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Lesson Transcript

Naomi: ナオミです。
Chris: Chris here, Having a Bad Hair Day in Japan
Naomi: 前回のレッスンでは使役
Chris: causative
Naomi: を勉強しましたが、今回も 使役を勉強します。
Chris: In the previous lesson, you learned the usage of しえき, or the causative. In this lesson, you'll learn more about causative sentences.
Naomi: 例えば。わらわせる とか、 泣かせる.
Chris: You'll learn the phrases like "to make someone smile" and "to make someone cry". この会話は誰と誰の会話ですか?
Naomi: 3人の高校生が学校で話しています。野沢奈味、大葉桜子、那須実 ですね。
Chris: This conversation is between three high school students
Naomi: 友達なので、もちろんカジュアルに話しています。
Chris: Since it's a conversation among friends, they're speaking casually.
Naomi: では聞いてみましょう。
Chris: Please listen in.

Lesson conversation

野沢菜味: どうして泣いてるの?桜子。
大葉桜子: だって…実君が…。
野沢菜味: こら、実。女の子を泣かせるな。何したのよ。
那須実: 泣かせたつもりはないんだけど。
大葉桜子: 違う、違う…。菜味、心配させてごめん。でも、実君が笑わせるから…。
那須実: 笑わせたつもりもないんだけど。
野沢菜味: なんだ、笑ってたの?驚かせないでよ。
: …実、その頭どうしたの?
那須実: 昨日、兄貴の床屋に髪を切りに行ったんだ。
野沢菜味: ああ、お兄さん、床屋さんだよね。
那須実: 最初は楽しく話していたんだけど、野球の話を始めて、怒らせちゃったんだ。
: ほら、俺はジャイアンツファンだけど、兄貴はタイガースファンだから。
野沢菜味: 今年、ジャイアンツ調子いいけど、タイガースは調子悪いからね。
那須実: ああ。で、丸刈りにされて、眉毛もそられた。
Naomi: 今度は英語の訳と一緒に聞いてみましょう。
野沢菜味: どうして泣いてるの?桜子。
Chris: Why are you crying, Sakurako?
大葉桜子: だって…実君が…。
Chris: Because... Minoru, he...
野沢菜味: こら、実。女の子を泣かせるな。何したのよ。
Chris: Hey, Minoru. Don't make girls cry! What did you do?
那須実: 泣かせたつもりはないんだけど。
Chris: I didn't mean to make her cry.
大葉桜子: 違う、違う…。菜味、心配させてごめん。でも、実君が笑わせるから…。
Chris: No, no... Nami, I'm sorry I made you worry. It's just that Minoru makes me laugh...
那須実: 笑わせたつもりもないんだけど。
Chris: I didn't mean to make her laugh, either.
野沢菜味: なんだ、笑ってたの?驚かせないでよ。
Chris: What, so you were laughing? Don't surprise me like that.
: …実、その頭どうしたの?
Chris... Minoru, what's with that hair?
那須実: 昨日、兄貴の床屋に髪を切りに行ったんだ。
Chris: Well, I went to get my haircut at my older brother's barbershop yesterday.
野沢菜味: ああ、お兄さん、床屋さんだよね。
Chris: Oh, your older brother's a barber, isn't he.
那須実: 最初は楽しく話していたんだけど、野球の話を始めて、怒らせちゃったんだ。
Chris: At first we were having a fun conversation, but then we started talking about baseball, and I made him angry.
: ほら、俺はジャイアンツファンだけど、兄貴はタイガースファンだから。
Chris: Because I'm a Giants fan, you know, but my older brother's a Tigers fan.
野沢菜味: 今年、ジャイアンツ調子いいけど、タイガースは調子悪いからね。
Chris: This year the Giants are in good form, but the Tigers aren't doing so well, are they?
那須実: ああ。で、丸刈りにされて、眉毛もそられた。
Chris: Yeah. So then he went and gave me a buzz cut and shaved my eyebrows off too.
Chris: 直美先生、やっぱり、日本で一番人気のあるスポーツは野球ですか?
Naomi: 多分そうだと思います。でも、今の子供達は、サッカーの方がすきかもしれません。
Chris: You think baseball is the most popular sport in Japan overall, but soccer might be more popular among kids?
Naomi: で、自分の好きなチームが勝つとうれしいですが、負けると、怒るファンはいます。これは、アメリカもいっしょでしょ?
Chris: アメリカだけじゃなくて、イギリスもオーストラリアも、スペインも、イタリアも そういうファンはいると思います(笑) I think that's not just limited to the US - there are fans who get angry in the UK, Australia, Spain, Italy...
Naomi: 実さんのお兄さんが、そのタイプだったんですね。
Chris: So, unfortunately, it seems Minoru's brother was one of those types of people.
Naomi: 丸刈りはかっこいいですけど。。。眉毛をそられるのは困りますね。
Chris: Yeah, a buzz-cut may be cool, but shaved eyebrows doesn't sound good at all. 実さんのおにいさんの床屋には行きたくないですね。(笑)
