Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
来てください。 (Kite kudasai.)
Peter: In this lesson, you learn how to ask someone to do something using the te-form of a verb plus ください (kudasai) which enables us to make a polite request. Okay, Naomi-sensei, how do you say to come?
Naomi: 来る (kuru)
Peter: The te-form is?
Naomi: 来て (kite)
Peter: When you use the te-form by itself, it indicates an informal request. So 来て (kite) means come as in come here. By adding ください (kudasai) to the te-form of a verb, you can create a polite request. So,
Naomi: 来てください (kite kudasai)
Peter: Means please come. Let’s do some more examples. How do you say to turn?
Naomi: 曲がる (magaru)
Peter: The te-form is?
Naomi: 曲がって (magatte)
Peter: It’s an informal request to turn. And please turn is?
Naomi: 曲がってください (magatte kudasai) 右に曲がってください (migi ni magatte kudasai)
Peter: Please turn right.
Naomi: 左に曲がってください (hidari ni magatte kudasai)
Peter: Please turn left. How do you say to go?
Naomi: 行く (iku)
Peter: The te-form is?
Naomi: 行って (itte)
Peter: And it means go. Informal request go. Please go is?
Naomi: 行ってください (itte kudasai)
まっすぐ行ってください。 (Massugu itte kudasai)
Peter: Please go straight.
Naomi: 降りる (oriru)
Peter: To get off. The te-form is 降りて
Naomi: 降りて (orite)
Peter: Sample sentence, please.
Naomi: 秋葉原で降りてください (Akihabara de orite kudasai)
Peter: Please get off at Akihabara.
The particle で (de) as in 秋葉原で (Akihabara de) indicates where the action will take place. Okay what’s the next verb?
Naomi: 出る (deru)
Peter: To leave, to go out. And the te-form is?
Naomi: 出て (dete)
Peter: Sample sentence please
Naomi: 改札口を出てください (Kaisatsuguchi o dete kudasai.)
Peter: Exit from the kaisatsuguchi. Now 改札口 (kaisatsuguchi) means ticket entrance or ticket gate. So to exit from the ticket gate. Finally we have?
Naomi: 気をつける (ki o tsukeru)
Peter: To take care, to pay attention, to be careful.
Naomi: 気 (ki) means spirit, feeling or attention. つける (tsukeru) is to attach.
Peter: So this phrase literally translates to attach your attention. In natural English, it would be pay attention or be careful.
Naomi: そうですね (sou desu ne). 気をつける (ki o tsukeru), and the te-form of つける (tsukeru) is つけて (tsukete). So, 気をつけてください (ki o tsukete kudasai)
Peter: Please be careful. Maybe in this situation, take care is a more appropriate translation.
Naomi: そうですね (Sō desu ne.)
Peter: This phrase, you will hear many times. It’s kind of like a parting greeting. 気をつけて (ki o tsukete), like take care.
Naomi: 来てください (kite kudasai)
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