Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
何食べる? (Nani taberu?)
じゃ、トースト食べる。 (Ja, tōsuto taberu.)
Rebekah: So Japanese verbs can be divided up into three different classes. Class 1 verbs, class 2 verbs and class 3 verbs. Or class 3 verbs are also called irregular verbs. Class 1 verbs are the most common.
Naomi: そうですね (Sō desu ne.) I think there are more class 1 verbs than class 2.
Rebekah: So class 1 verbs sound like なになに(naninani) -imasu
Naomi: そうですね (Sō desu ne.) "I" sound plus ます(masu).
Rebekah: Like 行きます (ikimasu) 話します (hanashimasu) 飲みます (nomimasu) 待ちます (machimasu) You can hear that います (imasu) sound.
Naomi: And when you put them in their dictionary form, which is what we are looking at today?
Rebekah: You drop this います (imasu) and you add う (u).
Naomi: そうです (sō desu) So 会います (aimasu) becomes 会う (au).
Rebekah: And what about 行きます (ikimasu)?
Naomi: 行きます (ikimasu) becomes 行く (iku).
Rebekah: And 話します (hanashimasu)?
Naomi: 話します (hanashimasu), 話す (hanasu).
Rebekah: Okay, so I think you can probably see the passion emerging there. Now class 2 verbs are also known as る (ru) verbs. And this is because when you drop the ます (masu) and add る (ru) and examples of some class 2 verbs are 食べます (tabemasu),
Naomi: 食べる (taberu).
Rebekah: And 見ます (mimasu),
Naomi: 見る (miru).
Rebekah: And 寝ます (nemasu),
Naomi: 寝る (neru).
Rebekah: The last class is the class 3 verbs, the irregular verbs. Now there are not very many unlike English. So for now, what we have to do is remember します (shimasu) and きます (kimasu)
Naomi: はい (hai)
Rebekah: So if we are looking at the dictionary form which is the subject of today’s grammar point, します (shimasu) becomes
Naomi: する (suru).
Rebekah: And きます (kimasu) is
Naomi: くる (kuru). You have to memorize them.
Rebekah: Yeah but the thing is how there is really only two. Other verbs sometimes misbehave but for now just remember します (shimasu) and きます (kimasu) become する(suru) and くる(kuru).
Naomi: はい (hai)
何食べる? (Nani taberu?)
じゃ、トースト食べる。 (Ja, tōsuto taberu.)
Want more Japanese lessons like this one? Visit us at JapanesePod101.com to get your free lifetime account today. Join now at JapanesePod101.com

66 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 27th, 2012 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

 

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 9th, 2020 at 11:38 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Musaabさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

No problem! がんばりましょう😇

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Musaab
December 6th, 2020 at 03:01 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I'm sorry but I couldn't find that lesson. I just got some videos and a link JapanesePod101 and other stuff. Maybe there is a technical issue or the lesson doesn't exist . 

ありがとうございます all the same!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 1st, 2020 at 04:52 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Musaabさん

質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

Informal past tense is the ta-form, which you can study here😉

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/beginner-lesson-96-you-may-not/

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Musaab
November 27th, 2020 at 07:10 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I know how to make the past tense for formal verbs, but how do you do it for INFORMAL verbs?

I thought I saw a pattern emerging there.

Do we just have to make the informal verb into the -て form then replace the final ーえ sound into ーあ sound?

ありがとうございます in advance!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 26th, 2020 at 03:06 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Musaabさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

You can study the verb past tense here😉

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/absolute-beginner-s2-19-how-long-ago-did-you-arrive-in-japan/

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Musaab
November 26th, 2020 at 02:45 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I think I see a pattern emerging there.

Do we just have to make the informal verb into the -て form then replace the final ーえ sound into ーあ sound?

ありがとうございます in advance!

Musaab
November 26th, 2020 at 02:05 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I know the -TE form already, so are there any lessons for making the past tense of a verb?

ありがとうございます in advance!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 25th, 2020 at 07:45 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Musaab,

Thank you for your comments!


As for "-kya", I'm sorry for the confusion.

I mean it attaches to informal negative form of a verb, not formal negative form.

Usually "desu" doesn't follow "-kya", but sometimes it does in anime or very casual conversation.


There are -た, -った, -だ and -んだ in past tense of Class 1 verbs.

They may look different form, but the same past tense. Their difference comes depending on the final sound of the verb.

It would be easier for you to learn another form, called -te form of a verb, before learning past form.

You can learn te-form in #21 of this video series. Then you will easily slide to past form:)


Please let us know if you have any other question.


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Musaab
November 24th, 2020 at 04:17 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I meant where 「-った」was used to indicate past tense when I gave the example of「行く」.

Musaab
November 24th, 2020 at 04:14 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I have a question

What is the difference between 「-んだ」and 「-った」 for indicating past tense of verbs?

I saw that the past tense of the class 1 verb 「行く」was 「行った」where 「-った」, but the past tense of 「飲む」 is 「飲んだ」 where [-んだ」indicates the past tense. Both of them are class 1 verbs, so I figured difference in class could not be the difference, unless there are exceptions, right? Please tell me the difference between 「-んだ」and 「-った」.