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Lesson Transcript

Naomi: なおみです。
Chris: Chris here. Express Your Annoyance in Japanese.
Chris: このレッスンの文法ポイントは何ですか?
Naomi: 受身です。
Chris: In this lesson, you'll learn the usage of ukemi, or passive sentences.
Naomi: 特に、「迷惑の受身」を勉強します。
Chris: Especially, we'll work on "meiwaku no ukemi" - the indirect passive or suffering passive.
Naomi: 今回は二人の高校生が話しています。那須君と栗林君ですね。
Chris: The conversation is between two high school students.
Naomi: 友達なのでカジュアルに話しています。
Chris: Since they're friends, they're speaking informally.
Naomi: では聞いてみましょう。
Chris: Let's listen to the conversation.
那須実: この前、たくさんの女の子たちに好かれる夢を見たんだ。正夢かな。
栗林豆太郎: 実は幸せだな・・・。僕、今週、本当についてなかったよ。
那須実: そう?
栗林豆太郎: 月曜、犬にほえられて、転んで足を打ったし・・・。
那須実: 犬にほえられたから転んだのか?でも、かまれなくてよかったじゃん。
栗林豆太郎: まあね。で、火曜に、お気に入りのジーンズを 親に 洗われたんだ。
那須実: え?ジーンズ 洗わないの?
栗林豆太郎: 洗わないよ。あれ、ビンテージジーンズで 高かったんだよ。
那須実: ・・・っていうか、親が 洗濯してくれるんだ。
栗林豆太郎: ふーん。それから、水曜日は道場で先輩に顔をけられて、口の中を切っちゃったし。
那須実: うわ・・・。
栗林豆太郎: 昨日の遠足は、雨に降られたし、全く、ついてないよ。
Naomi: 今度は英語の訳と一緒に聞いてみましょう。
那須実: この前、たくさんの女の子たちに好かれる夢を見たんだ。正夢かな。
Minoru Nasu: A while ago, I had a dream where loads of girls were in love with me. I wonder whether it was a prophetic dream.
栗林豆太郎: 実は幸せだな・・・。僕、今週、本当についてなかったよ。
Mametaro Kuribayashi: It's all right for you, Minoru... This week really wasn't my week.
那須実: そう?
Minoru Nasu: Really?
栗林豆太郎: 月曜、犬にほえられて、転んで足を打ったし・・・。
Mametaro Kuribayashi: On Monday a dog barked at me, and I tripped and hit my leg...
那須実: 犬にほえられたから転んだのか?でも、かまれなくてよかったじゃん。
Minoru Nasu: So you tripped because a dog barked at you? But at least you weren't bitten, right?
栗林豆太郎: まあね。で、火曜に、お気に入りのジーンズを 親に 洗われたんだ。
Mametaro Kuribayashi: I guess. So then on Tuesday, my mom went and washed my favorite jeans.
那須実: え?ジーンズ 洗わないの?
Minoru Nasu: Huh? You don't wash your jeans?
栗林豆太郎: 洗わないよ。あれ、ビンテージジーンズで 高かったんだよ。
Mametaro Kuribayashi: No! They're vintage, and they were expensive!
那須実: ・・・っていうか、親が 洗濯してくれるんだ。
Minoru Nasu: ...That aside, your mom does your laundry for you?
That must be nice. My mom doesn't do my laundry for me.
栗林豆太郎: ふーん。それから、水曜日は道場で先輩に顔をけられて、口の中を切っちゃったし。
Mametaro Kuribayashi: Really... And then, on Wednesday at the dojo, I was kicked in the face by my senpai, and I cut the inside of my mouth.
那須実: うわ・・・。
Minoru Nasu: Jeez...
栗林豆太郎: 昨日の遠足は、雨に降られたし、全く、ついてないよ。
Mametaro Kuribayashi: And then yesterday's class trip was rained out. I really have no luck.
Naomi: あの・・・質問なんですけど、ビンテージジーンズって洗わないんですか?
Chris: 最初は、洗わないみたいですね。
Naomi: 汚くないの?
Chris: 大丈夫です。あの、くさくななりそうぐらいの時にそのジーンズを履いたままで、お風呂に入ってそこで洗うといいみたいですね。
Naomi: そうなんですか。
Chris: それで自分の足の形キープできるって聞いたんですけど。
Naomi: なるほどね。
Chris: So I’ve heard that vintage jeans shouldn't be washed for a while, and when they're starting to stink you can wear them into the bath to make sure they keep the shape of your legs.
Naomi: そういうことを話してたんですね、ダイアログでね。で、ダイアログの中で実君が、「正夢かな。」といっていましたが、「正夢」って英語でなんですか?
Chris: In the dialogue, Minoru said that it might have been a「まさゆめ」, which is a "prophetic dream" in English. 正夢を見たことはありますか? Have you ever had a prophetic dream, Naomi-sensei?
