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Lesson Transcript

Intro

Chris: このレッスンのgrammar point はなんですか。
Naomi: ~かどうか  です。
Chris: In this lesson, you'll learn how to form a sentence using "whether or not."
誰と誰が話していますか。
Naomi: 高校生が三人、話しています。桜子さんと、菜味さんと実さんですね。
Chris: This conversation is mainly between 3 high school students, Sakurako, Nami and Minoru.
Naomi: 学校で話していますね。そろそろ授業が始まります。
Chris: They are at school and the class is about to start.
Naomi: 桜子さんは冬休みに外国に行ったみたいです。
Chris: It seems like Sakurako went abroad during winter vacation.
Naomi: では、聞いてみましょう。
Chris: Let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
大葉桜子: あけましておめでとう。
Chris: Happy New Year.
野沢菜味: 今年もよろしくね、桜子。ハワイはどうだった。
Chris: Best wishes for this year too, Sakurako. How was Hawaii?
那須実: 大葉さん、ハワイ 行ったの?
Chris: Ms. Ōba, you went to Hawaii?
大葉桜子: うん。五泊七日で 行ってきた。おばあちゃんが 住んでいるんだ。
Chris: Yeah. I went for seven days and five nights. My granny lives there, you know.
: はい、これお土産。気に入るかどうか わからないけど。
ChrisHere, I have a souvenir for you. I don't know whether or not you'll like it, though.
野沢菜味: ありがとう!開けてもいい?
Chris: Thanks! Can I open it?
大葉桜子: うん。
Chris: Yeah.
野沢菜味: ブレスレット!かわいい!二本も?いいの?
Chris: Bracelets! They're so cute! And there's two? Really?
那須実: 似合うかどうか・・・。
Chris: But whether or not they'll look good on you...
野沢菜味: うるさい。
Chris: Shut up.
那須実: 大葉さん、俺のお土産は?
Chris: Ms. Ōba, what about my souvenir?
大葉桜子: あるよ。甘いものが好きかどうかわからなかったけど、チョコ買ったんだ。
Chris: I have one for you. I didn't know whether or not you like sweet things, but I bought you some chocolate.
那須実: サンキュー。
Chris: Thanks!
(ベル)
Chris(bell)
桃屋先生: はい、座って。あけましておめでとう。
Chris: Alright, sit down. Happy New Year.
: 先生からお年玉があります。
ChrisI have a New Year's gift for you all.
: みんなが休み中に勉強したかどうか知りたいので今からテストをします。
ChrisI want to know whether or not you all studied during the holidays, so we're going to have a test now.
: 問題用紙は全部で五枚。テスト時間は30分。
ChrisThere are five sheets of questions. The time for the test is thirty minutes.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Chris: 桜子・・・これは普通の名前ですか? Is Sakurako a common name?
Naomi: Commonかどうかはわかりませんが…、女の子の名前ですよ。めずらしい名前じゃないです。お金持ちで、きれいな女の子というイメージがありますね。(笑)ま、ただのステレオタイプですけどね。
Chris: なるほど。So Sakurako is not an uncommon name, but it carries the stereotype of a well-off, beautiful girl or woman.
Naomi: 面白いですよね。名前にイメージを持っているのって。
Chris: Yes. It's interesting that names carry their own stereotypes of the people who have them. Even though of course that stereotype isn't always true!
Naomi: 英語でもあります?お金持ちそうな名前とか。。。美人そうな名前とか。。。
Chris: (Answer....Japanese with English translation.)
もう一つ質問があります。
Naomi: 何ですか?怖いな・・・。
Chris: (笑)桜子さんは「おばあちゃんが、住んでいる」と言いましたね。
Naomi: そうですね。「おばあちゃんが、ハワイに住んでいる」という意味ですね。
Chris: 「おばあちゃん」は大丈夫ですか?「そぼ」じゃないですか?
Shouldn't it be そぼ since Sakurako is talking about her own grandmother?
Naomi: ああ、いい質問ですね。
これは、高校生同士のカジュアルな会話なので、「おばあちゃん」と言っているんですね。友達同士のカジュアルな会話だと、my mother を おかあさん とか my father をおとうさんとか、言うこともあります。
Chris: でも、テストで使うとだめですね。
Naomi: ああ、だめですね。日本語のクラスやテストでは、my grandmotherは そぼ my mother は はは my father は ちち と言ってください。
Chris: So in casual conversation, people often say おばあちゃん for their own grandmother, as well as おかあさん for "my mother" and おとうさん for "my father". But in correct Japanese, for example in a Japanese test, you should definitely use the proper terms そぼ, はは and ちち.
Naomi: では、単語を勉強しましょう。
Vocabulary and Phrases
Chris: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Naomi: ハワイ [natural native speed]
Chris: Hawaii
Naomi: ハワイ [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: ハワイ [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: 気に入る [natural native speed]
