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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
Naomi: 行かないでください。 (Ikanaide kudasai.)
Peter: In this section, you will learn how to tell someone not do something. To tell someone not to do something, we put the verb into the informal negative form and then add で (de). If you want to make a polite request, add でください (de kudasai) to the informal negative form.
Naomi: The informal negative form of a verb is often called the nai-form.
Peter: The explanation we just gave you may have sounded a little complicated but I think once we illustrate with some examples, it will become very clear. Naomi-sensei, can you give us a verb?
Naomi: Sure. 行く (iku) to go.
Peter: What’s the corresponding informal negative form or the nai-form?
Naomi: 行かない (ikanai)
Peter: Won’t go. Change the く (ku) to か (ka) and add ない (nai) . So 行く (iku) becomes 行かない (ikanai) , won’t go. To say don’t go, you add で (de)
Naomi: 行かないで (ikanaide)
Peter: This is the shortened form of please don’t go. If you want to say please don’t go, add ください (kudasai)
Naomi: 行かないでください。 (Ikanaide kudasai.)
Peter: Please don’t go. Let’s do one more example. Can you give us another verb?
Naomi: する (suru)
Peter: To do. The nai-form is?
Naomi: しない (shinai)
Peter: Won’t do. To say don’t do, add で (de)
Naomi: しないで (shinaide)
Peter: And how do we say please don’t do as in please don’t do that or please don’t do this?
Naomi: しないでください(Shinaide kudasai). So 遠慮する (enryo suru) is
Peter: To hesitate, to hold back.
Naomi: So 遠慮しないでください (Enryo shinai de kudasai) is
Peter: Please don’t hold back or please don’t hesitate.
Naomi: 心配する (shinpai suru) is
Peter: To worry.
Naomi: So 心配しないでください。 (Shinpai shinaide kudasai.) means
Peter: Please don’t worry.
Naomi: 行かないでください。 (Ikanaide kudasai.)
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JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 22nd, 2012 at 06:30 PM
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)


JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 26th, 2020 at 05:18 PM
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Konnichiwa Rachel

Thank you for your comment. your sentence is good!

Keep up the good work and Feel free to ask us any questions.


Team JapanesePod101.com

August 6th, 2020 at 03:22 AM
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JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 8th, 2019 at 06:21 AM
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Hi Salim,

Thank you for the comment!

Glad to hear this lesson helped you clear certain things you didn't understand in the past!

If you have any questions, please let us know in the comment.


Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

October 12th, 2019 at 09:33 AM
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This lesson finally helped me understand what Kousei was saying to Kaori in "your lie in April." During their last performance he kept saying 行かないで. He kept saying don't go.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 15th, 2018 at 05:40 AM
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Hi Blaze,

Thank you for the comment! Don't worry, we will not stop providing you Japanese lessons!

Here's a bit of correction to make your sentence more natural.


>> 日本語レッスンをやめないでください。

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

November 1st, 2017 at 08:43 AM
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After 25 lessons, my notebook is filled with notes and I've learned a lot!


Japanesepod101.com Verified
June 22nd, 2017 at 09:35 PM
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Hi Red,

Thank you for your great feedback!

We're glad you're enjoying the lessons ;)

Let us know if you have any questions.

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team Japanesepod101.com

June 22nd, 2017 at 04:19 AM
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I love this series. It's a good foundation to form basic sentence structure. very important!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 14th, 2017 at 03:12 PM
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I'm sorry for the very late reply!!

Unfortunately, you can use ください in that sentence.

You need to conjugate the verb if you want to attach ください to it.

To say 'please do not go', it is:

いかないで ください。

Hope this helps!

Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

チャーリー, Charlie
April 8th, 2017 at 09:46 PM
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Can you say

いきませんください 'please don't go' by adding please

or is this more for the singular as in 'I won't go' いきません