Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar, absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson.
Ready?
Let’s get started.
Naomi: 今、何時ですか。 (Ima nan-ji desu ka.)
Naomi: 今、何時ですか。 (Ima nan-ji desu ka.)
Eric: What time is it? Let’s break it down.
NAOMI: 今 (ima)
Eric: Now.
Naomi: 何時 (nanji)
Eric: What time.
Naomi: です (desu)
Eric: Copula.
Naomi: か (ka)
Eric: The question marker.
Naomi: 今、何時ですか。 (Ima nan-ji desu ka.)
Eric: What time is it now?
Naomi: I think this is the most common expression to ask the time.
Eric: That’s right. And this is pretty formal in the sense that you say 今 (ima) at the beginning you say now. Because when you ask the time, you usually mean right now, right? So you can omit 今 (ima) and it will still have the same meaning.
Naomi: 何時ですか。 (Nan-ji desu ka.)
Eric: What time is it? Same thing, right?
Naomi: Right. And of course in a casual situation, you can drop ですか (desu ka) and say 何時? (Nan-ji?)
Eric: And you know, it’s funny, in that case personally from personal experience, when you are speaking casually, you tend to add the 今 (ima) at the beginning. So it would become
Naomi: 今、何時? (Ima, nan-ji?)
Eric: Right. And that’s the phrase you hear the most at least when you are speaking casually.
Naomi:今、何時ですか。 (Ima nan-ji desu ka.)
Naomi: 4時です。 (Yo-ji desu.)
Eric: Let’s do the time. Let’s learn all of the hours. All right, so what’s
1 o'clock?
Naomi: 1時 (ichi-ji)
Eric: 2 o'clock
Naomi: 2時 (ni-ji)
Eric: 3 o'clock
Naomi: 3時 (san-ji)
Eric: 4 o'clock
Naomi: 4時 (yo-ji)
Eric: 5 o'clock
Naomi: 5時 (go-ji)
Eric: 6 o'clock
Naomi: 6時 (roku-ji)
Eric: 7 o'clock
Naomi: 7時 (しちじ shichi-ji) or 7時 (ななじ nana-ji)
Eric: 8 o'clock
Naomi: 8時 (hachi-ji)
Eric: 9 o'clock
Naomi: 9時 (ku-ji)
Eric: 10 o'clock
Naomi: 10時 (jū-ji)
Eric: 11 o'clock
Naomi: 11時 (jū ichi-ji)
Eric: 12 o’clock.
Naomi: 12時 (jū ni-ji)
Eric: There we go. Now you can count all of the hours.
Naomi: But you have to be careful about 4 o’clock, 9 o’clock and 7 o’clock. The pronunciation is bit irregular.
Eric: Irregular. Okay so let’s go over them again. What’s 4 o'clock?
Naomi: よじ (yo ji)
Eric: Okay. I see what you are saying. So normally the #4 is?
Naomi: よん (yon)
Eric: But when it’s 4 o'clock, it becomes?
Naomi: よ、じ (yo, ji)
Eric: I see. So the よん (yon) becomes よ (yo)
Naomi: And you can’t say しじ (shi-ji) neither.
Eric: Ah, that’s right. Because another way of saying 4 is し (shi), right?
Naomi: Uh-huh.
Eric: And you can’t say しじ (shi-ji) . It doesn’t make any sense. No one will know what time you are talking about. So what’s the problem with 7 o'clock?
Naomi: I think people usually say しちじ (shichi-ji) in the conversation but at the train station or airport, you might hear ななじ (nana-ji)
Eric: 9 o'clock?
Naomi: くじ (ku-ji). It’s not きゅうじ (kyū-ji)
Eric: Ah 9 is normally?
Naomi: きゅう (kyū)
Eric: きゅう (kyū) but 9 o'clock?
Naomi: くじ (ku-ji)
Eric: It becomes く (ku), くじ (ku-ji). Alright, so let’s practice some polite conversation.
What time is it now?
Naomi: 今、何時ですか。 (Ima nan-ji desu ka.)
Eric: It’s 4 o'clock.
Naomi: 4時です。 (Yo-ji desu.)
And in a casual situation?
Eric: What time is it.
Naomi: 今、何時? (Ima, nan-ji?)
Eric: It’s 4 o'clock.
Naomi: 4時。 (Yo-ji.)
4時です。 (Yo-ji desu.)
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45 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 27th, 2012 at 06:30 PM
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 15th, 2021 at 08:35 PM
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ジェイダさん

コメントありがとうございます😄

Your sentence looks perfect👍


Andreasさん

Thank you so much for your comment😄

Am is ごぜん and pm is ごご; for example, 1am is ごぜん1じ and 3pm is ごご3じ😉


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Andreas
March 11th, 2021 at 09:50 AM
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How can I add "am" or "pm" to the time in japanese?

ジェイダ
February 19th, 2021 at 01:57 AM
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今何時ですか?十一時です。

JapanesePod101.com
February 8th, 2019 at 09:39 AM
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G-san konnichiwa,


Thank you for your comment.

We appreciate your feedback!

Hope you enjoyed the N5 course as well.

"JLPT N5 Master Course"

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson-library/japanese-language-proficiency-test-n5-preparation-course/


Stay tuned,

Motoko

Team JapanesePod101.com

G
January 16th, 2019 at 02:43 AM
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I'm doing the N5 course right now.

There is a mixture of old and newly updated lessons.

These teaching videos are a vast improvement over the older non-video audio dialogues.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 15th, 2018 at 09:52 AM
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Hi Suchanya,


コメントをありがとうございます!

Glad to hear you've enjoyed this lesson.


Hi Betty K.R,


Thank you for question.

I'm not sure about your question, but if you ask "Ima nan-pun?" to a Japanese person, he/she will usually just answer with the minutes.


Hi Asare Emmanuel Dickson,


Thank you very much for the comment! So glad to hear you liked the lesson!


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 15th, 2018 at 09:13 AM
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Hi Dennis,


Sorry to hear you had trouble accessing a lesson. If you keep having the same problem, please check the following page for a possible solution:


https://www.japanesepod101.com/helpcenter/faqandsupport/techsupport


Hi Mike,


Thanks for the thumbs-up emoji! Glad to hear you liked the lesson.


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Asare Emmanuel Dickson
November 11th, 2018 at 10:07 PM
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Great lessons. At least I could tell the time in Japanese now



Betty K.R
November 11th, 2018 at 03:44 PM
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Hello! Here is a question: if it's say 11:30 or 11:43 in the morning, do you just add the regular numbers after the hour? Just started studying two weeks ago so I am still konda shaky in the structures.

Suchanya
November 9th, 2018 at 12:15 PM
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ありがとうございました

今何時ですか

よくわかりました