Naomi: お兄さんはタイガースファンだから、タイガースがかったときに言った方がいいですね。
Chris: そうですね。
Vocabulary and Phrases
Chris: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Naomi: 心配する [natural native speed]
Chris: to worry; V3
Naomi: 心配する [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 心配する [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: 驚く [natural native speed]
Chris: to be surprised, to be astonished;V1
Naomi: 驚く [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 驚く [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: 兄貴 [natural native speed]
Chris: older brother, one's senior
Naomi: 兄貴 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 兄貴 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: 床屋 [natural native speed]
Chris: barbershop, barber
Naomi: 床屋 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 床屋 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: 野球 [natural native speed]
Chris: baseball
Naomi: 野球 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 野球 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: 始める [natural native speed]
Chris: to start, to begin; V2
Naomi: 始める [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 始める [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: ファン [natural native speed]
Chris: fan
Naomi: ファン [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: ファン [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: 丸刈り [natural native speed]
Chris: buzz-cut, closely cropped hair
Naomi: 丸刈り [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 丸刈り [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: 眉毛 [natural native speed]
Chris: eyebrow(s)
Naomi: 眉毛 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 眉毛 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Naomi: そる [natural native speed]
Chris: to shave ; V1
Naomi: そる [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: そる [natural native speed]
Chris: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Naomi: The first word/phrase we’ll look at is....
Naomi: では単語を勉強しましょう。
Chris: 最初の単語は?What's the first word we'll look at?
Naomi: 床屋
Chris: barber. Tokoya means a barber or a barber shop. There's another word for a hair salon, right?
Naomi: そうですね。美容院。クリスさんは、床屋に行きますか?それとも美容院にいきますか?
Chris: そうですね。友達は美容師なので、美容院へ行きますね。 I have a friend that works at a beauty salon, so I go and have her cut my hair. びよういんやびようしつとは、beauty salon とか hair salon ですね?
Naomi: そうですね。美容院、美容室、両方も使いますね。
Chris: What's the next word?
Naomi: 丸刈り 
Chris: buzz cut
Naomi: マルガリータ みたいですよね。 ほら、ピッザマルガリーター。とか カクテルのマルガリータとか。違う?
Chris: (笑)Huh? You're saying it sounds almost like the pizza Margherita, or the cocktail margarita?... well...I don't know about that... Good try though.
Naomi: 覚えやすいでしょ。
Chris: Yeah, that might be a good mnemonic.
So "marugari" is a short-cropped hairstyle, or a buzz cut.
Naomi: 坊主 も buzz cut です。
Chris: The word 坊主meaning 'Buddhist priest' is used to mean buzz-cut too. That's interesting! 
あと、bald は「はげ」ですね。
Naomi: そう。「はげ」と「丸刈り」は違いますけどね。
Chris: Yeah, of course, bald and buzz cut are different, but I thought they were related, so it was a good chance to introduce the word はげ, bald!

