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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
来てください。 (Kite kudasai.)
Peter: In this lesson, you learn how to ask someone to do something using the te-form of a verb plus ください (kudasai) which enables us to make a polite request. Okay, Naomi-sensei, how do you say to come?
Naomi: 来る (kuru)
Peter: The te-form is?
Naomi: 来て (kite)
Peter: When you use the te-form by itself, it indicates an informal request. So 来て (kite) means come as in come here. By adding ください (kudasai) to the te-form of a verb, you can create a polite request. So,
Naomi: 来てください (kite kudasai)
Peter: Means please come. Let’s do some more examples. How do you say to turn?
Naomi: 曲がる (magaru)
Peter: The te-form is?
Naomi: 曲がって (magatte)
Peter: It’s an informal request to turn. And please turn is?
Naomi: 曲がってください (magatte kudasai) 右に曲がってください (migi ni magatte kudasai)
Peter: Please turn right.
Naomi: 左に曲がってください (hidari ni magatte kudasai)
Peter: Please turn left. How do you say to go?
Naomi: 行く (iku)
Peter: The te-form is?
Naomi: 行って (itte)
Peter: And it means go. Informal request go. Please go is?
Naomi: 行ってください (itte kudasai)
まっすぐ行ってください。 (Massugu itte kudasai)
Peter: Please go straight.
Naomi: 降りる (oriru)
Peter: To get off. The te-form is 降りて
Naomi: 降りて (orite)
Peter: Sample sentence, please.
Naomi: 秋葉原で降りてください (Akihabara de orite kudasai)
Peter: Please get off at Akihabara.
The particle で (de) as in 秋葉原で (Akihabara de) indicates where the action will take place. Okay what’s the next verb?
Naomi: 出る (deru)
Peter: To leave, to go out. And the te-form is?
Naomi: 出て (dete)
Peter: Sample sentence please
Naomi: 改札口を出てください (Kaisatsuguchi o dete kudasai.)
Peter: Exit from the kaisatsuguchi. Now 改札口 (kaisatsuguchi) means ticket entrance or ticket gate. So to exit from the ticket gate. Finally we have?
Naomi: 気をつける (ki o tsukeru)
Peter: To take care, to pay attention, to be careful.
Naomi: 気 (ki) means spirit, feeling or attention. つける (tsukeru) is to attach.
Peter: So this phrase literally translates to attach your attention. In natural English, it would be pay attention or be careful.
Naomi: そうですね (sou desu ne). 気をつける (ki o tsukeru), and the te-form of つける (tsukeru) is つけて (tsukete). So, 気をつけてください (ki o tsukete kudasai)
Peter: Please be careful. Maybe in this situation, take care is a more appropriate translation.
Naomi: そうですね (Sō desu ne.)
Peter: This phrase, you will hear many times. It’s kind of like a parting greeting. 気をつけて (ki o tsukete), like take care.
Naomi: 来てください (kite kudasai)
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Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 15th, 2012 at 06:30 PM
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)


JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 28th, 2020 at 09:59 PM
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Thank you so much for your comment😄

Yes, 降りる is an action verb👍

Actions verbs don't necessarily act on an object.

Please let us know if you have any questions :)



Team JapanesePod101.com

August 26th, 2020 at 12:03 AM
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dismiss my last comment please, i know now that で is only used with action verbs.

but it seems to me that the verb 降りるisn't an action verb though? it doesnt act on an object so why is で still used?

August 25th, 2020 at 10:06 PM
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hey guys ! thanks so much for your lessons everything is explained so smoothly😄

i got a question tho, you mentioned that in the sentence 秋葉原で降りてください, we use で because it it talks about a place that an action will take place in, so why dont we have that particle as well in the sentence 改札口を出てください?

isnt he going to do a verb at(exit) at that place?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 17th, 2020 at 03:21 PM
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Hi Rachel,

Thank you for trying!

Your sentences are all good☺️

Hi Clara,

Thank you for your comment!

Actually it's a bit complicated question.

The word まっすぐ have some parts of speech: noun, na-adjective or adverb.

When it's used as a na-adjective, you can say まっすぐに行ってください。

(Na-adjective + に make it as an adverb.)

When まっすぐ itself is used as an adverb, you don't need the particle に, まっすぐ行ってください。

Please feel free to let us know if you have any question:)



Team JapanesePod101.com

August 15th, 2020 at 09:12 AM
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Hi! Lessons are すごい - keep it up!! I’m learning a lot :)

Question on the に particle. In the video you mention:



However, when you indicate to go straight you omit the に particle which I’m not sure why:


ありがとうございます! またね! :)

August 5th, 2020 at 03:12 AM
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JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 14th, 2020 at 06:34 AM
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Your sentence is correct👍

Thank you for studying with us!



Team JapanesePod101.com

June 22nd, 2020 at 11:29 PM
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これを たべて ください。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 1st, 2019 at 06:22 AM
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Hi Max,

Nice sentence but please see below for a small correction:


>> 左に曲がって下さい。


Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

December 9th, 2018 at 11:59 PM
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