Chris: to be pleased with, to suit, to like;V1
Naomi: 気に入る [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 気に入る [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: 分かる [natural native speed]
Chris: to understand, to grasp, to know;V1
Naomi: 分かる [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 分かる [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: 開ける [natural native speed]
Chris: to open;V2
Naomi: 開ける [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 開ける [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: ブレスレット [natural native speed]
Chris: bracelet
Naomi: ブレスレット [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: ブレスレット [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: 似合う [natural native speed]
Chris: to suit, to match; V1
Naomi: 似合う [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 似合う [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: 座る [natural native speed]
Chris: to sit;V1
Naomi: 座る [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 座る [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: お年玉 [natural native speed]
Chris: New Year's gift of money
Naomi: お年玉 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: お年玉 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: 問題 [natural native speed]
Chris: problem, question
Naomi: 問題 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 問題 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: 用紙 [natural native speed]
Chris: blank form, sheets of paper
Naomi: 用紙 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 用紙 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: 全部 [natural native speed]
Chris: all, entire, whole
Naomi: 全部 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 全部 [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Chris: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Naomi: The first word/phrase we’ll look at is....
Chris: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.直美先生、最初の表現は何ですか?
Naomi: 気に入る
Chris: to like, to be pleased with, take a fancy to.
読み方難しいですね。「きにはいる」じゃないんですね。 
Naomi: (笑)そうですね。「きにいる」。漢字、難しいですね。 
Chris: Yeah, the reading is tricky. Because you can also read as きにはいる but it's not correct. It's きにいる 。例文お願いします。Sample sentence please.
Naomi: 私は、この仕事が気に入っている。
Chris: I'm happy with this job.
「すき」と何が違いますか。
Naomi: うーん。似ていますが、ちょっと違いますね。
気に入るは 「好みにあう」"to match my taste" って感じですかね。
「気に入る」を人に使うと、ちょっと偉そうです。評価しているみたい。
Chris: So 気に入る sounds a little arrogant when used to describe people, as if you're evaluating them.
Naomi: 例えば、「私は、これが気に入った。」
Chris: "I like this." as in, "This suits me," or "This matches my tastes".
Naomi: 「Item plus 気に入る」は 大丈夫。
でも、人に向かって、「私は、ケンが気に入った。」だと、とても偉そうです。ケンが自分より年下なら、いいですけど、自分と同じレベルとか目上の人には使わないほうがいいですね。
Chris: You can take an item or someone who has lower status than you as an object of 気に入る, but not someone who has equal social status or higher social status.
次の表現はなんですか。OK. What's the next expression?
Naomi: 五泊七日
Chris: Five nights and seven days.
Naomi: 泊 は カウンターですね。
Chris: Right. Haku is a counter suffix for overnight stays.
Naomi: 一、六、八、十 は stop sound plus パク です。
いっぱく ろっぱく はっぱく じゅっぱく
Chris: Please check the lesson notes for the sound change.
Naomi: 英語だと day と night はどちらを先に言います?
Chris: We usually say "days" first. Like "Five days, six nights".
Naomi: 日本語だと、泊がいつも先です。七日五泊はいわないです。
Chris: In Japanese, you always have to say the number of nights first.
Naomi: そういえば、ネットで、100泊101日のクルーズを見つけました。
Chris: 100泊、101日? 100 nights and 101 days?  世界一周ですか? Is that a round-the-world tour or something?
Naomi: そうです。おばあちゃんになったら、いきたいです。(笑)
Chris: (comment)

