Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Risa: And I'm Risa.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Japanese Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 12. Proposing an Activity.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for making suggestions.
PATTERN
Eric: For example,
Eric: "Let's eat."
Risa: 食べましょう。 (Tabemashō.)
Risa: [slow] 食べましょう。 (Tabemashō.)
Eric: The pattern for making suggestions has 2 elements. First, the masu-stem of the verb "to eat".
Risa: 食べ (Tabe-).
Eric: Second, the volitional verb ending, which makes a suggestion or proposal.
Risa: ましょう (mashō).
Eric: Altogether, we have.. "Let's eat."
Risa: 食べましょう。 (Tabemashō.) [slow] 食べましょう。 (Tabemashō.) [normal] 食べましょう。 (Tabemashō.)
Eric: To say “Let's do [something].” in Japanese, you just have to replace the ‘-masu’ in a verb or verb phrase with the ‘masu’ stem
Risa: 食べ (Tabe-)
Eric: with “mashō."
Risa: 食べましょう。(Tabemashō.)
Risa: 食べましょう。 (Tabemashō.)
Eric: So remember that to make suggestions, just say a verb or verb phrase with the masu-stem of the verb, connected with mashō.
Eric: Here is another example meaning, "Let's go to lunch. " First, the verb phrase "to go to lunch" with the masu-stem of the verb
Risa: 昼ごはん (Hiru-gohan)
Eric: followed by a direction marking particle,
Risa: に (ni)
Eric: and the masu stem of a verb meaning "to go",
Risa: 行き (iki)
Risa: 昼ごはんに行き (Hiru-gohan ni iki-).
Eric: Second, the volitional verb ending, which makes a suggestion or proposal.
Risa: ましょう (mashō).
Eric: Altogether we have..
Risa: 昼ごはんに行きましょう。 (Hiru-gohan ni ikimashō.) [slow] 昼ごはんに行きましょう。 (Hiru-gohan ni ikimashō.) [normal] 昼ごはんに行きましょう。 (Hiru-gohan ni ikimashō.)
Eric: "Let's go to lunch. "
[pause]
Risa: 昼ごはんに行きましょう。 (Hiru-gohan ni ikimashō.)
Eric: How do you say - "Let's meet at 5:00." To give you a hint, "to meet" is..
Risa: 会います (aimasu). [slow] 会います (aimasu). [normal] 会います (aimasu).
Eric: "Let's meet at 5:00."
[pause]
Risa: 5時に会いましょう。 (Go-ji ni aimashō. ) [slow] 5時に会いましょう。 (Go-ji ni aimashō. ) [normal] 5時に会いましょう。 (Go-ji ni aimashō. )
[pause]
Risa: 5時に会いましょう。 (Go-ji ni aimashō. )
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Japanese. Here we go.
Eric: "Let's eat."
[pause]
Risa: 食べましょう。 (Tabemashō.)
[pause]
Risa: 食べましょう。 (Tabemashō.)
Eric: "Let's go to lunch. "
[pause]
Risa: 昼ごはんに行きましょう。 (Hiru-gohan ni ikimashō.)
[pause]
Risa: 昼ごはんに行きましょう。 (Hiru-gohan ni ikimashō.)
Eric: "Let's meet at 5:00."
[pause]
Risa: 5時に会いましょう。 (Go-ji ni aimashō. )
[pause]
Risa: 5時に会いましょう。 (Go-ji ni aimashō. )

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for making suggestions, as in..
Risa: 食べましょう。 (Tabemashō.)
Eric: meaning "Let's eat."
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on JapanesePod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Risa: じゃ、また。(Ja, mata.)

5 Comments

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JapanesePod101.comVerified
September 19th, 2016 at 6:30 pm
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Let's practice in the comments!

JapanesePod101.comVerified
August 10th, 2019 at 5:23 pm
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Tinaさん、コメントどうもありがとうございます!


どの文も正しくて、自然な日本語ですね。

「時間があったら」のように、"if..."を使って言うのも、すばらしいです!

私は、Tinaさんとアップルパイを作りたいです。


Keep up the good work with us!!


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Tina
June 12th, 2019 at 7:52 am
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時間があったら、カフェで会いましょう。

ケーキを食べましょう。

観光旅行に行きましょう。

アップルパイを作りましょう。


アドバイスください。ありがとうございます。


JapanesePod101.comVerified
December 31st, 2018 at 8:37 am
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ケビンさん、


Thank you for leaving a comment!

A very nice Japanese sentence! Good job!


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

ケビン
December 26th, 2018 at 10:35 am
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東京で会いましょう!