっくり話してください。 (Yukkuri hanashite kudasai.)
Eric: "Please speak slowly."
[pause]
Risa: ゆっくり話してください。 (Yukkuri hanashite kudasai.)
Eric: How do you say, "Please write your name here?" To give you a hint, "to write" is...
Risa: 書く (kaku). [slow] 書く (kaku). [normal] 書く (kaku).
Eric: "Please write your name here."
[pause]
Risa: ここに名前を書いてください。 (Koko ni namae o kaite kudasai.) [slow] ここに名前を書いてください。 (Koko ni namae o kaite kudasai.) [normal] ここに名前を書いてください。 (Koko ni namae o kaite kudasai.)
[pause]
Risa: ここに名前を書いてください。 (Koko ni namae o kaite kudasai.)
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I’ll give you the English equivalent of the phrase, and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud in Japanese. Here we go.
Eric: "Please wait."
[pause]
Risa: 待ってください。 (Matte kudasai.)
[pause]
Risa: 待ってください。 (Matte kudasai.)
Eric: "Please speak slowly."
[pause]
Risa: ゆっくり話してください。 (Yukkuri hanashite kudasai.)
[pause]
Risa: ゆっくり話してください。 (Yukkuri hanashite kudasai.)
Eric: "Please write your name here."
[pause]
Risa: ここに名前を書いてください。 (Koko ni namae o kaite kudasai.)
[pause]
Risa: ここに名前を書いてください。 (Koko ni namae o kaite kudasai.)

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for politely asking someone to do something, as in...
Risa: 待ってください。 (Matte kudasai.)
Eric: meaning "Please wait." You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on JapanesePod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Risa: じゃ、また。(Ja, mata.).

5 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 12th, 2016 at 06:30 PM
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Try using this pattern in the comments!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 24th, 2018 at 11:42 AM
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Hi Zara,

Thank you for your comment!


We are glad to hear that you like our lesson.

There are some other audio series in our website. How about the following one?

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson-library/japanese-business-customs-and-language/


Hope you like it👍


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Zara
June 26th, 2018 at 12:52 PM
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I just wanted to say that I love this series of example sentence structures and found it incredibly useful in improving and extending my grammar. Like Walt, I would love to more complex sentence structure audio!

Japanesepod101.com Verified
August 6th, 2017 at 06:42 PM
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Hi Walt,


Thank you so much for your comment and suggestion. We are always working on improving our materials, and your opinion is highly valuable!


We'd just like to point out that in the Lesson’s [Vocabulary] tab you can listen to the audio in normal or slow speed and then record your voice to practice the words & sentences shown.


Please stay tuned, as we'll have new lessons for you every week! And if you have any questions, feel free to ask us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team Japanesepod101.com

Walt
August 5th, 2017 at 08:47 AM
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Since no-one has left any comments here, I will break the ice for you. I like the breakdown into tight sessions with careful focus on well-defined basic patterns. Back when I could actually speak some Japanese, I understood all of these patterns, and could use more than half of them. So this review of the basic sentence patterns is a good review of what I could do (or thought I could do). And it provides a welcome break from trying to remember all the kanji from the usual lessons.


My only suggestion would be to provide one or two more sample sentences for the student to practice.


Will there be another series on more complex sentence patterns?