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Lesson Transcript

Jessi: Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
Naomi: 買って (katte)
Peter: In this lesson, we will introduce how to make the te-form of class 1 verbs. Now, Naomi Sensei, first we should explain what the te-form is.
Naomi: Right. そうですね。 (sō desu ne.)
Peter: The te-form is a form of the verb that ends in te. The te-form is used in many intermediate and advanced grammatical constructions.
Naomi: In this lesson, you will learn how to create the te-form from the dictionary form.
Peter: The conjugation rules for class 1 verbs very depending on the final syllable. For verbs that end in う (u)、 つ (tsu)、 or る (ru) , those endings become...
Naomi: って (tte)
Peter: Small つ (tsu) and the て syllable.
Naomi: そうですね。 (sō desu ne.) To buy is 買う (kau)
Peter: So we drop the う (u) ending and we have
Naomi: Ka
Peter: Now attach って to form the te form.
Naomi: 買って  (katte)
Peter: Notice that there is a stop before te. One more time Naomi Sensei
Naomi: 買って (katte)
Peter: So it’s not
Naomi: 買て (kate)
Peter: It’s
Naomi: 買って (katte)
Peter: Okay. Can we have a verb that ends in つ (tsu)
Naomi: To stand is 立つ (tatsu)
Peter: So we drop つ (tsu) and replace it with
Naomi: って (tte)
Peter: So
Naomi: 立って (tatte)
Peter: How about class 1 verbs that end in る (ru)
Naomi: To turn is 曲がる (magaru)
Peter: Drop る (ru) and replace it with
Naomi: って (tte)
Peter: So
Naomi: 曲がって (magatte)
Peter: On to a different ending. For verbs that end in く (ku), that く (ku) becomes...
Naomi: いて (ite)
Peter: Naomi Sensei, can you give us a verb that ends in く (ku)?
Naomi: To write is 書く(kaku)
Peter: So the te-form is?
Naomi: 書いて (kaite)
Peter: Drop the く (ku) and replace it with
Naomi: いて (ite)
Peter: For verts that end in ぐ (gu), that ぐ (gu) becomes...
Naomi: いで (ide)
Peter: Naomi Sensei, how do you say "to swim"?
Naomi: 泳ぐ (oyogu)
Peter: So, how do we get the te-form?
Naomi: replace ぐ (gu) with いで (ide). So 泳ぐ (oyogu) becomes 泳いで (oyoide).
Peter: However, there's one exception, the verb "to go," 行く(iku).
Naomi: Right. 行く(iku) becomes 行って (itte) in the te-form.
Peter: That's the only irregular in the conjugation. Next, we'll look at the verbs that end in む (mu), ぶ (bu), or ぬ (nu). The verbs that end in む (mu), ぶ (bu), or ぬ (nu) ends with んで (nde). That's a standalone ん(n) sound, plus で (de).
Naomi: Right. "To drink" is 飲む (nomu), it ends with む (mu)
Peter: So we replace む (mu) with んで (nde)
Naomi: 飲んで (nonde)
Peter: Ok, can you give us a verb that ends in ぶ (bu)?
Naomi: 遊ぶ (asobu) "to play"
Peter: ぶ (bu) becomes んで (nde), so?
Naomi: 遊んで (asonde)
Peter: And for verbs that end in ぬ (nu), we only have one verb that ends in ぬ (nu) in modern Japanse.
Naomi: Right, the verb is 死ぬ (shinu).
Peter: To die. The ぬ (nu) becomes んで (nde), so...
Naomi: 死んで (shinde)
Peter: Ok, the final rule. Verbs that end in す (su) becomes して (shite) in the te-form.
Naomi: Right, 話す (hanasu) "to speak" ends in す (su), so 話す (hanasu) becomes 話して (hanashite).
Naomi: 買って (katte)
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