Dialogue

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Risa: And I'm Risa.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Japanese Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 10. Talking About the Past.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for talking about something in the past.
PATTERN
Eric: For example,
Eric: "I had sushi yesterday."
Risa: 私は、きのう寿司を食べました。 (Watashi wa, kinō sushi o tabemashita.)
Risa: [slow] 私は、きのう寿司を食べました。 (Watashi wa, kinō sushi o tabemashita.)
Eric: The pattern for talking about something in the past has 3 elements. First, "I" + topic marking particle.
Risa: 私は (Watashi wa ).
Eric: Second, yesterday.
Risa: きのう (kinō).
Eric: Third, a verb phrase meaning "ate sushi"
Risa: 寿司 (sushi)
Eric: followed by an object marking particle,
Risa: を (o)
Eric: and the past tense of the verb “to eat”.
Risa: 食べました (tabemashita)
Risa: 寿司を食べました (sushi o tabemashita).
Eric: Altogether, we have.. "I had sushi yesterday."
Risa: 私は、きのう寿司を食べました。 (Watashi wa, kinō sushi o tabemashita.) [slow] 私は、きのう寿司を食べました。 (Watashi wa, kinō sushi o tabemashita.) [normal] 私は、きのう寿司を食べました。 (Watashi wa, kinō sushi o tabemashita.)
Eric: To say “[Person] did [something] [yesterday].” in Japanese, the topic
Risa: 私は (watashi wa)
Eric: comes first, then a past time expression
Risa: きのう (kinō)
Eric: and a verb or verb phrase in the past tense
Risa: 寿司を食べました (sushi wo tabemashita)
Risa: 私は、きのう寿司を食べました。 (Watashi wa, kinō sushi o tabemashita.)
Eric: So remember that to talk about something in the past, say ([Person] wa), a past time expression, and a past tense verb or verb phrase at the end.
Eric: Here is another example meaning, "I climbed Mt. Fuji last week." First, "I" + topic marking particle.
Risa: 私は (Watashi wa)
Eric: Second, last week.
Risa: 先週 (senshū)
Eric: Third, a verb phrase meaning "climbed Mt. Fuji" , broken down into these parts. First,
Risa: 富士山 (Fuji-san)
Eric: followed by a direction marking particle,
Risa: に (ni)
Eric: and the past tense of the verb meaning "to climb".
Risa: 登りました (noborimashita)
Risa: 富士山に登りました (Fujisan ni noborimashita).
Eric: Altogether we have..
Risa: 私は、先週富士山に登りました。 (Watashi wa, senshū Fujisan ni noborimashita. ) [slow] 私は、先週富士山に登りました。 (Watashi wa, senshū Fujisan ni noborimashita. ) [normal] 私は、先週富士山に登りました。 (Watashi wa, senshū Fujisan ni noborimashita. )
Eric: "I climbed Mt. Fuji last week."
[pause]
Risa: 私は、先週富士山に登りました。 (Watashi wa, senshū Fujisan ni noborimashita. )
Eric: How do you say - "I went to Okinawa last year"? To give you a hint, "last year" is..
Risa: 去年 (kyonen). [slow] 去年 (kyonen). [normal] 去年 (kyonen).
Eric: "I went to Okinawa last year."
[pause]
Risa: 私は、去年沖縄に行きました。 (Watashi wa, kyonen Okinawa ni ikimashita. ) [slow] 私は、去年沖縄に行きました。 (Watashi wa, kyonen Okinawa ni ikimashita. ) [normal] 私は、去年沖縄に行きました。 (Watashi wa, kyonen Okinawa ni ikimashita. )
[pause]
Risa: 私は、去年沖縄に行きました。 (Watashi wa, kyonen Okinawa ni ikimashita. )
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Japanese. Here we go.
Eric: "I had sushi yesterday."
[pause]
Risa: 私は、きのう寿司を食べました。 (Watashi wa, kinō sushi o tabemashita.)
[pause]
Risa: 私は、きのう寿司を食べました。 (Watashi wa, kinō sushi o tabemashita.)
Eric: "I climbed Mt. Fuji last week."
[pause]
Risa: 私は、先週富士山に登りました。 (Watashi wa, senshū Fujisan ni noborimashita. )
[pause]
Risa: 私は、先週富士山に登りました。 (Watashi wa, senshū Fujisan ni noborimashita. )
Eric: "I went to Okinawa last year."
[pause]
Risa: 私は、去年沖縄に行きました。 (Watashi wa, kyonen Okinawa ni ikimashita. )
[pause]
Risa: 私は、去年沖縄に行きました。 (Watashi wa, kyonen Okinawa ni ikimashita. )

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for talking about something in the past, as in..
Risa: 私は、きのう寿司を食べました。 (Watashi wa, kinō sushi o tabemashita.)
Eric: meaning "I had sushi yesterday."
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on JapanesePod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Risa: じゃ、また。(Ja, mata.)

7 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 5th, 2016 at 06:30 PM
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What did you do last weekend?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 4th, 2019 at 01:38 PM
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Tinaさん、こんにちは。

コメントありがとうございます!


Tinaさんは、朝ごはんの前に運動をするんですね。

どんな運動をよくしますか?


エリカ

Team JapanesePod101.com



Tina
June 12th, 2019 at 07:34 AM
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今朝運動しました。

それから、新聞を読みながら、朝ごはんを食べました。

今晩仕事が終わってから、料理をつくりました。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 21st, 2019 at 02:51 AM
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Konnichiwa Micah


コメントありがとうございます!

そうですか、ワシントンDCは、たのしかったですか?


Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

Micah
January 29th, 2019 at 06:48 AM
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私は、先週ワシトシDCにいきました。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 8th, 2017 at 10:36 PM
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サムさん、

こんにちは。:smile:


Actually, でした is the past tense used only for na-adjective (and noun),

not for i-adjectives. We have two types of adjectives.

Both 楽しい and 長い are i-adjectives, and the past tense of those

are 楽しかった(です) and 長かった(です).


Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

サム
November 18th, 2016 at 04:02 PM
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おはよう、私と友達は先週Monctonに旅行をしました。楽しいでした。

[good morning, last week, friends and I took a trip tp Moncton. It was fun.]

I have a question about the past tense. To say something was an adjective would you still use でした or is there a past tense forum of the adjective? And is there any informal version of the past tense aisde from dropping it?

For instance. 私の髪は長いです [my hair is long] This can only be the non past right? So is the only way to make it past tense "may hair was long" to add でした ?

ありがとございます [thank you]

サム