Lesson focus

Chris: The Focus of This Lesson Is Causative Sentences.
Naomi: Causative は日本語で「使役」です。
Chris: Good idea. Let's start off by reviewing how to make the causative forms of verbs. Conjugating class 2 and 3 verbs isn't so difficult, so why don't we review only class 1 verbs?
Naomi: はい。いいと思います。クリスさん、 class 1の、ルールお願いします。
Chris: For Class 1 Verbs, add -seru to the -nai form stem. For example, "to laugh" is?
Naomi: 笑う
Chris: The -nai form is?
Naomi: 笑わない
Chris: Drop -nai
Naomi: わらわ
Chris: To that, attach せる
Naomi: わらわ・せる
Chris: わらわせる to make someone smile
Let's do more. "to cry" is?
Naomi: 泣く
Chris: The nai form is?
Naomi: 泣かない
Chris: Dropない and add せる
Naomi: なか・せる
Chris: なかせる "to make someone cry"
How about "to get angry"?
Naomi: 怒る
Chris: -nai form?
Naomi: 怒らない
Chris: Drop -nai
Naomi: おこら
Chris: And add せる
Naomi: おこら・せる
Chris: おこらせる "to make someone angry"
Naomi: そうです。笑う "to laugh" becomes 笑わせる "to make someone laugh"
泣く "to cry" becomes 泣かせる "to make someone cry" 怒る "to get angry" becomes 怒らせる "to make someone angry"
Chris: Next, you'll learn how to compose sentences like "I made my brother angry" or "Don't make girls cry." in Japanese.
Naomi: はい。例えば、「私は兄を怒らせる。」
Chris: "I make my brother angry".
Naomi: 兄「を」 怒らせる 
Chirs: Did you notice that the brother was marked by particle を? When the verb relates to human emotion, the person who experiences the emotion is marked by the particle を.
Naomi: そうです。じゃ、「私は、兄を泣かせる」は?
Chris: 私は"I"; 兄を "my brother plus particle を"; なかせる "to make someone cry" so..."I make my brother cry"
Naomi: 私はみんなを笑わせる なら?
Chris: 私は "I"; みんなを "everyone plus particle を"; 笑わせる "to make someone laugh". So... I make everyone laugh.
Naomi: そうですね。
Chris: OK. Listeners, listen and repeat. "I always make my brother angry".
Naomi: 私はいつも兄を怒らせる。
Chris: Say "I always make my brother angry" in Japanese.
Naomi: 私はいつも兄を怒らせる
このレッスンのダイアログでは 実君はお兄さんを怒らせましたね。
Chris: Right. In this lesson's dialogue, みのるはお兄さんを怒らせました Minoru made his brother angry.
Naomi: それから、実君は桜子さんを泣かせました。
Chris: And Minoru made Sakurako cry...? Really? He didn't make her cry. He made her laugh.
Naomi: そうですね。泣いていなくて、笑っていました。じゃ、それを日本語で言ってください。
Chris: OK. Listeners, say "Minoru made Sakurako laugh."
Chris: Naomi-sensei, the answer is?
Naomi: 実君は桜子さんを笑わせました
Chris: "Minoru made Sakurako laugh."
Naomi: ところで、クリスさんは、最近誰かを、泣かせたこと、怒らせたことありますか?
Chris: ええー? Have I recently made anyone cry or angry? ないとおもいますね。
Naomi: 本当?
Chris: もしかして、僕は、直美先生を怒らせたり、いらいらさせたりしたことありますか?
Naomi: たぶん・・・ない・・と思います。多分。
Chris: え・・・。多分?
Naomi: うそうそ。(笑)全然ないです。
Chris: よかったです。(笑)


Naomi: じゃ、このレッスンはここまで。
Chris: Right! Be sure to read the lesson notes for this lesson for an even better review. They include a transcript and translation of the conversation, the lesson vocabulary and a detailed grammar explanation. Go to JapanesePod101.com to download the lesson notes for this lesson now. See you next time.


