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Lesson Transcript

Naomi: ナオミです。
Chris: Chris: here, Review Your Japanese Grammar to Get it Right. このレッスンでは何を勉強しますか。
Naomi: 復習ですね。書き言葉も勉強します。
Chris: So in this lesson you'll review grammar points you've learned so far. You'll also learn some written Japanese.
Naomi: このレッスンでは日記を読みます。
Chris: We don't have a conversation this time. Instead, we have a journal entry written by Nami.
Naomi: 日記なので、カジュアルな日本語です。
Chirs: Since it's a journal entry, you'll hear informal Japanese.
Naomi: では聞いてみましょう
Chris: Let's listen in.
2月1日 火曜日 晴れ
Naomi: 今度は英語の訳と一緒に聞いてみましょう。
2月1日 火曜日 晴れ
Chris: February the 1st Tuesday Sunny
Chris: Yesterday, after school was over, I went to see the puppy at Sakurako's house. It was an abandoned dog, so it seems as if she doesn't know how old he is, but I think he's maybe a month or so old.
Chris: The dog's leg was in pain, so today Sakurako and I took him to the vet. The vet said that the dog was born with its leg like that so it won't get better. I think maybe the owner abandoned the newborn puppy because its leg was lame. Somehow that made me sad.
Chris: I have always thought that I'd like to have a dog, but I don't know anymore whether or not there is a need to go to a pet shop and buy one.According to the vet, there are apparently organizations which look for people who will take in abandoned dogs. Perhaps it wouldn't be a bad idea to get a dog from them, either.
Chris: Naomi先生、日本には犬のシェルターがたくさんありますか?
Naomi: そんなにたくさんはないと思いますね。アメリカの方がたくさんあるじゃないですかね。
Chris: そうですね。There are many pet stores in departments in malls in Japan.
Naomi: アメリカってペットショップってありま?
Chris: そうですね、たくさんあります?多分日本ほど多くはないと思います。We do have pet shops, but not as many as Japan, I think.
Naomi: ペットを飼う人はどうするんですか。
Chris: まぁ、だいたい三つのチョイスがあるんですけど。ペットショップか、直接ブリーダーか、シェルターで飼うことになりますね。
Naomi: あぁ、なるほど。日本でも、ブリーダーやシェルターから犬をもらってくる人とか、あと知り合いから犬や猫をもらう人もたくさんいるんですけど。
Chris: So in Japan too, a lot of people get pets from breeders or from people they know, but some people see pet shops as being a problem for society. なるほど。
Naomi: ところで、クリスさんは動物が好きですか?
Chris: うーん、好きですね。犬が特に好きですね。はい。
Naomi: 日本では飼ってるんですか。
Chris: 飼ってないです。あのー、狭くてちょっと…ね。あと、忙しいので。
Naomi: 仕事がね、忙しいと、世話ができないですからね。
Chris: そうですね。I’d like to have a dog in Japan as well. But there’s not much space and I’m also really busy with work, so I’m afraid I can’t.
Naomi: じゃあ、リタイアしてからですかね。
Chris: そうですね。Maybe when I retire.
Vocabulary and Phrases
Chris: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we shall see is:
Naomi: 年齢 [natural native speed]
Chris: age, years
Naomi: 年齢 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 年齢 [natural native speed]
Naomi: 生まれつき [natural native speed]
Chris: by nature, by birth, native, congenitally
Naomi: 生まれつき [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 生まれつき [natural native speed]
Naomi: 不自由 [natural native speed]
Chris: inconvenience, disabled; Adj(na)/Noun
Naomi: 不自由 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 不自由 [natural native speed]
Naomi: 必要 [natural native speed]
Chris: necessary; Adj(na)
Naomi: 必要 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 必要 [natural native speed]
Naomi: 探す [natural native speed]
Chris: to search for, to look for;V1
Naomi: 探す [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 探す [natural native speed]
Chris: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. 最初の表現は何ですか?What are we looking at first?
Naomi: なんだか
Chris: "kind of" It's a colloquial expression and is often used to soften a statement. 例文お願いします。
Naomi: なんだか寒いな~。
Chris: It's kind of cold.
Naomi: なんだか疲れた
Chris: I'm kind of tired.
Naomi: 「なんだか」の代わりに「なんか」という人もいます。
Chris: Huh? Did you just say if you overuse it, it gives the impression that you're not very smart?
Naomi: 実は、私もよく使ってしまうんです。(笑)でも、母によく「なんか、なんか」言うのやめなさいと怒られたことがあります。時々使うのは自然でいいと思いますよ・・・。
Chris: Ahh, in that case I think it's like using "kind of" or "like" in English. It's a perfectly natural and useful expression... just be careful do not overuse it.
Chris: 次の単語は?
Naomi: うまれつき
Chris: "by nature" "from birth" "congenitally"
Naomi: 「生まれたときから」という意味ですね。
Chris: 例文お願いします。
Naomi: ゆきおは 生まれつき金持ちだから、私たちの気持ちはわからないだろう。
Chris: Yukio was born rich so he wouldn't understand how we feel.
Are you talking about Yukio Hatoyama, the former prime minister of Japan?
Naomi: あ!そういえば同じ名前ですねぇ(笑)気づきませんでした。(笑)
Chris: 生まれつき金持ち is like "born rich" or "born with a silver spoon in one's mouth".
Chris: The next word is?
Naomi: 不自由
Chris: "inconvenient"
Fu is a negative prefix meaning "non-" or "un-", and jiyū means "free".
Naomi: [body part ] plus が不自由 で impairment を言うことが出来ます。
Chris: 不自由 also has the meaning of "impairment."
Naomi: 例えば、「耳が不自由」
Chris: hearing-impaired
Naomi: 「目が不自由」
Chris: visually impaired. 質問があります。不自由は失礼じゃない言い方ですか?
Naomi: 失礼じゃない言い方?
Chris: I mean "---ga fujiyuu" is the politically correct way to say it?
Naomi: 大丈夫です。例えば、ベートーベンは耳が不自由でした。
Chris: Beethoven was hearing-impaired. じゃ、大丈夫ですね。