Lesson focus

Chris: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to form the structure “whether or not” in Japanese.
Naomi: 「かどうか」ですね。
Chris: Can we have a sentence from the dialogue?
Naomi: 気に入るかどうかわからないけど。
Chris: "I don't know whether or not you'll like it though." Let's break this down
Naomi: 気に入る (to like) かどうか(whether or not) わからない(I don't know) けど(but, though)
formation は [informal speech] plus かどうか.
Chris: Actually“ka dō ka” follows an informal yes-no question sentence.
Naomi: 行くかどうか わからない。
Chris: "I don’t know whether or not I’ll go."
Naomi: おいしいかどうか わからない。
Chris: "I don’t know whether or not it’s tasty."
Naomi: すきかどうかわからない。
Chris: "I don’t know whether or not you'll like it."
Have you got that pattern?
Now let's tackle a slightly more challenging sentence.
Let's say "I don't know whether or not Ken is going to the party."
First say "I don't know".
Naomi: 私はわからない。
Chris: Next, how to say "Ken is going to the party"?
Naomi: ケンはパーティーに行く。
Chris: Combine these two sentences.
Naomi: 私は、ケンがパーティーに行くかどうか わからない。
Chris: "I don't know whether or not Ken is going to the party."
Did you notice something?
Naomi: Ken was marked by particle が, right?
Chris: The subject of the question sentence before かどうか is marked by particle ga.
OK, listeners, listen and repeat after Naomi-sensei.
Naomi: 私は、ケンがパーティーに行くかどうか わからない。
Chris: (pause)Usually the topic わたし and は is omitted, right?
Naomi: はい。
Chris: OK. So here's a recap quiz for you listeners, How do you say, "I don't know whether or not this is tasty."
Chris: (pause)Here's a hint. This is tasty is?
Naomi: これはおいしい
Chris: You have to insert this into わたしはわからない。
To do so, you have to mark これ with a particle が
Naomi: (Pause)わかりましたか?
Chris: Did you get the answer? Naomi-sensei the answer is?
Naomi: 私はこれがおいしいかどうかわからない。
Chris: "I don't know whether or not this is tasty."
このフレーズいつ使いますか?When do you use this phrase.
Naomi: お土産を渡すときに使いますね。「おいしいかどうかわからないけど・・・」とか「すきかどうかわからけど」とか。
Chris: I see ... Like when you bought someone some cookies as a souvenir, but you haven't tried them yourself. 
Naomi: そうですね。じゃ、このレッスンはここまで。
Chris: このレッスンがわかりやすかったかどうかおしえてください。
Naomi: お!いいですね。是非お願いします。
Chris: Please let us know whether or not this lesson was easy to understand.
See you in the next lesson.
Naomi: じゃ、また。

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83 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
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JapanesePod101.com
January 18th, 2011 at 6:30 pm
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みなさん、
In Japan, buying お土産(おみやげ、souvenirs) for everyone back home is really important when you go anywhere! What about in your country? Do you buy souvenirs, and if so, what? Tell us in Japanese or English below! :)

Leon
October 14th, 2019 at 1:44 am
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田中さんが肉が好きかどうか知りません


昨日雨が降ったかどうか知りません

JapanesePod101.comVerified
September 19th, 2019 at 4:39 pm
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Hi Kuan-Wu,


Thank you for posting.

We will check and fix the transcript for this lesson.


Sincerely,

Laura

Team JapanesePod101.com

Kuan-Wu Chen
September 15th, 2019 at 9:40 pm
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The audio and the transcript don't match.

JapanesePod101.comVerified
August 25th, 2019 at 11:47 am
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Hi Matthew,


Thank you for the question.

I'm really sorry for my late reply!


The sentence might be confusing because something is left out.

It's originally「問題用紙は全部で五枚あります。」, but the last part「あります」is omitted as an expression.

(It's often used in conversation.)

And the phrase「全部で」is translated as "in total" or "in all".

This で signifies "for" or "in" when it's attached to number or amount.


Hope this helps.


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Kevin Scales
August 13th, 2019 at 8:31 am
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Mathew


I would translate it literally like this:


as for the question sheets, all together (with all), [there are] 5


は is 'as for'

で is 'with' or 'using'

there is a missing だ or verb at the end of the sentence making it grammatically incomplete.

JapanesePod101.comVerified
August 4th, 2019 at 7:56 am
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Hanaさん、こんにちは。

コメントありがとうございます!


日本の正月休みは大体6日~9日くらいです。

(今年のように、土日とつながると長い休みになります。)

Hanaさんの国では、何日休みですか?


エリカ

Team JapanesePod101.com

Matthew
June 26th, 2019 at 5:31 am
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I'm having a really hard time understanding the grammar in the last line of the dialogue: 問題用紙は全部で五枚。My understanding of the sentence breakdown is: question + sheets of paper + topic particle + all + で (??) five pages. I'm unsure how this translates to "There are five sheets of questions." If I had to translate literally, it would be something like, "Question sheets are all five pages," or something to that effect. Why 全部 there? What is the function of で in this case?

Hana
June 12th, 2019 at 11:25 am
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日本のお正月の休みの日はどのくらいですか。

JapanesePod101.com
April 20th, 2019 at 7:20 pm
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Hi Mahedi,


Great to have you here!


Please stay tuned, as we'll have new lessons for you every week! And if you have any questions, feel free to ask us.👍


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com

mahedi
April 17th, 2019 at 10:50 pm
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thanks