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Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 21st, 2011 at 06:30 PM
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Have you made anyone angry/happy/sad lately?! :O

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 23rd, 2021 at 03:08 AM
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Konnichiwa Snehal Agarwal

Thank you for your comment.

It was close! Your sentence should be:台所で働かなくて母を怒らせちゃったけど、後で母が怒っていないのを見てびっくりした。

Konnichiwa Diana

Thank you for your feedback. We will try to fix this problem sooner as possible 😉👍

Keep up the good work and Feel free to ask us any questions.


Team JapanesePod101.com

January 21st, 2021 at 06:54 PM
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Hello!! 😁 I just wanted to report that there is a small typo in the hiragana transcript of the dialogue: in the phrase: [ やきゅうのはなしをはじめて、いからせちゃったんだ ] instead of [ おこらせちゃったんだ ] .

Snehal Agarwal
December 13th, 2020 at 09:18 PM
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Is my sentence correct?


I made my mother angry because I didn't work in the kitchen, but later I was surprised to see that she was not angry.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 16th, 2020 at 06:20 PM
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○ソーシャルディスタンスの取り方を 絶対に失敗したみたいなんです。






Team JapanesePod101.com

June 19th, 2020 at 09:28 AM
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新しいコロナウィルスが出て以来にBMXの競争が中止されました。しかし、先週の木曜日に隣のBMXトラックで競争が始まりました。ぜひ行きたかったんですが、競争でみなさん「ファンもレーサー」が ソーシャルディスタンシングを 絶対に失敗したみたいんです。危ないので、また競争できません。それで、危なくて、行ったから、夫を怒らせました。


JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 10th, 2020 at 04:46 PM
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They are all great. I made just a few corrections.





Please let us know if you have any question:)



Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 9th, 2020 at 11:28 AM
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Hi Ruby,

Thank you for your question!

We are sorry for the late reply.

When つもり is used with past tense of a verb or it becomes to the past tense つもりだった, it's connoted that the speaker had the intention, but the result of the action turned out differently than expected.

So 泣かせたつもりはない and 泣かせるつもりはなかった means same, "I didn't intend to make her cry."

Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us!



Team JapanesePod101.com

April 28th, 2020 at 11:11 PM
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コーチは野球合宿が始まる前に、選手を丸刈りにされた。The coach made the athletes have a buzz cut before the baseball training camp started.

寝ている間に、兄貴にまゆげをそられた。最初は気付かなかったけど、鏡見ると、(I was surprised) . Should it be 驚いた or 驚かせた?When I was sleeping, my brother shaved by my eyebrows. I didn't notice at first, but when I looked in the mirror, I was surprised.

もし短くしたいなら、これもいいですか? 寝ている間に、兄貴にまゆげをそられて、驚かせた。When I was sleeping, my brother shaved by my eyebrows and I was surprised.

スタープレイヤーが足を怪我された時、ファンを心配させました。 When the star player injured his foot, it made the fans worry.

その床屋にもう二度と行かないつもりです。I will never go to that barbershop again.


April 10th, 2020 at 04:00 PM
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Hi, dear teachers:

Can you explain the usage and meaning of ’つもり’ in the following sentences?


In the given reference lesson of ’つもり’, I only found explaining regarding when '-ru' form proceeding つもり.

The English translation given in this lesson is 'I didn't mean to make her cry/laugh.' Can we use 泣かせるつもりはなかった/笑わせるつもりもなかった to mean the same thing?

Thank you very much!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 29th, 2020 at 11:20 AM
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Hi ポール,

Thanks for your comment!

You mean class 2 verbs?

We classify verbs into class 1, 2 and 3.

Ichidan verbs are verbs conjugate into 1 form. "見"ない "見"ます "見"る "見"れば "見"よう

Godan verbs are verbs conjugate into 5 forms. 書"か"ない 書"き"ます 書"く" 書"け"ば 書"こ"う

Thank you for studying with us!



Team JapanesePod101.com