Lesson focus

Chris: In this lesson, you'll review grammar points you've learned so far through reading a journal entry.
Naomi: じゃ、embedded "Yes no" question を 復習しましょう。
Chris: Can we have a sample sentence?
Naomi: 必要があるかどうかわからない。
Chris: I don't know whether or not there's a need.
So for a yes/no question, attach "ka dō ka" to the informal version of that question.
Chris: Listeners, it's your turn. Say "I don't know whether or not we have a test tomorrow." (pause) Here's a hint. Naomi-sensei, how do you say "we have a test tomorrow"?
Naomi: 明日テストがある
Chris: OK so..."I don't know whether or not we have a test tomorrow." would be ....
Naomi: (pause) 明日テストがあるかどうかわからない。
Chris: We didn't tell you in the previous lesson, but particle の is sometimes inserted before か, right?
Naomi: そうですね。「テストがあるのかどうかわからない」 も言います。意味も一緒です。
Chris: Even if you insert の before か the meaning doesn't change.
Naomi: よく使いますね-.例えば、「必要があるのかどうかわからない」
Chris: "I don't know whether or not there's a need."
Naomi: どこへ行くのかわからない
Chris: "I don't know where it goes." 
Chris: I have a question about the formation of だろう or でしょう.
Naomi: 何ですか?
Chris: だろう or でしょう is directly attached to a verb in its informal form, correct?
Naomi: そうですね。雨が降るだろう(It's probably going to rain)
Chris: Why was there a の before だろう in the dialogue?Would be OK to say 飼い主は捨てただろうか?
Naomi: あああ、説明をしているときは、「の」が必要ですね。
Chris: So の is necessary since the speaker is explaining something.
Naomi: この 「~のだろうか」(I wonder...) とか はよく書き言葉で使います。
Chris: This "-no darou ka" meaning "I wonder..." often appears in written Japanese.
Naomi: ちょっと硬いですね。書き言葉とか、テレビのドキュメンタリーとかで使いますね。
Chris: So it sounds stiff. You'll often see or hear in written sentences or T.V. documentary.
Naomi: 彼は本当のことを言っているのだろうか。
Chris: I wonder if he is telling the truth.
Naomi: それは正しかったのだろうか。
Chris: I wonder if that was right.
Naomi: どうしてなのだろうか。
Chris: I wonder why it is.
Let's recap, how do you say "I wonder why he didn't come". Please use だろう
(pause) Here are a couple hints. "Why" is どうして, and "he didn't come" is かれはこなかった
Naomi: どうして、かれは来なかったのだろうか。
Chris: Naomi-sensei, この 「だろうか」は会話で使いますか?
Naomi: 会話で使うかどうかわからないですけど・・・JLPTのテストとか、日本語のレポートとかでよく使われますよ。
Chris: 友達には使わないですね。「今日、雨が降るのだろうか」。とか?
Naomi: あまり使わないですね~。基本的に、書き言葉だと思っていいと思いますよ。
Chris: So this だろうか is basically used in written language.
Naomi: はい。
Chris: OK.どうでしたか?How was it?
Naomi: 詳しい説明はレッスンノートをよんでおいてくださいね。
Chris: Right.


