Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
何食べる? (Nani taberu?)
じゃ、トースト食べる。 (Ja, tōsuto taberu.)
Rebekah: So Japanese verbs can be divided up into three different classes. Class 1 verbs, class 2 verbs and class 3 verbs. Or class 3 verbs are also called irregular verbs. Class 1 verbs are the most common.
Naomi: そうですね (Sō desu ne.) I think there are more class 1 verbs than class 2.
Rebekah: So class 1 verbs sound like なになに(naninani) -imasu
Naomi: そうですね (Sō desu ne.) "I" sound plus ます(masu).
Rebekah: Like 行きます (ikimasu) 話します (hanashimasu) 飲みます (nomimasu) 待ちます (machimasu) You can hear that います (imasu) sound.
Naomi: And when you put them in their dictionary form, which is what we are looking at today?
Rebekah: You drop this います (imasu) and you add う (u).
Naomi: そうです (sō desu) So 会います (aimasu) becomes 会う (au).
Rebekah: And what about 行きます (ikimasu)?
Naomi: 行きます (ikimasu) becomes 行く (iku).
Rebekah: And 話します (hanashimasu)?
Naomi: 話します (hanashimasu), 話す (hanasu).
Rebekah: Okay, so I think you can probably see the passion emerging there. Now class 2 verbs are also known as る (ru) verbs. And this is because when you drop the ます (masu) and add る (ru) and examples of some class 2 verbs are 食べます (tabemasu),
Naomi: 食べる (taberu).
Rebekah: And 見ます (mimasu),
Naomi: 見る (miru).
Rebekah: And 寝ます (nemasu),
Naomi: 寝る (neru).
Rebekah: The last class is the class 3 verbs, the irregular verbs. Now there are not very many unlike English. So for now, what we have to do is remember します (shimasu) and きます (kimasu)
Naomi: はい (hai)
Rebekah: So if we are looking at the dictionary form which is the subject of today’s grammar point, します (shimasu) becomes
Naomi: する (suru).
Rebekah: And きます (kimasu) is
Naomi: くる (kuru). You have to memorize them.
Rebekah: Yeah but the thing is how there is really only two. Other verbs sometimes misbehave but for now just remember します (shimasu) and きます (kimasu) become する(suru) and くる(kuru).
Naomi: はい (hai)
何食べる? (Nani taberu?)
じゃ、トースト食べる。 (Ja, tōsuto taberu.)
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