Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Jessi: Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
Naomi: 買って (katte)
Peter: In this lesson, we will introduce how to make the te-form of class 1 verbs. Now, Naomi Sensei, first we should explain what the te-form is.
Naomi: Right. そうですね。 (sō desu ne.)
Peter: The te-form is a form of the verb that ends in te. The te-form is used in many intermediate and advanced grammatical constructions.
Naomi: In this lesson, you will learn how to create the te-form from the dictionary form.
Peter: The conjugation rules for class 1 verbs very depending on the final syllable. For verbs that end in う (u)、 つ (tsu)、 or る (ru) , those endings become...
Naomi: って (tte)
Peter: Small つ (tsu) and the て syllable.
Naomi: そうですね。 (sō desu ne.) To buy is 買う (kau)
Peter: So we drop the う (u) ending and we have
Naomi: Ka
Peter: Now attach って to form the te form.
Naomi: 買って  (katte)
Peter: Notice that there is a stop before te. One more time Naomi Sensei
Naomi: 買って (katte)
Peter: So it’s not
Naomi: 買て (kate)
Peter: It’s
Naomi: 買って (katte)
Peter: Okay. Can we have a verb that ends in つ (tsu)
Naomi: To stand is 立つ (tatsu)
Peter: So we drop つ (tsu) and replace it with
Naomi: って (tte)
Peter: So
Naomi: 立って (tatte)
Peter: How about class 1 verbs that end in る (ru)
Naomi: To turn is 曲がる (magaru)
Peter: Drop る (ru) and replace it with
Naomi: って (tte)
Peter: So
Naomi: 曲がって (magatte)
Peter: On to a different ending. For verbs that end in く (ku), that く (ku) becomes...
Naomi: いて (ite)
Peter: Naomi Sensei, can you give us a verb that ends in く (ku)?
Naomi: To write is 書く(kaku)
Peter: So the te-form is?
Naomi: 書いて (kaite)
Peter: Drop the く (ku) and replace it with
Naomi: いて (ite)
Peter: For verts that end in ぐ (gu), that ぐ (gu) becomes...
Naomi: いで (ide)
Peter: Naomi Sensei, how do you say "to swim"?
Naomi: 泳ぐ (oyogu)
Peter: So, how do we get the te-form?
Naomi: replace ぐ (gu) with いで (ide). So 泳ぐ (oyogu) becomes 泳いで (oyoide).
Peter: However, there's one exception, the verb "to go," 行く(iku).
Naomi: Right. 行く(iku) becomes 行って (itte) in the te-form.
Peter: That's the only irregular in the conjugation. Next, we'll look at the verbs that end in む (mu), ぶ (bu), or ぬ (nu). The verbs that end in む (mu), ぶ (bu), or ぬ (nu) ends with んで (nde). That's a standalone ん(n) sound, plus で (de).
Naomi: Right. "To drink" is 飲む (nomu), it ends with む (mu)
Peter: So we replace む (mu) with んで (nde)
Naomi: 飲んで (nonde)
Peter: Ok, can you give us a verb that ends in ぶ (bu)?
Naomi: 遊ぶ (asobu) "to play"
Peter: ぶ (bu) becomes んで (nde), so?
Naomi: 遊んで (asonde)
Peter: And for verbs that end in ぬ (nu), we only have one verb that ends in ぬ (nu) in modern Japanse.
Naomi: Right, the verb is 死ぬ (shinu).
Peter: To die. The ぬ (nu) becomes んで (nde), so...
Naomi: 死んで (shinde)
Peter: Ok, the final rule. Verbs that end in す (su) becomes して (shite) in the te-form.
Naomi: Right, 話す (hanasu) "to speak" ends in す (su), so 話す (hanasu) becomes 話して (hanashite).
Naomi: 買って (katte)
Jessi: Want more Japanse lesson like this one? Visit us at JapanesePod101.com to get your free lifetime account today. Join us at JapanesePod101.com

74 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 25th, 2012 at 06:30 PM
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 12th, 2021 at 05:52 PM
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トニーさん

コメントありがとうございます😄

*左に曲がって、まっすぐ行って。


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

トニー
July 21st, 2021 at 12:49 PM
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左に曲がって、もっすぐに行って。

Turn left, and go straight.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 12th, 2021 at 06:00 PM
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Hi Musaab,


Thank you very much for your help!

It's perfect👍


Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us:)


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Musaab
February 3rd, 2021 at 03:01 PM
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Though make sure to note the exception "行きます" which becomes "行って".

Musaab
January 8th, 2021 at 01:50 PM
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Kさん,


I think if you want to make the TE form from the MASU form, you can say this: -


For group 1 verbs: The verbs conjugation depends on what is before ます. If before it is い or ち or り, you take off the final い/ち/ります and add って. If before ます is び or み or に, you take of the final み/び/にます and add んで. If before it is し you take off the します and add して. For all the verbs with き before ます you take off the final きます and add いて. Oh, did I say ALL of the verbs? Well let me say I'm sorry because there is an exception! 行(い)きます becomes 行(い)って. If before it is ぎ you take off the final ぎます and add いで.


For group 2 verbs you simply take off the final ます and add て.


For group 3 verbs します becomes して and きます becomes きて.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 14th, 2020 at 09:03 AM
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Hi K,

Thank you for your comment😄

My pleasure!


Hi Musaab,

Thank you for helping other learners😁


Please let us know if you have any questions!

Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

K
November 25th, 2020 at 11:40 PM
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Erica さん、

Thanks for the reply. I will take a look at the lesson.


Musaab さん、

Thanks for your advice.

Actually, I wanted to know if there are any lessons here on ます-form to て-form, because the textbook I have uses that.

Musaab
November 25th, 2020 at 09:00 PM
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Hi K,

I don't think there is any way to make the -TE form more polite except for adding and additional expression or phrase after the verb if that's what you want to do.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 7th, 2020 at 06:50 AM
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K さん、こんにちは。

Sorry for the late reply and thank you for the explanation😄

No, I don't think we have lessons explaining how to change ます to て-form,

but there're many other lessons about て-form.

https://www.japanesepod101.com/learningcenter/reference/grammar/134?

(The lessons are listed at the end of the page.)


Rachel さん

コメントありがとうございます!

Your sentence is correct👍


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Rachel
August 3rd, 2020 at 07:29 AM
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急いで下さい。