Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Risa: And I'm Risa.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Japanese Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 1 – Making a Simple Sentence By Linking Two Nouns.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for Making a Simple Sentence By Linking Two Nouns.
PATTERN
Eric: For example,
Eric: "I am Suzuki."
Risa: 私は鈴木です。 (Watashi wa Suzuki desu.)
Risa: [slow] 私は鈴木です。 (Watashi wa Suzuki desu.)
Eric: The pattern for Making a Simple Sentence By Linking Two Nouns has 4 elements. First, a pronoun meaning "I".
Risa: 私 (Watashi).
Eric: Second, a topic marking particle, literally meaning "as for."
Risa: は (wa).
Eric: Third, a common Japanese family name.
Risa: 鈴木 (Suzuki).
Eric: And last, a linking verb meaning "to be", in this case, "am".
Risa: です (desu).
Eric: Altogether, we have.. "I am Suzuki."
Risa: 私は鈴木です。 (Watashi wa Suzuki desu.) [slow] 私は鈴木です。 (Watashi wa Suzuki desu.) [normal] 私は鈴木です。 (Watashi wa Suzuki desu.)
Eric: To say "Noun A is Noun B" in Japanese, you can use
Risa: は(wa)
Eric: to link Noun A, in this case,
Risa: 私 (watashi)
Eric: and Noun B,
Risa: 鈴木(Suzuki), 私は鈴木(Watashi wa Suzuki),
Eric: and then add at the end the linking verb...
Risa: です(desu)
Risa: 私は鈴木です。 (Watashi wa Suzuki desu.)
Eric: So remember the pattern for linking two nouns, is simply Noun A, the topic marking particle,
Risa: は(wa),
Eric: ...and Noun B and then at the end add the linking verb,
Risa: です(desu)
Eric: Here is another example meaning, "I am a doctor." First, a pronoun meaning "I".
Risa: 私 (Watashi).
Eric: Second, a topic marking particle, literally meaning "as for".
Risa: は (wa).
Eric: Third, a doctor.
Risa: 医者 (isha).
Eric: And last, a linking verb meaning "to be", in this case, "am".
Risa: です (desu).
Eric: Altogether we have..
Risa: 私は医者です。 (Watashi wa isha desu.) [slow] 私は医者です。 (Watashi wa isha desu.) [normal] 私は医者です。 (Watashi wa isha desu.)
Eric: "I am a doctor."
[pause]
Risa: 私は医者です。 (Watashi wa isha desu.)
Eric: How do you say - "This is a souvenir." To give you a hint, "souvenir" is..
Risa: おみやげ (o-miyage). [slow] おみやげ (o-miyage). [normal] おみやげ (o-miyage).
Eric: “This is a souvenir.”
[pause]
Risa: これはおみやげです。 (Kore wa o-miyage desu.) [slow] これはおみやげです。 (Kore wa o-miyage desu.) [normal] これはおみやげです。 (Kore wa o-miyage desu.)
[pause]
Risa: これはおみやげです。 (Kore wa o-miyage desu.)
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Japanese. Here we go.
Eric: "I am Suzuki."
[pause]
Risa: 私は鈴木です。 (Watashi wa Suzuki desu.)
[pause]
Risa: 私は鈴木です。 (Watashi wa Suzuki desu.)
Eric: "I am a doctor."
[pause]
Risa: 私は医者です。 (Watashi wa isha desu.)
[pause]
Risa: 私は医者です。 (Watashi wa isha desu.)
Eric: "This is a souvenir."
[pause]
Risa: これはおみやげです。 (Kore wa o-miyage desu.)
[pause]
Risa: これはおみやげです。 (Kore wa o-miyage desu.)

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for Making a Simple Sentence By Linking Two Nouns, as in..
Risa: 私は鈴木です。 (Watashi wa Suzuki desu.)
Eric: meaning "I am Suzuki."
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on JapanesePod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Risa: じゃ、また。(Ja, mata.).

22 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 1st, 2016 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Try using this pattern in the comments!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 10th, 2019 at 05:30 PM
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Tinaさん、こんにちは。


コメントありがとうございます!


Tinaさんは、中国語と英語の通訳なんですね。すごい!

日本語もがんばっていますね。

I'm glad to talk with you in our site!


Thank you for studying with us.


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Tina
June 12th, 2019 at 07:09 AM
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こんにちは!

私はTina です。

私は中国語と英語の通訳です。

今、日本語を勉強しています。

どうぞよろしくお願いします。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 29th, 2018 at 07:27 PM
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Hi David,

Thank you for your comment!


I think the key to understand the stracture is the usage of ても, one of connecting particles(接続助詞).

[店員は私の言っていることを理解できない。]+[ても]+[丁寧で礼儀正しく接してくれた。]


ても is often translated as "even if" "without" and so on. Let me show you some examples.


あなたはお化粧をしていなくても、きれいです。=You are beautiful even without make-up.

春になっても、まだ寒い。=It's still cold even if spring has come.


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

David
January 20th, 2018 at 04:08 PM
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I don't understand the grammar structure of one of the example sentences 店員は私の言っていることを理解できなくても、丁寧で礼儀正しく接してくれた。 Would someone kindly analyze it ? Thank you

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 11th, 2017 at 05:24 PM
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こんにちは、ライハルトさん

コメントありがとうございます!


よくできました! Well done!

Does "エリクさんは大変先生です。" means "Eric is an excellent teacher."?

It would be "エリクさんは素晴らしい先生です。"


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Ryehart
December 7th, 2017 at 05:11 PM
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はじめまして。ライハルトです。よろしくお願いします。


リサさんは美しいです。

エリクさんは大変先生です。


Wow I'm learning! Have I written the above sentences right?


ありがとう、Japanesepod101!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 30th, 2017 at 01:47 PM
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Konnichiwa, Leo-san

Komento arigatō gozaimasu!


Yoku dekimashita? Well done.


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Leo
September 20th, 2017 at 08:41 PM
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Watashi wa Reo desu

Watashi wa enjinia desu

Kyo wa suiyobi desu


ii desu ka ?

Japanesepod101.com Verified
July 18th, 2017 at 07:12 PM
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Hi Eddie,


Thanks for posting!


Please download the Fast Track to Fluency Lesson Checklist by clicking on the “Download PDFs” icon > Checklist to help you assessing your progress. (Note: this feature is available from Premium subscription on).


If you have any questions, please let us know.?;)


Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team Japanesepod101.com

Eddie
July 18th, 2017 at 04:37 PM
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Hello, there. I wanna know that "Fast Track to Fluency Lesson Checklist" is an app or not?