Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson.
Ready?
Let’s get started.
Naomi: スーパーがあります。 (Sūpā ga arimasu.)
Jessi: In this lesson, you will learn how to say that something exists as in, there is a blank. And also how to say that you have something.
Naomi: The same pattern is used for both of these meanings.
Jessi: Yes, and that pattern is?
Naomi: A があります。 (A ga arimasu.)
Jessi: A があります。 (A ga arimasu.) So let’s take a look at the first meaning talking about something existing. When we say it this way, it sounds really deep but what are we really trying to say?
Naomi: Well it’s like saying, there is a dah-dah-dah in English, like there is a supermarket, or there is a convenient store, there is a party, things like that.
Jessi: How about there is a person?
Naomi: Nope. This pattern is used for inanimate objects only.
Jessi: Got it. So objects, things, places, anything that’s not alive basically?
Naomi: Right.
Jessi: So again, the pattern is
Naomi: A があります。 (A ga arimasu.)
Jessi: Let’s hear some examples. How about the ones that we just gave in English?
Naomi: Okay supermarket is スーパー (sūpā) in Japanese. So to say there is a supermarket, we say スーパーがあります。 (Sūpā ga arimasu.)
Jessi: スーパー (sūpā) plus があります(ga arimasu). スーパーがあります。 (Sūpā ga arimasu.)
Naomi: Right. Convenience store is コンビニ (konbini) So to say, there is a convenience store, we say コンビニがあります。 (Konbini ga arimasu.)
Jessi: コンビニ (konbini) plus があります。 (ga arimasu.) コンビニがあります。 (Konbini ga arimasu.)
Naomi: That’s it.
Jessi: Okay. So like we said earlier, this があります (ga arimasu) has another meaning.
Naomi: Yes. And that’s the meaning of to have
Jessi: As in, I have, you have, he has, et cetera. So to say that you have something, the structure is, item plus があります (ga arimasu), just like before.
Naomi: Okay. How about saying you have time? Time is 時間 (jikan) . So to say I have time, you’d say 時間があります。 (Jikan ga arimasu.)
Jessi: 時間 (jikan) plus があります。 (ga arimasu.) 時間があります。 (Jikan ga arimasu.). Now you know how to use があります (ga arimasu) to talk about the existence of inanimate objects and having something.
Naomi: スーパーがあります。 (Sūpā ga arimasu.)
Naomi: 兄弟がいますか。 (Kyōdai ga imasu ka.)
Jessi: In this lesson, you will learn how to talk about the existence of animate objects, that is people and animals. If you remember, we learned object があります (ga arimasu) to talk about the existence of an inanimate object and also to talk about having something. This time what’s our structure?
Naomi: Person or animal plus がいます。 (ga imasu.) .
Jessi: がいます (ga imasu) .
Naomi: Remember that this can only be used with living things people or animals.
Jessi: Right.
Naomi: So Jessi, can you tell us when we’d use this structure?
Jessi: Well first, you can use it to talk about someone being physically present.
Naomi: Yes, as in, Tailor is here, or, the teacher is here.
Jessi: Right. And that would be covered by person plus がいます (ga imasu.)
Naomi: Right. And how else?
Jessi: You can also use it to talk about having family members as in, I have a brother, I have a sister, et cetera.
Naomi: Yes. Family member plus がいます (ga imasu) .
Jessi: Let’s hear some examples. What’s the word for siblings Naomi?
Naomi: 兄弟 (kyōdai)
Jessi: 兄弟 (kyōdai) Brothers and sisters. So when someone asks you if you have brothers or sisters, they will ask, Naomi?
Naomi: 兄弟がいますか。 (Kyōdai ga imasu ka.)
Jessi: 兄弟がいますか。 (kyōdai ga imasu ka.) Do you have any brothers or sisters? Remember that the か (ka) at the end makes it a question.
兄弟がいますか。 (kyōdai ga imasu ka.)
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133 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 24th, 2012 at 06:30 PM
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

 

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 8th, 2021 at 06:57 PM
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Hi Matt,

Thank you for posting and we are very sorry for this late reply.

And also we are sorry that this lesson confused you for a long time.

In this lesson we learn the phrases あります and います in the pattern, so it's actually different type of approach.

However, we would like to take your opinion as our important reference.


Hi Anastasia,

Thank you for your comment and we are really sorry for the late reply.

Grammatically we can say "kore/sore/are ga arimasu", as they should be subject.

But in most cases it does not make sense.

Usually "kore/sore/are" are used with "desu" to say "this/that is something."


Please let us know if you have any further question:)


Sincerely,

Miho

Team Japanesepod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 29th, 2021 at 06:55 PM
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こんにちは ジェイダ


コメントをありがとうございます。

文章はかんぺきです👍 Good job!


Keep up the good work and Feel free to ask us any questions.

Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

ジェイダ
February 26th, 2021 at 02:10 AM
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私はペットはすきです。でも、犬はいません。

兄弟がいます。車がありません。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 3rd, 2021 at 10:25 AM
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こんにちは Vu Tran,


Thank you so much for your positive message! 😇❤️️

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

レヴェンテ (Levente)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Vu Tran
February 1st, 2021 at 04:20 AM
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A satisfactory lesson!

Anastasia
February 1st, 2021 at 12:48 AM
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Hello 😄

Can you clarify please the following?

Can we use "kore/sore/are" with the verbs "imasu" and "arimasu"? As far as I understand, we can use them in the sentences like "kore wa ringo desu" if we want to indicate an apple. But can we use the same words to say about the existence of something? For example, "kore wa ringo ga arimasu". Or should we use only "ringo ga arimasu"?

Are "kore/sore/are" used only with "desu" and serve only for indicating something?

Thank you ;)

Matt
December 18th, 2020 at 07:32 PM
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Reviewing this lesson later, I realised this is one of the lessons that I had to unlearn.

You should state that が marks the subject of the sentence and comes after the noun rather than があります as a set phrase.

It took me so many books and lessons before I was clearly taught that the particle comes after the work, like a pair. :(

コンビニ + があります confused me for a long time

コンビニが + あります would have been better

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 23rd, 2020 at 03:51 PM
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Aiman


Thank you so much for your comment😄

I'm not so sure what you mean by that since hiragana and katakana have exactly the same sounds.

Where did you hear the difference?

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Aiman
November 20th, 2020 at 08:23 PM
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Why the "RI" sound in arimasu use katakana instead of hiragana?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 14th, 2020 at 12:52 AM
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Konnichiwa Rachel


Thank you for your comment!

母はアーモンドアレルギ一が有ります。is correct.


Keep up the good work!


Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com