Naomi: うーん。多分、ないと思います。夢はすぐ忘れちゃうのでわかりませんね。(笑)クリスサンは?
Chris: 実はちょっと信じないので、「正夢」って。あの、記憶のトリックかなと思ってして。
Naomi: なるほどね。
Chris: I haven’t really had a prophetic dream because I don’t think they exist, but I don’t know, maybe they do.
Naomi: リスナーの皆さんは「まさゆめ」を見たことがありますか?あったら、教えてください。
Chris: So, listeners, have you ever had a prophetic dream? If you have, please share it with us!
Vocabulary and Phrases
Chris: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we shall see is:
Naomi: 正夢 [natural native speed]
Chris: prophetic dream, dream that comes true
Naomi: 正夢 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 正夢 [natural native speed]
Chris: Next,
Naomi: ほえる [natural native speed]
Chris: to bark, to howl ;V2
Naomi: ほえる [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: ほえる [natural native speed]
Chris: Next,
Naomi: かむ [natural native speed]
Chris: to bite, to chew; V1
Naomi: かむ [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: かむ [natural native speed]
Chris: Next,
Naomi: お気に入り [natural native speed]
Chris: favorite
Naomi: お気に入り [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: お気に入り [natural native speed]
Chris: Next,
Naomi: 蹴る [natural native speed]
Chris: to kick, to reject; V1
Naomi: 蹴る [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 蹴る [natural native speed]
Chris: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Naomi: では、単語とフレーズを勉強しましょう。
Chris: 最初の表現は? What's the first expression?
Naomi: ついている
Chris: "to be lucky". The verb tsuku has several meanings, and one of those meanings is "to be in luck." It's usually used in the present progressive form.
Naomi: そうですね。例えば、「私は、今日、ついている」
Chris: "I'm having good luck today."
Naomi: 反対の言葉は 「ついていない」
Chris: The opposite expression is ついていない "to be out of luck" or "to have bad luck". ひとり言で言う人いますよね。
Naomi: ああ!「やった~!ついてる」とか、「あー、ついてない」とか?
Chris: Yes. That's what I meant. Can we hear them one more time? So when something good happens, a person might say...
Naomi: やった、ついてる。
Chris: "Yay. I'm in luck." And when something bad things happen...
Naomi: あーついてない
Chris: "Man, I'm out of luck."
次の表現は? What's the next expression?
Naomi: っていうか
Chris: "I mean" or "actually". It's basically used to rephrase what has just been said.
Naomi: じゃ、ちょっと会話をしてみましょう。
Chris: "Today is cool ...well, actually it's cold."
Naomi: 親からお金を借りた・・・っていうかもらいました。
Chris: "I borrowed ... I mean, I got some money from my parents."
「てゆうか~」をconversation starter に使う人もいますね。
Naomi: ああ、若い人に多いですね。例えば、「おはよう。・・・っていうか寒いね」
Chris: これは、正しくないですよね。
Naomi: ダメですね~。でも、そういう風に使う若い人はいますけどね。
Chris: So we don't recommend the usage of ていうか as a conversation starter as it's grammatically incorrect, but ていうか meaning "I mean" is frequently used in casual conversations.
Naomi: そうです。私は、"I mean"の意味の「てゆうか」はよく使います、本当によく使います。
Chris: なるほど。
Naomi: クリスさんは?。
Chris: だぶん、よく使っていますね、英語でも。
Naomi: 英語でね, I mean.
Chris: I mean なんとか, I mean... I mean...
Naomi: なるほどね。便利な言葉なんですよね。
Chris: そうですね。
Naomi: 是非覚えてください。