Chris: That's all for this lesson!
Naomi: じゃ、また
Chris: See you next time!!!


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Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 15th, 2011 at 06:30 PM
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JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 24th, 2021 at 06:41 PM
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Hi Julia,

Thank you for your comment!


 のも is the nominalizer, の plus the particle も, meaning also.


 わからないみたい means it seems that (she) doesn't know how old it is.


 In 書き言葉だと思っていい, who owns the verb 思う is you, or listeners. So, "you listeners may think it as written   


 と思います is, "I think (so)." So Naomi thinks so.


 We are sorry, this is mistake. The correct one is ペットショップっていう言葉が出てきたんですが

 meaning "now we have the word 'pet shop.'" I will report this to our team.


 It literally means "let's try listening", but it rather means "let's (try and) listen" or "let's start listening". This expression is often  used instead of 聞きましょう.

Hope this helps!



Team JapanesePod101.com

January 7th, 2021 at 12:01 PM
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Hi there

Can you please clarify some questions?

In the sentence 犬をもらって飼うのも悪くないかもしれない。what does のも (in 飼うのも) means?

In the sentence 捨て犬だから年齢はわからないみたいだが、why does she says からないみたい? What does the みたい stands for? That we "seem" to not know the age of the dog?

In the sentence 書き言葉だと思っていいと思いますよ。why does the verb 思う is repeated twice?

I didn't understand sentence ペットショップの言葉を出ってかくるんですが. specially the part 出ってかくるんです. Can you please explain?

And last but not least, I never quite got the sentence Naomi-sensei always use: 聞いてみましょう. Why 聞いてみましょう? Let's try listening?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 28th, 2020 at 08:18 PM
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Hi ann,

Thank you for your question!

That's right. You cannot use "-garu" when asking "how do you feel?", in the second person.

It is used only when you see and tell about physical sensations and emotions in the third person.

But you can say "-garu" in a question sentence when you ask someone

whether if another person is feeling scared, "Kare wa kowagatte imasu ka."

Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us:)



Team JapanesePod101.com

November 26th, 2020 at 11:40 AM
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i want to clarify

do you use -garu when asking for how someone feels?

ex: are you feeling scared?

or you only use them when just telling about how someone feels?

ex: he is scared, he said

thank you in advance 😄

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 20th, 2020 at 04:17 PM
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Thank you for your comment!

The sentence is passive and the topic (we) is dropped off.


So it's 獣医さんに, not 獣医さんが.

Then let's break down the quotation part.

「この足は / 生まれつきで/ なおらない」

この足は・・・this (its) leg

生まれつき+で・・・by nature, congenital + the particle で that indicates reason

なおらない・・・the negative form of the verb 治る(なおる), meaning get better

しまった in 言われてしまった expresses the disappointed feeling of the speaker.

So she felt sad or disappointed with what the vet said.

Please let us know if you have further question:)



Team JapanesePod101.com

November 17th, 2020 at 04:33 AM
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I have several questions about line 5: 獣医さんに「この足は生まれつきでなおらない」と言われてしまった。

The vet said that the dog was born with its leg like that so it won't get better.

Why 獣医さんに and not 獣医さんが ?

でなおらない I guess the oranai is the negative of oru / to break , right? But what's the function of でな? To make

生まれつき into an adjective?

And how do we know the vet said the leg won't get better? If it's しまった , why wasn't that put inside his quote?

Thank you for your help!!!



JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 23rd, 2020 at 06:59 PM
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Konnnichiwa gyj021120,

Thank you for asking.

の is used as nominalizer in this sentence.

It modifier "reason part" which is 「生まれた子犬の足が不自由だから」

のだろうか is a question form of だろう which means "Probably"

Following links will show you grammar points and related lessons for each phrase.

Nominalizer の:https://www.japanesepod101.com/learningcenter/reference/grammar/205? 



Feel free to ask us any questions.


Team JapanesePod101.com

July 7th, 2020 at 08:41 PM
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What is the purpose of "の" in "飼い主は捨てたのだろうか。"

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 29th, 2020 at 06:02 AM
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Thank you for studying with us!



Team JapanesePod101.com

February 29th, 2020 at 06:19 PM
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私はペットを飼っていないですが、 動物もぬいぐるみと一緒に住んでいます。😁