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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Risa: And I'm Risa.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Japanese Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 22. Expressing Opinions.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for expressing an opinion.
PATTERN
Eric: For example, "I think that it's difficult."
Risa: それはむずかしいと思います。 (Sore wa muzukashii to omoimasu.)
Risa: [slow] それはむずかしいと思います。 (Sore wa muzukashii to omoimasu.)
Eric: The pattern for expressing opinions has 3 elements. First, a sentence in informal form meaning "it's difficult."
Risa: それはむずかしい (Sore wa muzukashii).
Eric: Second, quotation marker.
Risa: と (to).
Eric: And last, verb meaning "to think."
Risa: 思います (omoimasu).
Eric: Altogether, we have, "I think that it's difficult."
Risa: それはむずかしいと思います。 (Sore wa muzukashii to omoimasu.) [slow] それはむずかしいと思います。 (Sore wa muzukashii to omoimasu.) [normal] それはむずかしいと思います。 (Sore wa muzukashii to omoimasu.)
Eric: To say “I think that ~” in Japanese, first state your opinion or thought in the informal form,
Risa: それはむずかしい (sore wa muzukashii)
Eric: then add the quotation particle,
Risa: と (to)
Eric: plus
Risa: 思います (omoimasu).
Risa: それはむずかしいと思います。 (Sore wa muzukashii to omoimasu.)
Eric: So remember to say "I think that~", first say a statement in the informal form, then add
Risa: と思います(to omoimasu).
Eric: Here’s another example meaning, "I think it's good." First, a shortened version of an informal sentence meaning "it's good."
Risa: それはいい (Ii) (Sore wa ii).
Eric: Second, quotation marker.
Risa: と (to).
Eric: Third, verb meaning "to think."
Risa: 思います (omoimasu).
Eric: Altogether, we have...
Risa: それはいいと思います。 (Sore wa ii to omoimasu.) [slow] それはいいと思います。 (Sore wa ii to omoimasu.) [normal] それはいいと思います。 (Sore wa ii to omoimasu.)
Eric: It’s also good to remember that people often omit the subject part and just say
Risa:いいと思います。(Ii to omoimasu.)
Eric: "I think it's good."
[pause]
Risa: いいと思います。 (Ii to omoimasu.)
Eric: How do you say, "I think it's going to rain tomorrow?" To give you a hint, "it's going to rain" is...
Risa: 雨が降る (ame ga furu). [slow] 雨が降る (ame ga furu). [normal] 雨が降る (ame ga furu).
Eric: "I think it's going to rain tomorrow."
[pause]
Risa: 明日は雨が降ると思います。 (Ashita wa ame ga furu to omoimasu.) [slow] 明日は雨が降ると思います。 (Ashita wa ame ga furu to omoimasu.) [normal] 明日は雨が降ると思います。 (Ashita wa ame ga furu to omoimasu.)
[pause]
Risa: 明日は雨が降ると思います。 (Ashita wa ame ga furu to omoimasu.)
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I’ll give you the English equivalent of the phrase, and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud in Japanese. Here we go.
Eric: "I think that it's difficult."
[pause]
Risa: それはむずかしいと思います。 (Sore wa muzukashii to omoimasu.)
[pause]
Risa: それはむずかしいと思います。 (Sore wa muzukashii to omoimasu.)
Eric: "I think it's good."
[pause]
Risa: それはいいと思います。 (Sore wa ii to omoimasu.)
[pause]
Risa: それはいいと思います。 (Sore wa ii to omoimasu.)
Eric: "I think it's going to rain tomorrow."
[pause]
Risa: 明日は雨が降ると思います。 (Ashita wa ame ga furu to omoimasu.)
[pause]
Risa: 明日は雨が降ると思います。 (Ashita wa ame ga furu to omoimasu.)

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for expressing opinions, as in...
Risa: それはむずかしいと思います。 (Sore wa muzukashii to omoimasu.)
Eric: meaning "I think that it's difficult." You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on JapanesePod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Risa: じゃ、また。(Ja, mata.).

9 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 28th, 2016 at 06:30 PM
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Listeners, let us know your opinion about this series.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 1st, 2020 at 03:56 PM
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Ahmedさん

Thank you so much for your comment😄

The rule here is that you need da for nouns and na-adjectives but not for i-adjectives.

Since muzukashii is an i-adjective, you don't need the da there👍


zeroさん

Thank you so much for your comment😇❤️️


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

zero
August 27th, 2020 at 10:32 PM
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❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️👍👍👍👍👍👍😇😇😇😇

Ahmed
August 25th, 2020 at 01:48 PM
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hello

ive a question

in the sentence Tesuto wa muzukashii to omoimasu. why didnt you write da after muzukashii so it will be

Tesuto wa muzukashii da to omoimasu. just like the na adj sentence Tesuto wa kantan da to omoimasu. or the noun sentences Miki wa gakusei da to omoimasu.

and thank you

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 9th, 2019 at 07:41 PM
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Konnichiwa Shannon,


Thank you for your comment.

I'm glad you are enjoy studying ;) Yes knowing structure is important in order to listen and understand the conversation.

Keep up the good study with us and Hope you enjoy studying with JapanesePod101!


Cheers,


Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

Shannon
January 1st, 2019 at 03:14 PM
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This is my favourite series! I think understanding structures is the best place to start to become used to hearing Japanese speakers and to help understand the rhythms as well.


でも、日本語を勉強することは難しいと思います…😳

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 23rd, 2018 at 06:58 AM
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Hi Walt,


Thank you for the comment and sorry for our late reply.


You really have a good point. Too show the difference, I've inserted Japanese sentences to your English example:

1. I think the test was not difficult.

テストは難しくなかったと思います。

2a. I thought the test was not difficult.

テストは難しくないと思いました。

2b. I thought the test was not difficult. But then I saw my terrible grade, and realized that in fact the test was quite difficult.

はじめはテストは難しくないと思いました。でも、テストの成績が悪かったのを見て、テストは難しかったのだと気付きました。


With はじめは (At the beginning), you state your initial thought. And then add でも (but) to state your final thought which contradicts with the initial thought.


I hope this helps.


Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Walt
December 28th, 2017 at 08:30 AM
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This lesson contains the following variations on a sample sentence:

テストは難しいと思います。 I think the test is difficult.

テストは難しくないと思います。 I don't think the test is difficult.

テストは難しかったと思います。 I think the test was difficult.


What about the fourth possibility? Consider the following possible English versions:

1. I think the test was not difficult.

2. I thought the test was not difficult.

The problem is that these sentences do not mean exactly the same thing. Sentence #1 is a complete statement: the thought is complete and unambiguous, and there is no more to say.


However, sentence #2 is ambiguous, because it could be followed by another sentence like the following: "But then I saw my terrible grade, and realized that in fact the test was quite difficult."


How would Japanese express these two sentences to include the possibility of ambiguity in sentence #2?

ディーン
December 4th, 2016 at 07:09 PM
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This is an excellent new series. One of the best on this site at this level.

These bite-size chunks are ideal for learning, review and refresher.

I would like to see another series - and another, &c.

ありがとございました。