Lesson focus

Chris: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use the 迷惑のうけみ or indirect passive.
Naomi: 英語にはないですね。
Chris: Right. There isn't an equivalent in English grammar. Can we have a sample sentence?
Naomi: 私は犬に逃げられた。
Chris: Literally "I was escaped by the dog", or "The dog escaped on me." in more natural English, "I was annoyed, or troubled, because the dog escaped." Notice that the subject or victim わたし "I" was marked by...
Naomi: は
Chris: And the doer of the action in this case いぬ "dog" was marked by
Naomi: に
Chris: Then we have the passive form of a verb.
Naomi: 逃げられた
Chris: "was escaped"
So the formation is [victim]は[villain]に[passive form of a verb]
Naomi: じゃ、練習しましょう。Let's practice.
Chris: Let's say "A child cried, and Hanako was troubled."
First of all, who is the victim?
Naomi: はなこ
Chris: So "Victim plus particle wa"
Naomi: はなこは
Chris: Who is the doer of the action, or who caused the trouble?
Naomi: a child - こども
Chris: So doer of the action plus particle に. So..
Naomi: こどもに
Chris: So far we have?
Naomi: はなこはこどもに
Chris: Lastly attach the passive form of a verb. How do you say to cry?
Naomi: なかれた
Chris: なかれた is the past passive form of a verb なく to cry.
All together?
Naomi: はなこは子供に泣かれた。
Chris: "A child cried and Hanako was troubled." OK. Repeat after Naomi-sensei!
Naomi: はなこは子供に泣かれた。
Naomi: もう一つ練習しましょう。
Chris: This time your friend smoked and you were annoyed by it. Who is the victim?
Naomi: わたし “I”
Chris: So you should start the sentence with
Naomi: わたしは
Chris: And who is the villain?
Naomi: 友達 “friend”
Chris: To that, you attach に, so we have...
Naomi: 私は友達に
Chris: Then attach the passive form of a verb. Now "to smoke" isタバコをすう, isn't it? What's the passive form?
Naomi: タバコをすわれる
Chris: The past tense is?
Chris: So all together?
Naomi: 私は友達にタバコをすわれた。
Chris: Ok. Listen and repeat."My friend smoked and I was annoyed."
Naomi: 私は友達にタバコをすわれた
Chris: Let's recap this lesson. In the dialogue, Kuribayashi-kun said his mother washed his jeans and he was annoyed.
How do you say that sentence?
(pause) Here's a hint. Victim is?
Naomi: 栗林君
Chris: The villain is?
Naomi: お母さん
Chris: Did you get that? Naomi-sensei, the answer is?
Naomi: 栗林君はお母さんにジーンズを洗われた。
Chris: Mr. Kuribayashi's mother washed his jeans and he was annoyed. By the way, あらわれた is a tongue twister, isn't it?
Naomi: そうですね。クリスさん、すみません、もう一回言ってください。
Chris: あらわれた
Naomi: そうです。じゃ、もうちょと早く?
Chris: あらわれた。
Naomi: じゃ、早く三回行ってみて。
Chris: あらわれた。あらわれた。あらわれた。
Naomi: すごい!
Chris: 僕は直美先生にいじめられました。Naomi sensei is giving me a hard time.
Naomi: いじめでないです。遊んだだけです。
Chris: Well, it did make a good last example sentence.


Naomi: じゃ、このレッスンはこの辺で。
Chris: That's all for this lesson. See you next time.
Naomi: じゃ、また!


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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 24th, 2011 at 06:30 PM
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Have you ever had a week like Minoru's where nothing seems to go right?

April 29th, 2021 at 05:40 AM
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I am watching a new lesson right now but when mom called me I was taking a shower, and when I got out I had 5 calls from my teacher so I rushed to the class. (Implying its online class)




I returned home after a long time. Thanks to my family I got happy but a few days ago my mom washed my brand new shoes, my brother used my computer and when I was studying my sister used to sing. The last week was horrible

I framed these sentences in Japnese and then tried to translate them. Indirect passive is quite an interesting grammar point.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 8th, 2020 at 12:26 PM
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JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 4th, 2020 at 05:37 PM
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こんにちは Ruiairiさん

Thank you so much for your valuable feedback! These are definitely aspects we are considering to improve at. :)

I will forward your feedback to our team. Please note that we already have some newer lesson series that focus on conversational phrases and common expressions much more, with many many repetition!

Wishing you good luck with your Japanese,

レヴェンテ (Levente)

Team JapanesePod101.com

June 16th, 2020 at 04:49 AM
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May 30th, 2020 at 08:37 PM
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Hi I have just started studying again after a break. The course seems comprehensive but I'm not sure this is the one for me. I really think this programme could be improved by setting much more time to listening and repeating sentences. it is frustrating that there are so few opportunities. The other improvement point i would like to suggest is that the kanji sheets would benefit from a stroke order when practicing their formation. Do you think this is something you would consider in the future?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 24th, 2020 at 12:33 PM
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Jeremy さん

No, 弟に私のパソコンを使われた。also express your annoyance.






Thank you for studying with us!



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May 1st, 2020 at 08:33 AM
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April 21st, 2020 at 08:40 PM
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遠足でクラスメイトに蹴られて、ビンテージのジーンズを汚されました。 During our field trip, my friend kicked me and ruined my vintage jeans.

先月、私は犬にほえられて、追いかけられて、気に入り靴をかまれた夢が起こった。全く、正夢だね。The dream I had last month where I was barked at, chased, and my favorite shoes got chewed on by a dog happened. It truly was a prophetic dream.

子供の時、毒づいてしまうたびに、お母さんに口を洗われました。Whenever I said bad words when I was a child, my mom would wash my mouth.

両親の幸せのために...っていうか私のも、医大に行こうと思っています。For my parents' happiness, I mean for mine as well, I'm thinking of going to medical school.

I would really appreciate any feedback to make my sentences better, even for the very first one. Thank you! ❤️️

April 17th, 2020 at 06:36 PM
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If the subject is omitted from the passive sentence, does it become a regular passive sentence (without being annoyed)?


My computer was used by my brother.


My computer was used by my brother and I was annoyed.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 25th, 2020 at 12:39 PM
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