Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Risa: And I'm Risa.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Japanese Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 21. Using the Verb “To Want.”
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for expressing that you want to do something.
PATTERN
Eric: Our first example is "I want to take a rest."
Risa: 休みたいです。 (Yasumi tai desu.)
Risa: [slow] 休みたいです。 (Yasumi tai desu.)
Eric: The pattern for expressing that you want to do something has 3 elements. First, the masu-stem of the verb meaning "to take a rest."
Risa: 休み (Yasumi-).
Eric: Second, the auxiliary adjective to be used to express a desire to do something.
Risa: たい (tai).
Eric: Third, the linking verb.
Risa: です (desu).
Eric: Altogether, we have, "I want to take a rest."
Risa: 休みたいです。 (Yasumi tai desu.) [slow] 休みたいです。 (Yasumi tai desu.) [normal] 休みたいです。 (Yasumi tai desu.)
Eric: To describe what you want to do in Japanese, first say the masu-stem of the verb expressing the action you want to do.
Risa: 休み (yasumi),
Eric: and then the auxiliary adjective
Risa: たい (-tai)
Eric: and at the end, add
Risa: です (desu)
Eric: All together,
Risa: 休みたいです。 (Yasumi tai desu.)
Eric: So remember to make the pattern expressing that you want to do something, say the masu-stem of a verb and add
Risa:たいです (-tai desu).
Eric: Here’s another example meaning, "I want to eat rāmen." First, the verb phrase meaning "to eat rāmen" with the masu-stem of a verb. Let’s break this phrase down, first we have the word meaning “ramen,”
Risa: ラーメン (Rāmen)
Eric: followed by the particle,
Risa: が (ga)
Eric: and then add the masu-stem of a verb meaning "to eat,"
Risa: 食べ (tabe).
Eric: All together, the verb phrase is
Risa: ラーメンが食べ (Rāmen ga tabe-).
Eric: Second, the auxiliary adjective used to express a desire to do something.
Risa: たい (tai).
Eric: And last, the linking verb.
Risa: です (desu).
Eric: Altogether we have...
Risa: ラーメンが食べたいです。 (Rāmen ga tabetai desu.) [slow] ラーメンが食べたいです。 (Rāmen ga tabetai desu.) [normal] ラーメンが食べたいです。 (Rāmen ga tabetai desu.)
Eric: "I want to eat rāmen."
[pause]
Risa: ラーメンが食べたいです。 (Rāmen ga tabetai desu.)
Eric: Is there anyone who thinks you should use an object marking particle (o), because (ラーメン) is an object of (たべる)? That’s good, it means you’re paying attention. However, for an object for a verb + tai pattern, the particle (が) is used instead of the object marking particle, (を)."
Eric: Ok, now a quiz. How do you say - "I want to go to Okinawa." To give you a hint, "to go" is...
Risa: 行く(iku)
Eric: and its masu form is,
Risa: 行きます (ikimasu). [slow] 行きます (ikimasu). [normal] 行きます (ikimasu).
Eric: "I want to go to Okinawa."
[pause]
Risa: 沖縄に行きたいです。 (Okinawa ni ikitai desu.) [slow] 沖縄に行きたいです。 (Okinawa ni ikitai desu.) [normal] 沖縄に行きたいです。 (Okinawa ni ikitai desu.)
[pause]
Risa: 沖縄に行きたいです。 (Okinawa ni ikitai desu.)
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I’ll give you the English equivalent of the phrase, and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud in Japanese. Here we go.
Eric: "I want to take a rest."
[pause]
Risa: 休みたいです。 (Yasumi tai desu.)
[pause]
Risa: 休みたいです。 (Yasumi tai desu.)
Eric: "I want to eat rāmen."
[pause]
Risa: ラーメンが食べたいです。 (Rāmen ga tabetai desu.)
[pause]
Risa: ラーメンが食べたいです。 (Rāmen ga tabetai desu.)
Eric: "I want to go to Okinawa."
[pause]
Risa: 沖縄に行きたいです。 (Okinawa ni ikitai desu.)
[pause]
Risa: 沖縄に行きたいです。 (Okinawa ni ikitai desu.)

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for expressing that you want to do something, as in...
Risa: 休みたいです。 (Yasumi tai desu.)
Eric: meaning "I want to take a rest." You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on JapanesePod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Risa: じゃ、また。(Ja, mata.).

7 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 21st, 2016 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

What do you want for dinner?

JapanesePod101.com
March 5th, 2019 at 05:54 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Zenmakyo,


Thank you for your feedback!


In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com

zenmakyo
March 3rd, 2019 at 09:17 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Another great series. I like the very succinct instruction and the breakdown of individual linguistic blocks that drive home the pattern. (Listening to long, chatty, lessons in English, punctuated by Japanese, is good for background to something like driving, but the '400 activities' and the 'must-know sentence structure' series favor the kind of intense language practice that works best for me, where the balance of English and Japanese is more toward the latter. Reading the Japanese text also helps break down the 'resistance' to reading Japanese by training the eye to see the familiar 'linguistic blocks'. I only wish i didn't have the distracting romaji so near to the Japanese in the Lesson Notes!)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 26th, 2019 at 01:37 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Shannonさん、


コメントをありがとうございます!

私の今晩の夕食はパスタでした!


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Shannon
January 1st, 2019 at 02:30 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

夕食は、パスタを食べたいです。👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 11th, 2018 at 05:47 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Waltさん、

こんにちは!

I'm sorry for the late reply!!


Both are actually okay.

The kanji 見 covers wider meaning and this is the most common and general one

whilst 観 is used for entertainment, but this kenji is not considered as so-called 'standard use' (常用).

For 映画, which is an entertainment, you can use either one. :)


Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

Walt
November 28th, 2017 at 08:10 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Someone once told me that he would probably use a different kanji than 見 in the sentence "I want to watch a movie." So he would write

映画が観たいです。

instead of

映画が見たいです。

Is this correct?

And if it is correct, what happens with the negative verb みたく? For example, what should my acquaintance do in the lesson's sentence "I don't want to see horror movies"? Should he write the word みたく as 見たく or 観たく?